Governor of Massachusetts

The Governor of Massachusetts is the head of the executive branch of the Government of Massachusetts and serves as commander-in-chief of the Commonwealth's military forces. The current governor is Charlie Baker.

Governor of Massachusetts
Seal of the Governor of Massachusetts
Seal of the Governor
Flag of the Governor of Massachusetts
Standard of the Governor
Charlie Baker official photo (cropped)
Incumbent
Charlie Baker

since January 8, 2015
Style
Status
Term lengthFour years, no term limit
Inaugural holderJohn Hancock
FormationOctober 25, 1780
DeputyLieutenant Governor of Massachusetts
Salary$151,800 (2018)[1]
WebsiteOffice of the Governor

Constitutional role

Part the Second, Chapter II, Section I, Article I of the Massachusetts Constitution reads,

There shall be a supreme executive magistrate, who shall be styled, The Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts; and whose title shall be – His Excellency.

The Governor of Massachusetts is the chief executive of the Commonwealth, and is supported by a number of subordinate officers. He, like most other state officers, senators, and representatives, was originally elected annually. In 1918 this was changed to a two-year term, and since 1966 the office of governor has carried a four-year term. The Governor of Massachusetts does not receive a mansion, other official residence, or housing allowance. Instead, he resides in his own private residence. The title "His Excellency" is a throwback to the royally appointed governors of the Province of Massachusetts Bay. The first governor to use the title was Richard Coote, 1st Earl of Bellomont, in 1699; since he was an Earl, it was thought proper to call him "Your Excellency." The title was retained until 1742, when an order from King George II forbade its further use. However, the framers of the state constitution revived it because they found it fitting to dignify the governor with this title.[2]

The governor also serves as commander-in-chief of the Commonwealth's armed forces.

Succession

According to the state constitution, whenever the chair of the governor is vacant, the lieutenant governor shall take over as acting governor. The first time this came into use was five years after the constitution's adoption in 1785, when Governor John Hancock resigned the post, leaving Lieutenant Governor Thomas Cushing as acting governor. Most recently, Jane Swift became acting governor upon the resignation of Paul Cellucci. Under this system, the lieutenant governor retains his or her position and title as "lieutenant governor" and becomes acting governor, not governor.

The lieutenant governor, when acting as governor, is referred to as "the lieutenant governor, acting governor" in official documents.[3]

The Massachusetts Constitution does not use the term "acting governor". The Massachusetts courts have found that the full authority of the office of the governor devolves to the lieutenant governor upon vacancy in the office of governor, i.e., there is no circumstance short of death, resignation, or impeachment that would relieve the acting governor from the full gubernatorial responsibilities.

When the constitution was first adopted, the Governor's Council was charged with acting as governor in the event that both the governorship and lieutenant governorship were vacant. This occurred in 1799 when Governor Increase Sumner died in office on June 7, 1799, leaving Lieutenant Governor Moses Gill as acting governor. Acting Governor Gill never received a lieutenant and died on May 20, 1800, between that year's election and the inauguration of Governor-elect Caleb Strong. The Governor's Council served as the executive for ten days; the council's chair, Thomas Dawes was at no point named governor or acting governor.

Article LV of the Constitution, enacted in 1918, created a new line of succession:

When the governor dies, resigns, or is removed from office, the office of governor remains vacant for the rest of the 4-year term. The lieutenant governor does not succeed but only discharges powers and duties as acting governor. However, if a vacancy in the office of governor continues for six months, and the six months expire more than five months before the next regular biennial state election midway through the governor's term, a special election is held at that time to fill the vacancy for the balance of the unexpired 4-year term.[4]

Cabinet

The governor has a 10-person cabinet, each of whom oversees a portion of the government under direct administration (as opposed to independent executive agencies). See Government of Massachusetts for a complete listing.

Traditions

The front doors of the state house are only opened when a governor leaves office, a head of state or the President of the United States comes to visit the State House, or for the return of flags from Massachusetts regiments at the end of wars. The tradition of the ceremonial door originated when departing Governor Benjamin Butler kicked open the front door and walked out by himself in 1884.

Incoming governors usually choose at least one past governor's portrait to hang in their office.

Immediately before being sworn into office, the governor-elect receives four symbols from the departing governor: the ceremonial pewter "Key" for the governor's office door, the Butler Bible, the "Gavel", and a two-volume set of the Massachusetts General Statutes with a personal note from the departing governor to his/her successor added to the back of the text. The governor-elect is then escorted by the sergeant-at-arms to the House Chamber and sworn in by the senate president before a joint session of the House and Senate.[5]

Lone walk

Upon completion of their term, the departing governor takes a "lone walk" down the Grand Staircase, through the House of Flags, into Doric Hall, out the central doors, and down the steps of the Massachusetts State House. The governor then crosses the street into Boston Common, thereby symbolically rejoining the Commonwealth as a private citizen. Benjamin Butler started the tradition in 1884.[6] Some walks have been modified with some past governors having their wives, friends, or staff accompany them.[7] A 19-gun salute is offered during the walk, and frequently the steps are lined by the outgoing governor's friends and supporters.[8]

In January 1991, outgoing Lieutenant Governor Evelyn Murphy, the first woman elected to statewide office in Massachusetts, walked down the stairs before Governor Michael Dukakis. In a break from tradition, the January 2007 inauguration of Governor Deval Patrick took place the day after outgoing Governor Mitt Romney took the lone walk down the front steps.[8]

Governor's residence

Despite several proposals for establishing an official residence for the Governor of Massachusetts, including the Endicott Estate which was once acquired for the purpose, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts does not have a governor's mansion.

In 1955, Governor Foster Furcolo turned down a proposal to establish the Shirley-Eustis House in Roxbury, built by royal Governor William Shirley, as the official residence.[9]

At one time, Governor John A. Volpe accepted the donation of the Endicott Estate in Dedham from the heirs of Henry Bradford Endicott. He intended to renovate the 19th-century mansion into a splendid governor's residence.[10] After Volpe resigned to become secretary of transportation in the Nixon Administration, the plan was aborted by his successor in consideration of budgetary constraints and because the location was considered too far from the seat of power, the State House in Boston.

Prior to their early-20th century demolitions, the Province House and the Hancock Manor[10] were also proposed as official residences.

Since the governor has no official residence, the expression "corner office," rather than "governor's mansion," is commonly used in the press as a metonym for the office of governor.

List of governors

Since 1780, 65 people have been elected governor, six to non-consecutive terms, and seven lieutenant governors have acted as governor without subsequently being elected governor. Prior to 1918 constitutional reforms, both the governor's office and that of lieutenant governor were vacant on one occasion, when the state was governed by the Governor's Council.

Colonial Massachusetts

The colonial history of Massachusetts begins with the founding first of the Plymouth Colony in 1620, and then the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1628. The Dominion of New England combined these and other New England colonies into a single unit in 1686, but collapsed in 1689. In 1692 the Province of Massachusetts Bay was established, merging Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay, which then included the territory of present-day Maine.

Colonial governors of Plymouth and the Massachusetts Bay Colony were elected annually by a limited subset of the male population (known as freemen), while Dominion officials and those of the 1692 province were appointed by the British crown. In 1774 General Thomas Gage became the last royally appointed governor of Massachusetts. He was recalled to England after the Battle of Bunker Hill in June 1775, by which time the Massachusetts Provincial Congress exercised de facto control of Massachusetts territory outside British-occupied Boston. Between 1775 and the establishment of the Massachusetts State Constitution in 1780 the state was governed by the provincial congress and an executive council.

Commonwealth of Massachusetts: 1780–present

In the table below, acting governors are denoted in the leftmost column by the letter "A", and are not counted as actual governors. The longest-serving governor was Michael Dukakis, who served twelve years in office, although they were not all consecutive. The longest period of uninterrupted service by any governor was nine years, by Levi Lincoln Jr. The shortest service period by an elected governor was one year, achieved by several 19th century governors. Increase Sumner, elected by a landslide to a third consecutive term in 1799, was on his deathbed and died not long after taking the oath of office; this represents the shortest part of an individual term served by a governor. Sumner was one of four governors to die in office; seven governors resigned, most of them to assume another office.

Political party Number of governors
Democratic 19
Democratic-Republican 6
Federalist 3
Know Nothing 1
National Republican 1
No party affiliation 6
Republican 31
Whig 7
# Governor Party Years Lt. governor Electoral history
1 John Hancock 1770-crop
John Hancock
None October 25, 1780 –
February 17, 1785
Thomas Cushing
(1780–1788)
Resigned due to claimed illness (recurring gout).
A[11] Thomas Cushing, Member of Continental Congress
Thomas Cushing
None February 17, 1785 –
May 27, 1785
Acted as governor for the remainder of Hancock's term.

Lost election in his own right.
2 James Bowdoin II
James Bowdoin
None May 27, 1785 –
May 30, 1787
Lost re-election.
3 John Hancock 1770-crop
John Hancock
None May 30, 1787 –
October 8, 1793
Died.
Benjamin Lincoln
(1788–1789)
Samuel Adams
(1789–1794)
4 J S Copley - Samuel Adams
Samuel Adams
None October 8, 1793 –
June 2, 1797
Acted as governor for the remainder of Hancock's term.

Elected and re-elected in his own right until retirement.
Moses Gill
(1794–1800)
5 IncreaseSumner
Increase Sumner
Federalist June 2, 1797 –
June 7, 1799
Died.
A[11] Moses Gill - John Singleton Copley, circa 1759
Moses Gill
None June 7, 1799 –
May 20, 1800
Acted as governor for most of the remainder of Sumner's term.

Died ten days before its end.
A[11] Seal of Massachusetts
Governor's Council
None May 20, 1800 –
May 30, 1800
None. The council was headed by Thomas Dawes.
this is the only time both the governorship and the lieutenant governorship were vacant.
6 CalebStrong by HenrySandman
Caleb Strong
Federalist May 30, 1800 –
May 29, 1807
Samuel Phillips Jr.
(1801–1802)
Lost re-election.
Edward Robbins
(1802–1806)
7 James Sullivan
James Sullivan
Democratic-
Republican
May 29, 1807 –
December 10, 1808
Levi Lincoln Sr. Died.
A[11] LeviLincoln
Levi Lincoln Sr.
Democratic-
Republican
December 10, 1808 –
May 1, 1809
Acted as governor for the remainder of Sullivan's term.

Lost election in his own right.
8 ChristopherGoreByTrumbull
Christopher Gore
Federalist May 1, 1809 –
June 10, 1810
David Cobb Lost re-election.
9 Elbridge-gerry-painting
Elbridge Gerry
Democratic-
Republican
June 10, 1810 –
March 4, 1812
William Gray Lost re-election.
10 CalebStrong by HenrySandman
Caleb Strong
Federalist March 4, 1812 –
May 30, 1816
William Phillips Jr. Retired.
11 Gilbert Stuart, Govenor John Brooks, c. 1820, HAA
John Brooks
Federalist May 30, 1816 –
May 31, 1823
Retired.
12 William Eustis
William Eustis
Democratic-
Republican
May 31, 1823 –
February 6, 1825
Levi Lincoln Jr.
(1823–1824)
Died.
Marcus Morton
(1824–1825)
A[11] Marcus Morton
Marcus Morton
Democratic-
Republican
February 6, 1825 –
May 26, 1825
Acted as governor for the remainder of Eustis's term.

Retired.
13 LLincolnJr
Levi Lincoln Jr.
National
Republican
May 26, 1825 –
January 9, 1834
Thomas L. Winthrop
(1826–1833)
Retired.
14 John Davis (Massachusetts Governor)
John Davis
Whig January 9, 1834 –
March 1, 1835
Samuel Turell Armstrong Resigned to become US Senator.
A[11] Samuel Turell Armstrong
Samuel Turell Armstrong
Whig March 1, 1835 –
January 13, 1836
Acted as governor for the remainder of Davis's term.

Lost nomination.
lost election as independent.
15 Edward Everett
Edward Everett
Whig January 13, 1836 –
January 18, 1840
George Hull Lost re-election
16 Marcus Morton
Marcus Morton
Democratic January 18, 1840 –
January 7, 1841
Lost re-election.
17 John Davis (Massachusetts Governor)
John Davis
Whig January 7, 1841 –
January 17, 1843
Lost re-election.
18 Marcus Morton
Marcus Morton
Democratic January 17, 1843 –
January 9, 1844
Henry H. Childs Lost re-election.
19 George Nixon Briggs
George N. Briggs
Whig January 9, 1844 –
January 11, 1851
John Reed Jr. Lost re-election.
20 George Boutwell, Brady-Handy photo portrait, ca1870-1880
George S. Boutwell
Democratic January 11, 1851 –
January 14, 1853
Henry W. Cushman Retired.
21 JohnCliffordByBenoni
John H. Clifford
Whig January 14, 1853 –
January 12, 1854
Elisha Huntington Retired.
22 EmoryWashburn
Emory Washburn
Whig January 12, 1854 –
January 4, 1855
William C. Plunkett Lost re-election.
23 GovHenryJGardner
Henry Gardner
Know-Nothing January 4, 1855 –
January 7, 1858
Simon Brown
(1855–1856)
Lost re-election.
Henry W. Benchley
(1856–1858)
24 Nathaniel Prentice Banks
Nathaniel Prentice Banks
Republican January 7, 1858 –
January 3, 1861
Eliphalet Trask Retired to run for president.
25 Houghton MS Am 1084 (59) - Andrew - edit
John Albion Andrew
Republican January 3, 1861 –
January 4, 1866
John Z. Goodrich
(1861)
Retired.
John Nesmith
(1862)
Joel Hayden
(1863–1866)
26 Alexander H. Bullock
Alexander H. Bullock
Republican January 4, 1866 –
January 7, 1869
William Claflin Retired.
27 William Claflin - Brady-Handy
William Claflin
Republican January 7, 1869 –
January 4, 1872
Joseph Tucker
(1869–1873)
Retired.
28 William washburn
William B. Washburn
Republican January 4, 1872 –
April 29, 1874
Resigned to become US Senator.
Thomas Talbot
(1873–1875)
A[11] GovThomasTalbot
Thomas Talbot
Republican April 29, 1874 –
January 7, 1875
Acted as governor for the remainder of Washburn's term.

Lost election in his own right.
29 GovWilliamGaston
William Gaston
Democratic January 7, 1875 –
January 6, 1876
Horatio G. Knight Lost re-election.
30 AHRice
Alexander H. Rice
Republican January 6, 1876 –
January 2, 1879
Retired.
31 GovThomasTalbot
Thomas Talbot
Republican January 2, 1879 –
January 8, 1880
John Davis Long Retired.
32 JDLong
John Davis Long
Republican January 8, 1880 –
January 4, 1883
Byron Weston Retired.
33 BenFrankButler
Benjamin F. Butler
Democratic January 4, 1883 –
January 3, 1884
Oliver Ames Lost re-election.
34 GovGeorgeDRobinson
George D. Robinson
Republican January 3, 1884 –
January 6, 1887
Retired.
35 Oliver Ames 1831–1895
Oliver Ames
Republican January 6, 1887 –
January 7, 1890
John Q. A. Brackett Retired.
36 JohnQABrackett
John Q. A. Brackett
Republican January 7, 1890 –
January 8, 1891
William H. Haile
(1890–1893)
Lost re-election.
37 GovWilliamERussell
William E. Russell
Democratic January 8, 1891 –
January 4, 1894
Retired.
Roger Wolcott
(1893–1897)
38 Frederick T. Greenhalge
Frederic T. Greenhalge
Republican January 4, 1894 –
March 5, 1896
Died.
39 Roger Wolcott by Frederic Porter Vinton
Roger Wolcott
Republican March 5, 1896 –
January 4, 1900
Acted as governor for the remainder of Greenhalge's term.

Elected and re-elected in own right until retirement.
Winthrop Murray Crane
(1897–1900)
40 Winthrop Murray Crane
Winthrop Murray Crane
Republican January 4, 1900 –
January 8, 1903
John L. Bates Retired.
41 GovJohnLBates
John L. Bates
Republican January 8, 1903 –
January 5, 1905
Curtis Guild Jr. Retired.
42 WilliamLewisDouglas
William L. Douglas
Democratic January 5, 1905 –
January 4, 1906
Retired.
43 Curtis Guild Jr
Curtis Guild Jr.
Republican January 4, 1906 –
January 7, 1909
Eben Sumner Draper Retired.
44 Ebenezer Sumner Draper crop
Eben Sumner Draper
Republican January 7, 1909 –
January 5, 1911
Louis A. Frothingham Lost re-election.
45 Governor Foss
Eugene Noble Foss
Democratic January 5, 1911 –
January 8, 1914
Louis A. Frothingham
(1911–1912)
Did not stand for renomination as Democrat.
defeated as independent in general election.
Robert Luce
(1912–1913)
David I. Walsh
(1913–1914)
46 David Ignatius Walsh
David I. Walsh
Democratic January 8, 1914 –
January 6, 1916
Edward P. Barry
(1914–1915)
Lost re-election.
Grafton D. Cushing
(1915–1916)
47 SamuelMcCall
Samuel W. McCall
Republican January 6, 1916 –
January 2, 1919
Calvin Coolidge Retired.
48 John Calvin Coolidge, Bain bw photo portrait
Calvin Coolidge
Republican January 2, 1919 –
January 6, 1921
Channing H. Cox Retired

Vice President of the United States

1921-1923

President of the United States

1923-1929

49 Channing H Cox
Channing H. Cox
Republican January 6, 1921 –
January 8, 1925
Alvan T. Fuller Elected in 1920 (first two-year term).

Re-elected in 1922.

Retired.
50 Alvin T Fuller
Alvan T. Fuller
Republican January 8, 1925 –
January 3, 1929
Frank G. Allen Retired.
51 Frank G Allen
Frank G. Allen
Republican January 3, 1929 –
January 8, 1931
William S. Youngman Lost re-election.
52 Joseph Buell Ely
Joseph B. Ely
Democratic January 8, 1931 –
January 3, 1935
William S. Youngman
(1929–1933)
Retired.
Gaspar G. Bacon
(1933–1935)
53 James Michael Curley
James Michael Curley
Democratic January 3, 1935 –
January 7, 1937
Joseph L. Hurley Retired to run unsuccessfully for U.S. Senate
54 Charles Francis Hurley 1937
Charles F. Hurley
Democratic January 7, 1937 –
January 5, 1939
Francis E. Kelly Lost renomination.
55 LeverettSaltonstall
Leverett Saltonstall
Republican January 5, 1939 –
January 4, 1945
Horace T. Cahill Retired to run successfully for U.S. Senate
56 Mjtobin
Maurice J. Tobin
Democratic January 4, 1945 –
January 2, 1947
Robert F. Bradford Lost re-election.
57 Robert F. Bradford (Massachusetts Governor)
Robert F. Bradford
Republican January 2, 1947 –
January 6, 1949
Arthur W. Coolidge Elected in 1946.

Lost re-election.
58 PaulADever
Paul A. Dever
Democratic January 6, 1949 –
January 8, 1953
Charles F. Sullivan Elected in 1948.

Re-elected in 1950.

Lost re-election.
59 Christian Archibald Herter (politician)
Christian A. Herter
Republican January 8, 1953 –
January 3, 1957
Sumner G. Whittier Elected in 1952.

Re-elected in 1954.

Retired.
60 Foster Furcolo, 60th Governor of Massachusetts
Foster Furcolo
Democratic January 3, 1957 –
January 5, 1961
Robert F. Murphy
(1957–1960)
Elected in 1956.

Re-elected in 1958.

Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
61 Volpe
John Volpe
Republican January 5, 1961 –
January 3, 1963
Edward F. McLaughlin Jr. Elected in 1960.

Lost re-election.
62 Endicott Peabody Gov
Endicott Peabody
Democratic January 3, 1963 –
January 7, 1965
Francis Bellotti Elected in 1962.

Lost renomination.
63 Volpe
John Volpe
Republican January 7, 1965 –
January 22, 1969
Elliot Richardson
(1965–1967)
Elected in 1964.

Re-elected in 1966 (first four-year term).

Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of Transportation.
Francis Sargent
(1967–1969)
64 Governor Francis Sargent
Francis Sargent
Republican January 22, 1969 –
January 2, 1975
Acted as governor for the remainder of Volpe's term.

Elected in own right in 1970.

Lost re-election.
Donald Dwight
(1971–1975)
65 Governor Dukakis speaks at the 1976 Democratic National Convention (cropped)
Michael Dukakis
Democratic January 2, 1975 –
January 4, 1979
Thomas P. O'Neill III Elected in 1974.

Lost renomination.
66 Edward J. King
Edward J. King
Democratic January 4, 1979 –
January 6, 1983
Elected in 1978.

Lost renomination.
67 Governor Michael Dukakis (1)
Michael Dukakis
Democratic January 6, 1983 –
January 3, 1991
John Kerry
(1983–1985)
Elected in 1982.

Elected in 1986.

Retired.
Vacant
(1985–1987)
Evelyn Murphy
(1987–1991)
68 William Weld 90s
Bill Weld
Republican January 3, 1991 –
July 29, 1997
Paul Cellucci
(1991–1999)
Elected in 1990.

Re-elected in 1994.

Resigned when nominated U.S. Ambassador to Mexico, but was not confirmed to the office.
A[11]
69
Cellucci paul
Paul Cellucci
Republican July 29, 1997 –
April 10, 2001
Acted as governor for the remainder of Weld's term.

Elected in own right in 1998.

Resigned to become U.S. Ambassador to Canada.
Jane Swift (1999–2003)
A[11] Jane Swift 2001.jpeg
Jane Swift
Republican April 10, 2001 –
January 2, 2003
Acted as governor for the remainder of Cellucci's term.

Retired.
70 Mitt Romney by Gage Skidmore 7
Mitt Romney
Republican January 2, 2003 –
January 4, 2007
Kerry Healey Elected in 2002.

Retired.
71 01-12-2011 Alianza Chile-Massachusetts (6443378375) (cropped)
Deval Patrick
Democratic January 4, 2007 –
January 8, 2015
Tim Murray
(2007–2013)
Elected in 2006.

Re-elected in 2010.

Retired.
Vacant
72 Charlie Baker official photo (cropped)
Charlie Baker
Republican January 8, 2015 –
present.
Karyn Polito Elected in 2014.

Re-elected in 2018.

Other high offices held

This is a table of notable government offices held by governors. All representatives and senators mentioned represented Massachusetts, except otherwise noted.

Governor Gubernatorial term U.S. Congress Other offices held
House Senate
John Hancock 1787–1793
1780–1785
Delegate to the Continental Congress (including twice as President of the Continental Congress)
Thomas Cushing 1785 (acting) Delegate to the Continental Congress
Samuel Adams 1793–1797 Delegate to the Continental Congress
Caleb Strong 1800–1807
1812–1816
Green tick Delegate to the Continental Congress
James Sullivan 1807–1808 Delegate to the Continental Congress, but did not attend
Levi Lincoln Sr. 1808–1809 (acting) Green tick U.S. Attorney General
Christopher Gore 1813–1816 Green tick
Elbridge Gerry 1810–1812 Green tick Delegate to the Continental Congress, Co-commissioner to France, Vice President of the United States
William Eustis 1823–1825 Green tick Ambassador to the Netherlands, U.S. Secretary of War
Marcus Morton 1825 (acting)
1840–1841
1843–1844
Green tick
Levi Lincoln Jr. 1825–1834 Green tick
John Davis 1834–1835
1841–1843
Green tick Green tick[a]
Edward Everett 1836–1840 Green tick Green tick Ambassador to Great Britain, U.S. Secretary of State
George N. Briggs 1844–1851 Green tick
George S. Boutwell 1851–1853 Green tick Green tick U.S. Secretary of the Treasury
Nathaniel Prentice Banks 1858–1861 Green tick Speaker of the House
William Claflin 1869–1872 Green tick
William B. Washburn 1874–1874 Green tick Green tick[a]
Alexander H. Rice 1876–1879 Green tick
John Davis Long 1880–1883 Green tick U.S. Secretary of the Navy
Benjamin Franklin Butler 1883–1884 Green tick
George D. Robinson 1884–1887 Green tick
Frederic T. Greenhalge 1894–1896 Green tick
Winthrop Murray Crane 1900–1903 Green tick
Curtis Guild Jr. 1906–1909 U.S. Ambassador to the Russian Empire
Eugene Noble Foss 1911–1914 Green tick
David I. Walsh 1914–1916 Green tick
Samuel W. McCall 1916–1919 Green tick
Calvin Coolidge 1919–1921 Vice President of the United States, President of the United States
Alvan T. Fuller 1925–1929 Green tick
James Michael Curley 1935–1937 Green tick Mayor of Boston
Leverett Saltonstall 1939–1945 Green tick Speaker of the Massachusetts House of Representatives
Maurice J. Tobin 1945–1947 Mayor of Boston, U.S. Secretary of Labor
Christian A. Herter 1953–1957 Green tick U.S. Secretary of State, U.S. Trade Representative
Foster Furcolo 1957–1961 Green tick Treasurer and Receiver General of Massachusetts
John A. Volpe 1961–1963
1965–1969
U.S. Secretary of Transportation,[a] Ambassador to Italy
Paul Cellucci 1997–2001 Ambassador to Canada[a]
Mitt Romney 2003–2007 U.S. Senator from Utah
  1. ^ a b c d Resigned as governor to take office
  1. ^ a b c d Resigned as governor to take office

Living former governors

As of November 2018, there are five former governors or acting governors of Massachusetts who are still alive, the oldest being Michael Dukakis (served 1975–1979 and 1983–1991, born 1933). The most recent governor of Massachusetts to have died was Paul Cellucci (served 1997–1999 [acting] and 1999–2001, born 1948), on June 8, 2013.[12]

Governor Gubernatorial term Date of birth (and age)
Michael Dukakis 1975–1979
1983–1991
November 3, 1933 (age 85)
William F. Weld 1991–1997 July 31, 1945 (age 73)
Jane Swift 2001–2003 (acting) February 24, 1965 (age 54)
Mitt Romney 2003–2007 March 12, 1947 (age 72)
Deval Patrick 2007–2015 July 31, 1956 (age 62)

See also

References

  1. ^ Michaels, Matthew (June 22, 2018). "Here's the salary of every governor in the United States". Business Insider.
  2. ^ Frothingham, Louis Adams. A Brief History of the Constitution and Government of Massachusetts, p. 74. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1916.
  3. ^ An example of this is found in Chapter 45 of the Acts of 2001, where a veto by Swift was overridden by the General Court.
  4. ^ http://www.mass.gov/legis/const.htm Massachusetts Constitution, Amendment XCI
  5. ^ Massachusetts State Library Information, Governor Transfer of Power, Retrieved February 14, 2007.
  6. ^ "A Tour of the Grounds of the Massachusetts State House". Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Retrieved June 8, 2012.
  7. ^ Braun, Stephen (December 3, 2011). "Mitt Romney not alone in destroying records". The Herald News.
  8. ^ a b "Romney takes 'lone walk' out of office". Bangor Daily News. January 4, 2007.
  9. ^ "Shirley Eustis House". Archived from the original on September 28, 2007.
  10. ^ a b "Commonwealth Magazine, Fall 1999".
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i Acting governors are not counted.
  12. ^ English, Bella; Phillips, Frank (June 8, 2013). "Paul Cellucci, former Mass. governor, dies at 65 from ALS". bostonglobe.com. Boston Globe. Retrieved June 9, 2013.

External links

1940 United States Senate election in Massachusetts

The United States Senate election of 1940 in Massachusetts was held on November 5, 1940, with Democratic incumbent David I. Walsh defeating his challengers.

1990 Massachusetts gubernatorial election

The 1990 Massachusetts gubernatorial election was held on November 6, 1990. Republican Bill Weld was elected Governor of Massachusetts for the first time. He beat Democrat John Silber to become the first Republican Governor of Massachusetts since 1975.

2020 United States presidential election in Massachusetts

The 2020 United States presidential election in Massachusetts is scheduled to take place on Tuesday, November 3, 2020, as part of the 2020 United States elections in which all 50 states plus the District of Columbia will participate. Massachusetts voters will choose electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote. The state of Massachusetts has 11 electoral votes in the Electoral College.As of February 2019, Donald Trump is the declared Republican candidate. Current Massachusetts governor Charlie Baker declined to run against Trump, as did former Massachusetts governor and current Utah senator Mitt Romney.A number of Democrats are running or have expressed interest in running. Bernie Sanders, Tulsi Gabbard, and Kamala Harris are among the declared major Democratic candidates. Elizabeth Warren, one of the two current senators from Massachusetts, formed an exploratory committee in December 2018 and declared her intention to run in February 2019. Deval Patrick, former Governor of Massachusetts, declined to run, as did former Massachusetts senator John Kerry.

Bill Weld

William Floyd Weld (born July 31, 1945) is an American attorney, businessman and Republican Party politician who was the 68th Governor of Massachusetts from 1991 to 1997 and the Libertarian Party's nominee for Vice President of the United States in the 2016 election, sharing the ticket with Gary Johnson. He is formally exploring a campaign to seek the Republican nomination for President of the United States in the 2020 election.

A Harvard and Oxford graduate, Weld began his career as legal counsel to the United States House Committee on the Judiciary before becoming the United States Attorney for the District of Massachusetts and, later, the United States Assistant Attorney General for the Criminal Division. He focused on a series of high-profile public corruption cases. He resigned in protest of an ethics scandal and associated investigations of Attorney General Edwin Meese.

In 1990, Weld was elected Governor of Massachusetts and reelected by the largest margin in Massachusetts' history in the 1994 election. In 1996, he was the Republican nominee for the United States Senate, losing to Democratic incumbent John Kerry. He resigned as governor in 1997 to focus on his nomination by President Bill Clinton to serve as United States Ambassador to Mexico, but because of opposition by the social conservative Senate Foreign Relations committee Chairman Jesse Helms, he was denied a hearing before the Foreign Relations committee and withdrew his nomination.

In recent years, Weld has become involved in presidential politics. In 2016, he left the Republican Party to become the Libertarian Party running mate of former Governor of New Mexico Gary Johnson. Johnson and Weld were the first presidential ticket since 1948 to consist of two state governors. They jointly received nearly 4.5 million popular votes, the best showing ever for a Libertarian ticket, and the best for any third party since 1996. After returning to the Republican Party in 2019, Weld announced that he had formed an exploratory committee to explore a bid for president in 2020.

Channing H. Cox

Channing Harris Cox (October 28, 1879 – August 20, 1968) was an American Republican politician, lawyer, and businessman from Massachusetts. He served as the 49th Governor of Massachusetts, from 1921 to 1925. He attended Dartmouth College and served as lieutenant governor to Calvin Coolidge, winning election as governor after Coolidge decided to run for vice president. Cox was noted for advancing progressive labor legislation and adjusting administrative law to Massachusetts' changing economy. He was also the first Massachusetts governor to use radio, when he broadcast live from the Eastern States Exposition on September 19, 1921, at the debut of station WBZ in Springfield.

Charles F. Sullivan

Charles F. "Jeff" Sullivan (October 10, 1904 – August 24, 1962) was an American politician who served as the 57th Lieutenant Governor for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts from 1949 to 1953. Sullivan was also a member of the Worcester, Massachusetts Common Council, a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives, a Massachusetts State Senator and the Mayor of Worcester, Massachusetts from 1946 to 1949.

Endicott Peabody

Endicott Peabody (February 15, 1920 – December 2, 1997) was an American politician from Massachusetts. A Democrat, he served a single two-year term as the 62nd Governor of Massachusetts, from 1963 to 1965.

Earlier in life, Peabody, then nicknamed "Chub", played college football at Harvard University, where he earned honors as an All-American lineman for the Crimson.

Frank G. Allen

Frank Gilman Allen (October 6, 1874 – October 9, 1950) was an American businessman and politician from Massachusetts. He was president of a successful leathergoods business in Norwood, Massachusetts, and active in local and state politics. A Republican, he served two terms as Lieutenant Governor, and then one as the 51st Governor of Massachusetts.

Governor of Maine

The Governor of Maine is the chief executive of the State of Maine. Before Maine was admitted to the Union in 1820, Maine was part of Massachusetts and the Governor of Massachusetts was chief executive.

The current Governor of Maine is Janet Mills, a Democrat, who took office January 2, 2019.

The governor of Maine receives a salary of $70,000, which as of 2016 is the lowest by $20,000 of the 50 state governors.

Increase Sumner

Increase Sumner (November 27, 1746 – June 7, 1799) was an American lawyer, jurist, and politician from Massachusetts. He was the fifth governor of Massachusetts, serving from 1797 to 1799. Trained as a lawyer, he served in the provisional government of Massachusetts during the American Revolutionary War, and was elected to the Confederation Congress in 1782. Appointed to the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court the same year, he served there as an associate justice until 1797.

He was elected governor of Massachusetts three times by wide margins, but died shortly after the start of his third term. His descendants include his son William H. Sumner, for whom the Sumner Tunnel in Boston, Massachusetts is named, and 20th-century diplomats Sumner Welles and Sumner Gerard.

Jane Swift

Jane Maria Swift (born February 24, 1965) is an American politician and businesswoman who served as the 69th Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts from 1999 to 2003 and Acting Governor from 2001 to 2003. She is the only woman to perform the duties of governor of Massachusetts, doing so from April 2001 to January 2003. At the time she became acting governor, Swift was 36 years old, making her the youngest female governor or acting governor in U.S. history. Since leaving elected office she has worked in the private sector as a consultant and executive in education technology, as well as serving on corporate and non-profit boards, teaching and lecturing on topics pertaining to women and leadership, and supporting philanthropies that address issues of importance to women and girls. She was CEO of Middlebury Interactive Languages from 2011 to 2017. In January 2018, Swift became executive chair of the board of directors of Tampa, Florida-based Ultimate Medical Academy.

John Volpe

John Anthony Volpe (; December 8, 1908 – November 11, 1994) was an American diplomat, politician and member of the Republican Party who served as the 61st and 63rd Governor of Massachusetts from 1961 to 1963 and 1965 to 1969, as the United States Secretary of Transportation from 1969 to 1973 and as the United States Ambassador to Italy from 1973 to 1977.

John Z. Goodrich

John Zacheus Goodrich was an American politician who served as a member of the United States House of Representatives and the 24th Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts. He was born in Sheffield, Massachusetts on September 27, 1804. He attended the common schools and Lenox Academy. He studied law, was admitted to the bar, and engaged in manufacturing; he graduated from Williams College in 1848.Goodrich served in the Massachusetts State Senate, and was elected as a Whig to the Thirty-second and Thirty-third Congresses (March 4, 1851 – March 3, 1855). He was a member of the 1861 Peace Conference held in Washington, D.C.. He was elected as a Republican Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts in 1860 and served from January 1, 1861, until his resignation on March 29, 1861. He also served as the president of the Union Emigration Society, a group dedicated to organizing the North for political action.Goodrich was appointed collector of customs at Boston on March 13 and served until March 11, 1865. He retired from public life and died in Stockbridge, Massachusetts on April 19, 1885. His interment was in Stockbridge Cemetery.

Karyn Polito

Karyn Polito (born November 11, 1966) is an American attorney, businesswoman, and politician currently serving as the 72nd Lieutenant Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. A Republican, Polito was a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives representing the Eleventh Worcester District from 2001 to 2011. Polito was first elected Lieutenant Governor in 2014 as the running mate of Charlie Baker. She and Baker were re-elected to their respective posts in 2018.

Leverett Saltonstall

Leverett A. Saltonstall (September 1, 1892 – June 17, 1979) was an American lawyer and politician from Massachusetts. He served three two-year terms as the 55th Governor of Massachusetts, and for more than twenty years as a United States Senator (1945–1967). Saltonstall was internationalist in foreign policy and moderate on domestic policy, serving as a well-liked mediating force in the Republican Party. He was the only member of the Republican Senate leadership to vote for the censure of Joseph McCarthy.

Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts

The Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts is the first in the line to discharge the powers and duties of the office of governor following the incapacitation of the Governor of Massachusetts. The constitutional honorific title for the office is His, or Her, Honor.

The Massachusetts Constitution provides that when a governor dies, resigns, or is removed from office, the office of governor remains vacant for the rest of the 4-year term. The lieutenant governor discharges powers and duties as Acting Governor and does not actually assume the office of governor. The first time this came into use was five years after the constitution's adoption in 1785, when Governor John Hancock resigned his post five months before the election and inauguration of his successor, James Bowdoin, leaving Lieutenant Governor Thomas Cushing as acting governor. Most recently, Jane Swift became acting governor upon the resignation of Paul Cellucci.The lieutenant governor serves in place of the governor when he or she is outside the borders of Massachusetts. Historically a one-year term, the office of lieutenant governor now carries a four-year term, the same as that of the governor. The lieutenant governor is not elected independently, but on a ticket with the governor. The 1780 constitution required a candidate for either office to have lived in Massachusetts for at least seven years immediately preceding election, own at least £1,000 worth of real property and to "declare himself to be of the Christian religion". However, only the residency requirement remains in effect, and both men and women have served in the office. Amendment Article LXIV (1918) changed the election from every year to every two years, and Amendment Article LXXXII (1966) changed it again to every four years.

The office is currently held by Karyn Polito, who was inaugurated in January 2015.

List of Speakers of the Massachusetts House of Representatives

This is a list of Speakers of the Massachusetts House of Representatives.

Samuel W. McCall

Samuel Walker McCall (February 28, 1851 – November 4, 1923) was a Republican lawyer, politician, and writer from Massachusetts. He was for twenty years (1893–1913) a member of the United States House of Representatives, and the 47th Governor of Massachusetts, serving three one-year terms (1916–19). He was a moderately progressive Republican who sought to counteract the influence of money in politics.

Born in Pennsylvania and educated at Dartmouth, he settled in Massachusetts, where he entered local politics on a progressive reform agenda. Elected to Congress, he continued his reform activities, and opposed annexation of The Philippines. He did not join the Progressive Party, but was insufficiently conservative for state party leaders, who denied him election to the United States Senate on two occasions. As governor, he directed the state's actions during World War I, and orchestrated early aid to Halifax, Nova Scotia following a devastating munitions ship explosion there in 1917.

Winthrop M. Crane

Winthrop Murray Crane (or just Murray Crane, April 23, 1853 – October 2, 1920) was a U.S. political figure and businessman. Born into the Dalton, Massachusetts family that owned the papermaking Crane & Co., he successfully expanded the company during the 1880s after securing an exclusive government contract to supply the paper for United States currency (a monopoly the company continues to hold). During the 1890s he became increasingly active in Republican Party politics, and was for 20 years a dominating figure in Massachusetts politics. He served several times on the Republican National Committee, and was elected Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts 1896-99 and Governor of Massachusetts 1900-03. In 1904 he was appointed by his successor John L. Bates to fill a vacated United States Senate seat, which he held until 1913.

Crane was an advisor to Presidents Theodore Roosevelt and William Howard Taft, and served as a political mentor to Calvin Coolidge. His success in defusing a Teamsters strike while governor prompted Roosevelt to bring him in as a negotiator to resolve the Coal Strike of 1902. He refused repeated offers for cabinet-level positions, and was known to dislike campaigning and giving speeches. He was highly regarded and popular in western Massachusetts.

Governors of Massachusetts
Colony
(1629–86)
Dominion
(1686–89)
Province
(1692–1776)
Commonwealth
(since 1776)

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