Government of Maharashtra

The Government of Maharashtra is the government for the state of Maharashtra in Western India. It is an elected government with 288 MLAs elected to the legislative assembly for a five-year term. Maharashtra has a bicameral legislature i.e. it consists of two houses: Vidhan Sabha (legislative assembly) and Vidhan Parishad (legislative council). As is the case in a parliamentary system, the government is formed by the party, alliance or group of assembly members who command the majority, in the lower house. The leader of the majority in lower house becomes the Chief Minister and selects the cabinet members, from either lower (or) upper house. If one becomes CM or minister without being an MLA or MLC, he/she must become either of one within next 6 months. From the formation of the state in 1960, the Congress party or Congress-led alliance have ruled the state for the major part. Non-Congress government was first formed in 1978, then in 1995 with Shivsena-BJP alliance, and most recently in 2014 with a BJP-led alliance.

Government of Maharashtra
Seal of Maharashtra
Seat of governmentMumbai
GovernorC. Vidyasagar Rao
Chief ministerDevendra Fadnavis
Deputy Chief MinisterN/A
SpeakerHaribhau Bagde
Members in Assembly288
CouncilMaharashtra Vidhan Parishad
ChairmanRamraje Naik Nimbalkar
Deputy ChairmanManikrao Thakre
Members in Council78
High CourtBombay High Court
Chief JusticeJustice Naresh Harishchandra Patil


As of 8 July 2016, the government of Maharashtra consists of 22 cabinet ministers and 16 ministers of state.[1][2] [3]

Ministers of Cabinet


Ministers of State

See also


  1. ^ "Maharashtra: Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis inducts 11 more ministers". The Indian Express. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
  2. ^ Sutar, Kamlesh (7 July 2016). "Maharashtra: Fadnavis ministry expansion today, Shiv Sena decides to participate". India Today. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
  3. ^ "Maharashtra: Latest Cabinet Ministers 2016 After expansion". infoelection. 13 July 2016. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
  4. ^ Khapre, Shubhangi (10 July 2016). "Pankaja, Tawde lose key portfolios in late-night Maharashtra cabinet reshuffle". The Indian Express.
  5. ^ ADR. "Dilip Kamble(Bharatiya Janata Party(BJP)):Constituency- PUNE CANTONMENT (SC)(PUNE) – Affidavit Information of Candidate:". Retrieved 21 January 2016.
  6. ^ ADR. "Dadaji Dagadu Bhuse(SHS):Constituency- MALEGAON (OUTER)(NASHIK) – Affidavit Information of Candidate:". Retrieved 21 January 2016.
  7. ^ ADR. "Deepak Vasant Kesarkar(SHS):Constituency- SAWANTWADI(SINDHUDURG) – Affidavit Information of Candidate:". Retrieved 21 January 2016.
  8. ^ ADR. "Ambrishrao Raje Satyavanrao Atram(Bharatiya Janata Party(BJP)):Constituency- AHERI (ST)(GADCHIROLI) – Affidavit Information of Candidate:". Retrieved 21 January 2016.
  9. ^ ADR. "Patil Ranjit Vitthalrao(Bharatiya Janata Party(BJP)):(ELECTED FROM GRADUATES CONSTITUENCY) – Affidavit Information of Candidate:". Retrieved 21 January 2016.
  10. ^ ADR. "Pravin Ramchandra Pote(Bharatiya Janata Party(BJP)):(LOCAL AUTHORITIES) – Affidavit Information of Candidate:". Retrieved 21 January 2016.

External links

Bhiwandi-Nizampur Municipal Corporation

Bhiwandi-Nizampur City Municipal Corporation is a civic body formed after dissolution of "BNCMC" (Bhiwandi Nizampur City Municipal Council) into Corporation by an act of Government Of Maharashtra in 2002 to administer the industrial township of Bhiwandi, which is a city in Thane District in the Indian state of Maharashtra.

The combined population of Bhiwandi-Nizampur and Bhiwandi was 709,665 at the 2011 census.

Gorewada Lake

Gorewada Lake is situated on the north-west corner of Nagpur city. It is created with a dam 2,350 feet long.In 1912, Gorewada lake was developed by the water works department as the primary drinking water source for Nagpur's 1.01 lakh population. Bordered by thick forest, Gorewada lake and its surrounding is the habitat for avian species and some wild life. The government of Maharashtra has started to develop a 1914 hectare safari in the forest regions surrounding the lake. Information by many newspapers claimed that it would also roll out he first night-safari in the country. The proposal was a long-drawn one, first proposed in 2005 and the safari started only in 2016. Leopards, Indian deer, Indian Peacock and some more species can be occasionally spotted.

Road near Gorewada lake termed as Gorewada Ring road. Many celebration lawns (open air) are situated in this area.

Nearest area to Gorewada lake is Zingabai Takli, Borgaon, Gittikhadan.

Johny Joseph (IAS)

Johny Joseph (born 29 May 1949) is an Indian Administrative Service officer of 1972 batch. He graduated from Trivandrum Engineering College with a degree in Mechanical Engineering and served as commissioner of Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation from 29 February 2004 to May 2007.


Junnar is a city with thousands of years of history in the Pune district of the Indian state of Maharashtra. The nearby fort of Shivneri is the birthplace of Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, the founder of the Maratha Empire.Junnar has been declared as the first tourism taluka in Pune district by government of Maharashtra on 9 January 2018.

Koradi Thermal Power Station

Koradi Thermal Power Station (KTPS) is located at Koradi near Nagpur, Maharashtra. The power plant is one of the four major power plants in Vidarbha – a power surplus region of India. The power station began operations in 1974 and is one of the nine active power stations operated by Maharashtra State Power Generation Company Limited (Mahagenco), a subsidiary of Government of Maharashtra owned Maharashtra State Electricity Board (MSEB). The plant operates 8 units and has a total power generation capacity of 1700 MW. A proposed 440 kilovolt high power transmission line from Koradi to Bhusawal would join Nagpur with Mumbai. KTPS campus also contains training institute of MahaGenco for middle and senior level engineers, technicians and other staff.

List of Chief Ministers of Maharashtra

The Chief Minister of Maharashtra is the head of the Government of the western Indian state of Maharashtra. Following elections to the Legislative Assembly, the Governor invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government and appoints the Chief Minister (CM). If the appointee is not a member of either the Legislative Assembly or the Legislative Council of Maharashtra, then the Constitution stipulates that they need to be elected within six months of being sworn-in. The office of the CM is coterminous with the concurrent Assembly provided the CM commands confidence in the house and hence does not exceed five years. However, it is subject to no term limits.Maharashtra was formed by dissolution of Bombay State on 1 May 1960. Yashwantrao Chavan, who was serving as the third CM of Bombay State since 1956, became the first CM of Maharashtra. He belonged to the Indian National Congress and held the office until the 1962 Assembly elections. Marotrao Kannanwar succeeded him and was the only CM to die while in office. Vasantrao Naik, who was in office from December 1963 to February 1975 for more than 11 years, has by far been the longest serving CM. He also was the first and only CM to complete his full term of five years (1967-1972). With the exceptions of Manohar Joshi (Shiv Sena), Narayan Rane (Shiv Sena) and Devendra Fadnavis (Bharatiya Janata Party), all other CMs have been from the Congress or its breakaway parties. So far, President's rule has been imposed twice in the state: first from February to June 1980 and again from September to October 2014. Devendra Fadnavis is the incumbent CM since 31 October 2014, the first from the BJP.


Maharashtra (; Marathi: [məharaːʂʈrə] (listen), abbr. MH) is a state in the western region of India. It is the second-most populous state and third-largest state by area in India. Spread over 307,713 km2 (118,809 sq mi), it is bordered by the Arabian Sea to the west, the Indian states of Karnataka and Goa to the south, Telangana and Chhattisgarh to the east, Gujarat and Dadra and Nagar Haveli to the north west, and Madhya Pradesh to the north. It is also the world's second-most populous subnational entity. It was formed by merging the western and south-western parts of the Bombay State, Berar and Vidarbha, and the north-western parts of the Hyderabad State and splitting Saurashtra (in present-day Gujarat) by the States Reorganisation Act. It has over 112 million inhabitants and its capital, Mumbai, has a population around 18 million making it the most populous urban area in India. Nagpur hosts the winter session of the state legislature. Pune is known as 'Oxford of the East' due to the presence of several well-known educational institutions.The Godavari and the Krishna are the two major rivers in the state. The Narmada and Tapi Rivers flow near the border between Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. Maharashtra is the third-most urbanized state of India. Prior to Indian independence, Maharashtra was chronologically ruled by the Satavahana dynasty, Rashtrakuta dynasty, Western Chalukyas, Deccan sultanates, Mughals and Marathas, and the British. Ruins, monuments, tombs, forts, and places of worship left by these rulers are dotted around the state. They include the UNESCO World Heritage Sites of the Ajanta and Ellora caves. The numerous forts are associated with the life of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.

Maharashtra is the wealthiest state by all major economic parameters and also the most industrialized state in India. The state continues to be the single largest contributor to the national economy with a share of 15% in the country's gross domestic product (GDP). Maharashtra accounts for 17% of the industrial output of the country and 16% of the country's service sector output. The economy of Maharashtra is the largest state economy in India with ₹27.96 lakh crore (US$390 billion) in GDP and a per capita GDP of ₹180,000 (US$2,500).

Maharashtra Health and Technical Common Entrance Test

The MHT-CET or Common Entrance Test is an annual entrance exam conducted by the Government of Maharashtra. This year (2018), MHT-CET was conducted on 10 May 2018. It is conducted by the Directorate of Technical Education. The degree courses of the following streams are mainly accounted for in this entrance exam:


PharmacyEarlier the test scores were also used for admissions to Medical degree courses. The test is conducted in offline mode. After the Supreme Court of India hammered the deduction for NEET for Medical colleges; MHT-CET is scrapped for medical colleges.

Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation

Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC) is a project of the government of Maharashtra state in India and is the leading corporation of Maharashtra. It provides businesses with infrastructure such as land (open plot or built-up spaces), roads, water supply, drainage facilities and street lights. Mr. P. Anbalagan, IAS, is the CEO of MIDC (Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation).

Maharashtra National Law University, Aurangabad

Maharashtra National Law University, Aurangabad (MNLU Aurangabad, MNLUA) is a state university located at Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India. It was established in 2017 by the Government of Maharashtra, the third and final university to be installed through the Maharashtra National Law University Act, 2014 following Maharashtra National Law University, Mumbai and Maharashtra National Law University, Nagpur, the 21st National Law University in India. The Chancellor of the university is R. Banumathi, Judge of the Supreme Court of India, and the Vice-Chancellor is Kondaiah Jonnalagadda.

Maharashtra Tourism Development Corporation

Maharashtra Tourism Development Corporation commonly abbreviated as MTDC, is a body of the Government of Maharashtra responsible for development of tourism in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It has been established under the Companies Act, 1956, (fully owned by Govt. of Maharashtra) for systematic development of tourism on commercial lines, with an authorized share capital of Rs. 25 crore.The paid up share capital of the Corporation as on 31 March 2013 is Rs. 1538.88 lakhs.Since Inception it been involved in the development and maintenance of the various tourist locations of Maharashtra. MTDC owns and maintains resorts at all key tourist centers and having more resorts is on the plan.

MTDC initiates & supports various cultural activities across Maharashtra with the objective to improve tourism in the state. One such example is Sanskruti Arts Festival, Upvan, Thane which MTDC has supported along with TMC (Thane Municipal Corporation)

Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority

Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority, commonly abbreviated as MMRDA, is a body of the Government of Maharashtra that is responsible for the infrastructure development of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region. MMRDA was set up on 26 January 1975 under the Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority Act, 1974 Government of Maharashtra as an apex body for planning and co-ordination of development activities in the Region.

The MMRDA comprises 17 members and is chaired by the Minister for Urban Development in Maharashtra Devendra Fadnavis (who is also the current Chief Minister of Maharashtra).It is also the richest state owned organisations in India. On the similar lines to this, recently Government of Maharashtra has announced to establish PMRDA and NMRDA for Pune and Nagpur respectively.In 2017, MMRDA announced it is investing up to ₹48,000 crore to re-haul the entire rail network by introducing new services, coaches, signalling equipment

Mutha River

The Mutha River is a river in western Maharashtra, India. It arises in the Western Ghats and flows eastward until it merges with the Mula River in the city of Pune. It has been dammed twice, first at the Panshet Dam (on the Ambi River), used as a source of drinking water for Pune city and irrigation. The water released here is dammed again at Khadakwasla and is an important source of drinking water for Pune. One more dam has been built later on the Mutha river at Temghar.

After merging with the Mula River in Pune, it flows on as the Mula-Mutha River to join the Bhima River.

In 2014, the Government of Maharashtra announced that the Pune Municipal Corporation would build new Sewage treatment plants to ensure that no sewage would be dumped into the river.

Outline of Maharashtra

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Maharashtra:

Maharashtra – state in the western region of India and is India's third-largest state by area and is also the world's second-most populous sub-national entity. It has over 120 million inhabitants and its capital, Mumbai, has a population of approximately 18 million. Nagpur is Maharashtra's second capital as decreed by the Nagpur Pact.

Pratibha Patil

Pratibha Devisingh Patil (born 19 December 1934) is an Indian politician who served as the 12th President of India from 2007 to 2012. A member of the Indian National Congress, Patil is the only woman to hold the office. She previously served as the Governor of Rajasthan from 2004 to 2007.

Rajiv Gandhi Jeevandayee Arogya Yojana

Mahatma Jyotiba Phule Jan Arogya Yojana, previously Rajiv Gandhi Jeevandayee Arogya Yojana (RGJAY), is a Universal health care scheme run by the Government of Maharashtra for the poor people of the state of Maharashtra who holds one of the 4 cards issued by the government; Antyodaya card, Annapurna card, yellow ration card or orange ration card. The scheme was first launched in 8 districts of the Maharashtra state in July 2012 and then across all 35 districts of the state in November 2013. It provides free access to medical care in government empanelled 488 hospitals for 971 types of diseases, surgeries and therapies costing up to Rs.1,50,000 per year per family (Rs.2,50,000 only for renal transplant). As of 17 January 2016, around 11.81 lakh procedures amounting to Rs.1827 crore have been performed on patients from 7.13 lakh beneficiary families which includes over 7.27 lakh surgeries and therapies. The scheme is called successful amid some allegations of hospitals directly or indirectly causing patients to incur out-of-pockets expenses on some part of the treatment.

Ratnagiri Gas and Power

Also see Dabhol power company

Ratnagiri Gas and Power Private Limited (RGPPL) is a joint venture of NTPC Limited, GAIL, Government of Maharashtra. The company was established to take over and revive the assets of the defunct Dabhol Power Company. RGPPL owns one of India's largest and only LNG based power plants and the LNG regasification terminal at Dabhol.

Sushilkumar Shinde

Sushilkumar Sambhajirao Shinde (born 4 September 1941) is an Indian politician from the state of Maharashtra. He was the Minister of Home Affairs, Minister of Power in the Manmohan Singh government, and the Leader of the House in Lok Sabha until 26 May 2014. He previously served as the Chief Minister of the state of Maharashtra during 18 January 2003 to October 2004.

The Bombay Prohibition Act, 1949

The Bombay Prohibition Act, 1949 is an Act of the Bombay Legislative Assembly relating to the promotion and enforcement of alcohol prohibition in the Bombay State. The Bombay state was divided into the states of Maharashtra and Gujarat in 1960. Today the Act is applicable in the State of Gujarat.

Under the Act a permit is mandatory to purchase, possess, consume or serve liquor. The Act empowers the police to arrest a person for purchasing, consuming or serving alcohol without the permit with punishment ranging from three months to five years in prison. Transporting liquor without a permit is punishable with a fine of 50,000 rupees and 5 years in prison.

Min Image Constituency Party Portfoliosation
1 Devendra Fadnavis Nagpur South West Bharatiya Janta Party Chief Minister
Home Affairs
General Administration
Urban Development
Law & Judiciary
Graduate Professional

Management diploma in methods and techniques of project management, Berlin, D.S.E. Berlin, Year of Passing 1998, LLB 5-year Course Pass from Dr. Ambedkar Law College, Amravati Road, Nagpur, RSTM Nagpur University in 1992 [1]

2 Sudhir Mungantiwar Ballarpur Bharatiya Janta Party Finance & Planning and Forests Post Graduate

M.Phil From Nagpur University In 1990 [2]

3 Vinod Tawde Borivali Bharatiya Janta Party School Education
Sports & Youth Welfare
Higher & Technical Education
Marathi Language
Cultural Affairs
Graduate Professional

B.E. (Electronics) From Sant Dnyaneshwar Vidyapeeth, Pune, 1984, HSC From Parle College, Vile Parle, Mumbai, Year-1980, SSC From St.Anthony High School, Santacruz, Mumbai, Year-1978 [3]

4 Prakash Mehta Ghatkopar East Bharatiya Janta Party Housing 10th Pass

10th Std, Gurukul High School, Ghatkopar east Mumbai 400077 [4]

5 Chandrakant Patil Member Of Maharashtra Legislative Council Bharatiya Janta Party Revenue
Relief and Rehabilitation
Public Works (Excluding Public Undertakings)
Agriculture and Horticulture
Post Graduate

B.Com., M.Com. M.A.(Sociology)-March 1985, 1988, 1995-Nagpur Vidyapeeth [5]

6 Pankaja Munde Parli Bharatiya Janta Party Rural Development
Women and Child Development

S.S.C. 1994, Saraswati Vidyalay, Parali, Vai, H.S.C.1996, Jai Hind College, Mumbai, B.Sc.1999, Ramnarain Ruia College, Mumbai [6]

7 Vishnu Savara Vikramgad Bharatiya Janta Party Tribal development Graduate

B.Com., Pune University, Year 1973 [7]

8 Girish Bapat Kasba Peth Bharatiya Janta Party Food
Civil Supplies and Consumer Protection
Food and Drugs Administration
Parliamentary Affairs

B.Com Pune University [8]

9 Girish Mahajan Jamner Bharatiya Janata Party Water Resources
Medical Education
12th Pass

SSC from New English School Jamner, Pune Board in 1976, HSC from Arts and Commerce College Jamner, Pune Board in 1978, S.Y. B.Com from Arts and Commerce College Jamner, Pune University in 1982 [9]

10 Diwakar Raote Member Of Maharashtra Legislative Council Shiv Sena Transport 10th Pass

S.S.C., L.S.G.D., S.S.C. From Mumbai Board 1962 [10]

11 Subhash Desai Member Of Maharashtra Legislative Council Shiv Sena Industries
Employment & Self-Employment
10th Pass

SSC Diploma in journalism and Public Relations [11]

12 Ramdas Kadam Member Of Maharashtra Legislative Council Shiv Sena Environment 10th Pass

SSC From Yashwantrao Chavan High School, Mumbai Board in 1971 [12]

13 Eknath Shinde Kopri-Pachpakhadi Shiv Sena Public health and Family welfare 10th Pass

11 pass yr 1981 new English high school [13]

14 Chandrashekhar Krishnarao Bawankule Kamthi Bharatiya Janta Party Energy
12th Pass

B.S.C (Second Year) Dharampeth Science College nagpur, March 1981, Nagpur University. [14]

15 Babanrao Lonikar Partur Bharatiya Janta Party Water Supply
5th Pass

5th passed from District Govt. Primary School Loni, Taluka Patur, Dist. Jalna, 1973 [15]

16 Dr. Deepak Sawant Member Of Maharashtra Legislative Council Shiv Sena Public Health and Family Welfare Doctorate

Ph.D. from Shivaji University in 2009, M.A. (political science) from Shivaji University in 2002, M.A. (English) from Osmania University in 1985 [16]

17 Rajkumar Sudamji Badole Arjuni Morgaon Bharatiya Janta Party Social Justice
Special Assistance

M.A. Part 1, From Nagpur University In 1996 and DCEV degree From Nagpur Vidhipeetha in 1983 [17]

18 Ram Shinde Karjat Jamkhed Bharatiya Janta Party Water Conservation
Post Graduate

Completed M.Sc. and B.Ed. [18]

19 Jaykumar Rawal Sindhkhed Bharatiya Janta Party Employment Guarantee Scheme

Completed B.Com. [19]

20 Subhash Deshmukh Solapur South Bharatiya Janta Party Co-operation


21 Mahadev Jankar Member Of Maharashtra Legislative Council Rashtriya Samaj Paksha Cattle and Dairy development

Completed B.E. [21]

22 Sambhaji Patil Nilangekar Nilanga Bharatiya Janta Party Labour

Skill Development Ex-Servicemen Welfare Earthquake Rehabilitation

Sr.No. Minister Party Portfolios Education and qualification
1 Dilip Kamble Pune Cantonment Bharatiya Janta Party Social Justice and Special Assistance Graduate

B.A from Pune University, Abasheb College in 1989 [5]

2 Vidya Thakur Goregaon Bharatiya Janta Party Women and Child Development, Food, Civil Supplies and Consumer Protection, Food and Drugs Administration 8th Pass

Kudilal Govindram Sekseria Sarvodaya School, Year 1977 [22]

3 Arjun Khotkar Jalna Shiv Sena Minister of State for Textile, Animal Husbandry, Dairy Development
4 Vijay Sidramappa Deshmukh North Solapur Bharatiya Janta Party Public Works (Public Undertakings), Transport, Labour and Textiles Graduate from Sangmeshwar College Solapur Shivaji Vidhyapith Kolhapur year 1978, S.S.C. from Sidheshwar High School Solhapur Maharashtra State Board of Secondary & Higher Secondary Education Pune Divisional Board 1972 [23]

5 Sanjay Dulichand Rathod Digras Shiv Sena Revenue Graduate Professional

B.Com University Yavatmal from 1993, B.P.ed from Subhedar Ramji Ambedkar health Education University Nagpur 1995 [24]

6 Dadaji Dagadu Bhuse Malegaon Outer Shiv Sena Rural Development 12th Pass

Diploma in civil engineering, Shaskiya tantraniketan Dhule, Maharashtra, Board of technical examination. July 1983 [6]

7 Vijaybapu Shivtare Purandar Shiv Sena Water Resources, Water Conservation and Parliamentary Affairs 10th Pass

S.S.C Karmveer Bhaurao College, Parinche, Ta Purander, Dist Pune Pass Year 1975, D.M.D. Father Aglen College Bandra, West, Passing YEar 1977, D.M.E. Five Semister, Bhagubai Mafatlal Politechinque Mumbai, Pass Year 1981 [25]

8 Deepak Vasant Kesarkar Sawantwadi Shiv Sena Home (Rural), Finance and Planning Graduate Shree. Pancham Khemraj Mahavidyalay, Sawantwadi, Mumbai University, 1975 [7]

9 Ambrishrao Raje Satyavanrao Atram Aheri Bharatiya Janta Party Tribal Development Graduate Professional

Business Law and HRM Level 4, University of Central England, Brirmingham Business School United Kingdom, Passing year 2006 [8]

10 Ravindra Dattaram Waikar Jogeshwari East Shiv Sena Housing, Higher and Technical Education Graduate

B.Sc from Patkar College, Goregaon, Mumbai University in 1982 [26]

11 Dr. Ranjit Patil Member of Maharashtra Legislative Council Bharatiya Janta Party Home (Urban), Urban Development, General Administration, Law and Judiciary and Parliamentary Affairs Post graduate

MBBS GMC Nagpur From Nagpur University 1986, M.Sc. From GMC Nagpur University 1990 [9]

12 Pravin Pote Member of Maharashtra Legislative Council Bharatiya Janta Party Industries and Mining, Environment, Public Works (excluding public undertaking) Graduate

B.Com. from Kesharbbai Lahoti College Amravati University [10]

13 Gulab Raghunath Patil Jalgaon Rural Shiv Sena Co-operation
14 Sadabhau Khot Member of Maharashtra Legislative Council Swabhimani Shetkari Saghatna Agriculture and horticulture and Marketing
15 Madan Madhukarrao Yerawar Yavatmal BJP Energy, Tourism, Food and Drug, Administration and Public Works General Administration
India State governments of India
State governments
State Agencies of Maharashtra
Public Sector Undertakings
Autonomous Bodies
Nodal Agencies
Divisions and
Million-plus cities
in Maharashtra
Other cities with
municipal corporations

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