Gondia

Gondia (also spelled Gondiya) is a city in the state of Maharashtra in Central India which serves the administrative headquarters of the eponymous administrative district.[2] Gondia is also known as "Rice City" due to the abundance of rice mills in the area.[3]

Gondia is very close to the state of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, and is considered the gateway to Maharashtra from Central and Eastern India. The city has the a railway junction and is also notable for its historic airport. Gondia municipality was established in 1920 At that time Gondiya had only 10 wards population upto 20000 & Area of 8.5 sqkm. At present Gondiya have 42 wards, as well as population nearing upto 2 lacs. The urbanization has crossed municipal limits merging into nearby villages like , Kudwa, katangi, fulchur, Nagra, karanja, Murri, pindkepar, & khamari, Ministry of urban DEVLOPMENT has recently announced to merge 16 nearby villages into Gondiya city , to give status of Municipal corporation, That will make cities population upto 3 lacs. This will boost the development of the city more rapidly.

Gondia
Gondiya
City
Nickname(s): Rice City
Gondia is located in Maharashtra
Gondia
Gondia
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 21°27′35″N 80°11′42″E / 21.4598°N 80.195°ECoordinates: 21°27′35″N 80°11′42″E / 21.4598°N 80.195°E
Country India
State Maharashtra
District Gondia
Government
 • Type Local
 • Body Municipal Council
Area
 • Total 30 km2 (10 sq mi)
Elevationd 300 m (1,000 ft)
Population (2011)[1] (urban agglomeration ≈ 180,000)
 • Total 132,821
 • Rank 354
 • Density 4,400/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
Language
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 441601,441614
Telephone code +91-07182
Vehicle registration MH-35
Sex ratio 991 per 1000 male. /
Website gondia.nic.in

History

The region is named after the Gondi people, an Adivasi group in Central India. It was at one point ruled by the Mughal Empire.

During British rule in India, the Great Famine of 1876–78 provided an opportunity for the construction of a 150-kilometre-long (93 mi) metre-gauge rail link called the Nagpur Chhattisgarh Railway, connecting Nagpur with Rajnandgaon. Gondia railway station was created when this line began operation in December 1888. Bengal Nagpur Railway (BNR) was formed in 1887 to upgrade and extend this line, and in 1902 BNR was contracted to provide a railway line from Gondia to Jabalpur with branches from Nainpur to Mandla as well as Nainpur to Seoni and Chhindwara. With these links and the commerce they brought, Gondia grew and prospered.[4]

Economy

The city has a large number of rice mills and some small-scale tobacco industries as well.

Climate

Climate data for Gondia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27.6
(81.7)
31.1
(88)
35.2
(95.4)
39.0
(102.2)
42.1
(107.8)
38.1
(100.6)
30.5
(86.9)
29.9
(85.8)
30.8
(87.4)
31.0
(87.8)
29.3
(84.7)
27.9
(82.2)
32.7
(90.9)
Average low °C (°F) 13.3
(55.9)
15.4
(59.7)
19.6
(67.3)
24.6
(76.3)
28.9
(84)
27.4
(81.3)
24.3
(75.7)
24.1
(75.4)
23.9
(75)
21.2
(70.2)
15.2
(59.4)
12.9
(55.2)
20.9
(69.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 18.0
(0.709)
30.7
(1.209)
16.0
(0.63)
16.0
(0.63)
13.7
(0.539)
219.2
(8.63)
503.9
(19.839)
443.5
(17.461)
222.3
(8.752)
66.5
(2.618)
22.9
(0.902)
5.8
(0.228)
1,578.5
(62.147)
Source: Government of Maharashtra

Transport

Road

Nehruchowk flyover.jpeg
Flyover in Gondia

Rail

Gondia map
Gondia rail routes

Gondia Junction railway station is a junction in Maharashtra, with heavy passenger and goods traffic. It is an A-Grade station.

It lies on the Howrah–Mumbai route. The station has seven platforms, each with potable water, tea stalls, benches and waiting sheds. There is also a fruit stall and a bookstall. The station is equipped with air-conditioned waiting rooms for passengers travelling by upper accommodation classes and a waiting hall for passengers travelling by lower accommodation classes.

The Gondia–Jabalpur Junction (Madhya Pradesh) section of South East Central Railway runs north–south, along the valley of the Wainganga River. The line was formerly narrow gauge (762 mm [2 ft 6 in]) along its entire length, but the section between Gondia and Balaghat was converted to broad gauge in 2005–2006,[5] connecting Balaghat to India's national broad-gauge network. Work is underway to convert the Balaghat–Jabalpur section to broad gauge as well.

Railway milestones for Gondia include:

  • 1888 – Gondia Railway Station was opened to the public.
  • 1901 – Satpura Express began first class service.
  • 1903 – The first portion of Gondia–Nainpur was opened.
  • 1905 – Nainpur–Gondia line was extended to Jabalpur.
  • 1908 – Gondia–Nagbhir–Nagpur line was opened for traffic. Mr. Manson was agent of BNR at that time.
  • 1990-91 – Paniajob–Gondia and Gondia–Bhandara Road sections were electrified.[6]
  • 1999 – Gauge-converted Gondia–Balharshah line opened.
  • 2005 – Gauge-converted Gondia–Balaghat section opened.

Airport

Gondia Airport is situated near Kamtha Village, 12 km (7.5 mi) from Gondia City. This airstrip was built by the British in 1940, during World War II.[7] Initially run by the Public Works Department, it was taken over by the state-owned Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC) from August 1998[8] to December 2005, after which it has been operated by the Airports Authority of India (AAI). The airport's runway has been extended to 2,300 metres (7,500 ft) to accommodate Airbus A-320, Boeing 737 and similar aircraft.[9]

Education

  • M.I.E.T. College (Engineering)
  • D.B. Science College, Gondia
  • N.M.D. College, Gondia
  • Government Medical College, Gondia
  • govt. Polytechnic college, gondia
  • govt. ITI gondia
  • Gurunanak school and junior college,gondia

References

  1. ^ "Gondiya (Gondia) District Population Census 2011, Maharashtra literacy sex ratio and density". Census2011.co.in. Retrieved 2014-08-23.
  2. ^ "गोंदिया संकेतस्थळ". gondia.nic.in. Retrieved 2018-01-19.
  3. ^ "Gondia District Map". www.mapsofindia.com. 2013-04-25. Retrieved 2018-01-19.
  4. ^ "The Roaring Journey" (PDF). secr.indianrailways.gov.in.
  5. ^ Railway Gazette International Supplement December 2007 p7
  6. ^ "History of Electrification". IRFCA. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  7. ^ "Airstrips in Maharashtra". Maharashtra Public Works Department. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
  8. ^ "MIDC airports". Archived from the original on 28 March 2012. Retrieved 30 January 2012.
  9. ^ "Akola, Gondia next aviation hot spots". Times of India. 27 November 2007. Retrieved 30 January 2012.

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