Government of Victoria

The Government of Victoria is the executive administrative authority of the Australian state of Victoria.

Functioning within the scope of Victoria's status as a sub-national parliamentary constitutional monarchy, the Government was first formed in 1851, when Victoria first gained the right to responsible government. Since the Federation of Australia in 1901, Victoria has been a state of the Commonwealth of Australia, and the Constitution of Australia regulates its relationship with the Commonwealth. Under the Australian Constitution, Victoria ceded legislative and judicial supremacy to the Commonwealth, but retained powers in all matters not in conflict with the Commonwealth.[1]

The Victorian Government enforces Acts passed by the state Parliament through its vast array of government departments, statutory authorities and other related agencies. The Government is formally presided by the Governor of Victoria, who exercises their executive authority granted by the Constitution through the Executive Council, a body consisting of senior cabinet ministers. In reality, both the Governor and the Council are mostly ceremonial, with the Premier and their ministers having the real power over policy decisions, appointments and other executive orders made by the Governor-in-Council.[2]

The current Premier is Daniel Andrews, a member of the Labor Party, while Linda Dessau has served as the Governor since 2015.

Government of Victoria
Victoria State Government logo
Logo of the Victorian Government and its agencies
Coat of Arms of Victoria
Coat of arms of the State of Victoria, used for formal and ceremonial purposes.
Formation
Australian stateVictoria
Websitehttp://www.vic.gov.au/
Legislative branch
LegislatureParliament of Victoria;
Meeting placeParliament House
Executive branch
Main organVictorian Ministry
LeaderPremier
AppointerGovernor
Meeting placeParliament House
Judicial branch
CourtSupreme Court
SeatMelbourne

History

Victoria was granted self-government from the colony of New South Wales on 1 July 1851.[3] It attained full self-governance with the first election of its Legislative Council in 1851.[3]

Executive power

The Government of Victoria operates under the principles of the Westminster system, a form of parliamentary government based on the model of the United Kingdom.

Executive power rests formally with the Executive Council, which consists of the Governor and senior ministers. In practice, executive power is exercised by the Premier of Victoria, who is appointed by the Governor and who hold office by virtue of his or her ability to command the support of a majority of members of the Legislative Assembly, and the Cabinet designated by the Premier to the Governor. The Cabinet is the government's chief policy-making organ, and consists of the Premier and all ministers.

Legislative power

Legislative power rests with the Parliament of Victoria, which consists of Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia, represented by the Governor of Victoria, and the two Houses, the Victorian Legislative Council (the upper house) and the Victorian Legislative Assembly (the lower house).

Judicial power

Judicial power is exercised by the Supreme Court of Victoria and a system of subordinate courts, but the High Court of Australia and other federal courts have overriding jurisdiction on matters which fall under the ambit of the Australian Constitution.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act". Act of 1900.
  2. ^ "Constitution Act". Act of 1975 (PDF).
  3. ^ a b "Fact Sheet: Victoria's Parliamentary History". Parliament of Victoria. Parliament of Victoria. 25 February 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2019.

External links

Aire River (Victoria)

The Aire River is a perennial river of the Corangamite catchment, located in The Otways region of the Australian state of Victoria.

Berrima River

The Berrima River (in Victoria), also called the Berrima Creek (in New South Wales), is a perennial river of the Snowy River catchment, located in the Alpine region of the Australian states of New South Wales and Victoria.

Crooked River (Victoria)

The Crooked River is a perennial river of the Mitchell River catchment, located in the Alpine region of the Australian state of Victoria.

Delegate River

The Delegate River is a perennial river of the Snowy River catchment, located in the Alpine regions of the states of Victoria and New South Wales, Australia.

Departmental secretary

In the administration of government in Australia, a departmental secretary (or just Secretary) is the most senior public servant of a Commonwealth or state government department, charged with leading the department on a day-to-day basis.

Genoa River

Genoa River is a perennial river located in the Monaro region of New South Wales and flows into the East Gippsland region of Victoria in Australia. It used to be known as Bondi Creek or Yard Creek. The river's name derives from the First People "jinoor" ("footpath").

Glenelg River (Victoria)

The Glenelg River, a perennial river of the Glenelg Hopkins catchment, is located in the Australian states of Victoria and South Australia.

The river rises in the Grampian Ranges and flows generally north, then west, then south, for over 350 kilometres (220 mi), making the river the longest river in south-west Victoria and third longest overall. A short stretch of the lower end winds through southeastern South Australia before returning to Victoria to enter Discovery Bay at Nelson. The Glenelg River is a central feature of the Lower Glenelg National Park.

The river was named after Colonial Secretary Baron Glenelg, Charles Grant, by Major Thomas Mitchell in August 1836.Large amounts of water diverted from the upper reaches of the river for agricultural purposes, including irrigation and town water demands. The estuary is listed under the Heritage Rivers Act, 1992 (VIC) and is a nationally important wetland.

Government House, Melbourne

Government House is the official residence of the Governor of Victoria, currently Linda Dessau. It is located in Kings Domain, Melbourne, next to the Royal Botanic Gardens.

Government House was opened in 1876, on land that had originally been set aside in 1841. Previous governors' residences included La Trobe's Cottage (1839–1854), Toorak House (1854–1874), and Bishopscourt (1874–1876). It was designed by William Wardell in the Italianate style, and modelled to some extent on Queen Victoria's Osborne House residence, to which it bears a strong resemblance. Between 1901 and 1930, Government House was used as the official residence of the Governor-General of Australia. This occurred during the period when Canberra was still under construction and Melbourne was designated as the temporary capital. Despite Parliament House opening in 1927, the Governor-General did not permanently move to Yarralumla for another three years, at which point Government House was given back to the Victorian government.

Ingeegoodbee River

The Ingeegoodbee River is a perennial river of the Snowy River catchment, located in the Alpine regions of the states of New South Wales and Victoria, Australia.

Lake Connewarre

Lake Connewarre (Aboriginal Wathawurrung language: Kunawarr keelingk literally meaning black swan lake), a shallow estuarine 880-hectare (2,200-acre) lake on the Barwon River, is located on the Bellarine Peninsula southeast of Geelong in the Australian state of Victoria.

Little Goolengook River

The Little Goolengook River is a perennial river of the Bemm River catchment, located in the East Gippsland region of the Australian state of Victoria.

Nicholson River (Victoria)

The Nicholson River is a perennial river of the Mitchell River catchment, located in the East Gippsland region of the Australian state of Victoria.

Protected areas of Victoria

Victoria is the smallest mainland state in Australia. As of 2008 it contained 2,850 separate protected areas with a total land area of 39,273 km2 (15,163 sq mi) (17.26% of the state's area). Of these, 45 were national parks, totalling 28,023 km2 (10,820 sq mi) (11.32% of the state's area).The parks are managed by Parks Victoria, a state government agency. There are also many smaller state areas which are subject to commercial activity such as logging.

Queensborough River

The Queensborough River is a perennial river of the Snowy River catchment, located in the Alpine regions of the Australian states of Victoria and New South Wales.

Tambo River (Victoria)

The Tambo River or Berrawan is a perennial river of the Mitchell River catchment, located in the East Gippsland region of the Australian state of Victoria. With a total length in excess of 186 kilometres (116 mi), the Tambo River is one of the longest rivers in the East Gippsland drainage basin, extending from the steep forested southern slopes of the Victorian Alps through forest and farmland to the Gippsland Lakes.

Victorian Heritage Register

The Victorian Heritage Register (VHR) lists places deemed to be of cultural heritage significance to the State of Victoria, Australia. It has statutory weight under the Heritage Act 1995 which established Heritage Victoria as the State Government listing and permit authority. Listing on the Victorian Heritage Register is separate from listing by a local Council or Shire, known as a Heritage Overlay. Heritage Victoria is currently part of the Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning of the Government of Victoria, Australia. Heritage Victoria reports to the Heritage Council who approve recommendations to the Register and hear appeals when a registration is disputed. The Council also hears appeals by an owner to a permit issued by Heritage Victoria (third parties cannot appeal). The Minister for Planning is the responsible Minister for Heritage Victoria and the Heritage Act 1995. As of 2013, there were over 2,200 places and objects listed on the VHR.

Wallagaraugh River

The Wallagaraugh River is a perennial river of the Genoa River catchment, with its headwaters located in the South Coast region of New South Wales and its lower reaches located in the East Gippsland region of Victoria, Australia.

Wentworth River (Victoria)

The Wentworth River is a perennial river of the Mitchell River catchment, located in the East Gippsland region of the Australian state of Victoria.

Wonnangatta River

The Wonnangatta River is a perennial river of the Mitchell River catchment, located in the Alpine and East Gippsland regions of the Australian state of Victoria.

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