Google Dictionary

Google Dictionary is an online dictionary service of Google that can be accessed by using the "define" operator and other similar phrases[note 1] in Google Search.[2] It is also available in Google Translate and in the form of an extension for Google Chrome. The dictionary content is licensed from Oxford University Press's OxfordDictionaries.com.[3][4] It is available in different languages such as English, Spanish and French. The service also contains pronunciation audio, Google Translate, word origin chart, Ngram Viewer, and word games among other features for the English language version.[5][3] Originally available as a standalone service it was integrated into Google Search with the separate service being discontinued in August 2011.

Microsoft's Bing also provides a similar dictionary service which licences dictionary data from Oxford Dictionaries as well.[6] Apple also licences dictionary data from Oxford for its iOS and macOS products.[7]

Google Dictionary
Google 2015 logo
Logo of Google Search.
Screenshot
Google search dictionary
Google Dictionary service on Google Search
Type of site
Online dictionary
Available inMultiple languages
OwnerGoogle
Websitegoogle.com/search?q=dictionary
LaunchedDecember 2009
Content license
Copyright

History

The service originated in Google Translate, and was launched as a standalone service (google.com/dictionary) in December 2009.[8][9][10] Google displayed definitions from Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner's English Dictionary for English until August 2010[9][11] when it switched to the Oxford American College Dictionary.[12]

After being integrated into Google Search the dictionary was discontinued as a separate service on August 5, 2011.[10][13] And can now be accessed by using the "define" operator or by simply searching for the meaning of a word.[2][13] The dictionary service is also still available in Google Translate and can be accessed by selecting a single word.[13] Google has also released the service as an extension for Chrome.[14]

As of 2018 Google licenses dictionary data from OxfordDictionaries.com for multiple languages such as British/American English, Spanish and French among others (see below).[4][3]

On Arabic Language Day (December 18) in 2015 Google added an Arabic language dictionary, available globally, to the service that showed definitions, translations, and example usages of the word in a sentence.[15]

In February 2017, online news website Daily Caller accused Google of changing the definition of the word "fascism" in Google Dictionary.[16] It was later found out that the definition was exactly from an external source and was not written by Google. [17]

Google added a Hindi dictionary from Rajpal & Sons licensed via Oxford Dictionaries which also supported transliteration and translation to the service in April 2017.[18]

In July 2017, the dictionary was made directly available by typing "dictionary" in Google Search and additional features such as a search box, autocomplete and search history were also added.[2]

In January 2018, a "Similar-sounding words" feature was added to the English dictionary which highlights words that sound similar such as "aesthetic" and "ascetic", "pray" and "prey", "conscientious" and "conscious" etc.[19] "Google Word Coach" vocabulary game was made available along with dictionary searches and as a separate game on mobile devices in February 2018.[20] In August 2018, Google Search added an English and Hindi dictionary for mobile users in India with an option to switch to the English only dictionary.[21]

Languages

Google displays dictionaries for the following languages[14] licensed from Oxford Dictionaries[4] which provides data from its own and other published dictionaries.

Language Dictionary Publisher Notes Example search[note 2] Refs.
Arabic Available worldwide

Search operator: "ما معنى"

ما معنى ايان [15]
Chinese (Simplified) 现代汉语规范词典 [Xiandai Hanyu Guifan Cidian]

(The Standard Dictionary of Contemporary Chinese)

Oxford University Press

Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

Available worldwide define 船 [a]
English (UK) Oxford Dictionary of English

Oxford Thesaurus of English

Oxford University Press Shown in rest of the world define apple [22]

[b]

English (US) New Oxford American Dictionary

Oxford Thesaurus of English

Oxford American Writer's Thesaurus

Oxford University Press, Inc. Shown in North America define apple [22]

[23][c]

English-Hindi Oxford Wordpower Dictionary Oxford University Press Shown in India

(only on mobile devices)

define apple [21]

[d]

French Le Petit Robert

Google Translate:

Multidictionnaire de la langue française[e][f]

Dictionnaires Le Robert

Google Translate:

Les Éditions Québec Amérique Inc.[f]

Available worldwide define légende [g]
German Duden Bibliographisches Institut GmbH Available worldwide define Kraus [h]

[i]

Hindi राजपाल हिन्दी शब्दकोश [Rajpal Hindi Shabdkosh]

(Rajpal Hindi Dictionary)

Rajpal & Sons Available worldwide

Supports transliteration

Operator: "ka matlab"/"ka arth"

chappal ka matlab [18][28]

[j]

Italian Il Devoto–Oli Mondadori Education S.p.A. Available worldwide define attrezzo [k]

[l]

Japanese Available worldwide define こんにちは
Korean 뉴에이스 국어사전 [Nyueiseu Gug-eosajeon]

New Ace Korean Language Dictionary

DIOTEK Available worldwide define 한국어 [m]
Portuguese (Brazil) Houaiss Dictionary of the Portuguese Language Editora Objetiva Available worldwide define alho [n]

[o]

Russian Dictionary of the Russian Language (Ozhegov) "Universe and Education" Publishing House Ltd. Available worldwide define ресторан [p]

[q]

Spanish Diccionario General de la Lengua Española Vox Larousse Editorial SL Available worldwide define trastienda [r]
Thai พจนานุกรมไทย ฉบับทันสมัยและสมบูรณ์

[Phcnanukrm Thiy Chbab Thansmay

Laea Smburn] (Complete Thai Dictionary)

SE-Education Public Company Limited Available worldwide define ด [s]
Turkish Arkadaş Türkçe Sözlük Arkadaş Publishing Ltd Available worldwide define iltifat [t]

See details for Oxford Dictionaries dataset licensing for other languages here.[32]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Such as "meaning of [word]"; "spelling of [word]" etc. or simply "dictionary" for the English dictionary.[1][2]
  2. ^ Google Search settings may need to be changed for some dictionaries to appear. Such as country change to a North American country for the American English dictionary or language change for French and Spanish dictionaries.
  1. ^ Compare with the Chinese language dictionary included in Apple's OS' (which licenses dictionaries from Oxford as well): "现代汉语规范词典 / The Standard Dictionary of Contemporary Chinese. Copyright © 2010, 2013 Oxford University Press and Foreign Language Teaching and Research Publishing, Co., Ltd."[7]
  2. ^ Compare with the British English dictionary included in Apple's OS' (which licenses dictionaries from Oxford as well): "Oxford Dictionary of English. Copyright © 2010, 2016 by Oxford University Press."[7]
  3. ^ Compare with the American English dictionary included in Apple's OS' (which licenses dictionaries from Oxford as well): "New Oxford American Dictionary. Copyright © 2010, 2016 by Oxford University Press, Inc."[7]
  4. ^ Compare Google definition for "apple" to Oxford Wordpower: "a hard, round fruit with a smooth green, red or yellow skin "[24]
  5. ^ Compare Google definition for "dictionnaire" to Multi: "Recueil des mots d’une ou de plusieurs langues et des informations s’y rapportant, présentés selon un certain ordre (alphabétique, thématique, systématique, etc.)."[25]
  6. ^ a b Compare with the French language dictionary included in Apple's OS' (which licenses dictionaries from Oxford as well): "Multidictionnaire de la langue française. Copyright © 2012, 2014 Les Éditions Québec Amérique Inc., under licence to Oxford University Press."[7]
  7. ^ Compare Google definition for "légende" to Petit Robert: "Récit populaire traditionnel, plus ou moins fabuleux"[26]
  8. ^ Compare Google definition for "kraus" to Duden: "(von kürzerem Haar) sehr stark, in widerspenstig-spröder Weise gelockt, geringelt"[27]
  9. ^ Compare with the German language dictionary included in Apple's OS' (which licenses dictionaries from Oxford as well): "Wörterbuchsubstanz aus: Duden - Wissensnetz deutsche Sprache. Copyright © 2011, 2013 Bibliographisches Institut GmbH, under licence to Oxford University Press."[7]
  10. ^ Compare with the Hindi language dictionary included in Apple's OS' (which licenses dictionaries from Oxford as well): "राजपाल हिन्दी शब्दकोश / Rajpal Hindi Dictionary. Copyright © 2011 Rajpal & Sons, under licence to Oxford University Press."[7]
  11. ^ Compare Google definition for "attrezzo" to Devoto–Oli: "Ciascuno degli utensili o strumenti occorrenti a una determinata attività"[29]
  12. ^ Compare with the Italian language dictionary included in Apple's OS' (which licenses dictionaries from Oxford as well): "Un dizionario italiano da un affiliato di Oxford University Press. Copyright © 2005, 2013 Mondadori Education S.p.A., under licence to Oxford University Press. ... DictionaryIdentifier: com.apple.dictionary.it.Devoto-Oli"[7]
  13. ^ Compare with the Korean language dictionary included in Apple's OS' (which licenses dictionaries from Oxford as well): "'뉴에이스 국어사전 / New Ace Korean Language Dictionary. Copyright © 2012 DIOTEK, under licence to Oxford University Press.[7]
  14. ^ Compare Google definition for "alho" to Houaiss Dictionary: "erva de até 60 cm (Allium sativum), com folhas lineares, flores brancas ou avermelhadas e cápsulas loculicidas"[30]
  15. ^ Compare with the Portuguese language dictionary included in Apple's OS' (which licenses dictionaries from Oxford as well): "'Dicionário de Português licenciado para Oxford University Press. Copyright © 2012 Editora Objetiva, under licence to Oxford University Press.[7]
  16. ^ Compare Google definition for "ресторан" to Explanatory Dictionary: "Род столовой (во 2 знач.) где подают кушанья, закуски, напитки, ви́на."[31]
  17. ^ Compare with the Russian language dictionary included in Apple's OS' (which licenses dictionaries from Oxford as well): "С. И. Ожегов «Толковый словарь русского языка» / S.I. Ojegov: Explanatory Dictionary of the Russian Language. Copyright © 2012 "Universe and Education" Publishing House Ltd., under licence to Oxford University Press."[7]
  18. ^ Compare with the Spanish language dictionary included in Apple's OS' (which licenses dictionaries from Oxford as well): "Diccionario General de la Lengua Española Vox. Copyright © 2012, 2013 Larousse Editorial, S.L., under licence to Oxford University Press."[7]
  19. ^ Compare with the Thai language dictionary included in Apple's OS' (which licenses dictionaries from Oxford as well): พจนานุกรมไทย ฉบับทันสมัยและสมบูรณ์ / Complete Thai Dictionary. Copyright © 2009 Se-Education PLC, under licence to Oxford University Press.[7]
  20. ^ Compare with the Turkish language dictionary included in Apple's OS' (which licenses dictionaries from Oxford as well): "Arkadaş Türkçe Sözlük. Copyright © 2012 Arkadaş Publishing LTD, under licence to Oxford University Press."[7]

References

  1. ^ "Facts & info, dictionary, unit conversions, & more - Google Home Help". support.google.com. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d "Google Search upgrades its dictionary card with a separate search box, autocomplete, and history". Android Police. 2017-07-21. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
  3. ^ a b c Dickson, Andrew (2018-02-23). "Inside the OED: can the world's biggest dictionary survive the internet?". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2018-08-29. Google, which – through a deal with Oxford Dictionaries – offers thumbnail definitions, audio recordings of pronunciations, etymology, a graph of usage over time and translation facilities.
  4. ^ a b c "Case study: Google". Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
  5. ^ "define apple - Google Search". google.com. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
  6. ^ "define apple". bing.com. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Dictionaries available on OSX" (XML). mesu.apple.com. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
  8. ^ "Google quietly rolls out Dictionary [Updated]". LA Times Blogs - Technology. 2009-12-03. Retrieved 2018-09-02.
  9. ^ a b Brett Reynolds. "English, Jack". English-jack.blogspot.com. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
  10. ^ a b "Google Dictionary Online". googledictionary.freecollocation.com. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
  11. ^ Alex Chitu. "Google Dictionary Has a New Content Provider". Google Operating System. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
  12. ^ Lew, Robert (17 December 2010). "Online dictionaries of English". Repozytorium Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza (AMUR). Retrieved 12 June 2017.
  13. ^ a b c Chitu, Alex (5 August 2011). "No More Standalone Google Dictionary". googlesystem.blogspot.com. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  14. ^ a b "Google Dictionary (by Google)". Chrome Web Store. July 23, 2017. Retrieved 2018-09-03.
  15. ^ a b Masri, Zain (December 18, 2015). "يوم سعيد لليوم العالمي للغة العربية!" [Happy Arabic Language Day!]. Google Arabia Blog. Retrieved 2018-08-30. Starting today you can type in the words “ما معنى” followed by the word you want to define and access Arabic dictionary OneBox results. We expanded our dictionary search feature to all global Arabic users
  16. ^ "Google Redefines The Word 'Fascism' To Smear Conservatives, Protect Liberal Rioters". Daily Caller. February 4, 2017. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
  17. ^ Michael Edison, Hayden (December 18, 2017). "TRUMP SUPPORTERS CLAIM GOOGLE IS CALLING THEM 'FASCIST,' BUT THEY ARE WRONG". Newsweek. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  18. ^ a b "Bringing down the language barriers - making the internet more inclusive". Official Google India Blog. April 25, 2017. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
  19. ^ "Google Adds 'Similar Sounding Words' to Dictionary Search Cards". Search Engine Journal. 2018-01-22. Retrieved 2018-09-02.
  20. ^ "Google Word Coach tests your vocabulary knowledge in bite-sized questions". Android Police. 2018-02-26. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
  21. ^ a b "Google Search in India starts showing dictionary definitions in both English and Hindi". Android Police. 2018-08-28. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
  22. ^ a b "Help | Oxford Dictionaries". Oxford Dictionaries | English. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
  23. ^ "Oxford Dictionaries content help - Oxford Dictionaries". oxforddictionaries.com. 2016-08-27. Archived from the original on August 27, 2016. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
  24. ^ "PET Result Student's Book" (PDF). carloscalahorrano27.files.wordpress.com. p. 32. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
  25. ^ "Pratique iOS 7 : Utiliser le dictionnaire en français et plus encore sur iPhone et iPad". iphon.fr (in French). Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  26. ^ "Grèce : Les secrets du passé- La mythologie". museedelhistoire.ca.
  27. ^ "Duden | kraus | Rechtschreibung, Bedeutung, Definition, Synonyme, Herkunft". duden.de (in German). Bibliographisches Institut GmbH. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
  28. ^ "Oxford Global Languages - के बारे में". Oxford Dictionaries | हिंदी. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
  29. ^ "attrezzo - Dizionario italiano". WordReference.com (in Italian). 2012. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
  30. ^ "Matizes Escondidos - UOL Blog". matizes.escondidos.zip.net. July 6, 2008. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
  31. ^ "Детские перлы, которые заставили родителей замешкаться [comment the blog]". umoritelno.com (in Russian). March 12, 2018. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
  32. ^ "Licensing". Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved 29 August 2018.

External links

Barbara Ann Kipfer

Barbara Ann Kipfer (born 1954) is a lexicographer, linguist, ontologist, and part-time archaeologist. She has written more than 75 books and calendars, including 14,000 Things to be Happy About (Workman), which has more than 1.25 million copies in print. The 25th anniversary edition of the book was published in 2014. She is the editor of Roget's International Thesaurus 5th-8th editions.

Dr. Kipfer holds an MPhil and PhD in Linguistics (University of Exeter), a PhD in Archaeology (Greenwich University), an MA and PhD in Buddhist Studies (Akamai University), and a BS in Physical Education (Valparaiso University). She is a Registered Professional Archaeologist.

Kipfer is senior lexicographer of Zeta Global. She has worked for such companies as Google, Dictionary.com and Thesaurus.com, Answers.com, Ask Jeeves, Bell Communications Research, General Electric Research, IBM Research, idealab, Knowledge Adventure, The Chicago Tribune, and WolframAlpha.

De Bow's Review

DeBow's Review was a widely circulated magazine of "agricultural, commercial, and industrial progress and resource" in the American South during the upper middle of the nineteenth century, from 1846 until 1884. Before the Civil War, the magazine "recommended the best practices for wringing profits from slaves". It bore the name of its first editor, James Dunwoody Brownson DeBow (J. D. B. DeBow, 1820–1867) who wrote much in the early issues; however, there were various writers over the years (see below: Contributors). R. G. Barnwell and Edwin Q. Bell, of Charleston, appeared as editors in March 1867, after DeBow's death,

and W. M. Burwell was editor from March 1868–Dec. 1879.

Google Translate

Google Translate is a free multilingual machine translation service developed by Google, to translate text. It offers a website interface, mobile apps for Android and iOS, and an API that helps developers build browser extensions and software applications. Google Translate supports over 100 languages at various levels and as of May 2017, serves over 500 million people daily.

Launched in April 2006 as a statistical machine translation service, it used United Nations and European Parliament transcripts to gather linguistic data. Rather than translating languages directly, it first translates text to English and then to the target language. During a translation, it looks for patterns in millions of documents to help decide on the best translation. Its accuracy has been criticized and ridiculed on several occasions. In November 2016, Google announced that Google Translate would switch to a neural machine translation engine - Google Neural Machine Translation (GNMT) - which translates "whole sentences at a time, rather than just piece by piece. It uses this broader context to help it figure out the most relevant translation, which it then rearranges and adjusts to be more like a human speaking with proper grammar". Originally only enabled for a few languages in 2016, GNMT is gradually being used for more languages.

HMS Dreadnought (1906)

HMS Dreadnought was a Royal Navy battleship that revolutionised naval power. Her name and the type of the entire class of warships that was named after her stems from archaic English in which "dreadnought" means "a fearless person". Dreadnought's entry into service in 1906 represented such an advance in naval technology that its name came to be associated with an entire generation of battleships, the "dreadnoughts", as well as the class of ships named after it. Likewise, the generation of ships she made obsolete became known as "pre-dreadnoughts". Admiral Sir John "Jacky" Fisher, First Sea Lord of the Board of Admiralty, is credited as the father of Dreadnought. Shortly after he assumed office, he ordered design studies for a battleship armed solely with 12-inch (305 mm) guns and a speed of 21 knots (39 km/h; 24 mph). He convened a "Committee on Designs" to evaluate the alternative designs and to assist in the detailed design work.

Dreadnought was the first battleship of her era to have a uniform main battery, rather than having a few large guns complemented by a heavy secondary armament of smaller guns. She was also the first capital ship to be powered by steam turbines, making her the fastest battleship in the world at the time of her completion. Her launch helped spark a naval arms race as navies around the world, particularly the German Imperial Navy, rushed to match it in the build-up to World War I.Ironically for a vessel designed to engage enemy battleships, her only significant action was the ramming and sinking of German submarine SM U-29, becoming the only battleship confirmed to have sunk a submarine. Dreadnought did not participate in the Battle of Jutland in 1916 as she was being refitted. Nor did Dreadnought participate in any of the other World War I naval battles. In May 1916 she was relegated to coastal defence duties in the English Channel, not rejoining the Grand Fleet until 1918. The ship was reduced to reserve in 1919 and sold for scrap two years later.

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The following is a list of products and services provided by Google.

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New Oxford American Dictionary

The New Oxford American Dictionary (NOAD) is a single-volume dictionary of American English compiled by American editors at the Oxford University Press.

NOAD is based upon the New Oxford Dictionary of English (NODE), published in the United Kingdom in 1998, although with substantial editing, additional entries, and the inclusion of illustrations. It is based on a corpus linguistics analysis of Oxford's 200 million word database of contemporary American English.

NOAD includes a diacritical respelling scheme to convey pronunciations, as opposed to the Gimson phonemic IPA system that is used in NODE.

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