Government Portal of Mauritius

The Government Portal of Mauritius is the official web portal of the Government of Mauritius. It presents information resources and online services from government sources, accessible from a single point. The portal provides access to websites of ministries and their departments, websites of state bodies and e-Services. It also provides various information such as weather, calendar of events, news articles, videos and polls among others.[2]

On 30 November 2014, the Government Portal, Websites of Ministries and Departments, e-services and email address of Government officials was completely migrated to www.govmu.org from the previous domain www.gov.mu.[3][4]

Mauritius Government Portal
Type of site
Web portal
Available inEnglish, French
EditorGovernment Online Center
Websitewww.govmu.org
Alexa rankIncrease 88,551 (October 2015)[1]
CommercialNo
Registrationonline
Current statusOnline
Written inMicrosoft Sharepoint and Microsoft SQL

History

A new version of the portal was launched on 22 February 2013. The site was done by the firm FRCI LTD and its partner LinkDev and cost Rs 50 Million, a cost that raised eyebrows.[5][6] In 2016, a United Nations e-Government Survey gave the portal a ranking based on information from an nonexistant portal.[7]

Overview

The portal has a number of features to make it easier to find government information and services:

e-Services

It provides citizens and residents in Mauritius with a one-stop access to all government e-Service. There are two types of e-service, one requires registration as a member and the second provides forms in PDF format that a user can fill and submit online. Several services also accept credit card payment.[8] According to a 2014 National Audit Office report, the usage of most of the e-Services has remained quite low, two years after the setting up of the new portal, while 42% of them have not been used at all. Further, except for four e-Services, the remaining e-Services were minimally used and therefore, the public was still making applications/payments manually.[9]

Citizens

The Citizens section provides quick links to information about Life Events, Health Sports and Leisure, Education, Employment and Career, Taxes and Registration, Housing, Social Services, Transport, Crime and Justice, Citizen Rights and Safety and Security.

Non-Citizens

The Non-Citizens section provides quick links to information about visiting Mauritius, Relocating/Immigrating to Mauritius, Weddings in Mauritius, Working and Living in Mauritius, Studying in Mauritius, Doing Business in Mauritius and Permit and Licences.

Government

The Government section provides quick links to information about the Government, Government Directory, Govt. Who's Who, Info. and Policies, Vacancies, Embassies and Consulates, Resources for Civil Servants, Green Mauritius, Publications and Research, Local Government and Rodrigues and Outer Islands.

Business

The Business section provides quick links to information about Starting a Business, Invest in Mauritius, Small and Medium Enterprises, Permit and Licences, Finance and Grants, Taxes, Import and Export, Employment and Training, Health and Safety, Business Statistics, Green Mauritius and other links.

See also

References

  1. ^ "www.govmu.org Site Info". Alexa Internet. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  2. ^ Patrice Donzelot (25 February 2013). "E-government – Le nouveau portail à Rs 50 M déjà lancé" (in French). Le Défi Media Group. Archived from the original on 31 March 2013. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
  3. ^ "gov.mu devient www.govmu.org" (in French). L'Express (Mauritius). Retrieved 2 December 2014.
  4. ^ Patrice Donzelot (5 November 2014). "Portail du gouvernement : gov.mu devient govmu.org" (in French). Le Défi Media Group. Archived from the original on 11 December 2014. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
  5. ^ "Le nouveau portail du gouvernement attend 500 millions de clics en un an" (in French). L'Express (Mauritius). Retrieved 2 December 2014.
  6. ^ Rédaction, La (2013-02-28). "Portail gov.mu: un coût qui fait tiquer". lexpress.mu (in French). Retrieved 2018-08-15.
  7. ^ "E-Government: le portail «inexistant» classé à la 58e place". lexpress.mu (in French). 2016-08-07. Retrieved 2018-08-15.
  8. ^ "Gov.mu lance 35 nouveaux services en ligne" (in French). L'Express (Mauritius). 20 April 2014. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
  9. ^ http://nao.govmu.org/English/ReportsandPublications/Pages/AnnualReport-yr2014-mtius.aspx
Chagos Archipelago

The Chagos Archipelago () or Chagos Islands (formerly the Bassas de Chagas, and later the Oil Islands) are a group of seven atolls comprising more than 60 individual tropical islands in the Indian Ocean about 500 kilometres (310 mi) south of the Maldives archipelago. This chain of islands is the southernmost archipelago of the Chagos-Laccadive Ridge, a long submarine mountain range in the Indian Ocean.Officially part of the British Indian Ocean Territory, the Chagos were home to the Chagossians, a Bourbonnais Creole-speaking people, for more than a century and a half until the United Kingdom evicted them between 1967 and 1973 to allow the United States to build a military base on Diego Garcia, the largest of the Chagos Islands. Since 1971, only the atoll of Diego Garcia is inhabited, and only by military and civilian contracted personnel.

The sovereignty of the Chagos Archipelago is disputed between the UK and Mauritius. The United Kingdom excised the archipelago from Mauritian territory in 1965, three years before Mauritius gained independence in 1968.

Government of Mauritius

The Government of Mauritius (French: Gouvernement de Maurice) is the main authority of the executive power in the Republic of Mauritius. The head of the Government is the Prime Minister of Mauritius, who manages the main agenda of the Government and direct the ministers.

The 2015 Ibrahim Index of African Governance ranked Mauritius first in good governance. According to the 2015 Democracy Index compiled by the Economist Intelligence Unit that measures the state of democracy in 167 countries, Mauritius ranks 18th worldwide followed by Uruguay and United States and is the only African country with Full Democracy.

Mauritius is also taking on the US and UK governments for the Chagos Archipelago islands which include Diego Garcia now a US naval base. Mauritius want these powers to hand back these islands which the government of Mauritius always considered as part of its territories to complete its decolonisation process. This is a matter of importance to the western world considering the critical location of the military base.

Indentured servitude

An indentured servant or indentured laborer is an employee (indenturee) within a system of unfree labor who is bound by a signed or forced contract (indenture) to work for a particular employer for a fixed time. The contract often lets the employer sell the labor of an indenturee to a third party. Indenturees usually enter into an indenture for a specific payment or other benefit, or to meet a legal obligation, such as debt bondage. On completion of the contract, indentured servants were given their freedom, and occasionally plots of land. In many countries, systems of indentured labor have now been outlawed, and are banned by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a form of slavery.

International reactions to the Charlie Hebdo shooting

This international reactions to the Charlie Hebdo Shooting contains issued statements in response to the 7 January 2015 Charlie Hebdo shooting. The response was largely one of condemnation.

Judiciary of Mauritius

The Judiciary of Mauritius is responsible for the administration of justice in Mauritius and has as mission to maintain an independent and competent judicial system which upholds the rule of law, safeguards the rights and freedom of the individual and commands domestic and international confidence. The Constitution provides for the institution of an independent judiciary which is based on the concept of separation of powers. Mauritius has a single-structured judicial system consisting of two parts, the Supreme Court and the Subordinate Courts. The Subordinate Courts consist of the Court of Rodrigues, the Intermediate Court, the Industrial Court, the District Courts, the Bail and Remand Court, the Criminal and Mediation Court and the Commercial Court. The Chief Justice is head of the judiciary. The Constitution of Mauritius is the supreme legal document of the country. The final appeal from decisions of the Court of Appeal of Mauritius to the Judicial Committee of the Privy council in London as provided for under the Constitution of Mauritius.As of 2014, a total of 8,594 cases were pending before the Supreme Court of Mauritius. The number of cases before the case decreased by 1 per cent in 2014 compared to 2013, while the number of cases disposed increased by 32 per cent. As much of 42 per cent of cases in district courts were from urban areas, while the Division III of District Court of Port Louis disposed most number of cases in 2014 among all district courts.

Literacy

Dictionaries traditionally define literacy as the ability to read and write. In the modern world, this is one way of interpreting literacy. One more broad interpretation sees literacy as knowledge and competence in a specific area. The concept of literacy has evolved in meaning. The modern term's meaning has been expanded to include the ability to use language, numbers, images, computers, and other basic means to understand, communicate, gain useful knowledge, solve mathematical problems and use the dominant symbol systems of a culture. The concept of literacy is expanding across OECD countries to include skills to access knowledge through technology and ability to assess complex contexts. A person who travels and resides in a foreign country but is unable to read or write in the language of the host country would be regarded by the locals as illiterate.

The key to literacy is reading development, a progression of skills which begins with the ability to understand spoken words and decode written words, and which culminates in the deep understanding of text. Reading development involves a range of complex language-underpinnings including awareness of speech sounds (phonology), spelling patterns (orthography), word meaning (semantics), grammar (syntax) and patterns of word formation (morphology), all of which provide a necessary platform for reading fluency and comprehension.

Once these skills are acquired, a reader can attain full language literacy, which includes the abilities to apply to printed material critical analysis, inference and synthesis; to write with accuracy and coherence; and to use information and insights from text as the basis for informed decisions and creative thought. The inability to do so is called "illiteracy" or "analphabetism".Experts at a United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) meeting have proposed defining literacy as the "ability to identify, understand, interpret, create, communicate and compute, using printed and written materials associated with varying contexts". The experts note: "Literacy involves a continuum of learning in enabling individuals to achieve their goals, to develop their knowledge and potential, and to participate fully in their community and wider society".

Mauritius

Mauritius ( (listen); French: Maurice, Creole: Moris [moʁis]), officially the Republic of Mauritius (French: République de Maurice, Creole: Repiblik Moris), is an island nation in the Indian Ocean. The main Island of Mauritius is located about 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) off the southeast coast of the African continent. The Republic of Mauritius includes the islands of Rodrigues, Agalega and St. Brandon. The capital and largest city Port Louis is located on the main island of Mauritius.

In 1598, the Dutch took possession of Mauritius. They abandoned Mauritius in 1710 and the French took control of the island in 1715, renaming it Isle de France. France officially ceded Mauritius including all its dependencies to the United Kingdom (UK) through the Treaty of Paris, signed on 30 May 1814 and Reunion was returned to France. The British colony of Mauritius consisted of the main island of Mauritius along with Rodrigues, Agalega, St Brandon, Tromelin and the Chagos Archipelago, while the Seychelles became a separate colony in 1906. The sovereignty of Tromelin is disputed between Mauritius and France as some of the islands such as St. Brandon, Chagos, Agalega and Tromelin were not specifically mentioned in the Treaty of Paris.In 1965, three years prior to the independence of Mauritius, the UK split the Chagos Archipelago from Mauritian territory, and the islands of Aldabra, Farquhar and Desroches from the Seychelles, to form the British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT). The UK forcibly expelled the archipelago's local population and leased its biggest island, Diego Garcia, to the United States. The UK has restricted access to the Chagos Archipelago; it has been prohibited to casual tourists, the media, and its former inhabitants. The sovereignty of the Chagos is disputed between Mauritius and the UK.

The people of Mauritius are multiethnic, multicultural and multilingual. The island's government is closely modelled on the Westminster parliamentary system, and Mauritius is highly ranked for democracy and for economic and political freedom. The Human Development Index of Mauritius is one of the highest in Africa. Mauritius is ranked as the most competitive and one of the most developed economies in the African region. The country has no exploitable natural resources, the main pillars of the Mauritian economy are manufacturing, financial services, tourism, and information and communications technology. Mauritius is a welfare state, the government provides free universal health care, free education up to tertiary level and free public transport for students, senior citizens and the disabled.Along with the other Mascarene Islands, Mauritius is known for its varied flora and fauna, with many species endemic to the island. The island was the only known home of the dodo, which, along with several other avian species, was made extinct by human activities relatively shortly after the island's settlement.

Queen Elizabeth College, Mauritius

Queen Elizabeth College (QEC) is the top-ranked and only leading girls secondary school in Mauritius. It accommodates girls of 11 to 18 years based on their outstanding and excellent academic performance at the Certificate of Primary Education (CPE) examinations. The school prepares its students for the National Assessment at Form III, awarding the Form III Certificate; O Level examinations, awarding the School Certificate; and the A Level examinations, awarding the Higher School Certificate.

The school is known for its students' outstanding and astonishing performances in the named examinations and for its usual excellent yearly harvest of laureates, recipients of scholarships through the government scholarship scheme. The school is well known for having produced many female leaders at the national evel as well as at the international level. The graduates have become female scholars, professionals, scientists, leaders and politicians amongst others.

Supreme Court of Mauritius

The Supreme Court of Mauritius is the highest court of Mauritius and is the final court of appeal in the Mauritian judicial system. It was established in its current form in 1850, replacing the Cour d'Appel established in 1808 during the French administration and has a permanent seat in Port Louis. There is a right of appeal from the Supreme Court of Mauritius directly to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in London.

The chief justice is the head of the court and has precedence over any other judges in the republic. The chief justice is second in line (after the vice-president) to succeed the president in case of removal, death or resignation until a new president is elected. The chief justice is also fifth in the line of precedence following the president, prime minister, vice president and deputy prime minister. The current chief justice is Kheshoe Parsad Matadeen having been appointed 31 December 2013 by President Purryag. The major divisions of the Supreme Court are Family Division, Commercial Division, Master's Court, Mediation Division, Criminal Division, Court of Civil Appeal and Court of Criminal Appeal. The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council is the final Court of appeal in Mauritius.

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