, founded in October 2005, is the charitable arm of Google, a multinational technology company.[1] The organization has committed roughly US$100 million in investments and grants to nonprofits annually.

The organization is noted for several high-impact grants to nonprofits using technology and data in innovative ways to support racial justice, educational opportunity, crisis response after health epidemics and natural disasters, and issues affecting the San Francisco Bay Area community where it's headquartered. It also hosts regular challenges around the world to stimulate innovative uses of technologies to address local challenges.
Google org logo
FormationOctober 2005
ServicesEducation, economic opportunity, inclusion, crisis response, and impact challenge
Jacquelline Fuller
Parent organization


The mission and approach of has seen multiple iterations over the years, an approach that mirrors other divisions within Google in its effort to reallocate efforts and resources towards the most significant and impactful methodologies. The organization's general strategy involves funding the use of technology, data, and user-centered design to make a better world, faster. is considered a part of Google, as opposed to an Alphabet organization, under the formation of the Alphabet parent company in 2016. To fund the organization, Google granted three million shares during their initial public offering (IPO). In 2014, the corporation stated on its website that it donates $100,000,000 in grants, 200,000 hours, and $1 billion in products each year.

Major initiatives

As of 2016, Google has focused a majority of its efforts on a few key topics, based upon a premise of equality and opportunity.

  • Racial Justice. It is the first major corporate philanthropy organization to allocate funding the combat against racial inequality in the United States,[2][3] and as funded organizations such as Bryan Stevenson's Equal Justice Initiative, the ACLU, the Ella Baker Center, and Beyond12. In 2017, Google pledged $11 million in grants to several organizations in connection with racial bias. [4]
  • Education and Digital Skills. In addition, funds education, economic development, and digital literacy related projects in a number of regions.
  • Disabilities. In previous years, Google has funded a number of other areas. In 2015 they announced a $20M effort[5] to use technology to improve opportunity and equality for people with disabilities, one of the few portfolios focused on this segment of the population. Some noted as a unique lens to philanthropy, and a subject area that affects roughly 1 in 7 people across the world.[6] The grantmaking initiative resulted in a diverse array of grants, including 3D printed prosthetics for landmine victims and children with limb differences, beacon-powered navigation tools for the visually impaired, data analytics projects to surface better tools and aids for people with cognitive disabilities, and better bracing and compliance systems for children with clubfoot. This portfolio ended in 2015.
  • Crisis Response. has also responded to crises around the world, with giving initiatives addressing challenges with the European refugee crisis in 2016, the Ebola crisis in 2014, and the Nepal earthquake in 2015. In many instances, it has been one of the largest corporate donors. The organization also gave $250,000 to organizations working to serve residents affected by the Flint water crisis.[7] In August 2017, the company donated $250,000 to the Red Cross relief fund for Hurricane Harvey.[8] and Google in general has also been supportive of a number of causes, including LGBTQ rights, veterans affairs, digital literacy, and refugee rights.

Previous initiatives

Previous incarnations of took different approaches, usually focused on technology applied to social impact, in keeping with the company's brand around technology and innovation.

Among its first projects was a mass-produced plug-in hybrid electric vehicle that can attain 100 mpg (miles per gallon) (see vehicle-to-grid).[9]

In November 2007, announced RE<C (Renewable Energy Cheaper Than Coal), a project that will invest several hundred million dollars in order to produce renewable energy at a profit from wind and solar sources, particularly solar thermal energy. RE<C has the ultimate goal of creating more than a gigawatt of power (enough to power a city the size of San Francisco) from renewable sources that would be cheaper than energy produced from coal.[10]

The director from 2006 until 2009 was Dr. Larry Brilliant.[11] Upon stepping down, Brilliant was replaced by Megan Smith, Google's Vice-President of new business development, and the organization began focusing on creating engineering solutions to global problems with projects such as Google Flu Trends and Crisis Response, an effort to respond to natural disasters.[12] Megan Smith later left to join the office of the CTO under the Obama administration, at which point began focusing exclusively on its charitable giving initiatives under the stewardship of Jacquelline Fuller, who currently runs the organization.

In 2010, Google gave over $145 million to non-profits and academic institutions.[13] In the same year, Google was named the Bay Area's top corporate philanthropist by the San Francisco Business Times for giving $27.6 million to Bay Area charities.[14] The company has won the same award for a number of years since, including as recently as 2016[15] Charitable funds come from, the Google Foundation and the company itself.

A new project started in June 2014 is Made with Code,[16] uses coding programs to allow girls to become interested in the idea of coding and develop more female programmers over time.'s current major projects in 2012 included:[17]

  • Google Crisis Response which includes: Google Person Finder, Google Public Alerts, and Google Crisis Maps, all supporting disaster relief efforts with critical tools and information.[18]
  • Google Flu[19] & Dengue Trends [20] showing near real-time estimates of disease activity, based on aggregated search results
  • Google for Nonprofits[21] providing free or discounted access to some additional Google products for nonprofit organizations.

Pre-2012 projects included:

  • Develop renewable energy cheaper than coal (RE<C): create utility-scale electricity from clean renewable energy sources that is cheaper than electricity produced from coal. This project began in 2007 and was dropped in 2011.[22] Though technical advancements resulted,[23] it did not meet its ambitious goal.
  • Accelerate the commercialization of plug-in electric vehicles (RechargeIT): seed innovation, demonstrate technology, inform the debate, and stimulate market demand to foster mass commercialization of plug-in vehicles.
  • Predict and Prevent: identify "hot spots" and enable rapid response to emerging threats, such as infectious disease and climate risk.
  • Inform and Empower to Improve Public Services: use information to empower citizens and communities, providers, and policymakers to improve the delivery of essential public services (such as education, health, water and sanitation) in the developing world.
  • Fuel the Growth of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises: increase the flow of risk capital to small and medium-sized businesses in the developing world.

Renewable energy

In 2008, joined a number of renewable energy initiatives, including:

  • investing $130 million in eSolar for solar thermal plants
  • presenting at the Renewable Energy Finance Forum-Wall Street, held June 18–19, 2008 at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel. Climate Change and Energy Initiatives Director, Dan Reicher, will chair the opening remarks.[24]
  • investing $10 million in Makani Power for kite systems that tap into jetstreams
  • filing a patent application for floating data centers powered by wave power.[25]
  • invested in AltaRock Energy, first U.S. demonstration project of Enhanced Geothermal Systems to create renewable energy through geothermal power.[26] began moving away from renewable energy initiatives between 2010-2013, as Google opted to bring its renewable energy work into formal product areas under the leadership of Larry Alder and Craig Barratt.

See also


  1. ^ "Google commits $1 billion to charity: Firm makes good on IPO pledge". Retrieved 2013-11-20.
  2. ^ Dickey, Megan Rose. " Awards $3 Million To Racial Justice Organizations In SF Bay Area". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2016-09-27.
  3. ^ "Google Tackles Racial Injustice". Retrieved 2016-09-27.
  4. ^ "Google Just Dropped $11,000,000 to Make Sure #BlackLivesMatter". Retrieved 22 September 2017.
  5. ^ "Announcing a more inclusive future for everyone". Retrieved 2016-09-27.
  6. ^ Editor, Eleanor Goldberg; Impact, HuffPost (2015-05-29). "Google Commits $20 Million To Make The World More Accessible For People With Disabilities". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2016-09-27.
  7. ^ Burns, Matt. " announces $250,000 in grants for the Flint, Michigan water crisis". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2016-09-27.
  8. ^ Yurieff, Kaya. "Businesses donate over $157 million to Harvey relief efforts". CNNMoney.
  9. ^ Hafner, Katie (2006-09-14). "Philanthropy Google's Way: Not the Usual". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-01-07.
  10. ^ "Powering a clean energy revolution". Google. 2007-11-27. Retrieved 2008-03-31.
  11. ^ "Google Names Larry Brilliant as Executive Director of". Google, Inc. Retrieved 2008-01-07.
  12. ^ "Google Chief for Charity Steps Down on Revamp". 2009-02-24. Retrieved 2012-12-12.
  13. ^ "Tech for good - catching up on". Retrieved 2012-12-12.
  14. ^ San Francisco Business Times (2011-07-22). "Google named Bay Area's top corporate philanthropist". Retrieved 2012-12-12.
  15. ^ "The Top 80 Bay Area Corporate Philanthropists 2016 - San Francisco Business Times". Retrieved 2016-09-27.
  16. ^
  17. ^ "Projects". Archived from the original on 2013-01-17. Retrieved 2012-12-12.
  18. ^ "How Google is transforming disaster relief". Retrieved 2018-01-30.
  19. ^ "Google Flu Trends". Retrieved 2013-06-15.
  20. ^ "Google Dengue Trends". Retrieved 2012-12-12.
  21. ^ "Google for nonprofits". Retrieved 2012-12-12.
  22. ^ "Google's zero-carbon quest - Fortune Tech". Archived from the original on 2013-05-26. Retrieved 2013-06-15.
  23. ^ "RE<C –". Archived from the original on 2013-06-29. Retrieved 2013-06-15.
  24. ^ "Renewable Energy Finance Forum-Wall Street". Retrieved 2008-04-28.
  25. ^ "Thoughts on Global Warming: Google Files Patent for Wave-Powered Floating Data Centers". 2008-09-08. Retrieved 2012-12-12.
  26. ^ Huang, Gregory. "Why Vulcan, Google, and ATV Are Backing AltaRock Energy, Betting on Next-Gen Geothermal". Xconomy. Retrieved 2009-08-20.

External links


BigQuery is a RESTful web service that enables interactive analysis of massively large datasets working in conjunction with Google Storage. It is a serverless Platform as a Service (PaaS) that may be used complementarily with MapReduce.


The Chromebit is a dongle running Google's Chrome OS operating system. When placed in the HDMI port of a television or a monitor, this device turns that display into a personal computer. Chromebit allows adding a keyboard or mouse over Bluetooth or Wi-Fi. The device was announced in April 2015 and began shipping that November.

Flutter (software)

Flutter is an open-source mobile application development framework created by Google. It is used to develop applications for Android and iOS, as well as being the primary method of creating applications for Google Fuchsia.

Google Crisis Response

Google Crisis Response is a team within that "seeks to make critical information more accessible around natural disasters and humanitarian crises". The team has responded in the past to the 2010 Haiti earthquake, 2010 Pakistan floods, 2010–11 Queensland floods, February 2011 Christchurch earthquake, and the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami among other events, using Google resources and tools such as Google Maps, Google Earth, Google Person Finder, and Google Fusion Tables.

Google Dataset Search

Google Dataset Search is a search engine from Google that helps researchers locate online data that is freely available for use. The company launched the service on September 5, 2018, and stated that the product was targeted at scientists and data journalists.

Google Dataset Search complements Google Scholar, the company's search engine for academic studies and reports.

Google Developer Expert

A Google Developers Expert (GDE) is a person recognized by Google Inc. as having exemplary expertise in one or more of their Google Developers products. GDEs are awarded through the Google Developers Experts program established and administered by Google. GDEs have a tenure of one year which can be extended through re-interview. A Google Developers Expert cannot be a Google employee whilst a member of the program. GDEs are not permitted to "make any statements on behalf of Google or any Google company" and be clear that any opinions are not those of Google.As of February 2019, there are 738 people with this designation

Google Finance

Google Finance is a website focusing on business news and financial information hosted by Google.

Google Fit

Google Fit is a health-tracking platform developed by Google for the Android operating system and Wear OS. It is a single set of APIs that blends data from multiple apps and devices. Google Fit uses sensors in a user's activity tracker or mobile device to record physical fitness activities (such as walking or cycling), which are measured against the user's fitness goals to provide a comprehensive view of their fitness.

Google Flights

Google Flights is an online flight booking search service which facilitates the purchase of airline tickets through third party suppliers.

Google Forms

Google Forms is a survey administration app that is included in the Google Drive office suite along with Google Docs, Google Sheets, and Google Slides.

Forms features all of the collaboration and sharing features found in Docs, Sheets, and Slides.

Google Guice

Google Guice (pronounced "juice") is an open-source software framework for the Java platform released by Google under the Apache License. It provides support for dependency injection using annotations to configure Java objects. Dependency injection is a design pattern whose core principle is to separate behavior from dependency resolution.

Guice allows implementation classes to be bound programmatically to an interface, then injected into constructors, methods or fields using an @Inject annotation. When more than one implementation of the same interface is needed, the user can create custom annotations that identify an implementation, then use that annotation when injecting it.

Being the first generic framework for dependency injection using Java annotations in 2008, Guice won the 18th Jolt Award for best Library, Framework, or Component.

Google PowerMeter

Google PowerMeter was a software project of Google's philanthropic arm,, to help consumers track their home electricity usage. The development of the software was part of an effort by Google to invest in renewable energy, electricity grid upgrades, and other measures that would reduce greenhouse gas emissions. It was launched on October 5, 2009 and ended on September 16, 2011.The software was designed to record the user's electricity usage in near real-time. According to the company, if half of America's homes' energy use was cut by ten percent, it would equal the average energy used by eight million cars.It was hoped that this tool would raise the home-owner's awareness of how much energy they use and make users more energy efficient. PowerMeter was intended for use with smart meters able to track electricity usage in more detail than standard electric meters. According to Google, in 2009 there were approximately 40 million smart meters in use worldwide. By early 2009, approximately 7% of US homes had a smart meter installed.Some other types of electricity meters and in-home energy use displays could also be used with PowerMeter.

History of Google

The Google company was officially launched in 1998 by Larry Page and Sergey Brin to market Google Search, which has become the most used web-based search engine. Page and Brin, students at Stanford University in California, developed a search algorithm at first known as "BackRub" in 1996. The search engine soon proved successful and the expanding company moved several times, finally settling at Mountain View in 2003. This marked a phase of rapid growth, with the company making its initial public offering in 2004 and quickly becoming one of the world's largest media companies. The company launched Google News in 2002, Gmail in 2004, Google Maps in 2005, Google Chrome in 2008, and the social network known as Google+ in 2011, in addition to many other products. In 2015, Google became the main subsidiary of the holding company Alphabet Inc.

The search engine went through numerous updates in attempts to combat search engine optimization abuse, provide dynamic updating of results, and make the indexing system rapid and flexible. Search results started to be personalized in 2005, and later Google Suggest autocompletion was introduced. From 2007, Universal Search provided all types of content, not just text content, in search results.

Google has engaged in partnerships with NASA, AOL, Sun Microsystems, News Corporation, Sky UK, and others. The company set up a charitable offshoot,, in 2005. Google was involved in a 2006 legal dispute in the US over a court order to disclose URLs and search strings, and has been the subject of tax avoidance investigations in the UK.

The name Google is a variant of googol, chosen to suggest very large numbers.

Megan Smith

Megan J. Smith (born October 21, 1964) was the 3rd Chief Technology Officer of the United States (U.S. CTO) and Assistant to the President, serving under President Barack Obama. She was previously a vice president at Google, leading new business development at Google for nine years, was general manager of, a vice president at Google[x] and the former CEO of Planet Out. She serves on the boards of MIT and Vital Voices, was a member of the USAID Advisory Committee on Voluntary Aid and co-founded the Malala Fund. On September 4, 2014, she was named as the third (and first female) U.S. CTO, succeeding Todd Park, and serving until January, 2017.

Outline of Google

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Google:

Google – American multinational technology company specializing in Internet-related services and products that include online advertising technologies, search, cloud computing, software, and hardware.

P. K. Subban

Pernell-Karl Sylvester "P. K." Subban (born May 13, 1989) is a Canadian professional ice hockey defenceman for the Nashville Predators of the National Hockey League (NHL).

Subban was drafted by the Montreal Canadiens in the second round, 43rd overall, of the 2007 NHL Entry Draft. In 2013, he won the Norris Trophy as the NHL's top defenceman, and tied with Kris Letang as the leading scorer among defencemen. In the summer of 2014 he signed an eight-year, $72 million contract with the Canadiens, running through the 2021–22 season. After the 2015–16 season, Subban was dealt to Nashville in a highly publicized trade in exchange for Shea Weber.


RechargeIT is one of five initiatives within, the charitable arm of Google, created with the aim to reduce CO2 emissions, cut oil use, and stabilize the electrical grid by accelerating the adoption of plug-in electric vehicles.

Sergey Brin

Sergey Mikhaylovich Brin (Russian: Серге́й Миха́йлович Брин; born August 21, 1973) is an American computer scientist and Internet entrepreneur. Together with Larry Page, he co-founded Google. Brin is the president of Google's parent company Alphabet Inc. As of October 2018, Brin is the 13th-richest person in the world, with an estimated net worth of US$50.6 billion.Brin immigrated to the United States with his family from the Soviet Union at the age of 6. He earned his bachelor's degree at the University of Maryland, College Park, following in his father's and grandfather's footsteps by studying mathematics, as well as computer science. After graduation, he enrolled in Stanford University to acquire a PhD in computer science. There he met Page, with whom he built a web search engine. The program became popular at Stanford, and they suspended their PhD studies to start up Google in Susan Wojcicki's garage in Menlo Park.

Sheryl Sandberg

Sheryl Kara Sandberg (born August 28, 1969) is an American technology executive, activist, author, and billionaire. She is the chief operating officer (COO) of Facebook and founder of In June 2012, she was elected to Facebook's board of directors by the existing board members, becoming the first woman to serve on its board. Before she joined Facebook as its COO, Sandberg was vice president of global online sales and operations at Google, and was involved in launching Google's philanthropic arm Before Google, Sandberg served as chief of staff for United States Secretary of the Treasury Lawrence Summers.

In 2012, she was named in the Time 100, an annual list of the most influential people in the world according to Time magazine. As of June 2015, Sandberg is reported to be worth over US$1 billion, due to her stock holdings in Facebook and other companies.


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