The term derives from hat trick, and since four is bigger than three, the rationale was that a four-strikeout performance should be referred to by a bigger hat, such as a sombrero. The term was coined by San Diego Padres player Carmelo Martínez in the 1980s and first appeared in print when Leon Durham was quoted as using it in 1984.
A horn refers to a player striking out six times in a game; the term was coined by pitcher Mike Flanagan after teammate Sam Horn of the Baltimore Orioles accomplished the feat in an extra-inning game in 1991. Alternate names for this accomplishment are titanium sombrero or double platinum sombrero.
On August 4, 2009, Tampa Bay Rays third baseman Evan Longoria went 2-for-6, recording a golden sombrero and 2 home runs. The second home run was a walk off home run. This feat was also accomplished by Brandon Moss of the Oakland Athletics on April 30, 2013 in a 19-inning game against the Los Angeles Angels.
On May 29, 2015, San Diego Padres catcher Derek Norris struck out swinging in his first four plate appearances, then hit a walk-off grand slam, becoming the first MLB player in the modern era to achieve a golden sombrero and a walk-off grand slam in the same game.
On October 11, 2017, Chicago Cubs third baseman Kris Bryant went 0-for-4, recording a golden sombrero, on the same day as New York Yankees right fielder Aaron Judge, who went 0-for-5 and recorded his own golden sombrero, his third in the ALDS and making him the only player since 1903 to accomplish this. Prior to the start of the 2017 World Series, golden sombreros in the 2017 postseason had already tied the record set in 1997. An increase in the use of starting pitchers as relievers has been suggested as a cause.
|Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame|
|Denotes player who is still active|
|Ryan Howard||27||Philadelphia Phillies|
|Reggie Jackson||23||Oakland Athletics, New York Yankees, California Angels|
|Chris Davis||22||Texas Rangers, Baltimore Orioles|
|Jim Thome||20||Cleveland Indians, Philadelphia Phillies, Chicago White Sox|
|Adam Dunn||19||Chicago White Sox, Cincinnati Reds|
|Bo Jackson||19||Kansas City Royals, Chicago White Sox|
|Rob Deer||17||Milwaukee Brewers, Detroit Tigers|
|Sammy Sosa||17||Chicago Cubs, Texas Rangers|
|Jose Canseco||16||Texas Rangers, Oakland Athletics|
|Mark Reynolds||16||Arizona Diamondbacks, St. Louis Cardinals|
|Dick Allen||15||Philadelphia Phillies, Chicago White Sox|
|Andrés Galarraga||15||Montreal Expos, Colorado Rockies|
|Dave Kingman||15||New York Mets, San Francisco Giants|
On May 26, 2019, Colorado Rockies shortstop Trevor Story recorded a platinum sombrero in a nine-inning game against the Baltimore Orioles. The next day, May 27, Chicago Cubs shortstop Javier Baez also recorded a platinum sombrero against the Houston Astros, his second.
On June 18, 2019, Boston Red Sox designated hitter J. D. Martinez recorded a platinum sombrero in a seventeen-inning game against the Minnesota Twins, going 0-for-8 in the game, along with Miguel Sano, also recording a platinum sombrero, going 0-for-7.
Only eight players have had six strikeouts, as listed in the following table. All eight players who accomplished a "Horn" needed extra innings to do it; the record for strikeouts in a nine-inning game is five.
|Carl Weilman||July 25, 1913||15||St. Louis Browns|||
|Don Hoak||May 2, 1956||17||Chicago Cubs|||
|Rick Reichardt||May 31, 1966||17||California Angels|||
|Billy Cowan||July 9, 1971||20||California Angels|||
|Cecil Cooper||June 14, 1974||15||Boston Red Sox|||
|Sam Horn||July 17, 1991||15||Baltimore Orioles|||
|Alex Gonzalez||September 9, 1998||13||Toronto Blue Jays|||
|Geoff Jenkins||June 8, 2004||17||Milwaukee Brewers|||
The professional baseball record for strikeouts in a single game belongs to Khalil Lee, who as a member of the minor league Lexington Legends, Class A affiliate of the Kansas City Royals, struck out eight times in a 21-inning game in 2017.
The 2019 Boston Red Sox season is the 119th season in the team's history, and their 108th season at Fenway Park. The Red Sox enter the season as reigning World Series champions.Beanball
"Beanball" is a colloquialism used in baseball, for a ball thrown at an opposing player with the intention of striking them such as to cause harm, often connoting a throw at the player's head (or "bean" in old-fashioned slang). A pitcher who throws beanballs often is known as a "headhunter". The term may be applied to any sport in which a player on one team regularly attempts to throw a ball toward the general vicinity of a player of the opposite team, but is typically expected not to hit that player with the ball. In cricket, the equivalent term is "beamer". Some people use the term, beaner, though that usage is discouraged because of the negative connotations associated with that usage.Brett Lawrie
Brett Russell Lawrie (born January 18, 1990) is a Canadian professional baseball third baseman who is currently a free agent. He has played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Toronto Blue Jays, Oakland Athletics, and Chicago White Sox.Chris Owings
Christopher Scott Owings (born August 12, 1991) is an American professional baseball utility player for the Boston Red Sox of Major League Baseball (MLB). He previously played in MLB for the Arizona Diamondbacks and Kansas City Royals. Owings has mostly played as a middle infielder and as an outfielder. Listed at 5 feet 10 inches (1.78 m) and 185 pounds (84 kg), he bats and throws right-handed.Clayton Richard
Clayton Colby Richard (born September 12, 1983) is an American professional baseball pitcher for the Toronto Blue Jays of Major League Baseball (MLB). He previously played for the Chicago White Sox, San Diego Padres, and Chicago Cubs.Duck (cricket)
In cricket, a duck is a batsman's dismissal for a score of zero.Hat-trick
A hat-trick or hat trick is the achievement of a positive feat three times in a game, or another achievement based on the number three.Hitting for the cycle
In baseball, hitting for the cycle is the accomplishment of one batter hitting a single, a double, a triple, and a home run in the same game. Collecting the hits in that order is known as a "natural cycle". Cycles are semi-rare in Major League Baseball (MLB), having occurred only 329 times, starting with Curry Foley in 1882. The most recent example was accomplished by Jonathan Villar of the Baltimore Orioles on August 5, 2019, against the New York Yankees.The Miami Marlins are the only current MLB franchise who have never had a player hit for the cycle.Joey Gallo (baseball)
Joseph Nicholas Gallo (born November 19, 1993) is an American professional baseball outfielder, first baseman, and third baseman for the Texas Rangers of Major League Baseball (MLB). He made his MLB debut in 2015.Matt Sosnick
Matt Sosnick is a San Francisco-based sports agent. He attended Burlingame High School and the University of Southern California. His business partners are Paul Cobbe and Adam Karon. Their client list includes, or included at one time, Major League Baseball All-Star and 2003 Rookie of the Year Dontrelle Willis; All-Stars Josh Johnson, Jay Bruce, and Matt Moore; Ricky Nolasco; Josh Hamilton; Freddy Sanchez; Josh Willingham; and Ryan Doumit.
Sosnick addressed the 2007 national convention of the Society for American Baseball Research in addition to many other appearances and lecture series.Sosnick was named one of Forbes magazine's five most influential young people in baseball in June 2008.His close relationship with star pitcher Dontrelle Willis helped his agency grow, as did being the subject of ESPN's Jerry Crasnick's book License to Deal. At an earlier point in his career, Willis got Sosnick's company logo tattooed onto his pitching arm as a sign of his loyalty to Sosnick Cobbe Sports. Kyle Blanks of the Rangers, Jason Pridie of the Athletics, and retired RHP Zach Simons also have the Sosnick Cobbe logo tattooed on their arm.As of 2015, Sosnick represents more than 40 Major League players, along with Randy Messenger, Wily Mo Pena, Aaron Poreda, and Kris Johnson in Japan, as well as Eric Thames, Eric Hacker, Jim Adduci, and Merrill Kelly in Korea.In January 2013, Sosnick was inducted into the Jewish Sports Hall of Fame along with NBA coaches Herb and Larry Brown and sportswriter Art Spander.Mike Trout
Michael Nelson Trout (born August 7, 1991) is an American professional baseball center fielder for the Los Angeles Angels of Major League Baseball (MLB). Trout is a eight-time MLB All-Star, received the American League (AL) Most Valuable Player (MVP) award in 2014 and 2016 (finishing second in the 2012, 2013, 2015, and 2018 votes), and is a six-time winner of the Silver Slugger Award. He is nicknamed "the Millville Meteor."
The Angels selected Trout in the first round of the 2009 MLB draft. He made a brief major league appearance in 2011 before becoming a regular player for the Angels the subsequent season, and won the 2012 AL Rookie of the Year Award unanimously.
Trout's athleticism on the field has received praise from both the mainstream media and sabermetricians. He is regarded as one of the most outstanding young players in the history of baseball, as well as one of the best current players in all of MLB. Trout led the American League in wins above replacement (WAR) in each of his first five full seasons (according to Fangraphs and Baseball-Reference.com).Trout has led the American League in runs (2012–14, 2016) and times on base (2013, 2015–16, 2018) four times. As of 2018, he led all active major league ballplayers in career slugging percentage (.573), on base plus slugging (.990), and stolen base percentage (84.75%), and was second in career on base percentage (.416). In 2019, he signed a 12-year, $426 million contract with the Angels, the richest contract in the history of North American sports.Mitch Walding
Mitchell S. Walding (born September 10, 1992) is an American professional baseball third baseman in the Philadelphia Phillies organization. He has played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Philadelphia Phillies. He was drafted by the Phillies in the fifth round of the 2011 Major League Baseball draft.Protested game
A protested game occurs in baseball when a manager believes that an umpire's decision is in violation of the official rules. In such cases, the manager can raise a protest by informing the umpires, and the game continues to be played "under protest." An umpire's judgment call (such as balls and strikes, safe or out, fair or foul) may not be protested.Ryan Howard
Ryan James Howard (born November 19, 1979), nicknamed "The Big Piece", is an American former professional baseball first baseman. Howard spent his entire Major League Baseball (MLB) career playing for the Philadelphia Phillies, from 2004 to 2016. He is known for being the fastest player in baseball history to reach 1,000 RBIs, 100 home runs, and 200 home runs. Howard also holds numerous Phillies franchise records.
Howard made his MLB debut in 2004. He won the National League (NL) Rookie of the Year Award in 2005 and the NL Most Valuable Player (MVP) Award in 2006. Howard was a three-time NL All-Star (2006, 2009, 2010), and won the Silver Slugger Award, Hank Aaron Award, and the NL Championship Series MVP Award in 2009. Known for his power, Howard is a member of the 50 home run club. He was a two-time NL home run champion (2006, 2008), and became the fastest player to reach both the 100 and 200 home run milestones in MLB history, passing the marks in 2007 and 2009, respectively. He is also tied with Sammy Sosa for the most National League 140 RBI seasons at 3 and the most National League 130 RBI seasons at 4. However, Howard is Major League Baseball’s (ignominious) all-time record-holder for most lifetime Golden Sombrero awards.Strikeout
In baseball or softball, a strikeout (or strike-out) occurs when a batter racks up three strikes during a time at bat. It usually means the batter is out. A strikeout is a statistic recorded for both pitchers and batters, and is denoted by K. A "strikeout looking" — in which the batter does not swing and the third strike is called by the umpire — is usually denoted by a ꓘ.Although a strikeout suggests that the pitcher dominated the batter, the free-swinging style that generates home runs also leaves batters susceptible to striking out. Some of the greatest home run hitters of all time – such as Alex Rodriguez, Reggie Jackson, and Sammy Sosa – were notorious for striking out.Switch hitter
In baseball, a switch hitter is a player who bats both right-handed and left-handed, usually right-handed against left-handed pitchers and left-handed against right-handed pitchers.The Broadside Ballads
The Broadside Ballads (2011) is an album from The Baseball Project, bringing together songs that were recorded as ‘real time’ commentary on the 2010 baseball season for ESPN.com with unreleased extra tracks from Volume 1: Frozen Ropes and Dying Quails and Volume 2: High and Inside. The nine tracks prepared for ESPN.com are also available online (in a different sequence) for free streaming.