Google Cloud Print

Google Cloud Print is a Google service that lets users print from any Cloud-Print-aware application (web, desktop, mobile) on any device in the network cloud to any printer[2] – without Google having to create and maintain printing subsystems for all the hardware combinations of client devices and printers, and without the users having to install device drivers to the client,[2] but with documents being fully transmitted to Google.[3] Since July 23, 2013 it also allows printing from any Windows application, if Google Cloud Printer[4] is installed on the machine.[5]

Google Cloud Print
Example of printing queue on Google Cloud Print for Android
Example of printing queue on Google Cloud Print for Android
Initial releaseApril 16, 2010
Operating systemCross-platform (web-based application, with functionality built into Google Chrome[1])


Integration with other Google products

Google Cloud Print integrates with the mobile versions of Gmail and Google Docs, allowing users to print from their mobile devices.[6] Google Cloud Print is listed as a printer option in the Print Preview page of Google's Web browser, Google Chrome, in Chrome 16 and higher.[7] Printers without built-in Cloud Print support, often referred to as "legacy" or "classic",[2][8] are supported through a "Cloud Print Connector" integrated with Google Chrome versions 9 and higher.[9]


Google introduced Cloud Print in April 2010, as a future solution for printing from Chrome OS.[10] Then they made the design document and a preliminary version of the source code available.[11][12] Google Cloud Print reached beta stage on 25 January 2011.[13]

Applications print through a web-based, common print dialog (web UI) or an API. The service forwards the job to a printer registered to the service. Cloud Ready printers (which connect directly to the web and do not require a computer to set up[2][8]) can directly connect to Google Cloud Print. As legacy ("classic") printers cannot accept input from a cloud service, Google Chrome 9 contained a "Cloud Print Connector"—which lets printers plugged into a Microsoft Windows, Apple Mac, or Linux computer with Internet access use Cloud Print while the connector is running in Google Chrome.[2][8][9]

Printing through Google Cloud Print from any instance of Google Chrome was enabled in Google Chrome 16.[7]

Since December 2014 Google Cloud Print lets users share printers[7] in a manner similar to Google Docs.[14]

In July 2013 Google updated the service to allow printing from any Windows application if Google Cloud Printer[4] is installed on the machine.[5] The Google Cloud Print Service can run as a Windows service, so legacy printers can connect to Google Cloud Print.[5]

Google Cloud Print 2.0, not supported by some printers that support v 1.0, adds support for a local mode similar in operation to Apple's AirPrint. Unlike the earlier version of Cloud Print, v 2.0 does not require either the printer or printing client to be connected to the Internet. Local mode uses a discovery protocol called Privet,[15] which uses Multicast DNS and DNS-SD for discovery, and HTTPS for transmitting print jobs to the printer. Clients supporting this mode only list printers that are discoverable on the same subnet the device is connected to, and forget the printers once disconnected from that subnet.[16]


Documents printed via Google Cloud Print are sent to Google's servers for transmission to the printer. Google explains, "Google also keeps a copy of each document you send for printing - but only for so long as the printing job is active and not complete. We have to do this to make sure your document gets printed. Once the job is complete, the document is deleted from our servers...Documents you send to print are your personal information and are kept strictly confidential. Google does not access the documents you print for any purpose other than to improve printing."[3]

See also


  1. ^ Meyer, David (December 15, 2011). "Chrome browser gets full Cloud Print integration". ZDNet.
  2. ^ a b c d e "What Is Google Cloud Print?", Code Labs, Google
  3. ^ a b "Google Cloud Print Help". Retrieved 2013-03-20.
  4. ^ a b Google Cloud Print Download Page
  5. ^ a b c Google Chrome Blog: Simpler printing from more places
  6. ^ "Cloud printing on the go". Mobile Blog. Google. January 24, 2011. Archived from the original on January 6, 2012.
  7. ^ a b c "Google Cloud Print picks up steam". Chrome Blog. Google. December 14, 2011.
  8. ^ a b c "How it Works". Support. Google. Retrieved 7 August 2011.
  9. ^ a b "Google Cloud Print, Now Available", Google Operating System (World Wide Web log), Google, December 2010
  10. ^ "A New Approach to Printing", Blog, Chromium, April 2010
  11. ^ "Issue 1566047: First cut of Cloud Print Proxy implementation", Code Review, Chromium
  12. ^ "Google Cloud Print Answers Key Question for Google Chrome OS", eWeek
  13. ^ "Nyomtatás a telefonunkról a Google Cloud Print segítségével", Android információs és hírportál (in Hungarian), HU, archived from the original on 2011-01-27
  14. ^ How Does Google Cloud Print work?, Google
  15. ^ "Privet". Retrieved 1 November 2015.
  16. ^ "What is Google Cloud Print?". Retrieved 1 November 2015.
Adobe Acrobat version history

See Adobe Acrobat for full details on this product.


AirPrint is a feature in Apple Inc.'s macOS and iOS operating systems for printing via a wireless LAN (Wi-Fi), either directly to AirPrint-compatible printers, or to non-compatible shared printers by way of a computer running Microsoft Windows, Linux, or macOS. AirPrint does not require printer-specific drivers. It was originally intended for iOS devices and connected via a Wi-Fi network only, and thus required a Wi-Fi access point. However, with the introduction of AirPrint to the macOS desktop platform in 2012, Macs connected to the network via ethernet connection could also print using the AirPrint protocol—not just those connected via Wi-Fi. Direct Wi-Fi connection between the device and the printer is not supported by default, but has appeared as the 'HP ePrint Wireless Direct AirPrint' feature.

Chrome OS

Chrome OS is a Linux kernel-based operating system designed by Google. It is derived from the free software Chromium OS and uses the Google Chrome web browser as its principal user interface. As a result, Chrome OS primarily supports web applications.Google announced the project in July 2009, conceiving it as an operating system in which both applications and user data reside in the cloud: hence Chrome OS primarily runs web applications. Source code and a public demo came that November. The first Chrome OS laptop, known as a Chromebook, arrived in May 2011. Initial Chromebook shipments from Samsung and Acer occurred in July 2011.

Chrome OS has an integrated media player and file manager. It supports Chrome Apps, which resemble native applications, as well as remote access to the desktop. Android applications started to become available for the operating system in 2014, and in 2016, access to Android apps in the entire Google Play Store was introduced on supported Chrome OS devices. Reception was initially skeptical, with some observers arguing that a browser running on any operating system was functionally equivalent. As more Chrome OS machines have entered the market, the operating system is now seldom evaluated apart from the hardware that runs it.

Chrome OS is only available pre-installed on hardware from Google manufacturing partners, but there are unofficial methods that allow it to be installed in other equipment. An open source equivalent, Chromium OS, can be compiled from downloaded source code. Early on, Google provided design goals for Chrome OS, but has not otherwise released a technical description.


A Chromebook is a laptop or tablet running the Linux-based Chrome OS as its operating system. The devices are primarily used to perform a variety of tasks using the Google Chrome browser, with most applications and data residing in the cloud rather than on the machine itself. All Chromebooks released since late 2017 can also run Android apps. Some Chromebooks can run Linux apps.The first Chromebooks for sale, by Acer Inc. and Samsung, began shipping on June 15, 2011. In addition to laptop models, a desktop version, called a Chromebox, was introduced in May 2012, and an "all-in-one" device, called a Chromebase, was introduced in January 2014, by LG Electronics.

In October 2012, Simon Phipps, writing in InfoWorld, said, "The Chromebook line is probably the most successful Linux desktop/laptop computer we've seen to date". From January to November 2013, 1.76 million Chromebooks were sold in US business-to-business channels.By March 2018, Chromebooks made up 60% of computers purchased by schools in the USA. In April 2017, the Electronic Frontier Foundation accused Google of using Chromebooks to collect and data mine "school children's personal information, including their Internet searches", without their parents' consent, two years after EFF had filed a federal complaint against the company.

Cloud printing

Cloud printing is the technology that enables printers to be accessed over a network through cloud computing. There are, in essence, two kinds of cloud printing. On the one hand, consumer-based cloud printing connects any application to cloud-enabled home printers that people own or have access to. Using this technology, people can take digital media as their primary communications tool and create a printed page only when they need the content in a physical form.

On the other hand, professional cloud printing enables publishers, companies and content owners to print their digital publications by leveraging networks of production facilities through cloud computing technology. In short, professional cloud printing allows for the "ad-hoc transformation of digital information into physical forms in 2D or 3D."

Comparison of mobile operating systems

This is a comparison of mobile operating systems. Only the latest versions are shown in the table below, even though older versions may still be marketed.


GCP may refer to:

Commando Parachute Group (French: Groupement des commandos parachutistes), French special forces

Games Computers Play, a 1980s online gaming community

GCP Applied Technologies, an American chemical company

GCP Infrastructure Investments, a British investment trust

German Communist Party

Giantin, a protein

Gliding Centre Pune, in Maharashtra, India

Global Carbon Project

Global Centre for Pluralism, in Ottawa, Canada

Global Charity Project

Global Consciousness Project

Good clinical practice

Grand Central Parkway in New York City

Grand Central Partnership

General Catalyst Partners, an American private equity firm

Ghana Congress Party, a political party of the Gold Coast

Google Cloud Print

Google Cloud Platform

Group of Popular Combatants (Spanish: Grupos de Combatientes Populares), an Ecuadorean insurgence group

Ground control point, in Geographic information system image rectification

Google Chrome version history

Google Chrome is a freeware web browser developed by Google LLC. The development process is split into different "release channels", each working on a build in a separate stage of development. Chrome provides 4 channels: Stable, Beta, Dev, and Canary. On the stable builds, Chrome is updated every two to three weeks for minor releases and every six weeks for major releases.The following table summarizes the release history for the Google Chrome web browser.

Google Cloud

Google Cloud may refer to:

Google Cloud Connect, a plug-in to synchronize Microsoft Office documents to Google Docs

Google Cloud Dataproc, a cloud-based managed Spark and Hadoop service

Google Cloud Datastore, a NoSQL database service

Google Cloud Messaging, a mobile notification service

Google Cloud Platform, a suite of cloud computing services

Google Cloud Print, a service that lets users print from any device within a network cloud

Google for Work, renamed Google Cloud

Google Cloud Connect

Google Cloud Connect was a free cloud computing plug-in for Windows Microsoft Office 2003, 2007 and 2010 that can automatically store and synchronize any Microsoft Word document, PowerPoint presentation, or Excel spreadsheet to Google Docs in Google Docs or Microsoft Office formats. The Google Doc copy is automatically updated each time the Microsoft Office document is saved. Microsoft Office documents can be edited offline and synchronized later when online. Google Cloud Sync maintains previous Microsoft Office document versions and allows multiple users to collaborate, working on the same document at the same time. Google Cloud Connect was discontinued on April 30, 2013, as according to Google, all of Cloud Connect's features are available through Google Drive.


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