Gold Coast (region)

The Gold Coast was the name for a region on the Gulf of Guinea in West Africa that was rich in gold and also in petroleum, sweet crude oil and natural gas. It now forms the country of Ghana.

Coordinates: 5°27′N 0°58′W / 5.450°N 0.967°W

Gold Coast

Flag of Gold Coast Region
Flag
Gold Coast Emblem of Gold Coast Region
Gold Coast Emblem
Gold Coast location in red
Gold Coast location in red
Regions of Ghana en
StatusThe Multinational State of the Republic of Ghana
Demonym(s)Gold Coastian (Ghanaian)
Area
• Total
238,535 km2 (92,099 sq mi)
Population
• Estimate
about 25,366,462[1]
Time zoneUTC+0 (GMT)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+0 (GMT)

Etymology and position

The Gold Coast, Slave Coast, Pepper Coast (or Grain Coast) were named after the main export resources there.[2]

Early uses of the term Gold Coast refer literally to the coast and not the interior.[2] It was not until the 19th century that the term came to refer to areas that are far from the coast.[2]

The Gold Coast was to the east of the Ivory Coast and to the west of the Slave Coast.[2]

Territorial entities

Gold Coast region territorial entities were:

Ghana is the legal name for the Gold Coast region comprising the following four separate parts, which immediately before independence enjoyed distinct constitutional positions:[2]

The Gold Coast Governors-General responsible for shepherding through the Gold Coast independence legislation Charles Arden-Clarke Lord Listowel explained that the name was.chosen "in accordance with the wishes of the Gold Coastian population".[3]

History

Stamp Gold Coast Golden Stool with GeorgeVI
1930s Stamp Gold Coast Golden Stool with George VI.

Europeans reached this region of Africa in 1482, and for centuries afterwards, various European empires and trading companies set up trading posts, known as factories there. They used these colonies to exploit the resources rather than to settle large numbers of subjects.

The Portuguese Gold Coast was the first claim.[2] The Dutch arrived in 1598 and in 1642 incorporated the Portuguese territory into the Dutch Gold Coast.[2] The Dutch stayed in the region until 1871, when the last of their settlements were taken over by the British Gold Coast.[2]

There was also the Brandenburger Gold Coast, which established a colony in the area in 1682.[2] It later became the Prussian Gold Coast.[2] In 1721 the Dutch purchased it.[2] The Swedish Gold Coast settlements date to 1650. The Danes arrived in 1663 and later seized the Swedish territory and incorporated it into the Danish Gold Coast.[2] [2] In 1850 all of the settlements became part of the British Gold Coast.[2]

In 1774 a London commercial expert references a witness that "the king of Guinea, the greatest city in all the countries of Negroland, has a mass of gold of thirty pounds weight as it was naturally produced in the mines which is completely pure, tough and malleable without having been smelted".[4] The British had taken over all of Gold Coast by 1871.[2] They captured more territory inland in the late 19th century after the Anglo-Ashanti wars.[2] In 1957, the territory of Gold Coast was granted independence as Ghana.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Population Country Economy".
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "The Legislation Providing for the Grant of Independence to Ghana", Journal of African Law, Vol. 1, No. 2 (Summer, 1957, pp. 99–112, Published by Cambridge University Press.
  3. ^ HC Deb, 11 December 1956, vol. 562 cc229-326, Ghana Independence Bill, The Under-Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations (Lord John Hope) "First, there is the name "Ghana." This has been conferred on the new country in accordance with local wishes. It was the name of an ancient kingdom, in what is now French territory south of the Sahara, which has acquired great historic significance in the Gold Coast."
  4. ^ Postlethwayt, Malachy (1774). Universal Dictionary of Trade and Commerce (4th edition). London: W. Strahan, J. & F. Rivington. Volume 1. "Africa".
Abonsam

Abonsam is the name of a malevolent spirit from the Gold Coast region of West Africa and Ghana. When accidents, disease, etc. afflict an area and local shamans have determined that Abonsam is to blame, the spirit is driven into the sea in a ritual that begins with four weeks of total silence, followed by removing all furniture from the homes involved. The interior of the homes are then beaten with sticks, and loud noises are created by shouting and gun fire.

Borobi (mascot)

Borobi was the official mascot of the 2018 Commonwealth Games, in Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia. Borobi was a male koala with blue fur and unusual markings on his paws (which are designed by Aboriginal artist, Chern’ee Sutton). The name Borobi is derived from a dialect used by the Yugambeh people, an indigenous Australian group from the Gold Coast region. The mascot, along with its fictional back story, was revealed in April 2016. Borobi is based on a character submitted by Merrilyn Krohn, the winner of the GC2018 Mascot Design Competition.

Currumbin, Queensland

Currumbin is a coastal suburb in the Gold Coast region of Queensland, Australia. At the 2011 Census, Currumbin had a population of 2,785. From 1947 onwards, the iconic Currumbin Wildlife Sanctuary has been welcoming tourists.

Cyligramma amblyops

Cyligramma amblyops is a moth of the family Noctuidae. This species of moth is commonly found in the Gold Coast region of Western Africa, now part of Ghana.

Denkyira

Denkyira was a powerful nation of Akan people that existed on the Ashantiland peninsula from the 1620s, in what is now modern-day Ghana. Like all Akans, they originated from Bono state. Before 1620, Denkyira was called Agona. The ruler of the Denkyira was called Denkyirahene and the capital was Jukwaa. The first Denkyirahene was Mumunumfi.Later, the capital of Denkyira moved to Abankeseso. The Denkyira state capital is now Dunkwa-on-Offin. Denkyira became powerful through gold production on the peninsula Ashantiland and trade with Europe.

In the 1690s, wars took place between Denkyira and the Asen and Twifo-Heman. The goal of these struggles was to keep open the trade routes to the coast of the peninsula Ashantiland.The Denkyira state dominated the trade with Europeans in Western Ashantiland on the peninsula Ashantiland while the Akwamu dominated trade with Europeans in Eastern Ashantiland on the peninsula Ashantiland.

The Denkyira state dominated the neighboring states apart from the Akwamu and Akyem, and Ashanti Empire was a tributary to Denkyira until 1701, when it was defeated by the Ashanti in the Battle of Feyiase, and became a tributary to the Ashanti Empire. This was led by Ntim Gyakari the then Denkyirahene.

In 1868 Denkyira entered the Fante Confederacy to fight for Great Britain against the alliance of the Ashanti people and the Dutch people. When the Fante confederacy proved unable to defeat the Ashanti people's Ashanti Empire, the Fante confederacy became a part of the Gold Coast region on the peninsula Ashantiland in 1874. In 1957 the peninsula Ashantiland (or Ashanti Empire) of the Ashanti people Ashanti absolute monarchy entered a state union with the Dagomba people's Kingdom of Dagbon and Ewe people's British Togoland now Volta creating neo-colonial Ghana.

The present-day ruler of the Denkyira was Odeefuo Boa Amponsem III until his death was announced on December 1, 2016.

Division of McPherson

The Division of McPherson is an Australian Electoral Division in Queensland. The division was created in 1948 and is named after the McPherson Range, which forms one of the divisional boundaries. McPherson is located in south east Queensland, and originally included the entire Gold Coast region, stretching as far as the Scenic Rim and Southern Downs. However, the area's dramatic population growth saw the seat shrink with successive redistributions, culminating in 1983 when most of its northern portion became Moncrieff.

It now serves the southern portion of the Gold Coast, including Coolangatta, Burleigh Heads, Tugun and Palm Beach.

It has always been held by a conservative party. Indeed, most of the area has been represented by centre-right MPs without interruption since 1906; before 1949, most of the Gold Coast was part of Moreton. Originally a Country Party bastion, urbanisation has turned it into a Liberal stronghold.

Freeways in Australia

This is a list of freeways (or motorways/expressways) in Australia, sorted by states and territories and their corresponding routes. This list includes tollways / toll roads such as the CityLink freeway system in Melbourne. This list has over 70 entries. The only jurisdiction in Australia without freeways is the Northern Territory. Victoria has the largest and densest freeway network in Australia.

Gold Coast, Queensland

The Gold Coast is a coastal city in the Australian state of Queensland, approximately 66 kilometres (41 mi) south-southeast of the state capital Brisbane and immediately north of the border with New South Wales. With a census-estimated 2016 population of 569,997, the Gold Coast is the sixth-largest city in Australia, making it the largest non-capital city, and Queensland's second-largest city.The Gold Coast region remained largely uninhabited by Europeans until 1823 when explorer John Oxley landed at Mermaid Beach. The hinterland's red cedar supply attracted people to the area in the mid-19th century. Later in 1875, Southport was surveyed and established and grew a reputation as a secluded holiday destination for wealthy Brisbane residents.

After the establishment of the Surfers Paradise Hotel in the late 1920s, the Gold Coast region grew significantly. The area boomed in the 1980s as a leading tourist destination and in 1994, the City of Gold Coast local government area was expanded to encompass the majority of the Gold Coast's metropolitan area, becoming the second most populous local government area in Australia after the City of Brisbane.

Today, the Gold Coast is a major tourist destination with its sunny subtropical climate and has become widely known for its surfing beaches, high-rise dominated skyline, theme parks, nightlife, and rainforest hinterland. The city is part of the nation's entertainment industry with television productions and a major film industry. The city hosted the 21st Commonwealth Games which ran from 4 to 15 April 2018.

Gold Coast Bulletin

The Gold Coast Bulletin is a daily newspaper serving Australia's Gold Coast region.

It is published as The Gold Coast Bulletin on weekdays and the Weekend Bulletin at weekends.

It is owned by News Corp Australia.

Gold Coast Mail

The Gold Coast Mail was a weekly newspaper serving Australia's Gold Coast region, owned by APN News & Media.

The paper dates back to the Gold Coast Hinterlander, first printed in 1977, which was merged with The Tweed Leader in 1988, to become the Gold Coast Mail, which was first published on 10 August 1988.The newspaper published its last issue on 22 December 2011.

Helensvale State High School

Helensvale High School is a public secondary school located in the suburb of Helensvale on the Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia. It is situated on the corner of Discovery Drive and Helensvale Road. The school first opened in 1990 with Rod Cassidy as the foundation principal. The School motto is One student, one community, many futures .

Helensvale High caters for a large catchment of students, with nearly 2,600 enrolments, making it one of the largest high schools in the Gold Coast region.

Hinze Dam

The Hinze Dam is a rock and earth-fill embankment dam with an un-gated spillway across the Nerang River in the Gold Coast hinterland of South East, Queensland, Australia. The main purpose of the dam is for potable water supply of the Gold Coast region. The impounded reservoir is called Advancetown Lake.

Hinze Dam was named in honour of local pioneers Carl and Johanna Hinze (grandparents of Queensland politician Russ Hinze) who lived in the valley that was flooded by the dam.

Little Nerang Dam

The Little Nerang Dam is a concrete gravity dam with an un-gated spillway across the Little Nerang Creek that is located in the South East region of Queensland, Australia. The main purpose of the dam is for potable water supply of the Gold Coast region. The impounded reservoir is also called Little Nerang Dam. The dam was closed to the public in 2013 due to safety concerns.

Northern Rivers Regional Rugby League

The Northern Rivers Regional Rugby League (NRRRL) is a rugby league competition run in the far north of New South Wales, Australia. It is run under the auspices of the Country Rugby League. The league formed in 2005 as an extended Group 1 Rugby League competition, featuring teams from Group 18 Rugby League. Prior to this, teams from Group 18 played in a competition with teams from the Gold Coast region of Queensland. Both Group 1 and Group 18 continue to run junior competitions.

The competitions run by NRRRL include: First grade, Reserve grade, Under-18's and Ladies League Tag.

Obuasi

Obuasi is a Mining Community and town in the southern part of Obuasi Municipal of the Ashanti Region of Ghana. Obuasi is the capital of the Obuasi Municipal which lies south of Ashanti capital city Kumasi 39 miles (59.4 kilometres) away south-west of Kumasi or 1 hour 2 minutes road-drive from Obuasi to Kumasi. Obuasi has a settlement population of 175,043 people. Obuasi gold bar mining community has delicate mosaic from the Ashanti people culture of Ashanti and the semi-island exclave Ashantiland. Obuasi wears a ring of hills as its adornment and Obuasi sits quietly albeit industriously on the soil that births the top-9 single richest bullion gold bar gold mining mining|mine on Earth the Obuasi Gold Mine.Gold Coast region was named after the vast amount of bullion gold bars found in Obuasi and Ashanti.

St Hilda's School

St Hilda's School is an independent, Anglican, day and boarding school for girls, located in Southport, a central suburb of the Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.

Established in 1912, St Hilda's has a non-selective enrolment policy and currently caters for approximately 1,250 students from Pre-Preparatory to Year 12, including 160 full and weekly boarders from Years 6 to 12. St Hilda's is the only girls' school in the Gold Coast region. Its brother school is The Southport School (TSS), also located in Southport, and the only boys' boarding school in the region.The school is a member of the Queensland Girls' Secondary Schools Sports Association (QGSSSA), the Alliance of Girls' Schools Australia (AGSA), the Junior School Heads Association of Australia (JSHAA), the Association of Heads of Independent Schools of Australia (AHISA), and the Australian Boarding Schools' Association.

Surfers Paradise Street Circuit

The Surfers Paradise Street Circuit is a temporary street circuit on the Surfers Paradise, in Queensland, Australia. The 2.98-kilometre (1.85 mi) beach-side track has several fast sections and two chicanes, having been shortened from an original 4.47-kilometre (2.78 mi) length in 2010. It is the third of three motor racing circuits that have existed in the Gold Coast region, after the Southport Street Circuit (1954) and Surfers Paradise International Raceway (1966–1987).

From 1991 to 2008, the circuit hosted an American Championship car racing event, the Gold Coast Indy 300. The circuit has also hosted touring car races since 1994, with the Supercars Championship currently contesting the annual Gold Coast 600 at the circuit.

Tallebudgera Creek Dam

The Tallebudgera Creek Dam, or colloquially Tally Dam, is a decommissioned embankment dam across the upper reaches of the Tallebudgera Creek, located in the South East region of Queensland, Australia. The initial purpose of the dam from its establishment until its decommissioning during the 1970s was for the supply of potable water to the Gold Coast region. There is no public access to the dam.

Treasure Coast

The Treasure Coast is a region of the U.S. state of Florida. It is located on the state's Atlantic coast, comprising Indian River, St. Lucie, and Martin, and in some definitions, Palm Beach counties. The region, whose name refers to the Spanish Treasure Fleet lost in a 1715 hurricane, evidently emerged from residents' desire to distinguish themselves from Miami and the Gold Coast region to the south.

The area includes two metropolitan statistical areas designated by the Office of Management and Budget and used for statistical purposes by the Census Bureau and other agencies: the Port St. Lucie, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area (comprising St. Lucie and Martin counties) and the Sebastian–Vero Beach, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area (comprising Indian River County). Palm Beach County is part of the Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Akan states of the Ashantiland Peninsula and the Gold Coast Region
Forts of the former European colonial powers on the Gold Coast
Brandenburg-Prussian forts
British forts
Danish forts
Dutch forts
Portuguese forts
Swedish forts
Earth's primary regions

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