Governorate of Paraguay

The Governorate of Paraguay (Spanish: Gobernación del Paraguay), originally called the Governorate of Guayrá, was a governorate of the Spanish Empire and part of the Viceroyalty of Peru. Its seat was the city of Asunción; its territory roughly encompassed the modern day country of Paraguay. The Governorate was created in December 16, 1617 by the royal decree of King Philip III as a split of the Governorate of the Río de la Plata and of Paraguay into its respective halves. The Governorate lasted until 1782, after which the massive Viceroyalty of Peru was split, and Paraguay became an intendency (intendencia) of the new Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata.

Governorate of Paraguay

Gobernación del Paraguay
1617–1782
Flag of Paraguay
StatusGovernorate of the Viceroyalty of Peru

Part of the Spanish Empire
CapitalAsunción
Common languagesSpanish, Guaraní
Religion
Roman Catholic
Historical eraSpanish Empire
• Created from the split of the Governorate of the Río de la Plata and of Paraguay
December 16 1617
1782
ISO 3166 codePY
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Governorate of the Río de la Plata
Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata

List of governors of Paraguay

Governor of Paraguay[1] Start of rule End of rule King of Spain
Hernando Arias de Saavedra 1615 1617 Philip III
Pedro Hurtado de Mendoza 1618 1621
Manuel de Frías 21 October 1621 1627 Philip IV
Luis de Céspedes García Xería 1630 1633
Martín de Ledesma Valderrama 1633 1636
Pedro Lugo de Navarra 1636 1641
Juan de Velasco Villasanti 1641 27 June 1641
Gregorio de Hinestrosa 27 June 1641 2 February 1647
Diego de Escobar y Osorio 2 February 1647 26 February 1649
Bernardino de Cárdenas 4 March 1649 1 October 1649
Sebastián de León y Zárate 1 October 1649 10 October 1650
Andrés Garabito de León 10 October 1650 26 July 1653
Cristóbal de Garay y Saavedra 26 July 1653 21 September 1656
Juan Antonio Blázquez de Valverde 21 September 1656 24 September 1659
Alonso Sarmiento de Sotomayor y Figueroa 24 September 1659 25 August 1662
Juan Diez de Andino 25 August 1662 13 April 1671 Charles II
Francisco Rege Corvalán 13 April 1671 1676
Diego Ibáñez de Farías 1676 1681
Juan Diez de Andino 7 October 1681 August 1684
Antonio de Vera Mujica 18 October 1684 30 October 1684
Alonso Fernández Marcial 30 October 1684 30 October 1685
Francisco de Monfort 30 October 1685 2 August 1691
Sebastián Félix de Mendiola 22 October 1692 4 December 1696
Juan Rodríguez Cota 4 December 1696 27 June 1702 Philip V
Antonio de Escobar y Gutiérrez 27 June 1702 1705
José Ávalos de Mendoza 1705 26 September 1705
Sebastián Félix de Mendiola 26 September 1705 9 February 1706
Baltazar García Ros 9 February 1706 10 October 1707
Manuel de Robles Lorenzana 10 October 1707 5 June 1713
Juan Gregorio Bazán de Pedraza 5 June 1713 23 January 1717
Andrés Ortiz de Ocampo 23 January 1717 5 February 1717
Diego de los Reyes Balmaseda 5 February 1717 20 August 1721
José de Antequera y Castro 14 September 1721 5 March 1725
Ramón de las Llanas 5 March 1725 29 April 1725
Bruno Mauricio de Zabala 29 April 1725 4 May 1725
Martín de Barúa 4 May 1725 28 December 1730
Ignacio de Soroeta 28 December 1730 25 January 1731
Vacant after Soroeta's rejection and the Revolt of the Comuneros.[2] The comuneros established a Junta Gubernativa presided over by:
* José Luis Bareiro (1731)
* Miguel de Garay (1731-1732)
* Antonio Ruiz de Arellano (1732-1733)
25 January 1731 27 July 1733
Agustín de Ruyloba 27 July 1733 14 September 1733
Juan de Arregui y Gutiérrez 27 September 1733 9 December 1733
Cristóbal Domínguez de Ovelar 9 December 1733 1735
Bruno Mauricio de Zabala 30 March 1735 1735
José Martín de Echauri 1735 7 November 1740
Rafael de la Moneda 7 November 1740 August 1747
Marcos José Larrazábal August 1747 10 November 1749 Charles III
Jaime Sanjust 10 November 1749 2 April 1761
José Martínez Fontes 2 April 1761 23 July 1764
Fulgencio Yegros y Ledesma 23 July 1764 29 September 1766
Carlos Morphi 29 September 1766 23 August 1772
Agustín Fernando de Pinedo 23 August 1772 1 February 1778
Pedro Melo de Portugal 1 February 1778 21 August 1787

References

  1. ^ Colección de obras y documentos relativos a la historia antigua y moderna de las provincias del Río de la Plata. 1836, Pedro de Angelis.
  2. ^ López, Adalberto (2007) [first published 1976]. The Colonial History of Paraguay: The Revolt of the Comuneros, 1721-1735. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction Publishers. ISBN 978-0-7658-0745-8.
  • This article incorporates text translated from the Spanish Wikipedia article Gobernación del Paraguay, licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike (cc-by-sa) license.
1760s

The 1760s decade ran from January 1, 1760, to December 31, 1769.

1767

1767 (MDCCLXVII)

was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1767th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 767th year of the 2nd millennium, the 67th year of the 18th century, and the 8th year of the 1760s decade. As of the start of 1767, the Gregorian calendar was

11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Baltazar García Ros

Baltazar García Ros (Valtierra, Spain, ca. 1670 - Buenos Aires, Río de la Plata, September 18, 1740) was a Navarrese-Spanish soldier and administrator. He was maestre de campo and interim governor of the Governorate of Paraguay from 1706 to 1707 and governor of the Governorate of the Río de la Plata from 1715 to 1717. During his career, he campaigned against the indigenous Charrua, Yaro, and Bohán people; the Portuguese; and the comunero rebels of Paraguay.

Bernardino de Cárdenas

Bernardino de Cárdenas y Ponce, O.F.M., (1579?–1668) was a friar of the Franciscan order and Bishop of Asunción and later Santa Cruz de la Sierra. He served as Governor of Paraguay from March 4, 1649 – October 1, 1649. He ordered the first expulsion of the Jesuits from the Governorate of Paraguay, although this expulsion did not last; he was deposed as governor following a battle against the Jesuit armies.

Diego de los Reyes Balmaseda

Diego de los Reyes y Balmaseda (fl. 1690–1733) was the Governor of Paraguay from February 5, 1717 to August 20, 1721. His governorship was deeply unpopular with the inhabitants of Asunción, and an investigation by judge José de Antequera y Castro of the Real Audiencia of Charcas concluded that Reyes had abused his office, and he was deposed. Antequera took the governorship of Paraguay upon himself afterward, the beginning of the Revolt of the Comuneros. Reyes never recovered his governorship, and was eventually exiled from the province after a year-long imprisonment.

Gonzalo de Mendoza

Gonzalo de Mendoza (? in Baeza, Spain – 1558 in Asunción, Paraguay) was a Spanish conquistador and colonizer.

A native of Andalusia in Spain, he joined his brother Pedro at his new colony of New Andalusia in 1536. Together with Juan de Salazar y Espinosa, he founded Nuestra Señora Santa María de la Asunción (Asunción del Paraguay) on 15 August 1537, which soon became the seat of the colony. Under succeeding governors, he acted as their captain and lieutenant, while exploring Paraguay and Brazil.

He succeeded Domingo Martínez de Irala as acting governor of the renamed Governorate of Rio de la Plata in 1556. During his term, the Ciudad Real del Guayrá was founded by Ruy Díaz de Malgarejo at the confluence of the Pepirí-Guazú and Paraná rivers. This city received the settlers of Villa de Ontiveros when it was abandoned and later grew large enough to briefly become the namesake for the governorate of Paraguay.

Mendoza was succeeded in his turn by captain Francisco Ortiz de Vergara in 1558.

Guayrá

Guayrá was a historical region of the Spanish Empire, located in the Governorate of the Río de la Plata, within the colonial Viceroyalty of Peru. The region is located in present-day Paraguay and Paraná.

There are some conflicting etymologies for the origin of the name, with some claiming it was named after a cacique of the region whose name was Guayrá or Guayracá. Alternatively, the word might come from Guarani "kwa y ra" ("can not pass", "impassable") or even "guay ra" ("river that goes [beyond]").

Hernando Arias de Saavedra

Hernando Arias de Saavedra (September 10, 1561 – 1634), commonly known as Hernandarias, was a soldier and politician of criollo ancestry. He was the first person born in the Americas to become a governor of a European colony in the New World, serving two terms as governor of Governorate of the Río de la Plata, 1597–1599 and 1602–1609, and one of the Governorate of Paraguay 1615–1617.

History of Paraguay

The history of Paraguay is a result of development and interaction of varying cultures of indigenous peoples in Paraguay and overseas immigrants who together have created the modern-day Paraguay. Paraguay celebrates Independence Day on May 15, from 1811 to now.

William E. Barrett wrote: "Paraguay is the country of prophecy. One of the two smallest nations [as of 1952] on the American continent, it was the first American communistic state, the first American nation to be governed by an absolute dictator (in the modern sense of the term)."

List of colonial governors in 1725

This is a list of the governors of colonies, protectorates, or other dependencies in 1725. Where applicable, native rulers are also listed.

Luque

Luque (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈlu.ke]) is a city in Central Department of Paraguay, part of the Gran Asunción metropolitan area. Both 1635 and 1750 have been recorded as dates of its founding.

It was temporarily the capital of Paraguay in 1868 during the Paraguayan War before relocation to San Estanislao. It is located at around 25°16′12″S 57°29′14″W. Luque is one of the most important cities in the country. The city counts as home of Paraguay's main international airport, Silvio Pettirossi International Airport and the Ñu Guasú Park, which is where the Paraguayan Olympic Committee is also located. The continental governing body of association football in South America, CONMEBOL, has its headquarters approximately 3 minutes from the Airport, consisting of the South American Football Museum and walking distance from the Bourbon CONMEBOL Asunción Convention Hotel. When it existed, ARPA – Aerolíneas Paraguayas had its headquarters in the ARPA Terminal on the grounds of the airport. It is a center of production of Guitars and Paraguayan harps as well as Filigranas, gold and silver filigree jewelry including the seven-band ring Carretón de Siete Ramales. On 27 January 2016, Paraguayan Newspaper La Nación had reported that Carlos Echeverría Estigarribia, the elected intendent of the city of Luque, states his intention of wanting Luque to be one of the most important cities.

Paraguay

Paraguay (; Spanish pronunciation: [paɾaˈɣwaj]; Guarani: Paraguái, [paɾaˈɰwaj]), officially the Republic of Paraguay (Spanish: República del Paraguay; Guarani: Tetã Paraguái), is a country of South America. It is bordered by Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the east and northeast, and Bolivia to the northwest. Although it is one of only two landlocked countries in South America (the other is Bolivia), the country has coasts, beaches and ports on the Paraguay and Paraná rivers that give exit to the Atlantic Ocean through the Paraná-Paraguay Waterway. Due to its central location in South America, it is sometimes referred to as Corazón de Sudamérica ("Heart of South America").Spanish conquistadores arrived in 1524 after navigating northwards from the Río de la Plata to the Paraná River, and finally up the Paraguay River. In 1537, they established the city of Asunción, which was the first capital of the Governorate of Paraguay and Río de la Plata. Paraguay was the epicenter of the Jesuit Missions, where the Guaraní people were educated and introduced to Christianity and European culture under the direction of the Society of Jesus in Jesuit reductions, mainly during the 17th century. However, after the expulsion of the Jesuits from Spanish territories in 1767, Paraguay increasingly became a peripheral colony, with few urban centers and settlers. Following independence from Spain at the beginning of the 19th century, Paraguay was ruled by a series of authoritarian governments who generally implemented nationalist, isolationist and protectionist policies. This period ended with the disastrous Paraguayan War, during which Paraguay lost at least 50% of its prewar population and around 25–33% of its territory to the Triple Alliance of Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay. In the 20th century, Paraguay faced another major international conflict – the Chaco War – against Bolivia, from which the Paraguayans emerged victorious. Afterwards, the country entered a period of military dictatorships, ending with the 35 year regime of Alfredo Stroessner that lasted until he was toppled in 1989 by an internal military coup. This marked the beginning of the "democratic era" of Paraguay.

With around 7 million inhabitants, Paraguay is a founding member of Mercosur, an original member of the United Nations, the Organization of American States, the Non-Aligned Movement and the Lima Group. Also, the city of Luque, in Asuncion's Metropolitan Area, is the seat of the CONMEBOL. The Guarani culture is very influential and more than 90% of the people speak different forms of the Guarani language in addition to Spanish. Paraguayans are known for being a very happy and easy-living people and many times the country has topped the "world's happiest place" charts because of the "positive experiences" lived and expressed by the population.

São Miguel das Missões

São Miguel das Missões is a municipality in Rio Grande do Sul state, southern Brazil. Important 17th century Spanish Jesuit mission ruins are located in the municipality. San Miguel Mission is within Sant'Angelo Microregion, and the Riograndense Northwest Mesoregion. The city covers 1,246 square kilometres (481 sq mi) and had a population of 7,682 resident.

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