Gonda district

Gonda district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh, India. The city of Gonda is the district headquarters, and also the administrative centre for the Devipatan Division.

With an area of 3,404 square kilometres (1,314 sq mi), Gonda has borders with Shrawasti district to the north, Balrampur and Siddharthnagar districts to the northeast, Basti district to the east, Faizabad district to the south, Bara Banki district to the southwest, and Bahraich district to the northwest. The district lies between 26° 47' and 27° 20' north latitude and 81° 30' and 82° 46' east longitude.

Gonda district
Location of Gonda district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Gonda district in Uttar Pradesh
CountryIndia
StateUttar Pradesh
Administrative divisionDevipatan
HeadquartersGonda, Uttar Pradesh
Tehsils4
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesGonda
 • Assembly seats8
Area
 • Total3,404 km2 (1,314 sq mi)
Population
(2011)
 • Total3,433,919
 • Density1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy58.71%
 • Sex ratio921
Major highways1
WebsiteOfficial website

History

Mulagandhakuti
Mulagandhakuti. The remains of Buddha's hut in Jetavana Monastery, Sravasti in Gonda Division

The territory covered by the present district of Gonda formed part of the ancient Kosala Kingdom. After the going of lord Rama, the celebrated sovereign of the Solar line who ruled Kosala, the kingdom was divided into two portions defined by the Ghaghara river. The northern portion was then ruled by his son, Lava with the city of Sravasti as his capital.[1]

More recently, ancient Buddhist remains dating to the early days of Buddhism have been found throughout the region, including at Sravasti.[2]

Gonda played a significant part in the Indian struggle for independence, with many people from the region actively involved: including Maharaja Aksh Valmikan, who escaped to Nepal,[3] freedom fighters like Sh. Chandra Shekhar Azad took shelter in the district, and Rajendra Lahiri was incarcerated and hanged in the Gonda Jail. India's 5th president Hon'ble Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed was also educated at the Government High School in Gonda district.

In more recent times, the district received media attention throughout India due to the protracted court case surrounding the murder of 13 people known as the 1982 Gonda Encounter.[4][5]

Industry

There are several sugar mills, rice mills and many other small industries and handicraft industry. One of the India's six Indian Telephone Industries is situated at Mankapur, and the largest sugar mill in India is situated at Kundarkhi.[6]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Gonda one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[7] It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[7]

Demographics

Population

According to the 2011 census Gonda district has a population of 3,433,919,[8] roughly equal to the nation of Panama[9] or the US state of Connecticut.[10] This gives it a ranking of 95th in India (out of a total of 640).[8] The district has a population density of 857 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,220/sq mi).[8] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 24.17%,[8] higher than the average of Uttar Pradesh (20.09%). Gonda has a sex ratio of 921 females for every 1000 males,[8] and a sex ratio among children 0–6 years old of 926, both higher than the state average (908 and 899 respectively).

The human development index of the Gonda district is very low.[11]

Languages

Languages spoken in the district include Awadhi, a tongue of the Hindi continuum spoken by over 38 million people, mainly in the Awadh region;[12] and Hindi.

Education

The literacy rate is 58.71%,[8] much behind the state average (69.72%). The backwardness of the region and slow developmental rate is clearly reflected by literacy gap (male to female) of 23.10% in the district as compared to 19.98% gap for the state.[13]

The government of India has created a special scheme for such district through the backward region grant fund. Gonda is one of the recipients of this fund. The primary schools of Gonda District are functioning well, which provides a path to raising the education standard of the district.[14]

Degree colleges

All colleges of Gonda are affiliated with Faizabad University.

  • Meena Shah Degree College - First Regular Profession Degree College of Gonda City.
  • Generation Next Place For Computer Education Gonda City.
  • Baba Gayadeen Vaidya Babu Ram Mahavidyalaya[15]
  • Baikunth Nath Mahavidyalaya[16]
  • Bhagirathi Singh Memorial Mahavidyalaya, Sahibapur, Gonda[17]
  • Chandra Shekhar Shyamraji Mahavidyalaya[18]
  • Dashrath Singh Memorial Mahavidyalay[19]
  • Dr. Bheem Rao Ambedkar Mahavidyalaya[20]
  • Hakikullah Chaudhary Mahavidyalaya[21]
  • Jagdamba Sharan Singh Educational Institute[22]
  • Kamta Prasad Mathura Prasad Janta Mahavidyalaya[23]
  • Kisan Degree College[24]
  • L.B.S. Mahavidyalaya[25] (in Gonda town)
  • Lakhan Lal Sharan Singh Mahavidyalaya[26]
  • Maa Gayatri Ram Sukh Pandey Mahavidyalaya[27]
  • Mahakavi Tulsidas Mahavidyalaya[28]
  • Nandini Nagar Mahavidyalaya[29] Nawabgang
  • Nandini Nagar Vidhi Mahavidyalaya[30] Nawabgang
  • Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gramoday Mahavidyalaya[31]
  • Pt. Jag Narain Shukla Gramoday Mahavidyalaya[32]
  • Pt. Ram Dutt Shukla Mahavidyalaya[33]
  • Raghoram Diwakar Dutt Gyanoday Mahavidyalaya[34]
  • Raja Raghuraj Singh Mahavidyalaya[35] Mankapur
  • Ram Nath Memorial Mahavidyalaya[36]
  • Ravindra Singh Memorial Mahavidyalaya[37]
  • Saraswati Devi Nari Gyansthali Mahavidyalaya[38] (in Gonda town)
  • Sardar Mohar Singh Memorial Mahila Mahavidyalaya[39] Mankapur
  • Saryu Degree College[40] situated in tehshil Colonelganj of Gonda district.
  • Smt. J. Devi Mahila Mahavidyalaya[41]
  • Sri Raghukul Mahila Vidyapeeth[42] (in gonda town)
  • Subhash Chandra Bose Memorial Mahavidyalaya[43]

Vipin Bihari Sharan Singh Mahavidyalaya Tarabganj Gonda India

  • Guru Vashishth Mahavidyalaya Mankapur GONDA [www.gvmv.edu.in]

Public Health

Gonda has 15 hospitals, 27 Ayurvedic hospitals, 11 Homeopathic hospitals and 2 Unani hospitals, in addition to 66 Government Primary Health Centres. Gonda is one of the districts in the list of top 100 districts in order of Infant Mortality Rate in 2011 census data. It also comes in the top 57 districts with the highest maternal mortality rate[44]

Gonda has also been listed as the dirtiest city in India according to the Swachh Sarvekshan 2017.[45]

References

  1. ^ Gonda District at The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1908, v. 12, p. 312.
  2. ^ "Excavations at Sravasti". IndiaDivine.org.
  3. ^ 1857:The Oral Tradition, Pankaj Rag, Rupa Publication,2010
  4. ^ http://www.dailypioneer.com/nation/3-cops-get-death-5-life-term-for-gonda-fake-encounter.html
  5. ^ http://www.apnnews.com/2013/04/05/3-cops-gets-death-5-get-life-in-gonda-fake-encounter-case/
  6. ^ Official Site Archived 9 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  8. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  9. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Panama 3,460,462 July 2011 est.
  10. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Connecticut 3,574,097
  11. ^ Planning commission release
  12. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Awadhi: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
  13. ^ Provisional Population Totals Paper 2 of 2011 - Uttar Pradesh
  14. ^ "Press information release". pib.nic.in.
  15. ^ [1]
  16. ^ "Baikunth Nath Mahavidyalaya, Hujoorpur Road, Colonelganj, Gonda (U.P.)". www.baikunthnathcollege.org.in.
  17. ^ [2]
  18. ^ [3]
  19. ^ [4]
  20. ^ [5]
  21. ^ "Haqiqullah Chaudhary Mahavidyalaya, Gharighat,Gonda (U.P.), India". www.hccollege.org.in.
  22. ^ "Jssi.org.in". www.jssi.org.in.
  23. ^ "Welcome kpmpjdc.org - Hostmonster.com". www.kpmpjdc.org.
  24. ^ [6]
  25. ^ "Lal Bahadur Shastri Post Graduate College, Gonda (Awadh), (U.P.) India". www.lbspgcollege.org.in.
  26. ^ [7]
  27. ^ [8]
  28. ^ [9]
  29. ^ "NANDINI NAGAR MAHAVIDYALAY". www.nnmv.org.in.
  30. ^ [10]
  31. ^ [11]
  32. ^ [12]
  33. ^ [13]
  34. ^ [14]
  35. ^ [15]
  36. ^ "S R S College". www.srscollege.com.
  37. ^ [16]
  38. ^ [17]
  39. ^ [18]
  40. ^ [19]
  41. ^ [20]
  42. ^ [21]
  43. ^ [22]
  44. ^ "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India". www.censusindia.gov.in.
  45. ^ "India's 'dirtiest city' Gonda ranks bottom in Swachh Bharat survey". hindustantimes.com/. 2017-05-04. Retrieved 2017-07-17.

External links

Coordinates: 27°15′N 82°00′E / 27.250°N 82.000°E

Beni Prasad Verma

Beni Prasad Verma (born 11 February 1941) is an Indian politician and presently a member of the Samajwadi Party. Earlier he was with Samajwadi Party of Mulayam Singh Yadav, before leaving to join the Indian National Congress.

Chhapaiya

Chhapaiya is a village in Gonda District in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, about 50 km from the district headquarters of Gonda, and 40 km from Ayodhya.

Colonelganj

Colonelganj is a town and a municipal board in Gonda district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India.

Colonelganj (Assembly constituency)

Colonelganj is a constituency of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly covering the city of Colonelganj in the Gonda district of Uttar Pradesh, India.

Colonelganj is one of five assembly constituencies in the Kaiserganj (Lok Sabha constituency). Since 2008, this assembly constituency is numbered 298 amongst 403 constituencies.

Currently this seat belongs to Bharatiya Janta Party candidate Ajay Pratap Singh who won in last Assembly election of 2017 Uttar Pradesh Lagislative Elections defeating Samajwadi Party candidate Yogesh Pratap Singh by a margin of 28,405 votes.

Gaura (Assembly constituency)

Gaura is a constituency of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly covering the city of Gaura in the Gonda district of Uttar Pradesh, India.

Gaura is one of five assembly constituencies in the Gonda (Lok Sabha constituency) Since 2008, this assembly constituency is numbered 301 amongst 403 constituencies.

Currently this seat belongs to Bharatiya Janta Party candidate Prabhat Verma who won in last Assembly election of 2017 Uttar Pradesh Lagislative Elections defeating Samajwadi Party candidate Ram Pratap Singh by a margin of 29,855 votes.

Gonda, Uttar Pradesh

Gonda is a city and municipal board of Gonda district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is situated 120 km north east of the state capital Lucknow. Gonda is divided into four tehsils named Gonda, Colonelganj, Tarabganj and Mankapur.

Gonda (Assembly constituency)

Gonda is a constituency of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly covering the city of Gonda in the Gonda district of Uttar Pradesh, India.

Gonda is one of five assembly constituencies in the Gonda (Lok Sabha constituency) Since 2008, this assembly constituency is numbered 296 amongst 403 constituencies.

Currently this seat belongs to Bharatiya Janta Party candidate Prateek Bhushan Singh who won in last Assembly election of 2017 Uttar Pradesh Lagislative Elections defeating Bahujan Samaj Party candidate Mohd. Jaleel Khan by a margin of 11,678 votes.

Gonda (Lok Sabha constituency)

Gonda Lok Sabha constituency (Hindi: गोंडा लोक सभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of the 80 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Uttar Pradesh state in northern India.

Gonda Junction railway station

Gonda Junction railway station is a very big railway station in Devi Patan Mandal, Gonda district, Uttar Pradesh. Its code is GD. It serves Gonda city. The station consists of five platforms.

It has good connectivity via roadways. It has various facilities like escalator, elevator, Free wi-fi,ATVM, Dormitory, Parking and drinking water.

Katra, Gonda

Katra is a town and a nagar panchayat in Gonda district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

Katra Bazar (Assembly constituency)

Katra Bazar is a constituency of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly covering the city of Katra Bazar in the Gonda district of Uttar Pradesh, India.

Katra Bazar is one of five assembly constituencies in the Kaiserganj (Lok Sabha constituency). Since 2008, this assembly constituency is numbered 297 amongst 403 constituencies.

Currently this seat belongs to Bharatiya Janta Party candidate Bawan Singh who won in last Assembly election of 2017 Uttar Pradesh Lagislative Elections defeating Samajwadi Party candidate Baij Nath by a margin of 30,811 votes.

Khargupur

Khargupur is a town and a nagar panchayat in Gonda district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

Mankapur

Mankapur is a town and a nagar panchayat in Gonda district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is a constituency of Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly It has Gonda to its west, Rehra in its north, Maskanawa in the east and Nawabganj in the south. The birthplace of Rama, Ayodhya, is 37 km from Mankapur in south and well connected by rail and road network.

The main marketplace there is the Mankapur Chauk. A major establishment there is the Indian Telephone Industries (ITI), which is a major source of employment in the region. The ITI Ltd has set up a self-sufficient township in Mankapur where all the employees live and work within the campus.one of the famous temple of mankapur van devi kali hatti mandir.

Mankapur (Assembly constituency)

Mankapur is a constituency of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly covering the city of Mankapur in the Gonda district of Uttar Pradesh, India.

Mankapur is one of five assembly constituencies in the Gonda (Lok Sabha constituency) Since 2008, this assembly constituency is numbered 300 amongst 403 constituencies.

Currently this seat belongs to Bharatiya Janta Party candidate Ramapati Shastri who won in last Assembly election of 2017 Uttar Pradesh Lagislative Elections defeating Bahujan Samaj Party candidate Ramesh Chandra by a margin of 60,161 votes.

Maskanwa

Maskanwa, also known as Khale Gaon, is a village located in the Gonda District of Uttar Pradesh, India. The village is also known as Maskanwa Bazar. There is a MSW/Maskanwa Indian Railway station here.

Mehnaun (Assembly constituency)

Mehnaun is a constituency of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly covering the city of Mehnaun in the Gonda district of Uttar Pradesh, India.

Mehnaun is one of five assembly constituencies in the Gonda (Lok Sabha constituency) Since 2008, this assembly constituency is numbered 295 amongst 403 constituencies.

Currently this seat belongs to Bharatiya Janta Party candidate Vinay Kumar who won in last Assembly election of 2017 Uttar Pradesh Lagislative Elections defeating Bahujan Samaj Party candidate Arshad Ali Khan by a margin of 36,378 votes.

Rajwapur

Rajwapur is a village in Gonda district, Uttar Pradesh.

Raniganj, Uttar Pradesh

Raniganj is a village in Gonda district of Uttar Pradesh state of India.

Located along National Highway 231, Raniganj is also a junction railway station on the Indian Railway system.

Tarabganj (Assembly constituency)

Tarabganj is a constituency of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly covering the city of Tarabganj in the Gonda district of Uttar Pradesh, India.

Tarabganj is one of five assembly constituencies in the Kaiserganj (Lok Sabha constituency). Since 2008, this assembly constituency is numbered 299 amongst 403 constituencies.

Currently this seat belongs to Bharatiya Janta Party candidate Prem Narayan Pandey who won in last Assembly election of 2017 Uttar Pradesh Legislative Elections defeating Samajwadi Party candidate Vinod Kumar by a margin of 38,442 votes.

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