Google Classroom

Google Classroom is a free web service developed by Google for schools that aim to simplify creating, distributing and grading assignments in a paperless way. The primary purpose of Google Classroom is to streamline the process of sharing files between teachers and students.[3]

Google Classroom combines Google Drive for assignment creation and distribution, Google Docs, Sheets and Slides for writing, Gmail for communication, and Google Calendar for scheduling. Students can be invited to join a class through a private code, or automatically imported from a school domain. Each class creates a separate folder in the respective user's Drive, where the student can submit work to be a graded by a teacher. Mobile apps, available for iOS and Android devices, let users take photos and attach to assignments, share files from other apps, and access information offline. Teachers can monitor the progress for each student, and after being graded, teachers can return work along with comments.

Google Classroom
Google Classroom Logo
Developer(s)Google
Initial releaseAugust 12, 2014
Stable release(s) [±]
Android5.2.102.04.33 / March 12, 2019[1]
iOS2.2018.31205 / August 7, 2018[2]
Operating system
TypeEducation
Websiteclassroom.google.com

History

Google Classroom was announced on May 6, 2014, with a preview available for some members of Google's G Suite for Education program.[4][5] It was released publicly on August 12, 2014.[6][7] On June 29, 2015, Google announced a Classroom API and a share button for websites, allowing school administrators and developers to further engage with Google Classroom.[8] On August 24, Google integrated Google Calendar into Classroom for assignment due dates, field trips and class speakers.[9] In March 2017, Google opened Classroom to allow any personal Google users to join classes without the requirement of having a G Suite for Education account,[10] and in April, it became possible for any personal Google user to create and teach a class.[11][12]

On August 7, 2018, Google announced a classroom refresh, adding a classwork section, improving the grading interface, allowing reuse of classwork from other classes, and adding features for teachers to organize content by topic.[13]

On January 9, 2019, Google introduced 78 new illustrated themes and the option to drag and drop topics and assignments in the classwork section.[14]

Features

Google Classroom ties Google Drive, Google Docs, Sheets and Slides, and Gmail together to help educational institutions go to a paperless system.[15] Google Calendar was later integrated to help with assignment due dates, field trips, and class speakers.[9] Students can be invited to classrooms through the institution's database, through a private code that can then be added in the student's user interface or automatically imported from a school domain.[16] Each class created with Google Classroom creates a separate folder in the respective user's Google Drive, where the student can submit work to be graded by a teacher.[17]

Assignments

Assignments are stored and graded on Google's suite of productivity applications that allow collaboration between the teacher and the student or student to student. Instead of sharing documents that reside on the student's Google Drive with the teacher, files are hosted on the student's Drive and then submitted for grading. Teachers may choose a file that can then be treated as a template so that every student can edit their own copy and then turn back in for a grade instead of allowing all students to view, copy, or edit the same document.[18] Students can also choose to attach additional documents from their Drive to the assignment.

Grading

Google Classroom supports many different grading schemes. Teachers have the option to attach files to the assignment which students can view, edit, or get an individual copy. Students can create files and then attach them to the assignment if a copy of a file wasn't created by the teacher. Teachers have the option to monitor the progress of each student on the assignment where they can make comments and edit. Turned in assignments can be graded by the teacher and returned with comments to allow the student to revise the assignment and turn back in. Once graded, assignments can only be edited by the teacher unless the teacher turns the assignment back in.

Communication

Announcements can be posted by teachers to the class stream which can be commented on by students allowing for two-way communication between the teacher and students.[17] Students can also post to the class stream but won't be as high of a priority as an announcement by a teacher and can be moderated. Multiple types of media from Google products such as YouTube videos and Google Drive files can be attached to announcements and posts to share content. Gmail also provides email options for teachers to send emails to one or more students in the Google Classroom interface. Classroom can be accessed on the web or via the Android and iOS Classroom mobile apps.

Archive course

Classroom allows instructors to archive courses at the end of a term or year. When a course is archived, it is removed from the homepage and placed in the Archived Classes area to help teachers keep their current classes organized. When a course is archived, teachers and students can view it, but won't be able to make any changes to it until it is restored.[19]

Mobile applications

Google Classroom mobile apps, introduced in January 2015, are available for iOS and Android devices. The apps let users take photos and attach them to their assignments, share files from other apps, and support offline access.[20][21]

Privacy

In contrast to Google's consumer services, Google Classroom, as part of G Suite for Education, does not show any advertisements in its interface for students, faculty, and teachers, and user data is not scanned or used for advertising purposes.[22]

Reception

eLearningIndustry tested and made a review of Google Classroom, in which they highlighted many positive and negative aspects. Among Classroom's strengths, the review highlighted ease of use, universal device accessibility, use of Google Drive as an effective way for teachers to quickly share assignments with students, the paperless process meaning the end of printing, handing out, and potentially losing work, and the fast feedback system between students and teachers. Among Classroom's disadvantages, the review highlighted the service's heavy integration of Google apps and services with limited or no support for external files or services, lack of automated quizzes and tests, and a lack of live chats that can aid in feedback efforts.[23]

Google has been criticized for allegedly data mining students' browsing history, searches, and other usage of services for advertising. In April 2014, Google announced that it would stop scanning students' Gmail messages for advertising purposes, following privacy concerns.[24] TechCrunch wrote that, while ads weren't included in the education program, data and information learned from users through the program was used to show advertisements at later times in other areas.[25] On December 1, 2015, the Electronic Frontier Foundation filed a complaint with the Federal Trade Commission, alleging that Google "broke a pledge to honor student privacy with its educational tools". EFF staff attorney Sophia Cope stated that "We are calling on the FTC to investigate Google's conduct, stop the company from using student personal information for its own purposes, and order the company to destroy all information it has collected that's not for educational purposes".[26] Google responded the following day: "While we appreciate the EFF’s focus on student data privacy, we are confident that our tools comply with both the law and our promises, including the Student Privacy Pledge, which we signed earlier this year".[27] The Foundation made new allegations against Google in April 2017, focusing particularly on the company's actions of "dumping millions of low-cost Chromebooks on U.S. schools, enabling the mass collection and storage of information on children without the consent of their parents".[28]

References

  1. ^ "Google Classroom". APKMirror. Retrieved March 11, 2018.
  2. ^ "Google Classroom". App Store. Retrieved March 11, 2018.
  3. ^ "Google Groups". productforums.google.com. Retrieved 2018-02-08.
  4. ^ Magid, Larry (May 6, 2014). "Google Classroom Offers Assignment Center for Students and Teachers". Forbes. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
  5. ^ Etherington, Darrell (May 6, 2014). "Google Debuts Classroom, An Education Platform For Teacher-Student Communication". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
  6. ^ Kahn, Jordan (August 12, 2014). "Google Classroom now available to all Apps for Education users, adds collaboration features". 9to5Google. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
  7. ^ Lapowsky, Issie (August 13, 2014). "Google Wants to Save Our Schools—And Hook a New Generation of Users". Wired. Condé Nast. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
  8. ^ Perez, Sarah (June 29, 2015). "Google Expands Its Educational Platform "Classroom" With A New API, Share Button For Websites". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
  9. ^ a b Hockenson, Lauren (August 24, 2015). "Google Classroom updates with Calendar integration, new teacher tools". The Next Web. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
  10. ^ Ressler, Gene (March 15, 2017). "Google Classroom: Now open to even more learners". The Keyword Google Blog. Google. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
  11. ^ Etherington, Darrell (April 27, 2017). "Google Classroom now lets anyone school anyone else". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
  12. ^ Regan, Tom (April 27, 2017). "Google's Classroom is open to anyone with an urge to teach". Engadget. AOL. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
  13. ^ "Time for a refresh: Meet the new Google Classroom". Google. 2018-08-07. Retrieved 2018-08-15.
  14. ^ "Stay organized in 2019 with new features in Classroom". Google. 2019-01-08. Retrieved 2019-02-10.
  15. ^ Kerr, Dara (May 6, 2014). "Google unveils Classroom, a tool designed to help teachers". CNET. CBS Interactive. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
  16. ^ "Invite students to a class". Classroom Help. Google. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
  17. ^ a b Steele, Billy (May 6, 2014). "Google Classroom helps teachers easily organize assignments, offer feedback". Engadget. AOL. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
  18. ^ "Submit an Assignment". Google Classroom help. Google. Retrieved March 27, 2015.
  19. ^ "Archive a class - Classroom Help". Archive a class. Retrieved April 6, 2015.
  20. ^ Wright, Mic (January 14, 2015). "Google's new Classroom app opens its doors on Android and iOS". The Next Web. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
  21. ^ Luckerson, Victor (January 14, 2015). "Google Is Bringing the Paperless Classroom to Teachers' Phones". Time. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
  22. ^ "Privacy & Security Information". Google for Education. Google. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
  23. ^ Pappas, Christopher (August 20, 2015). "Google Classroom Review: Pros And Cons Of Using Google Classroom In eLearning". eLearning Industry. Retrieved August 17, 2016.
  24. ^ Warren, Tom (April 30, 2014). "Google stops scanning student Gmail accounts following privacy concerns". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
  25. ^ Etherington, Darrell (April 30, 2014). "Google Stops Mining Education Gmail And Google Apps Accounts For Ad Targeting". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
  26. ^ Robertson, Adi (December 1, 2015). "EFF complaint says Google broke privacy pledge by tracking students". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
  27. ^ Olanoff, Drew (December 2, 2015). "Google To EFF On Student Privacy: "Our Tools Comply With Both The Law And Our Promises"". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
  28. ^ Dilger, Daniel Eran (April 19, 2017). "EFF: Google Chromebook is still spying on grade school students". AppleInsider. Retrieved April 28, 2017.

External links

Coachford College

Coachford College, formerly known as Coachford Community College, is a secondary school located in Coachford, County Cork, Ireland. Situated in the Lee Valley, 18 miles west of Cork City, the catchment area stretches from Kanturk to Bandon, and from Ballincollig to Macroom. The Principal is Ms. Áine Máire Ní Fhaoláin, the Deputy Principal is Mr. Edward Williamson. Patrick O'Connor was principal of the college from 1984 to 2017. Coachford College is part of Cork Education and Training Board (ETB).There are 706 students in the college and over 50 teachers.There have been subject inspections recently including Music and SPHE. There is an annual awards ceremony in November which highlights the achievements of students from Coachford College.The school was an early adopter of social media. The school has used moodle since 2007 whereby a number of teachers have notes and assignments available to students electronically.. Nowadays, the school utilises Google Classroom. Furthermore, the school uses VSWare to assist parents in accessing student attendance and examination results. Facebook has been used by the school for a number of years to communicate with parents, students and alumni. The Facebook and Instagram page contains news and photos from activities at Coachford College.

Enrolment in Coachford College is in accordance with their admissions policy. Primary Schools in the catchment boundary area are visited each year in September with an open day in late September. Coachford College is the sole provider in the catchment boundary area and most students from primary schools in the area attend Coachford College. 114 students started in Coachford College in September 2015, 134 starting in Sept 2016, 137 starting in Sept 2017 and 142 students starting in Sept 2018.. Students regularly travel from Macroom, Blarney and Tower to attend school at Coachford College.

A new school has been announced for Coachford College which will accommodate 800 students. Construction is expected to begin in the coming years.Male students having the option of playing hurling or football while female students can play camogie or ladies football. The school also has an equestrian team, a golf team as well as a frisbee team.. A rugby team made its debut in Nov 2017. The school also has various quiz teams in many subject areas. The school also hosts an annual dance competition in January called The Great Coachford Dance-Off which is organised by TY students with the proceeds being donated to charity.

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The firm's website states that its service was used by schools in all 50 U.S. states and has been featured in publications such as Newsweek. The firm has acquired the earlier-established competitive products of Jackson Software, the makers of GradeQuick, and Orbis Software, the makers of Easy Grade Pro.Edline was used in many schools aiming to have paperless classes and homework, thereby cutting costs. The instructor/teacher could upload such material as upcoming tests, projects, homework, class expectations, and progress reports. The website mainly helped parents see if students have missed any homework. Parents or students could even e-mail teachers if any kind of help is needed. Different schools may upload varying amounts of data and information, depending on teacher preference and school requirements.In 2009, Archipelago Learning acquired a minority interest in Edline as part of its acquisition by Providence Equity Partners.In October 2011, Edline merged with Blackboard.

In July 2012, Edline announced they are being rebranded as Blackboard Engage.During the 2014-2015 school year, some school districts across the nation were starting to replace Edline with other similar tools like Google Classroom, Schoology, Skyward, PlusPortals, etc.On December 31st, 2018, Edline was discontinued.

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The school was housed at the Valley Park School while a new campus was under construction. In August 2016, Lee Magnet High School opened the doors of its $56 million campus for the 2016-2017 school year. This new campus brought Lee back to its original location at 1105 Lee Drive.

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Microsoft Classroom

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Unicheck is primarily used in K-12 and higher education, and is utilised by more than 400 institutions worldwide. The tool is also used as a stand-alone checker by individual users like writers, editors, bloggers and lawyers.

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