Google Chrome Experiments

Google Chrome Experiments is an online showroom of web browser based experiments, interactive programs, and artistic projects. Launched in March 2009, Chrome Experiments is an official Google website that was originally meant to test the limits of JavaScript and the Google Chrome browser's performance and abilities. As the project progressed, it took the role of showcasing and experimenting latest open-source web-based technologies, such as JavaScript, HTML5, WebGL, Canvas, SVG, CSS, and some others. All the projects on Chrome experiments are user submitted and are made using open source technologies. As of February 24, 2015, there were 1000 different Chrome projects posted on the website.

Chrome Experiment
Logo of Google Chrome Experiments
Screenshot
Chrome Experiment Screenshot
Screenshot of Chrome Experiments website.
Type of businessNonprofit
Type of site
Showcase of web technology
OwnerGoogle Inc.
Created byGoogle Inc.
Websitewww.chromeexperiments.com
Alexa rank13,646 (January 2013)[1]
CommercialNo
LaunchedMarch 1, 2009
Current statusActive

History

Google's Chrome Experiments was launched in March 2009 with 19 experiments[2] The main reason for its inception was to demonstrate and test the abilities of JavaScript and Google's V8 JavaScript engine. With time it also started featuring other open source web-based technologies such as HTML5, Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG), WebGL, Web Audio, and Canvas element. The focus of the project throughout has been on open source technology and thus does not feature proprietary software such as Adobe Flash. The website is steadily gaining popularity along with the number of featured experiments. The number of experiments increased to 50 by August 2009,[3] to 100 by July 2010,[4] and to 500 by September 2012.[5] As of August 2013 the number of experiments on the website were way over 600.

The earliest projects featured on the site were mainly visualizations, interactive toys, and simple online games.[6] The earliest contributors (according to Google's official blog) were made by artists and programmers like Casey Reas, Ricardo Cabello (Mr.doob), Ryan Alexander, Joshua T. Nimoy, and Karsten Schmidt (Toxi). Since its inception and launch, Chrome Experiments has featured only user submitted projects on their site, with a few exceptions of projects submitted by Google's teams. However these submissions are first curated by the Chrome Experiments team and then posted on the site for reviews and comments. It is also important to note that the user submitted projects are not hosted on the Google site; Chrome Experiments only posts a verified link to the developer's website.

Major technologies used

Chrome Experiments was originally started to demonstrate the usability of JavaScript alone, but with time it has now become a platform to showcase capabilities of some other open-source web based technologies such as WebGl, HTML5, SVG, and Canvas element.

JavaScript

JavaScript is a scripting language that is mainly used for creating for implementing dynamic website pages and enhanced user interfaces for web browsers. Highly influenced by programming languages such as C, Java, Self, and Scheme, JavaScript supports object oriented, functional, and imperative programming styles. Even though its name has Java in it, it is an entirely different language from Java. JavaScript is the main area of focus on Chrome Experiments, so nearly all of the experiments showcased on the site use JavaScript in some form or other.

HTML5

HTML5 logo and wordmark
The W3C HTML5 logo

Hyper Text Markup language or HTML is the most used markup language for displaying web pages and the backbone language for internet itself. HTML5 is the 5th revision of HTML standards. It facilitates playing of audio and video elements in the browser itself, usage of Scalable Vector Graphics, and with the help of JavaScript or CSS3 programmers can even design animations.

All Chrome experiments are browser based, thus all have some relation to HTML, and because of new Canvas element unique to HTML5, nearly all of the paint and design tools on the site along with some games, utilize HTML5 and Canvas 2-D element.

Cascading Style Sheets

Cascading style sheets (CSS) is style sheet language that is used to format the structure and look of a webpage written in markup languages such as HTML and XHTML. Along with markup languages it can also be used to format XML documents. CSS allows developers to move formatting attributes such as font color, font style, font size, background color, borders, section sizes, and other elements, to be moved in a single separate file resulting in much simpler code and much flexible handling of final rendering. Because of this feature, CSS is heavily used in nearly all Chrome experiments.

WebGL

WebGL (Web Graphics Library) is a JavaScript API used for rendering 3-D and 2-D graphics and animations in the web browsers itself without any additional plugin. The web browser should be compatible with the API. WebGL is an open source API that is based on Open Graphic Library Embedded systems (OpenGL ES) and draws inspiration from Canvas 3-D element. WebGL is currently supported by Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox, along with limited support by Safari and Opera. Internet Explorer, however, has no inbuilt support for WebGL until now but a user can view WebGL content on IE using additional browser plugins.

Utilized by 529 experiments out of 1127, WebGL is one of the most commonly used technologies on the site. The technology has also gained active use in famous and useful online apps such as Google Maps,[7][8] and Zygote Body (formerly Google Body)[9] .

HTML5 Audio

Web audio or HTML5 audio, is the high level JavaScript API that is used for processing and playback of audio content on the browser itself, without any additional plugins. All experiments on the Google Chrome Experiment site are designed to be interactive and attractive, thus Web-audio is an integral part of most of these projects.

Mobile

In February 7, 2012, Google launched its first beta release of chrome web browser for mobiles,[10] and on June 27, 2012 Google added a new section on the Chrome Experiment website dedicated to only mobile based applications.[5][11] As of August 2013, there are 22 applications on the site. The major technologies utilized by these applications include JavaScript, HTML5, and CSS3.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Chrome Experiments Site Info". Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2013-01-26.
  2. ^ "Chrome Experiments: not your mother's JavaScript". Google Chrome official blog. Retrieved 15 December 2012.
  3. ^ "50 Chrome Experiments and counting!". Google Chrome official blog. Retrieved 15 December 2012.
  4. ^ "100 Chrome Experiments and counting!". Google Chrome official blog. Retrieved 15 December 2012.
  5. ^ a b "500 Chrome Experiments and counting..." Google Chrome official blog. Retrieved 15 December 2012.
  6. ^ Sharma, Ekant. "Chrome Experiments: A Showroom of Innovative Web Technology". xhtmljunction.com. Retrieved 15 December 2012.
  7. ^ "Step inside the map with Google MapsGL". Google official blog. Retrieved 15 December 2012.
  8. ^ "MapsGL". Google Maps. Retrieved 15 December 2012.
  9. ^ Zeiger, Roni (January 9, 2012). "Google Body becomes Zygote Body; built on open source 3D viewer". Google Open Source blog. Google. Retrieved 27 January 2012.
  10. ^ "Introducing Chrome for Android". Google Chrome official blog. Retrieved 15 December 2012.
  11. ^ "Introducing Chrome Experiments for Mobile". Google Chrome's Official Youtube channel [1]. Retrieved 15 December 2012. External link in |publisher= (help)
GeoGuessr

GeoGuessr is a web-based geographic discovery game designed by Anton Wallén, a Swedish IT consultant, released on 9 May 2013. The game uses a semi-randomized Google Street View location and requires players to guess their location in the world using only the clues visible. The website received hundreds of thousands of unique visitors per day within a week of being released.

Google

Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware. It is considered one of the Big Four technology companies, alongside Amazon, Apple and Facebook.Google was founded in 1998 by Larry Page and Sergey Brin while they were Ph.D. students at Stanford University in California. Together they own about 14 percent of its shares and control 56 percent of the stockholder voting power through supervoting stock. They incorporated Google as a privately held company on September 4, 1998. An initial public offering (IPO) took place on August 19, 2004, and Google moved to its headquarters in Mountain View, California, nicknamed the Googleplex. In August 2015, Google announced plans to reorganize its various interests as a conglomerate called Alphabet Inc. Google is Alphabet's leading subsidiary and will continue to be the umbrella company for Alphabet's Internet interests. Sundar Pichai was appointed CEO of Google, replacing Larry Page who became the CEO of Alphabet.

The company's rapid growth since incorporation has triggered a chain of products, acquisitions, and partnerships beyond Google's core search engine (Google Search). It offers services designed for work and productivity (Google Docs, Google Sheets, and Google Slides), email (Gmail/Inbox), scheduling and time management (Google Calendar), cloud storage (Google Drive), social networking (Google+), instant messaging and video chat (Google Allo, Duo, Hangouts), language translation (Google Translate), mapping and navigation (Google Maps, Waze, Google Earth, Street View), video sharing (YouTube), note-taking (Google Keep), and photo organizing and editing (Google Photos). The company leads the development of the Android mobile operating system, the Google Chrome web browser, and Chrome OS, a lightweight operating system based on the Chrome browser. Google has moved increasingly into hardware; from 2010 to 2015, it partnered with major electronics manufacturers in the production of its Nexus devices, and it released multiple hardware products in October 2016, including the Google Pixel smartphone, Google Home smart speaker, Google Wifi mesh wireless router, and Google Daydream virtual reality headset. Google has also experimented with becoming an Internet carrier (Google Fiber, Project Fi, and Google Station).Google.com is the most visited website in the world. Several other Google services also figure in the top 100 most visited websites, including YouTube and Blogger. Google is the most valuable brand in the world as of 2017, but has received significant criticism involving issues such as privacy concerns, tax avoidance, antitrust, censorship, and search neutrality. Google's mission statement is "to organize the world's information and make it universally accessible and useful", and its unofficial slogan was "Don't be evil" until the phrase was removed from the company's code of conduct around May 2018.

Google Chrome

Google Chrome (commonly known simply as Chrome) is a cross-platform web browser developed by Google. It was first released in 2008 for Microsoft Windows, and was later ported to Linux, macOS, iOS, and Android. The browser is also the main component of Chrome OS, where it serves as the platform for web apps.

Most of Chrome's source code comes from Google's open-source Chromium project, but Chrome is licensed as proprietary freeware. WebKit was the original rendering engine, but Google eventually forked it to create the Blink engine; all Chrome variants except iOS now use Blink.As of February 2019, StatCounter estimates that Chrome has a 62% worldwide browser market share across all platforms. Because of this success, Google has expanded the "Chrome" brand name to other products: Chrome OS, Chromecast, Chromebook, Chromebit, Chromebox, and Chromebase.

Outline of Google

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Google:

Google – American multinational technology company specializing in Internet-related services and products that include online advertising technologies, search, cloud computing, software, and hardware.

Patatap

Patatap is a visual sound kit application with animations by computer programmer Jono Brandel and Japanese electronic duo Lullatone, consisting of Shawn James Seymour and Yoshimi Tomida.

Three.js

Three.js is a cross-browser JavaScript library and Application Programming Interface (API) used to create and display animated 3D computer graphics in a web browser. Three.js uses WebGL. The source code is hosted in a repository on GitHub.

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