The Google Lunar XPRIZE (GLXP), sometimes referred to as Moon 2.0, was a 2007–2018 inducement prize space competition organized by the X Prize Foundation, and sponsored by Google. The challenge called for privately funded teams to be the first to land a robotic spacecraft on the Moon, travel 500 meters, and transmit back to Earth high-definition video and images.
The original deadline was the end of 2014, with enhanced prize money for a landing by 2012. In 2015, XPRIZE announced that the competition deadline would be extended to December 2017 if at least one team could secure a verified launch contract by 31 December 2015. Two teams secured such a launch contract, and the deadline was extended. In August 2017, the deadline was extended again, to 31 March 2018.
Entering 2018, five teams remained in the competition: SpaceIL, Moon Express, Synergy Moon, Team Indus, and Team Hakuto, having secured verified launch contracts with Spaceflight Industries, Rocket Lab, Interorbital Systems, and ISRO (jointly for the last two teams).
On 23 January 2018, the X Prize Foundation announced that "no team would be able to make a launch attempt to reach the Moon by the [31 March 2018] deadline... and the US$30 million Google Lunar XPRIZE will go unclaimed." On 5 April 2018, the X Prize Foundation announced that the Lunar XPRIZE would continue as a non-cash competition.
|Google Lunar XPRIZE|
|Awarded for||"landing a robot on the surface of the Moon, traveling 500 meters over the lunar surface, and sending images and data back to the Earth."|
|Presented by||X Prize Foundation (organizer), |
|Reward(s)||US$20 million for the winner, |
US$5 million for second place,
US$4 million in technical bonuses,
US$1 million diversity award
The Google Lunar XPRIZE was announced at the Wired Nextfest on 13 September 2007. The competition offered a total of US$30 million in prizes to the first privately funded teams to land a robot on the Moon that successfully travels more than 500 meters (1,640 ft) and transmits back high-definition images and video. The first team to do so would have claimed the US$20 million grand prize; while the second team to accomplish the same tasks would have been awarded a US$5 million second prize. Teams also earned additional money by completing additional tasks beyond the baseline requirements required to win the grand or second prize, such as traveling ten times the baseline requirements (greater than 5,000 meters (3 mi)), capturing images of the remains of Apollo program hardware or other man-made objects on the Moon, verifying from the lunar surface the recent detection of water ice on the Moon, or surviving a lunar night. Additionally, a US$1 million diversity award was to be given to teams that make significant strides in promoting ethnic diversity in STEM fields.
To provide an added incentive for teams to complete their missions quickly, it was announced that the prize would decrease from US$20 million to US$15 million whenever a government-led mission lands on and explores the lunar surface. However, in November 2013, the organizers and the teams agreed to drop this rule, as the launch of the Chinese Chang'e 3 probe—which landed on the Moon in December 2013—approached.
In 2015, XPRIZE announced that the competition deadline would be extended to December 2017 if at least one team could secure a verified launch contract by 31 December 2015. Two teams secured such a launch contract, and the deadline was extended.
XPRIZE announced 5 finalists on 24 January 2017. SpaceIL, Moon Express, Synergy Moon, Team Indus, and Hakuto having secured verified launch contracts for 2017 (with SpaceX, Rocket Lab, Interorbital Systems and ISRO respectively). All other teams had until the end of 2016 to secure a verified launch contract, but failed to meet this deadline.
The Google Lunar XPRIZE expired on 31 March 2018 as none of the five final teams were able to launch their vehicles by the deadline. Another extension of the deadline was ruled out by Google, and the prize went unclaimed.
Peter Diamandis, the project founder, wrote on the official web page in 2007:
The goal of the Google Lunar X Prize was similar to that of the Ansari X Prize: to inspire a new generation of private investment in hopes of developing more cost-effective technologies and materials to overcome many limitations of space exploration that are currently taken for granted.
The Google Lunar XPRIZE was announced in 2007.
Similar to the way in which the Ansari XPRIZE was formed, the Google Lunar XPRIZE was created out of a former venture of Peter Diamandis to achieve a similar goal. Dr Diamandis served as CEO of BlastOff! Corporation, a commercial initiative to land a robotic spacecraft on the Moon as a mix of entertainment, internet, and space. Although it was ultimately unsuccessful, the BlastOff! initiative paved the way for the Google Lunar X Prize.
Initially, NASA was the planned sponsor and the prize purse was just US$20 million. As NASA is a federal agency of the United States government, and thus funded by US tax money, the prize would only have been available to teams from the United States. The original intention was to propose the idea to other national space agencies, including the European Space Agency and the Japanese space agency, in the hope that they would offer similar prize purses.
However, budget setbacks stopped NASA from sponsoring the prize. Peter Diamandis then presented the idea to Larry Page and Sergey Brin, co-founders of Google, at an XPRIZE fundraiser. They agreed to sponsor it, and also to increase the prize purse to US$30 million, allowing for a second place prize, as well as bonus prizes.
The prize was originally announced in 2007 as "a contest to put a robotic rover on the Moon by 2012," with a $20 million prize to the winner if the landing was achieved by 2012; the prize decreased to $15M until the end of 2014, at which point the contest would conclude. The five-year deadline was optimistic about schedule. Jeff Foust commented in Space Review that as the end of 2012 approached, "no team appeared that close to mounting a reasonable bid to win it." In 2010, the deadline was extended by one year, with the prize to expire at the end of December 2015, and the reduction of the grand prize from $20 million to $15 million changed from originally 2012 to "if a government mission successfully lands on the lunar surface."
On 16 December 2014, XPRIZE announced another extension in the prize deadline from 31 December 2015 to 31 December 2016. In May 2015, the foundation announced another extension of the deadline. The deadline for winning the prize was now December 2017, but contingent on at least one team showing by 31 December 2015 that they have a secured contract for launch. On 9 October 2015, team SpaceIL announced their officially verified launch contract with SpaceX, therefore extending the competition until the end of 2017.
On 16 August 2017, the deadline was extended again, to 31 March 2018.  None of the remaining teams were be able to claim the Google X-Prize money due to the inability to launch before the final deadline.
Some observers have raised objections to the inclusion of the two "Heritage Bonus Prizes," particularly the Apollo Heritage Bonus Prize, which was to award an additional estimated US$1 million to the first group that successfully delivers images and videos of the landing site of one of the Apollo Program landing sites, such as Tranquility Base, after landing on the lunar surface. Such sites are widely regarded as archaeologically and culturally significant, and some have expressed concern that a team attempting to win this heritage bonus might inadvertently damage or destroy such a site, either during the landing phase of the mission, or by piloting a rover around the site. As a result, some archaeologists went on record calling for the Foundation to cancel the heritage bonus and to ban groups from targeting landing zones within 100 kilometers (62 mi) of previous sites.
In turn, the Foundation noted that, as part of the competition's educational goals, these bonuses fostered debate about how to respectfully visit previous lunar landing sites, but that it does not see itself as the appropriate adjudicator of such an internationally relevant and interdisciplinary issue. This response left detractors unsatisfied. The Foundation pointed to the historical precedent set by the Apollo 12 mission, which landed nearby the previous Surveyor 3 robotic probe. Pete Conrad and Alan Bean approached and inspected Surveyor 3 and even removed some parts from it to be returned to Earth for study; new scientific results from that heritage visit, on the exposure of manmade objects to conditions in outer space, were still being published in leading papers nearly four decades later. However, as Surveyor 3 and Apollo 12 were both NASA missions, there was no controversy at the time.
In January 2011, NASA's manager for lunar commercial space noted on Twitter that work was underway to provide insight and guidelines on how lunar heritage sites could be protected while still allowing visitations that could yield critical science. And in July 2011, NASA issued Recommendations to Space-Faring Entities: How to Protect and Preserve the Historic and Scientific Value of U.S. Government Lunar Artifacts. These guidelines were developed with the assistance of Beth O'Leary, an anthropology professor at New Mexico State University in Las Cruces, and a recognized leader in the emerging field of space archaeology. However, these are only guidelines and recommendations and are not enforceable beyond the possibility of "moral sanctions." An organization called For All Moonkind, Inc. is now working to develop an international treaty that will include enforceable provisions designed to manage access to the Apollo sites and protect and preserve those sites, as well as others on the Moon, as the common heritage of all humankind.
Nevertheless, some of the Apollo astronauts themselves have expressed support for the bonus, with Apollo 11 Moonwalker Buzz Aldrin appearing at the Google Lunar XPRIZE's initial announcement and reading a plaque signed by the majority of his fellow surviving Apollo Astronauts.
On 23 January 2018, the X Prize Foundation announced that "no team would be able to make a launch attempt to reach the Moon by the [31 March 2018] deadline... and the US$30 million Google Lunar XPRIZE will go unclaimed."
Registration in the Google Lunar X Prize closed by 31 December 2010. The complete roster of 32 teams was announced in February 2011. By January 2017, there were just five officially registered Google Lunar X Prize teams continuing to pursue the prize objectives, as other teams had left the competition entirely, failed to achieve a competition interim milestone, or merged with other teams: Initially 32 teams were registered, with 16 teams having actively participated in all activities and only 5 teams satisfying the rule requiring a verified launch contract by 31 December 2016.
|No.||Country||Team name||Craft name||Craft type||Craft status||Ref|
|07||US||Moon Express||MX-1E||lander||Finalist team; development;
launch under contract
|12||International||Synergy Moon||piggyback contract ride with Team Indus's lander||lander||Finalist team; development;
launch under contract
|15||Japan||Hakuto||piggyback contract ride on Team Indus's lander||lander||Finalist team; development;
launch contract cancelled
|22||Israel||Team SpaceIL||Beresheet ("Genesis")||lander||Finalist team; development;
launched to the Moon, February 21, 2019.
|28||India||Team Indus||HHK-1||lander||Finalist team; development;
launch under contract
|01||US||Odyssey Moon||MoonOne (M-1)||lander||development;
teaming with Team SpaceIL
|02||US||Astrobotic||Griffin||lander||withdrawn from competition;|||
|03||Italy||Team Italia||Amalia (Ascensio Machinae Ad Lunam Italica Arte )||rover||Launch contract not secured in time|||
|04||US||Next Giant Leap||Acquired by Moon Express|||
|European Lunar Explorer||spherical rover|||
teaming with Synergy Moon
|10||Malaysia||Independence-X||SQUALL (Scientific Quest Unmanned Autonomous Lunar Lander)||Lander/Hover Probe||development;
teaming with Synergy Moon
|11||US||Omega Envoy||To be named||lander||development;
teaming with Synergy Moon
|13||International||Euroluna||ROMIT||Launch contract not secured in time|||
|14||International||Team SELENE||RoverX||wheel+leg robot||withdrawn|||
|16||Germany||Part-Time Scientists||ALINA||lander||Launch contract not secured in time|||
|Audi lunar quattro||rover|
|17||Germany||C-Base Open Moon||C-Rove||rover||withdrawn|||
|19||Spain||Barcelona Moon Team||withdrawn|||
|21||US||Rocket City Space Pioneers||Acquired by Moon Express|||
|23||Hungary||Team Puli||withdrawn from competition;
teaming with Synergy Moon
|25||Canada||Team Plan B||Plan B||Launch contract not secured in time|||
|26||US||Penn State Lunar Lion Team||Lunar Lion||lander + rocket-hopper||withdrawn|||
launch contract with Astrobotic for 2020 launch
|29||US||Team Phoenicia||Storming the High Heavens||lander||withdrawn|||
Shortly after the announcement of the complete roster of teams, an X Prize Foundation official noted that a total of thirty one teams entered a partial registration program by filing a "Letter of Intent" to compete; of these, twenty did indeed register or join other registered teams, while eleven ultimately did not register.
In November 2013 the X-Prize organization announced that several milestone prizes will be awarded to teams for demonstrating key technologies prior to the actual mission. A total of US$6 million was awarded throughout 2014 for achieving the following milestones:
In February 2014, a judging panel selected five teams which could compete for several interim prizes based on their proposals to achieve particular goals. The teams and their ultimate awards were:
|Total Prize Awarded|
|Moon Express||awarded||not awarded||awarded||$1,250,000|
|Team Indus||awarded||not selected||not awarded||$1,000,000|
|Part-Time Scientists||not selected||awarded||awarded||$750,000|
|Hakuto||not selected||awarded||not selected||$500,000|
The five selected teams were required to accomplish the milestones outlined in their submissions through testing and mission simulations, in order to be awarded the interim prizes. The teams had until October 2014 to complete the prize requirements. The winners were officially awarded on 26 January 2015 in San Francisco.
Teams were required to have verified launch contracts by the end of 2016 in order to remain in the competition. Although the contest ended without a winner, some of these teams have expressed an intention to launch in the future.
|Team(s)||Launch date (UTC)||Launch vehicle||Notes|
|SpaceIL||February 22, 2019||SpaceX Falcon 9||On February 22, 2019, SpaceIL and the government-owned Israel Aerospace Industries successfully launched the Beresheet lander on a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket provided by Spaceflight Industries. The spacecraft is expected to enter lunar orbit on April 4, and to land on April 11.|
|Hakuto / ispace||2020 (planned)||SpaceX Falcon 9||Hakuto was to have been a piggyback on TeamIndus's PSLV flight. Contract for launch vehicle was cancelled in early 2018. In September 2018, Hakuto's parent company ispace announced a launch planned for 2020.|
|Moon Express||2019 (planned)||Rocket Lab Electron||Moon Express's launch contract was with Rocket Lab. A few weeks after the end of the monetary part of the Google prize (Jan 2018), Moon Express stated their hopes for funding from NASA's 2019 budget, for a collaborative launch of the planned International Lunar Observatory.|
|Synergy Moon||Interorbital Systems Neptune||The Synergy Moon team partnered with Interorbital Systems for their launch vehicle and launch process.|
|TeamIndus||PSLV-XL||Team Indus's launch contract was with Antrix Corporation, the commercial arm of ISRO. The contract was cancelled in early 2018.|
Three competitors who were unable to get a verified launch contract by 31 December 2016, disqualifying them from the competition, are also still planning to launch their crafts independently.
|Team(s)||Planned launch date||Launch vehicle||Notes|
|PTScientists||2020||SpaceX Falcon 9||The proposed landing site is in the Taurus-Littrow valley, about two miles from the site of the final Apollo 17 mission. The lander's name is ALINA, and it carries 2 small Audi rovers.|
|Astrobotic||early 2021||ULA Atlas V||Lander is called "Peregrine".|
|Team AngelicvM||early 2021||ULA Atlas V with Astrobotic||Team AngelicvM signed a contract with Astrobotic in 2015 to have their rover carried on board Astrobotic's lander. This arrangement is still in effect as of 2018.|
The foundation running the Google Lunar X Prize announced Jan. 23 that the $20 million grand prize for a commercial lunar lander will expire at the end of March without a winner. The X Prize Foundation said none of its five finalist teams would be able to launch a mission before the current deadline of March 31. That deadline has been extended several times in the past, but foundation officials previously said there would be no further extensions of the competition.
Hakuto [... and fellow competitor] Astrobotic [will] carry a pair of rovers to the Moon. Astrobotic plans to launch its Google Lunar XPRIZE mission on a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket from Cape Canaveral, Fla., during the second half of 2016. HAKUTO's twin rovers, Moonraker and Tetris, will piggyback on Astrobotic's Griffin lander to reach the lunar surface. Upon touchdown, the rovers will be released simultaneously ... in pursuit of the $20M Google Lunar XPRIZE Grand Prize.
The landing site, originally targeted for the Sea of Tranquility near where Apollo 11 touched down, is up for grabs, as is the name of the spacecraft, once called Artemis, and the name and destinations of the 1.5-meter tall, 1-meter wide rover.
Astrobotic Technology is an American privately held company that is developing space robotics technology for lunar and planetary missions. It was founded in 2008 by Carnegie Mellon professor Red Whittaker and his associates, with the goal of winning the Google Lunar X Prize. The company is based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
The first launch of one of its spacecraft, the Peregrine lunar lander, is expected to take place in 2020 on an Atlas V rocket.Barcelona Moon Team
Barcelona Moon Team is a Spanish team led by Galactic Suite Design, which is participating in the Google Lunar X Prize.Euroluna
The European Lunar Exploration Association (Euroluna) is a Danish-Italian-Swiss team led by Palle Haastrup, which is participating in the Google Lunar X Prize Challenge.European Lunar Explorer
The European Lunar Explorer (ELE) or European Lunar Lander (ELL) was a planned Romanian Lunar lander. It was being developed by ARCA, as an entrant for the Google Lunar X Prize, until it was cancelled in 2014.
It was intended to have a mass of 400 kilograms when fully fueled, including two upper stages to propel it from low Earth orbit onto a trajectory towards the Moon. The lander itself had a monopropellant cold rocket engine, fuelled by hydrogen peroxide, which was to slow its descent towards the surface of the Moon. The target landing site was Montes Carpatus. The spacecraft was designed to travel 500 metres after landing, in order to explore its landing site.
ELL was the part of the spacecraft to land on the Moon, while ELE was the complete spacecraft, including the two stages intended to propel it from low Earth orbit to a trans-lunar trajectory.Haas (rocket)
Haas is a family of rocket space launchers developed by the Aeronautics and Cosmonautics Romanian Association (ARCA) for the Google Lunar X Prize competition and for their national manned space program. It consists of Haas balloon-launched orbital rocket, Haas 2 airplane-launched orbital rocket, Haas 2b ground-launched suborbital rocket and Super Haas ground-launched orbital rocket.
It was named after Conrad Haas, a medieval rocket pioneer who lived and worked in what is now Romania, and was the first person to describe a multistage rocket in writing.Hakuto
Hakuto (ハクト) or formerly White Label Space (ホワイトレーベルスペース) was a team formed in early 2008 by a group of experienced space professionals inspired by the challenge of the Google Lunar X PRIZE to develop a robotic Moon exploration mission. Hakuto was named after the white rabbit in Japanese mythology. The team's original plan was to finance its lunar mission from advertising expenditure of large global companies and the team eventually succeeded in attracting sponsorship from multiple large brands, particularly in Japan. The team went through a number of phases of its organisation and plans. Initially the team was primarily a European effort and led in the Netherlands. Later the team changed management and was led in Japan. At different stages of the competition the team had partnerships with two other teams (Astrobotic and then Team Indus) for the delivery of its lunar rover to the Moon's surface.Ispace (Japanese company)
ispace Inc. is a private Japanese company developing robotic spacecraft technologies to discover, map, and use the natural resources on the Moon. They will start by exploring the exploitation of lunar water in order to create a sustainable infrastructure and a Moon-based economy. ispace's long-term strategy is to build landers and rovers to compete for both transportation and exploration mission contracts from space agencies and private industry.
In 2010 White Label Space Japan was founded as a branch organization to the Dutch-led team White Label Space, a participant in the Google Lunar X Prize (GLXP). ispace was founded in 2013 after White Label Space dropped out from the GLXP and transferred its GLXP participation right to White Label Space Japan. ispace is currently headquartered in Tokyo, Japan with offices in the United States and Luxembourg. The company's founder and CEO is Takeshi Hakamada.
ispace operates team Hakuto and their lunar rover, Sorato, that will scout for water and explore other potential local resources.Moon Express
Moon Express (MoonEx), is an American privately held early-stage company formed by a group of Silicon Valley and space entrepreneurs, with the goal winning the Google Lunar X Prize, and of ultimately mining the Moon for natural resources of economic value.Odyssey Moon
On 6 December 2007, Odyssey Moon was the first team to register for the Google Lunar X Prize competition, an event that hopes to rekindle the efforts of humans to return to the moon. The competition is referred to as "Moon 2.0" and is composed of other private organizations like Odyssey Moon Limited, the commercial lunar enterprise that makes up this team. Each team will be competing for a $20 million first prize, a $5 million second prize, and additional $5 million in (potential) bonuses.
Odyssey Moon Limited is based on The Isle of Man, and is the design of Robert D. Richards. His goals include developing the first commercial enterprise that utilizes the energy and resources on the moon. To achieve this end, the team enlisted the part-time consultant services of Alan Stern, NASA's former top-rank planetary scientist. On 22 September 2008, another veteran of NASA joined Odyssey Moon. Jay F. Honeycutt was named president and will be responsible for all programs and commercial launch operations. He brings a great deal of expertise in managing large scale engineering operations. His experience at NASA was diverse. He was director of the Kennedy Space Center for several years and was director of Shuttle Management and Operations for more than five years. Outside NASA, another part of his forty years of professional experience was as president of Lockheed Martin Space Operations from 1997-2004.The team's goals are to build and deploy a robotic lander that will deliver exploration as well as scientific payloads to the moon. The new lander/spacecraft has been dubbed "MoonOne (M-1)". These efforts have been contracted to MacDonald Dettwiler, a Canadian corporation with a successful history of providing technical space solutions for several NASA projects including the Space Shuttle and the International Space Station.The Planetary Society, an international space interest group co-founded by Carl Sagan, joined Odyssey Moon's efforts in 2007, specifically with public outreach and coordination between public and private organizations.Colin Pillinger, a scientist with a background in studying meteorites, led the European Space Agency's failed Beagle 2 Mars lander project in 2003. In 2009 he was in discussion with Odyssey Moon regarding the use of an identical version of Beagle's most powerful instrument on their lander.PTScientists
PTScientists, formerly known as Part-Time Scientists, is a group of scientists and engineers based in Germany. They became the first German team to officially enter the Google Lunar X-Prize competition on June 24, 2009, which was finished without winner in March 2018. Their goal remains to land a mission on the Moon, and the launch is expected by Q1 2020.Puli Space Technologies
Puli Space Technologies (named after the puli, a small Hungarian dog breed) is a Hungarian company established by individuals in June 2010 in order to take part in Google Lunar X Prize Challenge and other competitions, and further to facilitate development of space industry in Hungary, to promote scientific thinking and encourage students to choose scientific careers.Rocket City Space Pioneers
The Rocket City Space Pioneers (RCSP) was one of 29 teams from 17 different countries officially registered and in the competition for the Google Lunar X PRIZE (GLXP) during 2010–2012.
The RCSP was drawn from Alabama businesses, educational institutions, and non-profit organizations. It announced entry into the competition on 7 September 2010, and departed from the competition after the team was acquired by Moon Express in December 2012.Selenokhod
Team Selenokhod (Russian: Селеноход) is a privately funded Russian team of aerospace experts led by Nikolay Dzis-Voynarovskiy. It was the first Russian team to enter the Google Lunar X Prize competition.On 18 December 2013, the team has decided to withdraw from the competition.SpaceIL
SpaceIL is an Israeli organization, established in 2011, that was competing in the Google Lunar X Prize (GLXP) to land a spacecraft on the Moon. SpaceIL successfully launched its Beresheet lander on 22 February 2019, which is expected to land on the Moon's surface on 11 April 2019. The Beresheet mission includes plans to measure the Moon's local magnetic field, carries a laser retroreflector, and a digital "time capsule". Beresheet would be the first Israeli spacecraft to travel beyond the Earth’s orbit and the first private lander on the Moon. Israel would also become the fourth country, after the Soviet Union, United States, and China, to land a spacecraft on the Moon.The SpaceIL team was founded as a nonprofit organization wishing to promote scientific and technological education in Israel. Its total budget for the mission is estimated at US$95 million, provided by Israeli billionaire Morris Kahn and other philanthropists, as well as the Israel Space Agency (ISA).Space competition
A space competition is an inducement prize contest offering a prize to be given to the first competitor who demonstrates a space vehicle, or a space exploration apparatus, which meets a set of pre-established criteria. It spurs pioneering development in private spaceflight.Synergy Moon
Synergy Moon was one of five finalist teams, out of an original 33 entrants, competing for the Google Lunar X Prize —a challenge to land the first privately funded rover on the Moon.Competition guidelines required the rover to travel 500 metres and transmit images, video, data, an sms and an email back to Earth. With working groups on in over 15 countries and on 6 continents, Team Synergy Moon promotes international cooperation in space exploration and development.Teams had until 31 March 2018 to launch their missions. On 23 January 2018, the X Prize Foundation announced that "no team would be able to make a launch attempt to reach the Moon by the [31 March 2018] deadline... and the US$30 million Google Lunar XPrize will go unclaimed. Synergy Moon reported in February 2018 that they are negotiating with TeamIndus to possibly launch their landers together, aiming for a launch in 2019.TeamIndus
TeamIndus (incorporated as Axiom Research Labs) is a private for-profit aerospace company headquartered in Bangalore, India. It consists of a team of professionals from various backgrounds in science, technology, finance, and media, that came together in 2010 with the aim of winning the Google Lunar X Prize competition announced in 2007. Although the competition ended in 2018 without a winner, TeamIndus is still working towards developing and launching their lunar rover mission sometime in 2019.TeamIndus' lander is code-named HHK1, and their rover is called ECA, an abbreviation for Ek Choti Si Asha (A Small Hope).Team AngelicvM
Team AngelicvM is a private company based in Chile that plans to deploy a small rover on the Moon in 2020. Their rover, called Unity, is one of various rovers that will be carried by the commercial Peregrine lander manufactured by Astrobotic Technology.Team FREDNET
Team FREDNET is an international Open Source and Open Participation competitor in the Google Lunar X PRIZE competition. Uniquely, the team also allows organizations and individuals to participate freely in its mission through the team's website. Their strategy is to utilize the same approach for developing open source software in order to build a lunar lander and a lunar rovers capable of winning the Google Lunar X Prize. Team FREDNET plans to establish an Open Space Foundation that provides incentives, education, and funding to future individuals and organizations seeking to develop their own space projects. In addition, they hope to foster greater public interest and education in Space Exploration and Research.
Google Lunar X Prize
Challenges by the X Prize Foundation
|Living in space|
Active inducement prize contests
|Biology and medicine|