Goldau

Goldau is a city in the community of Arth, canton of Schwyz, Switzerland. It lies between two mountains, the Rigi (known as Queen of the Mountains) and the Rossberg. Well known attractions include the Natur- und Tierpark Goldau[1] and the Arth-Goldau valley station of the Arth-Rigi Bahn connecting to the Rigi mountain.

Rigi-Scheidegg-from-Goldau-
Rigi Scheidegg seen from Goldau

Goldau landslide

CH-NB - Goldau, von Südosten, vom Lauerzersee aus, nach dem Bergsturz - Collection Gugelmann - GS-GUGE-TRINER-JFXL-A-2
Contemporary etching showing the situation after the landslide

On September 2, 1806 heavy rains triggered a landslide from the Rossberg which destroyed Goldau and the adjacent villages of Buosingen, Röthen and Lauerz. The landslide comprised 40,000,000 cubic metres (52,000,000 cu yd) of material, with a mass of 120,000,000 tonnes (118,000,000 long tons; 132,000,000 short tons).[2][3]

Part of the mass hit Lake Lauerz (which had been created by an even larger landslide in the 14th century), and the resulting tsunami-like displacement wave caused more devastation towards Seewen. The event destroyed 111 houses, 220 barns, and two churches in a disaster area of about 20 km2 (7.7 sq mi), parts of which were covered with debris to a height of 30–70 metres (98–230 ft). It resulted in the confirmed death of 457 people.[2][3]

A museum outside the Natur- und Tierpark shows findings and photos of this natural disaster.[4]

References

6650 - Goldau - View from Rigi Kulm
Goldau viewed from Rigi Kulm
  1. ^ "Natur und Tierpark Goldau" (in German). Natur und Tierpark Goldau. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
  2. ^ a b The 1806 Goldau landslide Archived 2011-07-06 at the Wayback Machine Bull Angew Geol 2006; 11(2):3-12. English abstract Archived
  3. ^ a b Brockhaus' Konversations-Lexikon. 14th ed., Leipzig, Berlin and Vienna 1894; Vol. 8, p. 125
  4. ^ "Willkommen im Bergsturzmuseum Goldau" (in German). Bergsturzmuseum Goldau. Retrieved 7 September 2015.

External links

Coordinates: 47°2′53″N 8°32′59″E / 47.04806°N 8.54972°E

Arth

Arth is a village, a town, and a municipality in Schwyz District in the canton of Schwyz in Switzerland.

The municipality consists of the villages Arth, Oberarth, and Goldau. The four settlements Rigi Kulm, Rigi First, Rigi Klösterli, and Rigi Staffel on the mountain Rigi to the west of Arth are also part of the municipality.

The official language of Arth is (the Swiss variety of Standard) German, but the main spoken language is the local variant of the Alemannic Swiss German dialect.

Arth-Goldau railway station

Arth-Goldau railway station (German: Bahnhof SBB Arth-Goldau) is a railway station in the Swiss canton of Schwyz and municipality of Arth. The station is located in the centre of the village of Goldau, which forms part of Arth.The station is an important junction, where the Zug–Arth-Goldau line joins the main line of the Gotthard railway, and also where the Südostbahn line to Rapperswil diverges. Additionally the Arth–Rigi Railway terminates in its own platforms above and at right angles to the main platforms.

Arth–Rigi Railway

The Arth–Rigi Railway (Arth-Rigi-Bahn; ARB) is a Swiss standard gauge rack railway that runs from Arth-Goldau to Rigi. It has been merged with the Vitznau–Rigi Railway (Vitznau-Rigi-Bahn; VRB), which climbs the mountain from the other side, to form the Rigi Railways (Rigi-Bahnen; RB) company.

Beclean

Beclean (Romanian pronunciation: [beˈkle̯an] (listen); Hungarian and German: Bethlen) is a town in Bistrița-Năsăud County, in north-eastern Transylvania, Romania. It had 10,628 inhabitants at the 2011 census. 81.6% of these were Romanians, 14.2% Hungarians and 3.7% Roma.

The town administers three villages: Coldău (Goldau; Várkudu), Figa (Füge) and Rusu de Jos (Alsóoroszfalu). It is the site of an important railway junction (the station is called Beclean pe Someș), where secondary routes to Sighetu Marmației and Suceava diverge from the main railway line from Brașov to Satu Mare.

Bellinzona railway station

Bellinzona railway station (Italian: Stazione di Bellinzona) serves the town of Bellinzona, in the canton of Ticino, Switzerland. It is on the Swiss Federal Railways' Gotthard line. The station is nicknamed Porta del Ticino ("Gate of Ticino") since the opening of the Gotthard Base Tunnel in 2016.

Biberbrugg railway station

Biberbrugg is a railway station in the Swiss canton of Schwyz and municipality of Feusisberg. It takes its name from the nearby village of Biberbrugg. The station is on the Pfäffikon SZ to Arth-Goldau line, and the Wädenswil to Einsiedeln railway line, which are owned by the Südostbahn. The two lines part company just to the south and east of the station.The station is an intermediate stopping point on the Voralpen Express, which runs from Lucerne to Romanshorn via Arth-Goldau, Rapperswil and St. Gallen. The station is also served by Zurich S-Bahn services S13, from Einsiedeln to Wädenswil, and S40, from Einsiedeln to Rapperswil, together with Lucerne S-Bahn service S31 to Arth-Goldau.

Brunnen

Brunnen is a resort on Lake Lucerne in Switzerland, part of the municipality Ingenbohl (Canton of Schwyz), at 46°59′44″N 8°36′17″E.

Brunnen railway station, on the Gotthard railway, is served by hourly InterRegio trains, and by lines S2 of the Stadtbahn Zug, which operates hourly between Zug, Arth-Goldau and Erstfeld, and S3 of the S-Bahn Luzern, which operates hourly to Lucerne.

Brunnen also has a cablecar that goes to the Urmiberg, a part of the Rigi offering views of Lake Lucerne and the Alps.

Flüelen railway station

Flüelen is a railway station in the Swiss canton of Uri and municipality of Flüelen. It is located on the Gotthard railway. The station is situated between the parallel Axenstrasse, the main road through Flüelen, and Bahnhofstrasse, with the main station buildings on Bahnhofstrasse.Flüelen is served by an hourly InterRegio train between Locarno and Arth-Goldau which continues alternately either to Basel SBB or to Zürich HB, and by line S2 of the Stadtbahn Zug, which operates hourly between Zug, Arth-Goldau and Erstfeld.Flüelen pier, on Lake Lucerne, lies on the opposite side of Bahnhofstrasse, allowing connections between trains and the boat services provided by the Schifffahrtsgesellschaft des Vierwaldstättersees (Lake Lucerne Navigation Company; SGV). This interchange forms a key part of the William Tell Express, a tourist oriented combined paddle steamer and rail service that connects Lucerne and Locarno.Buses operated by PostBus Switzerland serve a stop in front of the station in Bahnhofstrasse. Local buses operated by Auto AG Uri serve a stop on Axenstrasse, accessible from the station subway.

The station building is included in the Swiss Inventory of Cultural Property of National Significance. Between 1906 and 1951, the station was also the terminus of the Altdorf–Flüelen tramway, a metre gauge tramway.

Gałdowo

Gałdowo [ɡau̯ˈdɔvɔ] (German: Goldau) is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Iława, within Iława County, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, in northern Poland. It lies approximately 11 kilometres (7 mi) north-west of Iława and 74 km (46 mi) west of the regional capital Olsztyn.

The village has a population of 494.

Gotthard railway

The Gotthard railway (German: Gotthardbahn; Italian: Ferrovia del Gottardo) is the Swiss trans-alpine railway line from northern Switzerland to the canton of Ticino. The line forms a major part of an important international railway link between northern and southern Europe, especially on the Rotterdam-Basel-Genoa corridor. The Gotthard Railway Company (German: Gotthardbahn-Gesellschaft) was the former private railway company which financed the construction of, and originally operated, that line.

The railway comprises a main line from Immensee to Chiasso, together with branches, from Immensee to Lucerne and Rotkreuz, from Arth-Goldau to Zug, and from Bellinzona to Locarno and Luino. The main line, second highest standard railway in Switzerland, penetrates the Alps by means of the Gotthard Tunnel at 1,151 metres (3,776 ft) above sea level. The line then descends as far as Bellinzona, at 241 metres (791 ft) above sea level, before climbing again to the pass of Monte Ceneri, on the way to Lugano and Chiasso. The extreme differences in altitude necessitate the use of long ramped approaches on each side, together with several spirals.

Construction of the line started in 1872, with some lowland sections opening by 1874. The full line opened in 1882, following completion of the Gotthard Tunnel. The line was incorporated into the Swiss Federal Railways in 1909, and electrified in 1922.

The approaches to the existing tunnel continue to restrict speed and capacity on this important international route, and in 1992 it was decided to build a new lower level route on the Gotthard axis as part of the NRLA project. This route involves the construction of the new Gotthard Base Tunnel and Ceneri Base Tunnel. The Gotthard Base Tunnel has been completed and was integrated with the existing route in 2016, while the Ceneri Base Tunnel is expected to open in 2020.

Natur- und Tierpark Goldau

Natur- und Tierpark Goldau is one of six scientifically managed zoos in Switzerland. It is situated in the area that was devastated by the Goldau landslide of 1806. The zoo attracted 859,000 visitors in 2013.

Owczarnia, Iława County

Owczarnia [ɔfˈt͡ʂarɲa] (German: Schäferei Goldau) is a settlement in the administrative district of Gmina Iława, within Iława County, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, in northern Poland.

Pfäffikon SZ railway station

Pfäffikon SZ railway station (German: Bahnhof Pfäffikon SZ) is a junction station serving Pfäffikon, the principal town of the municipality of Freienbach, in the canton of Schwyz, Switzerland. The station is situated at the northern edge of the town, between the town centre and Lake Zurich.The station forms part of the Lake Zurich left bank railway line, which links Zürich Hauptbahnhof with Ziegelbrücke and Näfels, and is owned and operated by the Swiss Federal Railways (SBB). To the east of the station is the junction for the line to Rapperswil, which crosses Lake Zurich on the Seedamm, whilst to the west is the junction for the line to Arth-Goldau; both these latter being owned and operated by the Südostbahn (SOB).

Pfäffikon–Arth-Goldau railway

The Pfäffikon–Arth-Goldau railway is a largely single-track standard-gauge line in Switzerland. It was the only line built by the original Schweizerischen Südostbahn (Swiss Southeastern Railway). Two connecting lines, the Rapperswil–Pfäffikon railway over the Seedamm (causeway) and the Wädenswil–Einsiedeln railway, were built by two predecessor companies, the Wädenswil-Einsiedeln-Bahn and the Zürichsee–Gotthardbahn (Lake Zürich-Gotthard Railway). The Pfäffikon–Arth-Goldau railway used the line between Samstagern and Biberbrugg that had been built as part of the Wädenswil–Einsiedeln railway. The line, including a 34.58 kilometre-long section of the Bodensee–Toggenburg railway (Bodensee-Toggenburg-Bahn) that became part of the new Südostbahn as the result of a merger in 2001, has been electrified since 15 May 1939 at 15 kV AC 162/3 Hz.

S21 (ZVV)

The S21 is a regional railway service of the Zürich S-Bahn of the Zürcher Verkehrsverbund (ZVV). The service operates at peak hours between Regensdorf-Watt and Zürich Hauptbahnhof over the Wettingen–Effretikon railway, supplementing the regular S6 service, which continues west to Baden. The S21 designation was previously used for service from Zürich to Zug over the Thalwil–Arth-Goldau railway; this is now provided by the S24.

SC Goldau

SC Goldau are a Swiss football team currently playing in Liga 2.,

the fourth tier in the Swiss football pyramid Group 3. The club was formed in 1946.

They finished 2008/2009 season in 9th position .

Samstagern railway station

Samstagern is a railway station in the Swiss canton of Zurich and municipality of Richterswil. It takes its name from the nearby village of Samstagern. The station is on the Pfäffikon SZ to Arth-Goldau line, and the Wädenswil to Einsiedeln railway line, which are owned by the Südostbahn. The two lines separate to the north and west of the station.The station is served by Zurich S-Bahn services S13, from Einsiedeln to Wädenswil, and S40, from Einsiedeln to Rapperswil.The station is the location of a Südostbahn railway depot and workshop.

Thalwil–Arth-Goldau railway

The Thalwil–Arth-Goldau railway is a Swiss railway that acts as a feeder route to the Gotthard Railway (Gotthardbahn, GB). It was opened for this purpose on 1 June 1897, with the Thalwil–Zug section owned by the Swiss Northeastern Railway (Schweizerische Nordostbahn, NOB) and the Zug–Arth-Goldau section owned by the GB. Since the nationalisation of the GB in 1909, the entire route has belonged to the Swiss Federal Railways (Schweizerische Bundesbahnen, SBB).

The route is still partially single-track and therefore highly-subject to delays. In addition there is a danger of natural hazards, especially on the Zug–Arth-Goldau section, which as a result often has to be closed for several days.

Zug railway station

Zug railway station (German: Bahnhof Zug) serves the municipality of Zug, the capital city of the canton of Zug, Switzerland.

Opened in 1897, the station is owned and operated by Swiss Federal Railways (SBB CFF FFS). It forms the junction between the Zürich–Lucerne railway and the Thalwil–Arth-Goldau railway, which connects with the Gotthard railway.

Every day, some 66,000 people pass through the station.

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