Gospić concentration camp

The Gospić concentration camp (Croatian: Koncentracioni logor Gospić) was one of 26 concentration camps in the Independent State of Croatia during World War II, established in Gospić (modern-day Croatia).[5]

Gospić concentration camp
Concentration camp
Gospić concentration camp is located in Croatia
Gospić concentration camp
Location of Gospić concentration camp within Croatia
Coordinates44°32′46″N 15°22′30″E / 44.546°N 15.375°ECoordinates: 44°32′46″N 15°22′30″E / 44.546°N 15.375°E
CommandantJozo Rukavina
Original useprison
OperationalJune — August 1941[1]
InmatesPredominantly Serbs with several thousands of Jews and some Croats[2]
KilledTotally in whole complex which also included Velebit and Pag:
  • 24,000 people according to estimations of Croatian published sources[3]
  • 42,246 according to Đuro Zatezalo whose figures can be considered as universally agreed according to Raphael Israeli[4]


It belonged to the complex Gospić group of concentration camps which besides Gospić camp also included Jadovno, Ovčara, Pag (Slana and Metajna).[6] The establishment of this complex of concentration camps marked the beginning of the final phase of the Holocaust in the Independent State of Croatia, mass murders.[7]

The Gospić concentration camp was established in May 1941 in the building which was used as a prison before World War II and organized by Jozo Rukavina.[8] The first transport of inmates from Danica concentration camp was organized on 30 June 1941.[9] The prison in Gospić was placed in a large square building which equal sides of 130 meters. It was erected in 1878 and used as a prison for prisoners sentenced to life imprisonment[10]


Based on the orders issued by Ustaše command in Zagreb on 19 July 1941, notable Serbs were captured and sent to the Gospić concentration camp divided into small groups of 20 to 30.[11] The Serbs, Jews and Romani people were captured all over the territory of the Independent State of Croatia and transported to Gospić concentration camp at daily rate of three hundred.[12]

On 1 August 1941 Ustaše transported the first group of Jews from Visoko in Bosnia and Herzegovina to Gospić camp.[13]

About 300 women and children were transported on 11 March 1944 from Gospić to Jasenovac where they were all killed.[14]


The Jasenovac concentration camp was founded as an extension of the disestablished Gospic and Jadovnik camps.[15] The first inmates of Jasenovac camp were brought from Gospić concentration camp in period 19—21 August 1941.[16]


  1. ^ Radovi (Filozofski Fakultet Zagreb. Humanisticke i Drustvene Znanosti). Zavod. 2007. Veći koncentracijski logor bio je Gospić (lipanj - kolovoz 1941)...
  2. ^ Radovi (Filozofski Fakultet Zagreb. Humanisticke i Drustvene Znanosti). Zavod. 2007. ...iz kojega su zatočenici (pretežito Srbi, nekoliko tisuća Židova i manjina Hrvati) ...
  3. ^ Radovi (Filozofski Fakultet Zagreb. Humanisticke i Drustvene Znanosti). Zavod. 2007. p. 355. Procjenjuje se daje u logorskom kompleksu Gospić-Velebit-Pag (Mirko Peršen, Đuro Zatezalo, Ilija Jakovljević) pogubljeno oko 24.000 ljudi.
  4. ^ Israeli, Raphael (4 March 2013). The Death Camps of Croatia: Visions and Revisions, 1941-1945. Transaction Publishers. p. 77. ISBN 978-1-4128-4930-2.
  5. ^ Jacobs 2009, p. 158: "A total of twenty-six concentration camps were established on the territory of NDH, such as Drnje, Kruš cica, Surovo, Bugojno, Bijeljina, Lepoglava, Rogatica, Vlasenica, Tuzla, Tenje, and Pag, but only Jadovno, Jasenovac, and Stara Gradiška were large extermination camps."
  6. ^ Komisija 2000, p. viii"To je gospićka grupa logora: Gospić, Jadovno, Ovčara, zatim Slana i Metajna na Pagu."
  7. ^ Goldstein, Ivo; Goldstein, Slavko (2001). Holokaust u Zagrebu. Novi liber. p. 276.
  8. ^ (Avramov 1995, p. 337):"A camp was set up in May 1941 in Gospic in the former prison, and it was organized by Jozo Rukavina."
  9. ^ Zavod 2006, p. 161"Prema dokumentima, prvi je transport logoraša iz "Danice" upućen za Gospić i to 30. lipnja 1941."
  10. ^ (Bulajić 2006, p. 70)
  11. ^ (Avramov 1995, p. 337):"Orders from the Ustasa Constabulary from Zagreb, sent on July 19, 1941, specified that "little by little, every day, Serbs who are financially or intellectually prominent should be sent to the concentration camp at Gospic in groups of 20 to 30."
  12. ^ (Israeli 2013, p. 73)
  13. ^ (Albahari 1977, p. 162): "Već 1. avgusta 1941. ustaše su odveli u koncentracioni logor Gospić prvu grupu Jevreja. "
  14. ^ (Gilbert 1982, p. 179): "On 11 March 1944, 300 women and children from northern Dalmatia, having been interned at Gospic, were deported to the Croat concentration camp at Jasenovac (right, below). Not a single one survived."
  15. ^ Dedijer 1981, p. 553"Logor Jasenovac je nastao kao produženje likvidiranih logora Gospić i Jadovnik na Velebitu kod Gospića."
  16. ^ Dedijer, Vladimir; Miletić, Antun (1991). Protiv zaborava i tabua: Jasenovac 1941-1991. I.P. "Pregres". p. 329. Први заточеници на подручју Јасеновца доведени су 19., 20. и 21. коло- воза 1941. из концентрационог логора Госпић.


Army of the Republic of Serb Krajina

The Serbian Army of Krajina (Serbian: Српска војска Крајине/Srpska vojska Krajine, СВК/SVK), also known in English as the Army of the Republic of Serb(ian) Krajina, was the armed forces of the Republic of Serbian Krajina (RSK), a Serb breakaway state in Croatia during the Croatian War of Independence (1991–95). The army was officially established on 19 March 1992. The RSK covered an area of some 17,028 km² at its peak, and was located entirely inland and thus had no navy. The military, along with the self-proclaimed Republic of Serbian Krajina, dissolved in 1995 following the Croatian Operation Storm.

Association for Serbian language and literature in Croatia

Association for Serbian language and literature in Croatia is a nonprofit professional organization that brings together scientists and technical workers engaged in studying and teaching of Serbian language and literature in Croatia. The association operates throughout Croatia and its headquarters is in Vukovar.

In early 2011, the association issued first edition of the Proceedings which was presented at many schools and institutions in Croatia and the region. Publishing of the book was financed from funds of Vukovar city, Trpinja, Markušica, Šodolovci, Erdut municipalities and from private donations.The association has organized a number of seminars.In their work, the association collaborates with professors from the University of Belgrade, University of Zagreb, University of Novi Sad and with Matica srpska, Joint Council of Municipalities, The Institute for the Serbian language in Belgrade etc.

Church of St. Peter and Paul, Bolman

Church of St. Peter and Paul (Croatian: Crkva svetog Petra i Pavla, Serbian Cyrillic: Црква светог Петра и Павла) in Bolman is a Serbian Orthodox church in eastern Croatia. The church is dedicated to St. Peter and Paul.

Church of St. Peter and Paul, Tepljuh

Church of Saint Peter and Paul in Tepljuh is Serbian Orthodox church in Croatia.

Church of St. Stephen, Borovo

The Church of St. Stephen (Croatian: Crkva svetog Stefana, Serbian Cyrillic: Црква светог Стефана) in Borovo is a Serbian Orthodox church in eastern Croatia. The church was built in the period from 1761 to 1764. Under its patronage was carried out first educational activities in the village. Church is listed in Register of Cultural Goods of Croatia. Iconostasis with 49 icons and other inventory is also specifically listed in Register.

Democratic Alliance of Serbs

The Democratic Alliance of Serbs (Croatian: Demokratski savez Srba or DSS, Serbian Cyrillic: Демократски савез Срба, ДСС) is a social democratic political party of Serbs in Croatia.

Gymnasium Vukovar

Gymnasium Vukovar (Serbo-Croatian: Gimnazija Vukovar/Гимназија Вуковар) is a secondary school situated in Vukovar, Croatia. Gymnasium Vukovar carries the educational programs of general secondary school, science and language direction. Classes are held in Croatian and Serbian language. In the school year 2007/2008, 384 students were enrolled. Of these, there were 248 female and 136 male students.

High School Dalj

High School Dalj is a public high school in Dalj, Erdut municipality, Croatia. The school offers the students the following educational programs: Economist, Commercial Officer (in Serbian), Agricultural Technician and Agricultural Technician General. In accordance with rights derived from Erdut Agreement Serbian minority in this school use right of education in minority language. For this reason, students can attend classes in Croatian or Serbian language and Serbian Cyrillic alphabet.

Independent Democratic Serb Party

The Independent Democratic Serb Party (Croatian: Samostalna demokratska srpska stranka or SDSS, Serbian Cyrillic: Самостална демократска српска странка, СДСС) is a social democratic political party of Serbs of Croatia.

Krajina dinar

The dinar (Serbian Cyrillic: динар) was the currency in the Republic of Serbian Krajina between 1992 and 1994.

Krka monastery

Krka Monastery (Croatian: Samostan Krka, Serbian Cyrillic: Манастир Крка) is a Serbian Orthodox monastery dedicated to the Archangel Michael, located near the river Krka, 3 km east of Kistanje, in central Dalmatia, Croatia. It is the best known monastery of the Serbian Orthodox Church in Croatia and it is officially protected as part of the Krka National Park.

It dates back to the 14th century.

Main Staff of the Army of the Republic of Serb Krajina

The Main Staff of the Army of the Republic of Serb Krajina (Serbian: Главни штаб Српске војске Крајине / Glavni štab Srpske vojske Krajine) was the highest professional and staff organ for preparation and use of the Army of the Republic of Serb Krajina in war and in peace.

The Main Staff was formed on 16 October 1992, and its activities started on 27 November of the same year. During its existence, the Main Staff had constant problems with personnel.

Museum of Serbs of Croatia

Museum of Serbs of Croatia (Croatian: Muzej Srba u Hrvatskoj, Serbian Cyrillic: Музеј Срба у Хрватској) was a public museum in Zagreb, which was specialized in history of Serbs of Croatia. Museum existed from 1946 till 1963 when it became part of Croatian History Museum. Today, part of the material is kept in Museum of Metropolitanate of Zagreb and Ljubljana, part in Prosvjeta, some in Museum of Croatian History and part of them were destroyed in mining of Museum of Metropolitanate of Zagreb and Ljubljana on 11 April 1992 during War in Croatia. In 2009, on 65 anniversary of Prosvjeta, organization has launched an initiative for restoration of museum work.

Orahovica Monastery

The Orahovica Monastery is a Serbian Orthodox monastery in Orahovica, Croatia. It is mentioned in 1583 when it was a seat of the Požega metropolitanate and an important culturo-religious center, located in the then Virovitica County. It is thought to have been built before the end of the 15th century.


Srpsko privredno društvo "Privrednik" (Serbian Cyrillic: Српско привредно друштво "Привредник"; English: Serbian Business Association "Privrednik") is an organization of Serbian minority in Croatia, which is aimed to creating and increasing economic opportunities in rural areas where majority of Serbs live in Croatia, as well as development of professional skills of individuals. Privrednik is a registered nongovernmental, nonprofit and nonpartisan organization.

Radio Borovo

Radio Borovo (Serbian Cyrillic: Радио Борово) is Serbian language radio station serving primarily Serb national minority in the eastern Croatia. It has a local broadcasting license for the municipality of Borovo, Croatia. Its frequency is 100,7 MHz FM and it is listened in Vukovar-Srijem and Osijek-Baranja County and in Vojvodina in neighboring Serbia Radio Borovo is an independent radio station privately owned, registered as a limited liability company - "Rhapsody", with 75% of initial capital owned by workers, and 25% owned by the municipality of Borovo. This radio station is the most popular minority radio station in Croatia. Through 2011 radio stations celebrated its twentieth anniversary. Due to its promotion of human and minority rights radio station is often collaborateing with the NGO sector.

Serb People's Radical Party

The Serbian People's Radical Party (Serbian: Српска народна радикална странка, Srpska narodna radikalna stranka) was an ethnic Serb political party in Austria-Hungary.

It was a sister party of the People's Radical Party in Serbia.

It was one of the founders of the Serbo-Croat coalition (1905) that governed the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia, but it left the Coalition soon afterwards.

In 1918, it had two representatives in the National Council of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs.

Slana concentration camp

Slana concentration camp was a concentration and extermination camp on the Croatian island Pag.

The camp was established in June 1941 in Metajna. It was established by Mijo Babić and controlled by the Ustaše, who had been installed as rulers of the puppet state of Croatia by Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini. Slana was a men's camp. Most prisoners were Jews, Serbs and Croatian communists. The commander of the camp was Ivan Devčević, who was also a commander of the 13th Ustaša battalion which was garrisoned in the camp.The camp was closed in August 1941 by the Italian military, who feared that the brutality of the Ustaše would provoke unrest in the region. Historians have estimated the death toll in Slana and the women's camp Metajna to be between 4,000 and 12,000. During the first weeks the inmates mainly died of physical abuse, exhaustion, hunger and thirst. When the transports became more frequent and the camp lacked space, the Ustaše began to execute many prisoners. The Author Ante Zemljar wrote a book about what happened in Slana in 1941: Charon and Destinies.

St. Basil of Ostrog Monastery

St. Basil of Ostrog Monastery (Serbian Latin: Manastir Sv. Vasilija Ostroškog) is a Serbian Orthodox monastery dedicated to Saint Basil of Ostrog located in the village of Crnogorci near the town of Imotski in Dalmatia, Croatia. The construction of the monastery began in 2005, and it had been suspended in 2006 after protests from the municipality of Podbablje.

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.