Goral

The gorals are four species in the genus Nemorhaedus or Naemorhedus. They are small ungulates with a goat-like or antelope-like appearance.

The original name is based on Latin nemor-haedus, from nemus, nemoris 'grove' and haedus 'little goat', but was misspelt Naemorhedus by Hamilton Smith (1827).[2][3]

Until recently, this genus also contained the serow species (now in genus Capricornis).[1] The name "goral" comes from an eastern Indian word for the Himalayan goral. The four species of gorals are:

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Goral Girardinia diversifolia AJTJ Naemorhedus goral Himalayan goral (also known as ghural) northwestern and northeastern India, as well as Nepal and Bhutan
Goral východní (Naemorhedus caudatus) - ZOO Plzeň 01 Naemorhedus caudatus long-tailed goral eastern Russia and China through western Thailand and eastern Myanmar. A population has also been documented in the Demilitarized Zone on the Korean Peninsula
Naemorhedus baileyi red goral Yunnan province of China, to Tibet and northeastern India through northern Myanmar
Nemorhaeduscaudatusarnouxianus2 Naemorhedus griseus Chinese goral Burma, China, India, Thailand, Vietnam, and possibly Laos.

Gorals are often found on rocky hillsides at high elevations. Though their territories often coincide with those of the closely related serow, the goral will usually be found on higher, steeper slopes with less vegetation.

Gorals typically weigh 25–40 kilograms (55–88 lb) and are 80–130 centimetres (31–51 in) in length, with short, backward-facing horns. Coloration differs between species and individuals, but generally ranges from light gray to dark red-brown, with lighter patches on the chest, throat, and underside, and a dark stripe down the spine. They have woolly undercoats covered by longer, coarser hair, which helps to protect them in the cold areas where they are often found.

Though the groups share many similarities, gorals are stockier than antelopes and have broader, heavier hooves. Female gorals have four functional teats, while female goats and sheep have only two functional teats. Unlike serows, gorals have no working preorbital glands.

Gorals[1]
Nemorhaeduscaudatusarnouxianus
Chinese goral, Nemorhaedus griseus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Subfamily: Caprinae
Genus: Naemorhedus
Hamilton Smith, 1827
Species

Naemorhedus goral
Naemorhedus caudatus
Naemorhedus baileyi
Naemorhedus griseus

References

  1. ^ a b Grubb, P. (2005). Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
  2. ^ Groves, C. P., and Grubb, P., 1985, Reclassification of the serows and gorals (Nemorhaedus: Bovidae). In The Biology and Management of Mountain Ungulates. Edited by S. Lovari. London: Croom Helm. pp. 45-50.
  3. ^ Article 32.5.1. of International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature reads: "If there is in the original publication itself, without recourse to any external source of information, clear evidence of an inadvertent error, such as a lapsus calami or a copyist's or printer's error, it must be corrected."
Boleslaus Goral

Boleslaus Goral or Bolesław Góral (March 12, 1876 – 1960) was a Polish-American priest, professor, and newspaper editor.

Bovinae

The biological subfamily Bovinae includes a diverse group of 10 genera of medium to large-sized ungulates, including domestic cattle, bison, African buffalo, the water buffalo, the yak, and the four-horned and spiral-horned antelopes. The evolutionary relationship between the members of the group is still debated, and their classification into loose tribes rather than formal subgroups reflects this uncertainty. General characteristics include cloven hooves and usually at least one of the sexes of a species having true horns. The largest extant bovine is the gaur.

In many countries, bovid milk and meat is used as food by humans. Cattle are kept as livestock almost everywhere except in parts of India and Nepal, where they are considered sacred by most Hindus. Bovids are used as draft animals and as riding animals. Small breeds of domestic bovid, such as the Miniature Zebu, are kept as pets.

Caprinae

The subfamily Caprinae is part of the ruminant family Bovidae, and consists of mostly medium-sized bovids. A member of this subfamily is called a caprine. A member is also sometimes referred to as a goat-antelope, however, this term "goat-antelope" does not mean that these animals are true antelopes: a true antelope is a bovid with a cervid-like or antilocaprid-like morphology.

Within this subfamily Caprinae, a prominent tribe, Caprini, includes sheep and goats.

Some earlier taxonomies considered Caprinae a separate family called Capridae (whence a caprid), but now it is usually considered a subfamily within the family Bovidae, whence a caprine is a kind of bovid.

Chinese goral

The Chinese goral (Naemorhedus griseus), also known as the grey long-tailed goral, is a species of goral, a small goat-like ungulate, native to mountainous regions of Myanmar, China, India, Thailand, Vietnam, and possibly Laos. In some parts of its range, it is overhunted. The International Union for Conservation of Nature has listed it as a "vulnerable species".

Flores warty pig

The Flores warty pig (Sus heureni), is a species of in the pig genus (Sus) found in southern Asia.

Gloster Goral

The Gloster Goral was a single-engined two-seat biplane built to an Air Ministry contract for a general-purpose military aircraft in the late 1920s. It did not win the contest and only one was built.

Gorals

The Gorals (Polish: Górale; Slovak: Gorali; Cieszyn Silesian: Gorole; literally "highlanders") are an ethnographic (or ethnic) group primarily found in their traditional area of southern Poland, northern Slovakia, and in the region of Cieszyn Silesia in the Czech Republic (Silesian Gorals). There is also a significant Goral diaspora in the area of Bukovina in western Ukraine and in northern Romania, as well as in Chicago, the seat of the Polish Highlanders Alliance of North America.

Grazing antelope

A grazing antelope is any of the species of antelope that make up the subfamily Hippotraginae of the family Bovidae. As grazers, rather than browsers, the "Hippo" in Hippotraginae refers to the slightly horse-like characteristics of body size and proportions: long legs and a solid body with a relatively thick muscular neck.

Subfamily Hippotraginae

Genus Hippotragus

Roan antelope, Hippotragus equinus

Sable antelope, Hippotragus niger

Giant sable antelope Hippotragus niger varani

Bluebuck, Hippotragus leucophaeus (extinct)

Genus Oryx

East African oryx, Oryx beisa

Common beisa oryx, Oryx beisa beisa

Fringe-eared oryx, Oryx beisa callotis

Scimitar oryx, Oryx dammah

Gemsbok, Oryx gazella

Arabian oryx, Oryx leucoryx

Genus Addax

Addax, Addax nasomaculatus

Heuglin's gazelle

Heuglin's gazelle or Eritrean gazelle (Eudorcas tilonura) is a species of gazelle found east of the river Nile in Sudan, Eritrea and Ethiopia.

Himalayan goral

The Himalayan goral (Naemorhedus goral) is a bovid species found across the Himalayas. It is listed as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List because the population is thought to be declining significantly due to habitat loss hunting for meat.

Long-tailed goral

The long-tailed goral or Amur goral (Naemorhedus caudatus) is a species of ungulate of the family Bovidae found in the mountains of eastern and northern Asia, including Russia, China, and Korea. A population of this species exists in the Korean Demilitarized Zone, near the tracks of the Donghae Bukbu Line. The species is classified as endangered in South Korea, with an estimated population less than 250. It has been designated South Korean natural monument 217. In 2003, the species was reported as being present in Arunachal Pradesh, in northeast India.

MFK Stará Ľubovňa

MFK Stará Ľubovňa is a Slovak football club, playing in the town of Stará Ľubovňa.

Nanger

Nanger is a genus of antelopes, commonly called gazelles. Nanger was originally considered a subgenus within the genus Gazella, but has since been elevated to genus status. The three species within the genus Nanger are:

Nanger vanhoepeni†

Neotragini

The tribe Neotragini comprises the dwarf antelopes of Africa:

Dorcatragus

Beira D. megalotis

Madoqua

Günther's dik-dik M. guentheri

Kirk's dik-dik M. kirkii

Silver dik-dik M. piacentinii

Salt's dik-dik M. saltiana

Neotragus

Bates's pygmy antelope N. batesi

Suni N. moschatus

Royal antelope N. pygmaeus

Oreotragus

Klipspringer O. oreotragus

Ourebia

Oribi O. ourebi

Raphicerus

Steenbok R. campestris

Cape grysbok R. melanotis

Sharpe's grysbok R. sharpeiSome mammalogists (Haltenorth, 1963) considered this group as a distinct subfamily (Neotraginae).

Neotragus

Neotragus is a genus of dwarf antelope, native to Africa.

The genus includes only a single species without any dispute, namely Neotragus pygmaeus. Recent nucleic acid studies now suggest that the other two species formerly included in the genus are not closely related, and should be assigned to the genus Nesotragus.

Red goral

The red goral (Naemorhedus baileyi) is a species of even-toed ungulate in the subfamily Caprinae in the family Bovidae. It is found in India, Tibet and Myanmar. Its natural habitats are seasonal mountainous areas 1,000 to 2,000 meters above sea level. It is threatened by habitat loss and hunting.

Timor warty pig

The Timor warty pig (Sus celebensis timoriensis) is a subspecies of Sus celebensis, or Celebes warty pig. Though described as a separate species, it is a feral form of the Celebes warty pig found in the Lesser Sunda Islands.

Zakopane

Zakopane is a town in the extreme south of Poland, in the southern part of the Podhale region at the foot of the Tatra Mountains. From 1975 to 1998 it was part of Nowy Sącz Province; since 1999 it has been part of Lesser Poland Province. As of 2017 its population was 27,266.Zakopane is a center of Goral culture and is often referred to as "the winter capital of Poland”. It is a popular destination for mountaineering, skiing, and tourism.

Zakopane lies near Poland's border with Slovakia, in a valley between the Tatra Mountains and Gubałówka Hill. It can be reached by train or bus from the province capital, Kraków, about two hours away. Zakopane lies 800–1,000 meters above sea level and centers on the intersection of its Krupówki and Kościuszko Streets.

Extant Artiodactyla species

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