Gori Ganga

Gori Ganga (also Gori Gad) is a river in the Munsiari tehsil of the Pithoragarh District, part of the state of Uttarakhand in northern India. Its principal source is the Milam Glacier, just northeast of Nanda Devi along with the Glaciers of the Ralam River, and the Pyunshani and Uttari & Dakshini Balati Glaciers that lie on the western face of the Panchachuli Peaks.

Kali drainage
Drainage map

The alpine trans-humant village of Milam is located one kilometer below the snout of the glacier. Here a left-bank stream called Gonka joins the Gori. The valley provides the approach route for access to peaks such as Nanda Devi East, Hardeol, Trishuli, Panchchuli, and Nanda Kot.

The Gori is also fed by glaciers and streams flowing from the eastern slopes of the east wall of the Nanda Devi Sanctuary, and those flowing west from the high peaks of Panchchuli, Rajramba, and Chaudhara, including the Ralam Gad and the Pyunsani Gadhera. The Kalabaland-Burfu Kalganga glacier system also flows into the Gori Ganga Valley from the east.[1]

The principal rivers joining the main trunk Gori river are listed below [2] -

  • Panchu Gad - True Right Bank at Panchu / Ganghar
  • Burfu Gad - True Left Bank at Burfu
  • Lwa Gad - True Right Bank below Martoli
  • Poting Gad - True Right Bank at Bogdayar
  • Ralam Gad - True Left Bank upstream of Ruspiabagad
  • Jimia Gad - True Right Bank at Jimmighat
  • Suring Gad - True Right Bank at Suring Gad / Ghat
  • Madkani or Madkanya - True Left Bank at Madkot - This river originates from the Pyunshani and Balati Glaciers at the base of the Panchachuli Peaks
  • Ghosi Gad - True Left Bank at Baram
  • Rauntees - True Right Bank at Garjia. This is the only major rain fed stream joining the Gori River.
MadkoteDam
Madkote dam, one among many constructions in the fragile valley

Goriganga joins the Kali River at Jauljibi.

GoriValley
The Gori valley, Hansling in the distance

Etymology

In the local language "gori" means white or fair. "Gad" and "ganga" both mean river. The water of this river froths and contains white clay/sand, so it looks white most of the time.

References

  1. ^ Garhwal-Himalaya-Ost, 1:150,000 scale topographic map, prepared in 1992 by Ernst Huber for the Swiss Foundation for Alpine Research, based on maps of the Survey of India.
  2. ^ Theophilus, E (2002). A Biodiversity Log And Strategy Input, Document For The Gori River Basin, Western Himalaya Ecoregion District Pithoragarh, Uttaranchal, A Sub-State Process Under The National Biodiversity Strategy And Action Plan India,. Et Al. Anand, Gujarat: Foundation For Ecological Security.
Dumping of Debris into the Gori Ganga River

Dumping of debris from road construction into the Gori River / River Bed On the Right bank a few kilometers upstream of Madkot

Dumping of Debris into the Gori Ganga River 2

Dumping of debris from road construction into the Gori River / River Bed On the Right bank a few kilometers upstream of Madkot

Coordinates: 29°45′00″N 80°22′35″E / 29.7500°N 80.3763°E

Askot

Askot or Askote (Hindi: असकोट) is a small Himalayan town in Pithoragarh district of Uttarakhand in India. It is the part of Kanalichhina development Block and Didihat Tehsil.

The place is also famous for the Askot Musk Deer Sanctuary dedicated to the conservation of Musk deer. Askot lies midway between Pithoragarh to Dharchula road and located on a ridge. 'Kailash-Mansarovar Pilgrimage route from Delhi - Kathgodam - Didihat - Dharchula, passes through Askot.

Historically, the area has been ruled by the Doti Kings of Nepal, Katyuri, Rajwar, Chand, Gorkha and British rulers, though Rajwars continue to be its ceremonial Head. Van Rawats - an endangered tribe of Uttaranchal, inhabits around this area.

Askot Musk Deer Sanctuary

Askot Musk Deer Sanctuary is located 54 km from Pithoragarh near Askot in Uttarakhand state of India. This sanctuary has been set up primarily with the object of conserving the musk deer (Moschus leucogaster) and its habitat. Intensive efforts have been initiated to conserve this rare species. Other mammals found in this sanctuary include the Bengal tiger, Indian leopard, Himalayan jungle cat, civet, barking deer, serow, goral and Himalayan brown bear. Many species of high altitude birds are also found in this sanctuary.

Johar Valley

Johar Valley (also known as Milam Valley or Gori Ganga Valley) is a valley located in Uttarakhand, India, along the Gori Ganga river. The valley used to be a major trade route with Tibet. The best known villages in the valley are Martoli and Milam.

List of rivers of India

This is a list of rivers of India, starting in the west and moving along the Indian coast southward, then northward. Tributary rivers are listed hierarchically in upstream order: the lower in the list, the more upstream.

The major rivers of India are:

Flowing into the Bay of Bengal: Brahmaputra, Yamuna, Ganga (with its main tributaries Ramganga, Kali or Sharda, Gomti, Yamuna, Chambal, Betwa, Ken, Tons, Ghaghara, Gandaki, Burhi Gandak, Koshi, Mahananda, Tamsa, Son, Bagmati), Meghna, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna (and their main tributaries)

Flowing into the Arabian Sea: Narmada, Tapi, Sabarmati, PurnaThe remaining rivers are as follows.

Milam, India

Milam is the last village situated in Johar valley of Pithoragarh district in the state of Uttarakhand, India. The river Gori Ganga originates from Milam Glacier and flows past the village to meet with Kali ganga at Jauljibi.

Munsiari

Munsiyari (Devanagari: मुनस्यारी ) is the name of the sub-division headquarters, a conglomeration of revenue villages and it also refers to the entire region as Munsiyari Tehsil and Sub Division in the Pithoragarh District in the hill-state of Uttarakhand, India.

It lies at the base of the great Himalayan mountain range, at an elevation of about 2,200 m (7,200 ft) and is a starting point of various treks into the interior of the range.

Nagalaphu

Nagalaphu is a Himalayan mountain peak located in the Pithoragarh district of Uttarakhand state in India. It is the part of Himalayan mountain massif that divides Lassar-Darma valley and Ralam-Gori Ganga valley. Its summit reaches an altitude of 6,410 metres (21,030 ft) above sea level.

South of the peak are the five peaks of Panchchuli. Sona and Meola glaciers (that together form the Panchchuli glacier) are to the east of Nagalaphu. To the peak's west is the large Uttari Balati glacier.

Nagalaphu has yet to be scaled.

Panchchuli

The Panchachuli (पंचाचुली) peaks are a group of five snow-capped Himalayan peaks lying at the end of the eastern Kumaon region, near Dugtu Village Darma valley,you can see panchchuli peak like you are lap of the panchchuli, and Munsiari, in Pithoragarh district, Uttarakhand state, India. The peaks have altitudes ranging from 6,334 metres (20,781 ft) to 6,904 metres (22,651 ft). They form the watershed between the Gori and the Darmaganga valleys. Panchchuli is also located on the Gori Ganga-Lassar Yankti divide. The group lies 138 km (86 mi) from Pithoragarh. The first ascent of this range (Panchchuli 1) was done by Indo-Tibet Border Police (ITBP) team in 1972, via Uttari Balati glacier, led by Hukam Singh.

The five peaks on the Panchchuli massif are numbered from northwest to southeast. The highest peak is Panchchuli II, which was first scaled by an Indo-Tibetan Border Police expedition, led by Mahendra Singh, on 26 May 1973. One theory of the group's name is derived from the legendary Pandavas's "Five Chulis" (cooking hearths) another theory is that this region was once part of the old Nepal Kingdom and in the Nepalese language Chuli refers to peaks, hence the 5 peaks.

Sharda River

The Sharda River demarcates Nepal's western border with India. It descends from 3,600 m (11,800 ft) at Kalapani to 200 m (660 ft) as it enters the Terai plains in Uttar Pradesh, flowing southeast across the plains to join the Ghaghra river, a tributary of the Ganges.

It is called Mahakali River in Nepali: महाकाली नदी, mahākālī nadī, शारदा नदी, shāradā nadī in Hindi, and Kali Gad (Hindi: काली गाड़, kālī gād) or Kali Ganga in Uttarakhand. It is named after Śāradā, which is another name for Saraswati, the goddess of learning.

It offers potential for hydroelectric power generation. The river is also proposed as source for one of the many projects in the Himalayan component of the Indian Rivers Inter-link project.

Shaukas

The Shauka people are Tibeto-Burman ethnic group living in the Johaar Valley of Gori Ganga river in Munsyari, tehsil of the Pithoragarh District in Uttarakhand state of India. They are also known as Johaari Thakur. They are part of the larger Uttarakhand Bhotiya ethno-linguistic group, and one of the few of Uttarakhand tribes that shows a rich cultural heritage and adhere to the upper caste system. Shaukas are the followers of Hinduism, and have Hindu Brahmins to conduct religious ceremonies. They worship various gods and goddesses like Goddess Nanda Devi in Martoli, and Milam.

The legend of Rajula Malushahi relates to Rajula, daughter of Sunpati Shauka (A local lord/king of Johaar) and Malushahi, scion of one of the branches of Katyuri Kings based out of Bairath near Dwarahat. The famous explorers Nain Singh Rawat (C.I.E.), Kishan Singh Rawat and Mani Singh Rawat belong to the Johar Valley.

Nikhurpa, Barfal, Dharmshaktu, Jangpangi, Laspal, Pangtey, Mapwal, Martolia, Marwal, Nitwal, Tolia, Sumtyal, Brijwal, Rawat, Panchpal, Ganghariya, Rilkotiya, Mapwal are few surnames belonging to the Shauka community of Munsyari. Other Shauka surnames of Dharchula (Rung) are Kutiyal Garkhal, Rautela, Selal, Garbyal, Budiyal, Hyanki, Bonal, Nabiyal,Hotiyal, Titiyal etc.

Traill's Pass

Pindari Kanda Traill's Pass (el. 5,300 m or 17,400 ft) is a mountain pass through the Himalayas located between Nanda Devi and Nanda Kot peaks in the Uttarakhand state in the districts of Pithoragarh and Bageshwar in India.

It is situated at the end of Pindari glacier and links Pindari valley to Milam valley (Lawan Gad) and is said to be very difficult to cross. The pass was reached in 1830 by G.W. Traill, the first British Deputy Commissioner of Kumaon division. In 1926, it was crossed by Hugh Ruttledge.People from Johar Valley and Pindar Valley attempted to cross it for trade. Budha Malak Singh of Supi village of Bageshwar District of Uttarakhand State was the first man to cross it 1830 after 100 years. Later Mr. Trail also attempted to cross the pass but failed, though the pass was since then named as Trail’s Pass, earlier it was called "Pindari Kanda". Trail's Pass (el. 5,312 m) is a mountain pass through the Himalayas located between the unnamed southern shoulder of Mt. Nanda Devi East and Changuch (Western shoulder of Mt.Nanda Kot) peaks in Uttarakhand state in the districts of Bageshwar and Pithoragarh. It is situated at the head of Pindari glacier and Trails pass bridges Pindari Valley with LwanValley (Nandadevi East Base camp) and is said to be very difficult to cross. Though Pindari glacier is visited by many people every year, yet Trail’s Pass, which is at its top remains an elusive goal.

By Himalayan standards, the Pindari glacier and the Trail’s Pass do not match most of the giants. The Pindari is neither the largest nor the longest of the glaciers nor is the Trail’s Pass, at its head, the highest of passes. However, Pindari has been the most frequently visited Himalayan glacier since the mid-19th century when a bridle-path with dak bungalows at suitable intervals between there and Almora was built. Even today, it is so popular a trekking destination that a tenfold increase in the number of beds available is unable to cope with the influx.

What faces a visitor to Pindari glacier at the Zero Point, along its left lateral moraine, is an immense wall of jagged, broken ice criss¬crossed with thousands of seracs and crevasses. The upper icefields of the glacier are invisible from there and the near level ice mass at its lower end at the snout below recedes into insignificance. What people call the Pindari glacier is actually a huge icefall passing over a steep slope, through which a direct ascent has yet to be made. Above this lie the icefields of the surrounding heights and the névé basin of the glacier, some 8 km long, separated from the ridge above with a text-book fashion bergschrund. The lowest point on the ridge at 5312 m is the Trail’s Pass. Beyond the pass to the north and east lies the Lwan valley whose catchment is the Gori ganga valley.

Pindar river which forms the main tributary of river Alaknanda which further joins the Bhagirathi to form The Ganges at Dev Prayag.

Since 1830, Trail’s pass has been attempted by more than 90 teams, till now only 17 teams are known to have attained success.

Teams are listed below:

SNO. YEAR TEAM

1 1830 Malak Singh, Supi, Bageshwar.

2 1855 Adolf Schlagintweit

3 1861 Captain Ed Smyth

4 1899 Kurt Buch

5 1926 Hughe Ruttledge with wife

6 1930 Hughe Stenlorge

7 1931 Devan Singh Martolia

8 1936 August Gansser

9 1941 S.S. khera

10 1994 Nainital Mountaineering Club Nanital.

11 2009 Martin Moran, England June

12 2009 Bhadreswar Pathfinder Adventurers (in Sept.)

13 2013 Himalpinist -Dhruv Joshi, Bharat Bhushan & Vineet kumar Saini (MAY-JUNE) first smallest team so far http://www.himalpinist.com

14 2015 Dhruv Joshi, Ulrich - Karen Rauner (SEPT-OCT)

15 2016 HITAM (Himalaya trekkers and mountaineer) largest group till date (12-members, 11- porters) (sept-oct)

16 2017 Major Chirag Chatterjee and team , Indian Army. (6 members) (SEPT)[1]

17 2017 Himalpinist-Dhruv Joshi, Narendra Kumar, Ravi Bangera, Prashant Sawant, Aberrant Wanderers - Sanket Patil(youngest till date) (Sept-Oct) second smallest team

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