Gomoh

Gomoh is a census town in Topchanchi CD Block in Dhanbad district in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It has a major railway junction (renamed as Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Gomoh railway station on 23 January 2009) situated on the Grand Chord Line under Dhanbad division of the East Central Railway. Gomoh is the meeting point for trains coming from Howrah (Eastern Railway), Ranchi/Bokaro (South Eastern Railway) and Puri/Bhubaneswar (East CoastRailway).

Gomoh
Census Town
Gomoh is located in Jharkhand
Gomoh
Gomoh
Location in Jharkhand, India
Gomoh is located in India
Gomoh
Gomoh
Gomoh (India)
Coordinates: 23°52′N 86°10′E / 23.87°N 86.17°ECoordinates: 23°52′N 86°10′E / 23.87°N 86.17°E
Country India
StateJharkhand
DistrictDhanbad
CD blockTopchanchi
Elevation
245 m (804 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total31,495
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, Urdu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
828401
Telephone code0326
Vehicle registrationJH-10
Lok Sabha constituencyGiridih
Vidhan Sabha constituencyTundi

History

Gomoh is also known for its historical importance. From here, on his great escape, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose caught Howrah-Kalka Mail (then known as 63UP Howrah-Peshawar Express) on 18 January 1941. There is a statue of Netaji right between the platform no. 1 & 2 at Gomoh railway station which reminds people of his historic halt. Every year on 23 January, the railway employees and the people of this town organize a small cultural program to celebrate Netaji's birthday.

People of this town organize a week-long fair in Railway Football Ground starting from 11 March every year in remembrance of the assassinated 'Labour Leader' Sadanand Jha. There are two big playgrounds in Gomoh.

Geography

Gomoh is located at 23°52′N 86°10′E / 23.87°N 86.17°E.[1] It has an average elevation of 245 metres (803 feet). Gomoh is a largely dust free area (unlike very polluted surroundings owing to numerous coal mines) with lots of small hills surrounding it.

Demographics

As per 2011 Census of India Gomoh had a population of 31,495, of which 16,443 males and 15,052 females. Scheduled Castes numbered 3,998 and Scheduled Tribes numbered 943.[2]

As of 2001 India census,[3] Gomoh had a population of 28,576. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Gomoh has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 78%, and female literacy is 60%. In Gomoh, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Literacy

As per 2011 census, the total number of literates in Gomoh was 23,233 out of which 13,034 were males and 10,199 were females.[2]

Social structure

Gomoh consists of people from diverse religious and professional backgrounds. The major role in development of Gomoh was of Netaji. For the peoples living in Gomoh there are many problems like lack of education,worst electricity supply and many more. Religious diversity is the hallmark of Gomoh. A number of Anglo-Indians can be found here since the British era as a result of which Christians are here from a long time. The Sikh community settled here before Independence as businessmen. A gurudwara at Loco Bazar is visited by many Sikhs from surrounding areas every day. Bengalis form a large part of the population and have contributed largely to the culture of this place. However, their population has been dwindling for the last few decades. On Durga Puja one can get a glimpse of Kolkata in Gomoh, especially at Durga Para, which is home to the oldest Durge Puja in the area. Muslims also contribute substantially to the population and culture of this region. There is also a masjid and a madarsa at Purana Bazar and a Jama Masjid at Loco Bazar. Id-Gah and graveyard of Muslims is in Laludih area.

A majority of the people are railway employees (different grades) since Gomoh is a railway-based town. These people do not belong to the city but got transferred from different parts of the country. After retirement, a good number of these employees choose to settle down in Gomoh giving rise to the population of the city. There is a strong business class also in Gomoh. Businesses ranging from food grain wholesaling to clothes & apparel to building material (cement, bricks, iron rods etc.) to confectionery & bakery products etc. can be found. Though Marwaris are dominating the business scenario, one can find the representation of all the religious groups. Some people are also engaged in agriculture, growing certain cereals and vegetables.

Main festivals celebrated include Durga Puja (Dussehra), Dipawali, Holi, Chatth Puja, Id, Gurunanak Birthday, Christmas, etc.

Education

As Gomoh is a small town, only a few educational institutes up to the Secondary level exist. Notable among them is the St. Mary's Day School, a prominent institute up to Standard X started by the late William Spencer Easton (popularly known as William Sir). This school alone has produced many talented and notable people from the Gomoh area. There are some more CBSE schools up to Standard X such as Blossom Public School and Guru Nanak Public School. There are other high schools which are affiliated to Jharkhand Academic Council(JAC) i.e. Azaad Hind High School, Bishop Rockey High School & St. John de Brito High School. The Kendriya Vidyalaya Gomoh K.V. Gomoh is a school managed by the Railways.

One more thing which is particularly noticeable is that this small town has a school separately devoted to girls known as Girls High School. May be this is why girl literacy is greater here than many prominent cities of Jharkhand & also national girl literacy rate.

Pandit Nehru Memorial (PNM) College caters to graduation level studies. However, these facilities are not sufficient since students have started taking up various specialized courses in diversified fields. For all such advanced courses students from this area either depend on Bokaro Steel City (33 km) or Dhanbad (20 km) or go to any metro city. A lot of students have shown their thread of talent in Olympics, National-level sports, quiz & talent shows. Many youngsters from this place have even participated in various events abroad. For junior kids, a good school exists at Jeetpur, Nurture kindergarten Play School.

Healthcare

Healthcare facilities are also grossly inadequate. Even to this date Gomoh lacks a good doctor as well as a nursing home. Though there are some government and private nursing homes, they fail to provide even the most basic treatment. The medical units operating in the area are:

  1. PHC Gomoh at Jitpur
  2. Railway Hospital (set up by railways for its employees, they also cater to non-railway patients unofficially)
  3. A few other privately run small clinics

References

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Gomoh
  2. ^ a b "2011 Census C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". Jharkhand – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 21 December 2015.
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
Adra Junction railway station

Adra railway station serves Adra town, and also serves the industrial city of Raghunathpur and Kashipur in Purulia district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Adra Junction is the main terminal station of Raghunathpur industrial area of the Purulia district. Adra Junction is a gateway to the famous tourist spots of Purulia district like Joychandi Pahar (Famous tourist spot and well known as shooting spot of Satyajit Ray's 'Hirok Rajar Deshe'), Kashipur Raj Palace, Swarn Jayanti Park(Saheb Bandh Adra), Panchkot, Baranti, Telkupi, and Chota Nagpur Hill's range.

It is an important junction station, with railway tracks from different directions meeting at Adra. It is also the station serving one of the divisional headquarters of SER that is Adra. It is one of the busiest station in the entire division and handle a huge passenger and freight train traffic in a day.

Asansol–Gaya section

The Asansol–Gaya section is a railway line connecting Asansol and Gaya in India. This 267-kilometre long (166 mi) track is part of the Grand Chord, Howrah-Gaya-Delhi line and Howrah-Allahabad-Mumbai line. This section includes the NSC Bose Gomoh-Barkakana line. It is under the jurisdiction of Eastern Railway and East Central Railway. The section links to South Eastern Railway through Bokaro Steel City and Adra.

Asansol–Tatanagar–Kharagpur line

The Asansol–Adra-Tatanagar–Kharagpur line is part of Howrah and eastern India's links with Mumbai and Chennai. It is also a major freight line for transporting iron ore, coal and steel products. This page includes the Adra-Gomoh branch line and Tatanagar-Badampahar branch lines.

Barkakana Junction railway station

Barkakana railway station serves Barkakana and the surrounding coal mining areas in Ramgarh district in the Indian state of Jharkhand.

Bhojudih railway station

Bhojudih is a railway station on the Adra-Netaji SC Bose Gomoh branch line, just south of the Damodar and links to Sudamdih, north of the Damodar, and on the Railways in Jharia Coalfield. It is located in Bokaro district in the Indian state of Jharkhand.

Bokaro Steel City railway station

Bokaro Steel City is a railway station on the Gomoh-Muri branch line and Adra-Bokaro Steel City branch line under Adra division of South Eastern Railways. It is located in Bokaro district in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It lies at the edge of Jharia Coalfield and serves Bokaro Steel City, and the surrounding mining-industrial area.

Chandrapura Junction railway station

Chandrapura is a railway junction station at the junction of Gomoh-Barkakana branch line and Chandrapura-Muri branch line mainly a part of Railways in Jharia Coalfield. It is located in Bokaro district in the Indian state of Jharkhand.

Chopan railway station

Chopan railway station is a main railway station in Sonbhadra district, Uttar Pradesh. Its code is CPU. It serves Chopan town. The station consists of three platforms. The platforms are not well sheltered. It lacks many facilities including water and sanitation.The city is connected by rail to Delhi, Allahabad, Ranchi, Gomoh, Singrauli, Mirzapur and Katni.

Dhanbad Junction railway station

Dhanbad Junction Railway Station, station code DHN, is a railway station of the Indian railway serving the city of Dhanbad, the headquarters of Dhanbad district in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It is the largest railway station in Jharkhand, handling over 100 trains and 100,000+ passengers every day. Dhanbad is also the headquarters of the Dhanbad Rail Division of the East Central Railway zone. Grand Chord rail-line that connects Howrah and New Delhi passes through Dhanbad junction. Dhanbad is located at 23°47′32″N 86°25′42″E. It has an elevation of 235 metres (771 ft).

One of the largest and busiest railway junctions, it is arguably the most important station on the Grand Chord. In fact Dhanbad is the junction at which the Grand Chord really diverges from the CIC section. CIC rail line starts from Dhanbad and ends at Singrauli in Madhya Pradesh. Besides the CIC section there was a direct line to Ranchi which goes through Bokaro and Chandrapura. Most trains bound for Ranchi take this route. Dhanbad has a rail connectivity with the other major parts of the country such as Kolkata, Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, Kochi, Indore, Bhopal, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Jaipur, Nagpur, Pune, Guwahati, Jamshedpur, Daltonganj etc. Another rail line passing through the district, starts at Kharagpur and ends at Gomoh, this rail line comes under South Eastern Railway. Dhanbad is connected with most of the states through rail network. Every train passing through Dhanbad has a stop here.This Station is facing a serious problem of connectivity. And losing its importance after closure of Dhanbad-Chandrapura rail line. Platform 6-7 is fading away now. but Mahuda Junction is just 19 km by road become the substitution for Dhanbad and nearby places for different trains after closure of Chandrapura Dhanbad line.

There used to be another railway line from Dhanbad connecting it to Jharia and Pathardih. The line used to intersect the CIC section, requiring a Diamond Crossing. Now that the line has been dis-mantled, the Diamond Crossing is no longer operational.

Previously when there were much less trains from Ranchi and adjoining areas, Dhanbad along with Tatanagar railway station served as the main railway stations for the entire state of Jharkhand.

Dhanbad–Chandrapura line

It was initially started as Dhanbad Katras rail line and was extended upto Chandrapura in 1930. The first train in this route ran from Dhanbad to Katrasgarh.Dhanbad–Chandrapura line was a railway passing through Railways in Jharia Coalfield lying between the Dhanbad line on the north and the Chandrapura in the south.

The rail line was laid late nineteenth century by extending the Grand Chord to Katrasgarh via Dhanbad in 1894. This line was opened in 1930.

The Netaji SC Bose Gomoh-Chandrapura-Dhanbad sector was electrified in 1986–87.

The line closed due to a mine fire had reached tracks, thus making it unsafe for use. The railway also suspended good traffic on the line which has nine loading side of Bharat Coking Coal Limited.

Diesel Loco Shed, Samastipur

Diesel Loco Shed, Samastipur is an engine shed located in Samastipur, in the Indian state of Bihar. Located east of Samastipur Junction, it falls under the Samastipur Railway Division. It is the smallest of the three locomotive sheds in the East Central Railway zone. It is exceeded by Mughalsarai and Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Gomoh, the two largest in the country.

Mahuda Junction railway station

Mahuda Junction railway station is a railway station near NH 18 previously NH32, Mahuda Bazaar in Dhanbad district, Jharkhand state. It is operated by South Eastern Railway Adra division. Its code is MHQ. It is one of cleanest stations of Dhanbad despite its use for coal transportation. It is nearest to the Katras Baghmara and Dhanbad as it became the other substitute station for Dhanbad Junction. Ii is just 19 km from the area main junction. It is nearest to Bokaro Steel City. It is a good location both for Bokaro and Dhanbad. The important train is Nandan Kanan exp (ndls-puri). It is mainly in function for Washeries i.e. Mahuda, Moonidih .

The direct trains for major city like Ranchi, Rourkela, Nagpur, Kharagpur, Howrah, New Delhi, Kanpur, Fatehpur, Allahabad, Puri, Bhubaneswar, Cuttack, Surat, Bokaro, Adra, Gaya, Mughalsarai, Asansol, Malda

Netaji S.C.Bose Gomoh–Hatia line

The Netaji S.C.Bose Gomoh–Hatia line is a railway line connecting NSC Bose Gomoh and Hatia in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It is under the jurisdiction of East Central Railway and South Eastern Railway.

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Gomoh railway station

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Gomoh (earlier known as Gomoh ) is a railway junction station in the Indian state of Jharkhand. Several branch lines start here: Gomoh-Barkakana branch line, Gomoh-Muri branch line and Adra-Gomoh line. It is located in Dhanbad district in the Indian state of Jharkhand.

Nimiaghat railway station

Nimiaghat is a railway station on the Asansol-Gaya section of Grand Chord. It is located in Giridih district in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It is located at the base of Shikharji (Parashnath Hill) and is on one of the routes for climbing the hill

Railways in Jharia Coalfield

Jharia Coalfield has a series of railway lines covering the region lying between the Grand Chord line on the north and the Damodar in the south.

Ranchi Road railway station

Ranchi Road railway station is a small railway station in Ramgarh district, Jharkhand. Its code is RRME. It serves Ramgarh town. The station consists of two platforms. The platforms are not well sheltered. It lacks many facilities including water and sanitation. It is located on Gomoh-Barkakana branch line.It is located in the Northern side of the Ramgarh city. The named Ranchi Road comes after Ranchi which once connected only by narrow gauge line and at that time Ranchi Road was the nearest Broad gauge station to the Ranchi.

Sudamdih railway station

Sudamdih is a railway station on the Railways in Jharia Coalfield, just north of the Damodar and links to Bhojudih, south of the Damodar, and on the Adra-Netaji SC Bose Gomoh branch line. It is located in Dhanbad district in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It serves Sudamdih, Sudamdih colliery and Sudamdih washery.

Topchanchi (community development block)

Topchanchi is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Dhanbad district, Jharkhand state, India.

Cities, towns, locations and neighbourhoods in Dhanbad district
Cities, municipal
and census towns
Locations
other than cities and towns
Neighbourhoods in
Dhanbad Municipal Corporation
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