Gonzalo Torrente Ballester

Gonzalo Torrente Ballester (June 13, 1910 – January 27, 1999) was a Spanish writer associated with the Generation of '36 movement.

Gonzalo Torrente Ballester
Photograph by Elisa Cabot (1982)
Photograph by Elisa Cabot (1982)
BornJune 13, 1910
Ferrol, Galicia, Spain
DiedJanuary 27, 1999 (aged 88)
Salamanca, Castile and León, Spain
OccupationWriter, novelist
Notable worksJavier Mariño
Don Juan


He was born in Serantes, Ferrol, Galicia, and received his first education there, subsequently attending the universities of Santiago de Compostela and Oviedo.

Although primarily a novelist, he also published journalism, essays, and plays. His career as a writer began in Oviedo, but developed largely in Madrid.

After moving around frequently in the later 1920s and early 1930s, including a period in Paris, he returned to Spain and linked himself to Franco's Falange party. He " was an enthusiaistic Falangist and Francoist idelologue".[1] His first novel, Javier Mariño, appeared in 1943, and he continued to publish novels almost until his death, receiving major prizes for some of them.

Inauguración escultura Torrente Ballester Víctor García de la Concha Café Novelty
The Presentation of a sculpture in honour of Torrente, at the Café Novelty, in Salamanca in 2000. From right to left, the director of The Royal Spanish Academy, Víctor García de la Concha,Torrente's widow, Fernanda, the author Carlos Casares and the sculptor Fernando Mayoral.

Despite his affiliation to the Falangists, from 1939, when he returned to Santiago to take up a university post, he increasingly distanced himself from the party. He joined in protests in favour of striking Asturian miners in 1962, and was expelled from his teaching post at the university as a result. In the mid-1960s he had a number of problems with government censors.

He left Spain for a post at the University at Albany, State University of New York in 1966, and remained there until 1973 as the University's first distinguished professor. In 1975 he moved to the city of Salamanca, where he remained until his death. After his return to Spain, he was increasingly celebrated: In 1975 he was elected member of the Real Academia Española, and was awarded the premier Spanish literary prize, the Cervantes Prize, in 1985.

Immediately after his death, the Fundación Gonzalo Torrente Ballester was set up to protect, study and disseminate his work.

List of novels

  • Javier Mariño (1943)
  • El golpe de estado de Guadalupe Limón (1946)
  • Ifigenia (1950)
  • Los Gozos y Las Sombras: El Señor llega (1957) - , Donde da la vuelta el aire (1960), La Pascua triste (1962). Novel prize of the Fundación Juan March
  • Don Juan (1963)
  • Off-Side (1968)
  • La Saga/Fuga de J.B. (1972) - Critics' Prize and City of Barcelona Prize
  • Fragmentos de Apocalipsis (1977)
  • La isla de los jacintos cortados (1980) - National Literature Prize
  • Dafne y ensueños (1982)
  • Quizá nos lleve el viento al infinito (1984)
  • La princesa durmiente va a la escuela (1985)
  • La rosa de los vientos (1985)
  • Yo no soy yo, evidentemente (1987)
  • Filomeno, a mi pesar (1988) - Planet Prize
  • Crónica del rey pasmado (1989)
  • Las islas extraordinarias (1991)
  • La muerte del decano (1992)
  • La novela de Pepe Ansúrez (1994)
  • La boda de Chon Recalde (1995)
  • Los años indecisos (1997)
  • Doménica (1999)


See also

University of Santiago de Compostela


  1. ^ unearthing Franco's Legacy, p.15

External links

  • Official site giving biographical and bibliographical material about Torrente Ballester and a good collection of images.
1999 in Spain

Events in the year 1999 in Spain.

Agustín Díaz Pacheco

Agustín Díaz Pacheco (born 1952, Tenerife) is a Spanish writer. He has received many prizes for his stories and novels.

His publications include Los nenúfares de piedra, stories, (Ángel Acosta First Prize for Narrative, 1981); La cadena de agua y otros cuentos (1984); El camarote de la memoria (Ángel Guerra Prize for Novel, 1986), edited by Cathedral Editorial (Madrid, 1987) and reedited in the collection Anthology of Canary Literature; La rotura indemne and La red, first prize for unanimity from the Competition of Canary Stories (1986); La mirada de plata, stories, 1991; Proa en nieblas, stories, Ediciones Baile del Sol, 2001 (Tenerife); Breves atajos, stories and short stories, Ediciones Baile del Sol, 2001 (Tenerife), and Línea de naufragio (First Prize for unanimity from the VIII Competition Ateneo de La Laguna-CajaCanarias, 2002), published by Ediciones El Toro de Barro, Madrid/Cuenca, 2003.

His texts appear in four anthologies of Canary Island authors, and his novel El camarote de la memoria was selected for the periodical Discoplay (Madrid, 1987), along with works from Salman Rushdie, Malcolm Lowry, Carmen Martín Gaite, Gonzalo Torrente Ballester, Ambrose Bierce and Adolfo Bioy Casares, and for the publication CrónicaLatinoamericana (Londres, 1996); El camarote de la memoria has been studied, like texts from Víctor Doreste, Víctor Ramírez, y J.J.Armas Marcelo, by the professor and essayist El Hadji Amadou Ndoye, who included the novel in his book Estudios sobre narrativa canaria.

His stories have been the object of studies in the curricula of some universities, such as the University of Georgia in the United States. He often contributes to cultural pages, supplements, and opinion articles. His work has been translated into French, Croatian, English, and German.


Ballester is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Antonio Ballester (died 1387), Archbishop of Athens, appointed by Pope Urban VI

Arturo Ballester Marco (1892–1981), Spanish artist and illustrator known for his Spanish Civil War posters

Bernabé Ballester (born 1982), Spanish footballer who plays as a central defender

Biel Ballester (born 1974), guitarist from Mallorca, Spain

Gonzalo Torrente Ballester (1910–1999), Spanish Galician writer in Spanish language

Inés Ballester (born 1958), Spanish journalist and presenter

Jean-François Ballester (born 1965), French figure skating coach

Jordi Carbonell i de Ballester (born 1924), Spanish politician and philologist

José Luis Ballester (sailor) (born 1968), Spanish sailor and Olympic Champion

José Luis Ballester (swimmer) (born 1969), former butterfly swimmer from Spain

Juan Ballester Carmenates (born 1966), Cuban painter

Lorenzo Campins y Ballester (1726–1785), Spanish born physician, founded formal studies of modern medicine in Venezuela

Manuel Ballester (born 1919), award-winning Spanish chemist

Manuel Méndez Ballester (1909–2002), writer who worked in journalism, radio broadcasting, television and teaching

Pierre Ballester (1959) is a French sports journalist

Simó Ballester (born 1457), nicknamed Simó Tort, leading figure in the social conflicts in Mallorca

Thomas Ballester (born 1987), American professional wrestler

Vicenç Albert Ballester (1872–1938), Spanish politician, Catalan nationalist, may be the designer of the "estelada"

Vicente Ballester (born 1980), former Spanish racing cyclist

Xaverio Ballester (Spanish transcription: Francisco Javier Ballester Gomez), Spanish linguist

Café Novelty

The Café Novelty (Coffeehouse Novelty) is the oldest café in the city of Salamanca (Spain), which was founded in 1905 and is situated in the main square of the city, Plaza Mayor de Salamanca. Its first owners were the García brothers. From the beginning of the Spanish Civil War to 1964 it was named Café Nacional. It was 4 times bigger than it is nowadays and it very soon became a favorite meeting place for writers, artists and politicians, due to its privileged position in the city.The most outstanding patrons of the Café Novelty are Miguel de Unamuno, the Spanish philosopher that organized the literary social gathering (tertulia), Ortega y Gasset, Antonio Tovar, Juan Benet, Pedro Laín Entralgo, Francisco Umbral, Carmen Martín Gaite, Gonzalo Torrente Ballester and Víctor García de la Concha.

At its tables, in 1923, Dionisio Ridruejo decided to found the Football Club of Salamanca, and also the Spanish National Radio, between 1936 and 1937.From 1999, with the help of the members of the cultural society of Salamanca, a magazine of the café, "Los papeles del Novelty", has been published.

Devil's Roundup

Devil's Roundup (Spanish:El cerco del diablo) is a 1952 Spanish drama film directed by Antonio del Amo, Enrique Gómez, Edgar Neville, José Antonio Nieves Conde and Arturo Ruiz Castillo.

Elena Santonja

María Elena Santonja Esquivias (29 May 1932 – 17 October 2016) was a Spanish TV presenter and occasional actress.

Furrows (film)

Furrows (Spanish: Surcos) is a 1951 Spanish film directed by José Antonio Nieves Conde, and written by him in collaboration with Gonzalo Torrente Ballester, Eugenio Montes, and Natividad Zaro. It provides an unsettling portrait of post-Civil War Madrid while caudillo Francisco Franco was in power.

Galician-language literature

Galician-language literature is the literature written in Galician. The earliest works in Galician language are from the early 13th-century trovadorismo tradition. In the Middle Ages, Galego-português (Galician-Portuguese) was a language of culture, poetry (troubadours) and religion throughout not only Galicia and Portugal but also Castile.

After the separation of Portuguese and Galician, Galician was considered provincial and was not widely used for literary or academic purposes. It was with the Rexurdimento ("Rebirth"), in the mid-19th century that Galician was used again in literature, and then in politics.

Much literature by Galician authors is written in Spanish, such as by Ignacio Ramonet or Gonzalo Torrente Ballester - though such writers tend to be excluded from discussion of Galician literature and counted as Spanish-language literature.Rosalia Castro de Murguía's Cantares Gallegos (1863; Galician Songs) was the first Galician-language book to be published in four centuries. Related to literature, Chano Pineiro's 1989 Sempre Xonxa (Forever a Woman) is regarded as the first Galician-language film. The intellectual group Xeración Nós, a name that alludes to the Irish Sinn Féin ("We Ourselves") promoted Galacian culture in the 1920s. Xeración Galaxia was established to translate modern texts that would link an independent Galician culture with the European context. The Galician translation of the Bible was begun in 1968 by Editorial SEPT and published in 1989.

Generation of '36

The Generation of '36 (Spanish: Generación del 36) is the name given to a group of Spanish artists, poets and playwrights who were working about the time of the Spanish Civil War (1936 and 1939).

The Generation of '36 was a literary movement that suffered harsh criticism and persecution that followed from the division of neighbors into winners and losers in the various battles of that struggle, as well as the physical hardships and moral miseries arising from social instability and political chaos. These were the ingredients that gave strength to their essentially existentialist philosophy.Ricardo Gullón listed some of the authors associated with this movement, since he was closely associated both as a contributor and literary critic of the genre.

Generation '36 membership criteria are not rigid, but the label provides a convenient portfolio of the cultural and literary style of the contemporary period, covering individual works, literary collections, magazines, journals newspapers, and other publications that document the experiences of creative people working during a difficult and frighting civil war.

List of Galician people

This is a list of famous Galician people.

Literature by Galician authors

The literature written by Galician authors has been developed in both Galician language literature and Spanish literature. The earliest works written in Galician language are from the early 13th-century trovadorismo tradition. In the Middle Ages, Galego-português (Galician-Portuguese) was a language of culture, poetry (troubadours) and religion throughout not only Galicia and Portugal but also Castile.

After the separation of Portuguese and Galician, Galician was considered provincial and was not widely used for literary or academic purposes. It was with the Rexurdimento ("Rebirth"), in the mid-19th century that Galician was used again in literature, and then in politics.

Milagros Frías

Milagros Frías (born 1955) is a Spanish writer, journalist and literary reviewer. She was born in Jerez de los Caballeros, Spain.

Night Arrival

Night Arrival (Spanish:Llegada de noche) is a 1949 Spanish crime film directed by José Antonio Nieves Conde and starring Adriana Benetti, Manolo Fábregas and Pedro Maratea.

Premio Azorín

The Premio Azorín de Novela (Azorín Prize for Best Novel) is one of the most important literary awards for works written in the Spanish language. It was created in 1994, by the Spanish provincial government (diputación) of Alicante together with Editorial Planeta (Planeta Publishing House).

The prize honors one of the finest Spanish writers of the so-called "Generation of 98", José Augusto Trinidad Martínez Ruíz (1873-1967), who used to signs his works under the pseudonym of Azorín.

The prize is given annually to a non-published and original novel, whose author receives 68.000 € (some 93.000 dollars). As part of the prize, Planeta publishes the awarded novel.

Rebellion (1954 film)

Rebellion (Spanish:Rebeldía, German:Duell der Herzen) is a 1954 Spanish-German drama film directed by José Antonio Nieves Conde and starring Delia Garcés, Fernando Fernán Gómez and Volker von Collande.

The Dumbfounded King

El rey pasmado (English: The Dumbfounded King) is a 1991 French-Portuguese-Spanish comedy-historical film directed by Imanol Uribe and written by Joan Potau and Gonzalo Torrente Ballester. The screenplay was based on Torrente's novel Crónica del rey pasmado.


Torrente may refer to:

Torrent (stream) (Italian torrente), a stream or fairly small river with a markedly high seasonal variation in its flow

Torrente (fashion house), a Parisian haute couture fashion house; current creative director Julien Fournié

"El Torrente", a song by Minus the Bear from the 2005 album Menos el Oso

Torrente (music), a harmonic and rhythmic pattern in traditional Panamanian music

Torrente de Cinca, a municipality located in the province of Huesca, Aragon, Spain

Torrent, Valencia, a municipality located in the province of Valencia, Spain

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