Google Patents

Google Patents is a search engine from Google that indexes patents and patent applications.

Google Patents
Google Patents logo
Type of site
Digital library for patents
Created byGoogle
RegistrationNot required
LaunchedDecember 14, 2006


Google Patents indexes more than 87 million patents and patent applications with full text from 17 patent offices, including:

These documents include the entire collection of granted patents and published patent applications from each database (which belong to the public domain). US patent documents date back to 1790, EPO and WIPO to 1978.[2] Optical character recognition (OCR) has been performed on the older US patents to make them searchable, and Google Translate has been used on all non-English patents to make the English translations searchable.

Google Patents also indexes documents from Google Scholar and Google Books, and has machine-classified them with Cooperative Patent Classification codes for searching.[3]

Patent litigation information is also available in Google Patents through a partnership with Darts-ip, a global patent litigation database.[4][5]

History and background

The service was launched on December 14, 2006. Google says it uses "the same technology as that underlying Google Books",[6] allowing scrolling through pages, and zooming in on areas.[7] The images are saveable as PNG files.

Google Patents was updated in 2012 with coverage of the European Patent Office (EPO) and the Prior Art Finder tool.[8]

In 2013, it was expanded to cover World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), German Patent Office (German: Deutsches Patent- und Markenamt, DPMA), Canadian Intellectual Property Office (CIPO), and China's National Intellectual Property Administration (CNIPA). All foreign patents were also translated to English and made searchable.[9]

In 2015, a new version was introduced at with a new UI, integration of Google Scholar with machine-classified with Cooperative Patent Classifications (CPCs), and search result clustering into CPCs.[10]

In 2016, coverage of 11 additional patent offices was announced.[11] Support for the USPTO and EPO boolean search syntax (proximity, wildcards, title/abstract/claims fields) was introduced, as well as visual graphs of inventors, assignees and CPCs by date, a thumbnail grid view of search results and downloadable result sets as CSV.[12][13]

In 2018, global litigation information has been added. Google Patents pages display if a patent (or any member of its family) has a litigation history anywhere in the world and provides a link to the Darts-ip patent cases database.[4][5]


  1. ^ About Google Patents - Coverage
  2. ^ About Google Patents
  3. ^
  4. ^ a b "Darts-ip's data now available with Google Patents | Darts-ip". Retrieved 2018-07-20.
  5. ^ a b "Darts-ip confirm partnership with Google Patents - Patent Lawyer Magazine". Patent Lawyer Magazine. 2018-03-27. Retrieved 2018-07-20.
  6. ^ "About page". Google Patents site. Retrieved December 29, 2006.
  7. ^ "Patent announce page". official Google Blog site. Retrieved December 29, 2006.
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^ "New! boolean search, graphs, thumbnail grids and downloads". Retrieved November 7, 2016.
  13. ^ About Google Patents - Searching

External links


1,8-Dibromooctane is a chemical compound used in the synthesis of the carbamate nerve agents EA-3990 and octamethylene-bis(5-dimethylcarbamoxyisoquinolinium bromide).

Andrew Newman (Cyber security entrepreneur)

Andrew Newman cyber-security entrepreneur, co-founded GIANT Company Software (Anti-Spyware), acquired by Microsoft (as Microsoft AntiSpyware, Windows Defender and Microsoft Security Essentials), before shifting to building a few VC funded search Sortuv and mobile platforms Red Foundry. After GIANT’s acquisition by Microsoft, Newman has authored and hold multiple patents around cybersecurity. Newman currently serves as the Founder and CEO of Reason Cybersecurity.

Ashish Kishore Lele

Ashish Kishore Lele (born 1967) is an Indian chemical engineer, rheologist and the chief scientist at the National Chemical Laboratory, Pune. He is known for his researches on micro and mesostructure of polymers and is an elected fellow of the Indian Academy of Sciences, and the Indian National Academy of Engineering. The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, the apex agency of the Government of India for scientific research, awarded him the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology, one of the highest Indian science awards for his contributions to Engineering Sciences in 2006. He received the Infosys Prize in 2012.

B. D. Kulkarni

Bhaskar Dattatraya Kulkarni (born 1949), popularly known as B. D. among his friends and colleagues, is an Indian chemical reaction engineer and a Distinguished Scientist of Chemical Engineering and Process Development at the National Chemical Laboratory, Pune. An INSA Senior Scientist and a J. C. Bose fellow, he is known for his work on fluidized bed reactors and chemical reactors. He is an elected fellow of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Indian National Science Academy, The World Academy of Sciences and the Indian National Academy of Engineering. The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, the apex agency of the Government of India for scientific research, awarded him the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology, one of the highest Indian science awards for his contributions to Engineering Sciences in 1988.


A barrette (American English), also known as a hair clip, hair slide or clasp (British English), is a clasp for holding hair in place. They are often made from metal or plastic and sometimes feature decorative fabric. In one type of barrette, a clasp is used to secure the barrette in place; the clasp opens when the two metal pieces at either side are pressed together.Barrettes are worn in several different ways partly according to their size, with small ones often used at the front and large ones in the back to hold more hair. They are used to keep hair out of the eyes, or to secure a bun, a French twist or a ponytail. Short metal "clip" barrettes are sometimes used to pull back front pieces of hair. Barrettes are also sometimes used purely for decorative purposes.

Larger barrettes—as long as 3–4 in (8–10 cm)—are designed to pull back longer hair or a large amount of hair and are usually worn at the back of the head, often "tails up". If the intent is to pull hair back, the length of the barrette is not the only consideration; the width of the barrette also indicates approximately how much hair can be secured by it.

Many different kinds of hair clips were invented in the 20th century. The ones that are more famous are, the elongated hair clip (seen at the top of the "Various types of hair slides" image) which was invented in 1972 by Marnie Bjornson (cf. "Marnie Scrunch", below) and the simple "clips" hair-clip, which works by snapping the clip from a concave to convex position, springing it into a locked position, or opening it. Several of these are seen in the image.

Bulletin board

A bulletin board (pinboard, pin board, noticeboard, or notice board in British English) is a surface intended for the posting of public messages, for example, to advertise items wanted or for sale, announce events, or provide information. Bulletin boards are often made of a material such as cork to facilitate addition and removal of messages, as well as a writing surface such as blackboard or whiteboard. A bulletin board which combines a pinboard (corkboard) and writing surface is known as a combination bulletin board. Bulletin boards can also be entirely in the digital domain and placed on computer networks so people can leave and erase messages for other people to read and see, as in a bulletin board system.

Bulletin boards are particularly prevalent at universities. They are used by many sports groups and extracurricular groups and anything from local shops to official notices. Dormitory corridors, well-trafficked hallways, lobbies, and freestanding kiosks often have cork boards attached to facilitate the posting of notices. At some universities, lampposts, bollards, trees, and walls often become impromptu posting sites in areas where official boards are sparse in number.

Internet forums are a replacement for traditional bulletin boards. Online bulletin boards are sometimes referred to as message boards. The terms bulletin board, message board and even Internet forum are interchangeable, although often one bulletin board or message board can contain a number of Internet forums or discussion groups. An online board can serve the same purpose as a physical bulletin board.

Magnet boards, or magnetic bulletin boards, are a popular substitute for cork boards because they lack the problem of board deterioration from the insertion and removal of pins over time.

Charles P. Thacker

Charles Patrick "Chuck" Thacker (February 26, 1943 – June 12, 2017) was an American pioneer computer designer. He worked on the Xerox Alto, which is the first computer that used a mouse-driven Graphical User Interface.

Dental floss

Dental floss (or simply floss) is a cord of thin filaments used to remove food and dental plaque from between teeth in areas a toothbrush is unable to reach. As the build-up of plaque between the teeth is the primary cause of dental disease, such as gingivitis and dental caries, the use of floss is commonly recommended in order to prevent these conditions from developing.Despite the availability of a number of interdental cleaning aids, dental floss has received the most attention, although it can be challenging to use as it requires a high level of dexterity, resulting in less use.It has been widely accepted that the use of floss has a favourable effect on plaque removal and disease prevention and the American Dental Association reports that up to 80% of plaque can be eliminated with this method. Several reviews, however, have failed to find any clear benefit over toothbrushing alone.

Emik Avakian

Emik Avakian (Armenian: Էմիք Աւաքեան; August 15, 1923 – July 11, 2013) was an Armenian American inventor and owner of numerous patents including breath-operated computer, a mechanism that facilitates putting wheelchairs on automobiles, and a self operating robotic wheel that converts manual wheel chairs into automatic. Many of his inventions were geared towards the improvement of disabled people's lives, and he won many awards recognizing these efforts.

Evelyn Berezin

Evelyn Berezin (April 12, 1925 – December 8, 2018) was an American computer designer of the first computer-driven word processor. She also worked on computer-controlled systems for airline reservations.

Ken Onion

Ken Onion (born January 16, 1963) is an American custom knifemaker based in Kaneohe, Hawaii, United States who invented the "SpeedSafe" assisted opening mechanism for Kershaw Knives. Ken Onion was the Premier Knife Designer for Kershaw Knives.

M. J. Thirumalachar

Mandayam Jeersannidhi Thirumalachar (22 September 1914 – 21 April 1999) was an Indian mycologist, microbiologist, plant pathologist and the co-founder of Jeersannidhi-Anderson Institute, California. He was the head of R&D at Hindustan Antibiotics Limited and a professor at Banaras Hindu University as well as the Central College of Bangalore. He was known for the development of antifungal antibiotics such as Hamycin, Dermostatin, Aureofungin, MYc-4 and Tetraenenin and was an elected fellow of the Indian National Science Academy. The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, the apex agency of the Government of India for scientific research, awarded him the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology, one of the highest Indian science awards for his contributions to Medical Sciences in 1967.

NASDAQ MarketSite

NASDAQ MarketSite (or simply MarketSite) is the commercial marketing presence of the NASDAQ stock market. Located in Times Square in New York City, it occupies the northwest corner of the bottom of 4 Times Square. The exterior wall of the seven-story cylindrical tower is an LED electronic video display that provides market quotes, financial news and advertisements. It was built in 1999 and made its debut on January 1, 2000.The ground floor of the glass-walled MarketSite contains a television studio. A wall of rear-projection monitors 44 feet (17 m) long by 14 feet (4 m) high display market conditions in real-time, providing reporters from CNBC, CNN, Yahoo! Finance, Fox News Channel, MSNBC, Bloomberg Television, BBC, and other financial television networks a backdrop to present their reports. BusinessWeek's weekly syndicated newsmagazine also comes from the MarketSite.

The technologies and processes used in the original Nasdaq MarketSite are protected under United States Patent 7,082,398 (Google Patents) issued July 25, 2006. Inventors were: Thomas Apple (Arlington, Virginia), Paul Noble (Short Hills, New Jersey), John Footen (Mount Arlington, New Jersey); and Andrew Klein (Brookline, Massachusetts). The initial installation of the MarketSite was in the former Whitehall street location of Nasdaq. The current Times Square system and process have been upgraded and changed several times but remain protected by the broad claims and novel uses outlined in the original patent.

The current MarketSite facility utilizes a complex system of videowall processors and data feeds to provide broadcasters with a dynamic real-time data background. This system shares nothing with the original Whitehall street iteration of the MarketSite, having been upgraded and redesigned several times due to advances in technology.

Oscar H. Banker

Oscar H. Banker (born Asatour Sarafian; May 31, 1895 – January 1979) was an Armenian American inventor who patented a number of works, including an automatic transmission for automobiles, the needleless inoculation gun, the primary controls of the first Sikorsky helicopter, and power steering. He is considered by some as the "father of automatic transmission." He is accredited as the inventor of the first practical automatic transmission, though Alfred Horner Munro of Canada patented an automatic transmission 14 years before Banker. (Munro's invention relied on the medium of compressed air and therefore lacked power and was never developed commercially.)

Perry Gregg

Lucius Perry Gregg, III (born January 8, 1960) is a computer scientist.

Ski pole

Ski poles, also referred to as poles (in North America) or sticks (UK), are used by skiers for balance and propulsion. Modern ski poles are most commonly made from aluminum and carbon fiber, though materials such as bamboo are still used. Poles are used in alpine skiing, freestyle skiing (with the exception of aerials), and cross-country skiing. Ski jumpers do not use poles.

Toyota Camry (XV50)

The Toyota Camry (XV50) is a mid-size car that has been produced by Toyota from August 2011 to November 2018. Replacing the XV40 series, the XV50 represents the seventh generation of the Toyota Camry in all markets outside Japan, which follows a different generational lineage.

Uranium hexachloride

Uranium hexachloride is an inorganic chemical compound of uranium in the +6 oxidation state. The chemical compound Uranium hexachloride (UCl6) is a metal halide composed of Uranium and Chlorine. It is a multi-luminescent dark green crystalline solid with a vapor pressure between 1-3 mmHg at 373.15K UCl6 is stable in a vacuum, dry air, nitrogen and helium at room temperature. It is soluble in carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). Compared to the other uranium halides, little is known about UCl6.

Viv (software)

Viv is an intelligent personal assistant software created by the developers of Siri. It debuted on May 9, 2016, at Disrupt NYC. Compared to Siri, the software's platform is open and can accommodate external plug-ins written to work with the assistant. It can also handle more complex queries. The development team has been working on the software since 2012 and had raised over $22 million in funding by early 2015 and $30 million by early 2016.On October 5, 2016, the software and its developer, Viv Labs, Inc. (formerly Six Five Labs, Inc.) was acquired by Samsung Electronics.The following month, it was revealed that a personal assistant software would be available on the Samsung Galaxy S8 and S8+. This, however, turned out to be Bixby, which was a relaunch of S Voice, rather than based on Viv. In October 2017, Samsung announced Viv Labs technology would be integrated into Bixby 2.0.


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