The Governor of Massachusetts is the head of the executive branch of the Government of Massachusetts and serves as commander-in-chief of the Commonwealth's military forces. The current governor is Charlie Baker.
|Governor of Massachusetts|
Seal of the Governor
Standard of the Governor
since January 8, 2015
|Term length||Four years, no term limit|
|Inaugural holder||John Hancock|
|Formation||October 25, 1780|
|Deputy||Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts|
|Website||Office of the Governor|
Part the Second, Chapter II, Section I, Article I of the Massachusetts Constitution reads,
There shall be a supreme executive magistrate, who shall be styled, The Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts; and whose title shall be – His Excellency.
The Governor of Massachusetts is the chief executive of the Commonwealth, and is supported by a number of subordinate officers. He, like most other state officers, senators, and representatives, was originally elected annually. In 1918 this was changed to a two-year term, and since 1966 the office of governor has carried a four-year term. The Governor of Massachusetts does not receive a mansion, other official residence, or housing allowance. Instead, he resides in his own private residence. The title "His Excellency" is a throwback to the royally appointed governors of the Province of Massachusetts Bay. The first governor to use the title was Richard Coote, 1st Earl of Bellomont, in 1699; since he was an Earl, it was thought proper to call him "Your Excellency." The title was retained until 1742, when an order from King George II forbade its further use. However, the framers of the state constitution revived it because they found it fitting to dignify the governor with this title.
The governor also serves as commander-in-chief of the Commonwealth's armed forces.
According to the state constitution, whenever the chair of the governor is vacant, the lieutenant governor shall take over as acting governor. The first time this came into use was five years after the constitution's adoption in 1785, when Governor John Hancock resigned the post, leaving Lieutenant Governor Thomas Cushing as acting governor. Most recently, Jane Swift became acting governor upon the resignation of Paul Cellucci. Under this system, the lieutenant governor retains his or her position and title as "lieutenant governor" and becomes acting governor, not governor.
The lieutenant governor, when acting as governor, is referred to as "the lieutenant governor, acting governor" in official documents.
The Massachusetts Constitution does not use the term "acting governor". The Massachusetts courts have found that the full authority of the office of the governor devolves to the lieutenant governor upon vacancy in the office of governor, i.e., there is no circumstance short of death, resignation, or impeachment that would relieve the acting governor from the full gubernatorial responsibilities.
When the constitution was first adopted, the Governor's Council was charged with acting as governor in the event that both the governorship and lieutenant governorship were vacant. This occurred in 1799 when Governor Increase Sumner died in office on June 7, 1799, leaving Lieutenant Governor Moses Gill as acting governor. Acting Governor Gill never received a lieutenant and died on May 20, 1800, between that year's election and the inauguration of Governor-elect Caleb Strong. The Governor's Council served as the executive for ten days; the council's chair, Thomas Dawes was at no point named governor or acting governor.
Article LV of the Constitution, enacted in 1918, created a new line of succession:
When the governor dies, resigns, or is removed from office, the office of governor remains vacant for the rest of the 4-year term. The lieutenant governor does not succeed but only discharges powers and duties as acting governor. However, if a vacancy in the office of governor continues for six months, and the six months expire more than five months before the next regular biennial state election midway through the governor's term, a special election is held at that time to fill the vacancy for the balance of the unexpired 4-year term.
The governor has a 10-person cabinet, each of whom oversees a portion of the government under direct administration (as opposed to independent executive agencies). See Government of Massachusetts for a complete listing.
The front doors of the state house are only opened when a governor leaves office, a head of state or the President of the United States comes to visit the State House, or for the return of flags from Massachusetts regiments at the end of wars. The tradition of the ceremonial door originated when departing Governor Benjamin Butler kicked open the front door and walked out by himself in 1884.
Incoming governors usually choose at least one past governor's portrait to hang in their office.
Immediately before being sworn into office, the governor-elect receives four symbols from the departing governor: the ceremonial pewter "Key" for the governor's office door, the Butler Bible, the "Gavel", and a two-volume set of the Massachusetts General Statutes with a personal note from the departing governor to his/her successor added to the back of the text. The governor-elect is then escorted by the sergeant-at-arms to the House Chamber and sworn in by the senate president before a joint session of the House and Senate.
Upon completion of their term, the departing governor takes a "lone walk" down the Grand Staircase, through the House of Flags, into Doric Hall, out the central doors, and down the steps of the Massachusetts State House. The governor then crosses the street into Boston Common, thereby symbolically rejoining the Commonwealth as a private citizen. Benjamin Butler started the tradition in 1884. Some walks have been modified with some past governors having their wives, friends, or staff accompany them. A 19-gun salute is offered during the walk, and frequently the steps are lined by the outgoing governor's friends and supporters.
In January 1991, outgoing Lieutenant Governor Evelyn Murphy, the first woman elected to statewide office in Massachusetts, walked down the stairs before Governor Michael Dukakis. In a break from tradition, the January 2007 inauguration of Governor Deval Patrick took place the day after outgoing Governor Mitt Romney took the lone walk down the front steps.
Despite several proposals for establishing an official residence for the Governor of Massachusetts, including the Endicott Estate which was once acquired for the purpose, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts does not have a governor's mansion.
At one time, Governor John A. Volpe accepted the donation of the Endicott Estate in Dedham from the heirs of Henry Bradford Endicott. He intended to renovate the 19th-century mansion into a splendid governor's residence. After Volpe resigned to become secretary of transportation in the Nixon Administration, the plan was aborted by his successor in consideration of budgetary constraints and because the location was considered too far from the seat of power, the State House in Boston.
Since the governor has no official residence, the expression "corner office," rather than "governor's mansion," is commonly used in the press as a metonym for the office of governor.
Since 1780, 65 people have been elected governor, six to non-consecutive terms, and seven lieutenant governors have acted as governor without subsequently being elected governor. Prior to 1918 constitutional reforms, both the governor's office and that of lieutenant governor were vacant on one occasion, when the state was governed by the Governor's Council.
The colonial history of Massachusetts begins with the founding first of the Plymouth Colony in 1620, and then the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1628. The Dominion of New England combined these and other New England colonies into a single unit in 1686, but collapsed in 1689. In 1692 the Province of Massachusetts Bay was established, merging Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay, which then included the territory of present-day Maine.
Colonial governors of Plymouth and the Massachusetts Bay Colony were elected annually by a limited subset of the male population (known as freemen), while Dominion officials and those of the 1692 province were appointed by the British crown. In 1774 General Thomas Gage became the last royally appointed governor of Massachusetts. He was recalled to England after the Battle of Bunker Hill in June 1775, by which time the Massachusetts Provincial Congress exercised de facto control of Massachusetts territory outside British-occupied Boston. Between 1775 and the establishment of the Massachusetts State Constitution in 1780 the state was governed by the provincial congress and an executive council.
In the table below, acting governors are denoted in the leftmost column by the letter "A", and are not counted as actual governors. The longest-serving governor was Michael Dukakis, who served twelve years in office, although they were not all consecutive. The longest period of uninterrupted service by any governor was nine years, by Levi Lincoln Jr. The shortest service period by an elected governor was one year, achieved by several 19th century governors. Increase Sumner, elected by a landslide to a third consecutive term in 1799, was on his deathbed and died not long after taking the oath of office; this represents the shortest part of an individual term served by a governor. Sumner was one of four governors to die in office; seven governors resigned, most of them to assume another office.
|Political party||Number of governors|
|No party affiliation||6|
|#||Governor||Party||Years||Lt. governor||Electoral history|
|None||October 25, 1780 –
February 17, 1785
|Resigned due to claimed illness (recurring gout).|
|None||February 17, 1785 –
May 27, 1785
|Acted as governor for the remainder of Hancock's term.|
Lost election in his own right.
|None||May 27, 1785 –
May 30, 1787
|None||May 30, 1787 –
October 8, 1793
|None||October 8, 1793 –
June 2, 1797
|Acted as governor for the remainder of Hancock's term.|
Elected and re-elected in his own right until retirement.
|Federalist||June 2, 1797 –
June 7, 1799
|None||June 7, 1799 –
May 20, 1800
|Acted as governor for most of the remainder of Sumner's term.|
Died ten days before its end.
|None||May 20, 1800 –
May 30, 1800
|None.||The council was headed by Thomas Dawes.|
this is the only time both the governorship and the lieutenant governorship were vacant.
|Federalist||May 30, 1800 –
May 29, 1807
|Samuel Phillips Jr.
|May 29, 1807 –
December 10, 1808
|Levi Lincoln Sr.||Died.|
Levi Lincoln Sr.
|December 10, 1808 –
May 1, 1809
|Acted as governor for the remainder of Sullivan's term.|
Lost election in his own right.
|Federalist||May 1, 1809 –
June 10, 1810
|David Cobb||Lost re-election.|
|June 10, 1810 –
March 4, 1812
|William Gray||Lost re-election.|
|Federalist||March 4, 1812 –
May 30, 1816
|William Phillips Jr.||Retired.|
|Federalist||May 30, 1816 –
May 31, 1823
|May 31, 1823 –
February 6, 1825
|Levi Lincoln Jr.
|February 6, 1825 –
May 26, 1825
|Acted as governor for the remainder of Eustis's term.|
Levi Lincoln Jr.
|May 26, 1825 –
January 9, 1834
|Thomas L. Winthrop
|Whig||January 9, 1834 –
March 1, 1835
|Samuel Turell Armstrong||Resigned to become US Senator.|
Samuel Turell Armstrong
|Whig||March 1, 1835 –
January 13, 1836
|Acted as governor for the remainder of Davis's term.|
lost election as independent.
|Whig||January 13, 1836 –
January 18, 1840
|George Hull||Lost re-election|
|Democratic||January 18, 1840 –
January 7, 1841
|Whig||January 7, 1841 –
January 17, 1843
|Democratic||January 17, 1843 –
January 9, 1844
|Henry H. Childs||Lost re-election.|
George N. Briggs
|Whig||January 9, 1844 –
January 11, 1851
|John Reed Jr.||Lost re-election.|
George S. Boutwell
|Democratic||January 11, 1851 –
January 14, 1853
|Henry W. Cushman||Retired.|
John H. Clifford
|Whig||January 14, 1853 –
January 12, 1854
|Whig||January 12, 1854 –
January 4, 1855
|William C. Plunkett||Lost re-election.|
|Know-Nothing||January 4, 1855 –
January 7, 1858
|Henry W. Benchley|
Nathaniel Prentice Banks
|Republican||January 7, 1858 –
January 3, 1861
|Eliphalet Trask||Retired to run for president.|
John Albion Andrew
|Republican||January 3, 1861 –
January 4, 1866
|John Z. Goodrich
Alexander H. Bullock
|Republican||January 4, 1866 –
January 7, 1869
|Republican||January 7, 1869 –
January 4, 1872
William B. Washburn
|Republican||January 4, 1872 –
April 29, 1874
|Resigned to become US Senator.|
|Republican||April 29, 1874 –
January 7, 1875
|Acted as governor for the remainder of Washburn's term.|
Lost election in his own right.
|Democratic||January 7, 1875 –
January 6, 1876
|Horatio G. Knight||Lost re-election.|
Alexander H. Rice
|Republican||January 6, 1876 –
January 2, 1879
|Republican||January 2, 1879 –
January 8, 1880
|John Davis Long||Retired.|
John Davis Long
|Republican||January 8, 1880 –
January 4, 1883
Benjamin F. Butler
|Democratic||January 4, 1883 –
January 3, 1884
|Oliver Ames||Lost re-election.|
George D. Robinson
|Republican||January 3, 1884 –
January 6, 1887
|Republican||January 6, 1887 –
January 7, 1890
|John Q. A. Brackett||Retired.|
John Q. A. Brackett
|Republican||January 7, 1890 –
January 8, 1891
|William H. Haile
William E. Russell
|Democratic||January 8, 1891 –
January 4, 1894
Frederic T. Greenhalge
|Republican||January 4, 1894 –
March 5, 1896
|Republican||March 5, 1896 –
January 4, 1900
|Acted as governor for the remainder of Greenhalge's term.|
Elected and re-elected in own right until retirement.
|Winthrop Murray Crane|
Winthrop Murray Crane
|Republican||January 4, 1900 –
January 8, 1903
|John L. Bates||Retired.|
John L. Bates
|Republican||January 8, 1903 –
January 5, 1905
|Curtis Guild Jr.||Retired.|
William L. Douglas
|Democratic||January 5, 1905 –
January 4, 1906
Curtis Guild Jr.
|Republican||January 4, 1906 –
January 7, 1909
|Eben Sumner Draper||Retired.|
Eben Sumner Draper
|Republican||January 7, 1909 –
January 5, 1911
|Louis A. Frothingham||Lost re-election.|
Eugene Noble Foss
|Democratic||January 5, 1911 –
January 8, 1914
|Louis A. Frothingham
|Did not stand for renomination as Democrat.|
defeated as independent in general election.
|David I. Walsh|
David I. Walsh
|Democratic||January 8, 1914 –
January 6, 1916
|Edward P. Barry
|Grafton D. Cushing|
Samuel W. McCall
|Republican||January 6, 1916 –
January 2, 1919
|Republican||January 2, 1919 –
January 6, 1921
|Channing H. Cox||Retired
President of the United States
Channing H. Cox
|Republican||January 6, 1921 –
January 8, 1925
|Alvan T. Fuller||Elected in 1920 (first two-year term).|
Re-elected in 1922.
Alvan T. Fuller
|Republican||January 8, 1925 –
January 3, 1929
|Frank G. Allen||Retired.|
Frank G. Allen
|Republican||January 3, 1929 –
January 8, 1931
|William S. Youngman||Lost re-election.|
Joseph B. Ely
|Democratic||January 8, 1931 –
January 3, 1935
|William S. Youngman
|Gaspar G. Bacon|
James Michael Curley
|Democratic||January 3, 1935 –
January 7, 1937
|Joseph L. Hurley||Retired to run unsuccessfully for U.S. Senate|
Charles F. Hurley
|Democratic||January 7, 1937 –
January 5, 1939
|Francis E. Kelly||Lost renomination.|
|Republican||January 5, 1939 –
January 4, 1945
|Horace T. Cahill||Retired to run successfully for U.S. Senate|
Maurice J. Tobin
|Democratic||January 4, 1945 –
January 2, 1947
|Robert F. Bradford||Lost re-election.|
Robert F. Bradford
|Republican||January 2, 1947 –
January 6, 1949
|Arthur W. Coolidge||Elected in 1946.|
Paul A. Dever
|Democratic||January 6, 1949 –
January 8, 1953
|Charles F. Sullivan||Elected in 1948.|
Re-elected in 1950.
Christian A. Herter
|Republican||January 8, 1953 –
January 3, 1957
|Sumner G. Whittier||Elected in 1952.|
Re-elected in 1954.
|Democratic||January 3, 1957 –
January 5, 1961
|Robert F. Murphy
|Elected in 1956.|
Re-elected in 1958.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
|Republican||January 5, 1961 –
January 3, 1963
|Edward F. McLaughlin Jr.||Elected in 1960.|
|Democratic||January 3, 1963 –
January 7, 1965
|Francis Bellotti||Elected in 1962.|
|Republican||January 7, 1965 –
January 22, 1969
|Elected in 1964.|
Re-elected in 1966 (first four-year term).
Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of Transportation.
|Republican||January 22, 1969 –
January 2, 1975
|Acted as governor for the remainder of Volpe's term.|
Elected in own right in 1970.
|Democratic||January 2, 1975 –
January 4, 1979
|Thomas P. O'Neill III||Elected in 1974.|
Edward J. King
|Democratic||January 4, 1979 –
January 6, 1983
|Elected in 1978.|
|Democratic||January 6, 1983 –
January 3, 1991
|Elected in 1982.|
Elected in 1986.
|Republican||January 3, 1991 –
July 29, 1997
|Elected in 1990.|
Re-elected in 1994.
Resigned when nominated U.S. Ambassador to Mexico, but was not confirmed to the office.
|Republican||July 29, 1997 –
April 10, 2001
|Acted as governor for the remainder of Weld's term.|
Elected in own right in 1998.
Resigned to become U.S. Ambassador to Canada.
|Jane Swift (1999–2003)|
|Republican||April 10, 2001 –
January 2, 2003
|Acted as governor for the remainder of Cellucci's term.|
|Republican||January 2, 2003 –
January 4, 2007
|Kerry Healey||Elected in 2002.|
|Democratic||January 4, 2007 –
January 8, 2015
|Elected in 2006.|
Re-elected in 2010.
|Republican||January 8, 2015 –
|Karyn Polito||Elected in 2014.|
Re-elected in 2018.
This is a table of notable government offices held by governors. All representatives and senators mentioned represented Massachusetts, except otherwise noted.
|Governor||Gubernatorial term||U.S. Congress||Other offices held|
|Delegate to the Continental Congress (including twice as President of the Continental Congress)|
|Thomas Cushing||1785 (acting)||Delegate to the Continental Congress|
|Samuel Adams||1793–1797||Delegate to the Continental Congress|
|Delegate to the Continental Congress|
|James Sullivan||1807–1808||Delegate to the Continental Congress, but did not attend|
|Levi Lincoln Sr.||1808–1809 (acting)||U.S. Attorney General|
|Elbridge Gerry||1810–1812||Delegate to the Continental Congress, Co-commissioner to France, Vice President of the United States|
|William Eustis||1823–1825||Ambassador to the Netherlands, U.S. Secretary of War|
|Marcus Morton||1825 (acting)
|Levi Lincoln Jr.||1825–1834|
|Edward Everett||1836–1840||Ambassador to Great Britain, U.S. Secretary of State|
|George N. Briggs||1844–1851|
|George S. Boutwell||1851–1853||U.S. Secretary of the Treasury|
|Nathaniel Prentice Banks||1858–1861||Speaker of the House|
|William B. Washburn||1874–1874||[a]|
|Alexander H. Rice||1876–1879|
|John Davis Long||1880–1883||U.S. Secretary of the Navy|
|Benjamin Franklin Butler||1883–1884|
|George D. Robinson||1884–1887|
|Frederic T. Greenhalge||1894–1896|
|Winthrop Murray Crane||1900–1903|
|Curtis Guild Jr.||1906–1909||U.S. Ambassador to the Russian Empire|
|Eugene Noble Foss||1911–1914|
|David I. Walsh||1914–1916|
|Samuel W. McCall||1916–1919|
|Calvin Coolidge||1919–1921||Vice President of the United States, President of the United States|
|Alvan T. Fuller||1925–1929|
|James Michael Curley||1935–1937||Mayor of Boston|
|Leverett Saltonstall||1939–1945||Speaker of the Massachusetts House of Representatives|
|Maurice J. Tobin||1945–1947||Mayor of Boston, U.S. Secretary of Labor|
|Christian A. Herter||1953–1957||U.S. Secretary of State, U.S. Trade Representative|
|Foster Furcolo||1957–1961||Treasurer and Receiver General of Massachusetts|
|John A. Volpe||1961–1963
|U.S. Secretary of Transportation,[a] Ambassador to Italy|
|Paul Cellucci||1997–2001||Ambassador to Canada[a]|
|Mitt Romney||2003–2007||U.S. Senator from Utah|
As of November 2018, there are five former governors or acting governors of Massachusetts who are still alive, the oldest being Michael Dukakis (served 1975–1979 and 1983–1991, born 1933). The most recent governor of Massachusetts to have died was Paul Cellucci (served 1997–1999 [acting] and 1999–2001, born 1948), on June 8, 2013.
|Governor||Gubernatorial term||Date of birth (and age)|
|November 3, 1933|
|William F. Weld||1991–1997||July 31, 1945|
|Jane Swift||2001–2003 (acting)||February 24, 1965|
|Mitt Romney||2003–2007||March 12, 1947|
|Deval Patrick||2007–2015||July 31, 1956|
The United States Senate election of 1940 in Massachusetts was held on November 5, 1940, with Democratic incumbent David I. Walsh defeating his challengers.1990 Massachusetts gubernatorial election
The 1990 Massachusetts gubernatorial election was held on November 6, 1990. Republican Bill Weld was elected Governor of Massachusetts for the first time. He beat Democrat John Silber to become the first Republican Governor of Massachusetts since 1975.2020 United States presidential election in Massachusetts
The 2020 United States presidential election in Massachusetts is scheduled to take place on Tuesday, November 3, 2020, as part of the 2020 United States elections in which all 50 states plus the District of Columbia will participate. Massachusetts voters will choose electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote. The state of Massachusetts has 11 electoral votes in the Electoral College.As of February 2019, Donald Trump is the declared Republican candidate. Current Massachusetts governor Charlie Baker declined to run against Trump, as did former Massachusetts governor and current Utah senator Mitt Romney.A number of Democrats are running or have expressed interest in running. Bernie Sanders, Tulsi Gabbard, and Kamala Harris are among the declared major Democratic candidates. Elizabeth Warren, one of the two current senators from Massachusetts, formed an exploratory committee in December 2018 and declared her intention to run in February 2019. Deval Patrick, former Governor of Massachusetts, declined to run, as did former Massachusetts senator John Kerry.Bill Weld
William Floyd Weld (born July 31, 1945) is an American attorney, businessman and Republican Party politician who was the 68th Governor of Massachusetts from 1991 to 1997 and the Libertarian Party's nominee for Vice President of the United States in the 2016 election, sharing the ticket with Gary Johnson. He is formally exploring a campaign to seek the Republican nomination for President of the United States in the 2020 election.
A Harvard and Oxford graduate, Weld began his career as legal counsel to the United States House Committee on the Judiciary before becoming the United States Attorney for the District of Massachusetts and, later, the United States Assistant Attorney General for the Criminal Division. He focused on a series of high-profile public corruption cases. He resigned in protest of an ethics scandal and associated investigations of Attorney General Edwin Meese.
In 1990, Weld was elected Governor of Massachusetts and reelected by the largest margin in Massachusetts' history in the 1994 election. In 1996, he was the Republican nominee for the United States Senate, losing to Democratic incumbent John Kerry. He resigned as governor in 1997 to focus on his nomination by President Bill Clinton to serve as United States Ambassador to Mexico, but because of opposition by the social conservative Senate Foreign Relations committee Chairman Jesse Helms, he was denied a hearing before the Foreign Relations committee and withdrew his nomination.
In recent years, Weld has become involved in presidential politics. In 2016, he left the Republican Party to become the Libertarian Party running mate of former Governor of New Mexico Gary Johnson. Johnson and Weld were the first presidential ticket since 1948 to consist of two state governors. They jointly received nearly 4.5 million popular votes, the best showing ever for a Libertarian ticket, and the best for any third party since 1996. After returning to the Republican Party in 2019, Weld announced that he had formed an exploratory committee to explore a bid for president in 2020.Channing H. Cox
Channing Harris Cox (October 28, 1879 – August 20, 1968) was an American Republican politician, lawyer, and businessman from Massachusetts. He served as the 49th Governor of Massachusetts, from 1921 to 1925. He attended Dartmouth College and served as lieutenant governor to Calvin Coolidge, winning election as governor after Coolidge decided to run for vice president. Cox was noted for advancing progressive labor legislation and adjusting administrative law to Massachusetts' changing economy. He was also the first Massachusetts governor to use radio, when he broadcast live from the Eastern States Exposition on September 19, 1921, at the debut of station WBZ in Springfield.Charles F. Sullivan
Charles F. "Jeff" Sullivan (October 10, 1904 – August 24, 1962) was an American politician who served as the 57th Lieutenant Governor for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts from 1949 to 1953. Sullivan was also a member of the Worcester, Massachusetts Common Council, a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives, a Massachusetts State Senator and the Mayor of Worcester, Massachusetts from 1946 to 1949.Endicott Peabody
Endicott Peabody (February 15, 1920 – December 2, 1997) was an American politician from Massachusetts. A Democrat, he served a single two-year term as the 62nd Governor of Massachusetts, from 1963 to 1965.
Earlier in life, Peabody, then nicknamed "Chub", played college football at Harvard University, where he earned honors as an All-American lineman for the Crimson.Frank G. Allen
Frank Gilman Allen (October 6, 1874 – October 9, 1950) was an American businessman and politician from Massachusetts. He was president of a successful leathergoods business in Norwood, Massachusetts, and active in local and state politics. A Republican, he served two terms as Lieutenant Governor, and then one as the 51st Governor of Massachusetts.Governor of Maine
The Governor of Maine is the chief executive of the State of Maine. Before Maine was admitted to the Union in 1820, Maine was part of Massachusetts and the Governor of Massachusetts was chief executive.
The current Governor of Maine is Janet Mills, a Democrat, who took office January 2, 2019.
The governor of Maine receives a salary of $70,000, which as of 2016 is the lowest by $20,000 of the 50 state governors.Increase Sumner
Increase Sumner (November 27, 1746 – June 7, 1799) was an American lawyer, jurist, and politician from Massachusetts. He was the fifth governor of Massachusetts, serving from 1797 to 1799. Trained as a lawyer, he served in the provisional government of Massachusetts during the American Revolutionary War, and was elected to the Confederation Congress in 1782. Appointed to the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court the same year, he served there as an associate justice until 1797.
He was elected governor of Massachusetts three times by wide margins, but died shortly after the start of his third term. His descendants include his son William H. Sumner, for whom the Sumner Tunnel in Boston, Massachusetts is named, and 20th-century diplomats Sumner Welles and Sumner Gerard.Jane Swift
Jane Maria Swift (born February 24, 1965) is an American politician and businesswoman who served as the 69th Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts from 1999 to 2003 and Acting Governor from 2001 to 2003. She is the only woman to perform the duties of governor of Massachusetts, doing so from April 2001 to January 2003. At the time she became acting governor, Swift was 36 years old, making her the youngest female governor or acting governor in U.S. history. Since leaving elected office she has worked in the private sector as a consultant and executive in education technology, as well as serving on corporate and non-profit boards, teaching and lecturing on topics pertaining to women and leadership, and supporting philanthropies that address issues of importance to women and girls. She was CEO of Middlebury Interactive Languages from 2011 to 2017. In January 2018, Swift became executive chair of the board of directors of Tampa, Florida-based Ultimate Medical Academy.John Volpe
John Anthony Volpe (; December 8, 1908 – November 11, 1994) was an American diplomat, politician and member of the Republican Party who served as the 61st and 63rd Governor of Massachusetts from 1961 to 1963 and 1965 to 1969, as the United States Secretary of Transportation from 1969 to 1973 and as the United States Ambassador to Italy from 1973 to 1977.John Z. Goodrich
John Zacheus Goodrich was an American politician who served as a member of the United States House of Representatives and the 24th Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts. He was born in Sheffield, Massachusetts on September 27, 1804. He attended the common schools and Lenox Academy. He studied law, was admitted to the bar, and engaged in manufacturing; he graduated from Williams College in 1848.Goodrich served in the Massachusetts State Senate, and was elected as a Whig to the Thirty-second and Thirty-third Congresses (March 4, 1851 – March 3, 1855). He was a member of the 1861 Peace Conference held in Washington, D.C.. He was elected as a Republican Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts in 1860 and served from January 1, 1861, until his resignation on March 29, 1861. He also served as the president of the Union Emigration Society, a group dedicated to organizing the North for political action.Goodrich was appointed collector of customs at Boston on March 13 and served until March 11, 1865. He retired from public life and died in Stockbridge, Massachusetts on April 19, 1885. His interment was in Stockbridge Cemetery.Karyn Polito
Karyn Polito (born November 11, 1966) is an American attorney, businesswoman, and politician currently serving as the 72nd Lieutenant Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. A Republican, Polito was a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives representing the Eleventh Worcester District from 2001 to 2011. Polito was first elected Lieutenant Governor in 2014 as the running mate of Charlie Baker. She and Baker were re-elected to their respective posts in 2018.Leverett Saltonstall
Leverett A. Saltonstall (September 1, 1892 – June 17, 1979) was an American lawyer and politician from Massachusetts. He served three two-year terms as the 55th Governor of Massachusetts, and for more than twenty years as a United States Senator (1945–1967). Saltonstall was internationalist in foreign policy and moderate on domestic policy, serving as a well-liked mediating force in the Republican Party. He was the only member of the Republican Senate leadership to vote for the censure of Joseph McCarthy.Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts
The Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts is the first in the line to discharge the powers and duties of the office of governor following the incapacitation of the Governor of Massachusetts. The constitutional honorific title for the office is His, or Her, Honor.
The Massachusetts Constitution provides that when a governor dies, resigns, or is removed from office, the office of governor remains vacant for the rest of the 4-year term. The lieutenant governor discharges powers and duties as Acting Governor and does not actually assume the office of governor. The first time this came into use was five years after the constitution's adoption in 1785, when Governor John Hancock resigned his post five months before the election and inauguration of his successor, James Bowdoin, leaving Lieutenant Governor Thomas Cushing as acting governor. Most recently, Jane Swift became acting governor upon the resignation of Paul Cellucci.The lieutenant governor serves in place of the governor when he or she is outside the borders of Massachusetts. Historically a one-year term, the office of lieutenant governor now carries a four-year term, the same as that of the governor. The lieutenant governor is not elected independently, but on a ticket with the governor. The 1780 constitution required a candidate for either office to have lived in Massachusetts for at least seven years immediately preceding election, own at least £1,000 worth of real property and to "declare himself to be of the Christian religion". However, only the residency requirement remains in effect, and both men and women have served in the office. Amendment Article LXIV (1918) changed the election from every year to every two years, and Amendment Article LXXXII (1966) changed it again to every four years.
The office is currently held by Karyn Polito, who was inaugurated in January 2015.List of Speakers of the Massachusetts House of Representatives
This is a list of Speakers of the Massachusetts House of Representatives.Samuel W. McCall
Samuel Walker McCall (February 28, 1851 – November 4, 1923) was a Republican lawyer, politician, and writer from Massachusetts. He was for twenty years (1893–1913) a member of the United States House of Representatives, and the 47th Governor of Massachusetts, serving three one-year terms (1916–19). He was a moderately progressive Republican who sought to counteract the influence of money in politics.
Born in Pennsylvania and educated at Dartmouth, he settled in Massachusetts, where he entered local politics on a progressive reform agenda. Elected to Congress, he continued his reform activities, and opposed annexation of The Philippines. He did not join the Progressive Party, but was insufficiently conservative for state party leaders, who denied him election to the United States Senate on two occasions. As governor, he directed the state's actions during World War I, and orchestrated early aid to Halifax, Nova Scotia following a devastating munitions ship explosion there in 1917.Winthrop M. Crane
Winthrop Murray Crane (or just Murray Crane, April 23, 1853 – October 2, 1920) was a U.S. political figure and businessman. Born into the Dalton, Massachusetts family that owned the papermaking Crane & Co., he successfully expanded the company during the 1880s after securing an exclusive government contract to supply the paper for United States currency (a monopoly the company continues to hold). During the 1890s he became increasingly active in Republican Party politics, and was for 20 years a dominating figure in Massachusetts politics. He served several times on the Republican National Committee, and was elected Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts 1896-99 and Governor of Massachusetts 1900-03. In 1904 he was appointed by his successor John L. Bates to fill a vacated United States Senate seat, which he held until 1913.
Crane was an advisor to Presidents Theodore Roosevelt and William Howard Taft, and served as a political mentor to Calvin Coolidge. His success in defusing a Teamsters strike while governor prompted Roosevelt to bring him in as a negotiator to resolve the Coal Strike of 1902. He refused repeated offers for cabinet-level positions, and was known to dislike campaigning and giving speeches. He was highly regarded and popular in western Massachusetts.
Governors of Massachusetts
Articles Related to the Governor of Massachusetts