Gochang County

Gochang County (Gochang-gun) is a county in North Jeolla Province, South Korea. It is a rural area, and is home to only one institution of higher education: Gochang Polytechnic College.

Famous people from Gochang include the 20th-century poet Midang.

The temple of Seonunsa is also located in Gochang.

The Gochang Dolmens located in Maesan village are listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site and Historic Site #391.

Gochang

고창군
Korean transcription(s)
 • Revised RomanizationGochang-gun
 • McCune-ReischauerKoch'ang-gun
Official logo of Gochang

Emblem of Gochang
Location in South Korea
Location in South Korea
Country South Korea
RegionHonam
Administrative divisions1 eup, 13 myeon
Area
 • Total606.90 km2 (234.33 sq mi)
Population
 (2013)
 • Total60,522
 • Density100/km2 (260/sq mi)
 • Dialect
Jeolla

History

Gochang is the town with most dolmen sites in Korea. Some of the dolmens in Dosan-ri, Sanggap-ri and Maesan-ri are of the southern style, whereas most of those in the rest of North Jeolla-do Province are of the northern style. This proves that a wide scope of culture existed in the town in the prehistoric times.

Gochang is where Morobiri, one of the 54 small countries during the ancient Mahan Period was located. The town was called Moryangburi-hyeon or Moryang-hyeon in the Baekje Period, then renamed as Gochanghyun in the United Kingdom of Shilla.

When it comes to the town's famous spots the first things that come to mind are Seonunsa or Seonun Temple and the Gochangeupseong Fortress. Seonunsa Temple is one of the leading Buddhist temples in North Jeolla-do Province. It is not only famous for camellias but also has quite a few Buddhist treasures such as Daeungjeon or the main building and the statue of a Buddhist saint named Jijang.

Meanwhile, Gochangeupseong Fortress is the best-preserved fortress in the country. Built in the early days of the Joseon Dynasty to protect the town against Japanese invaders, the fortress has carried on the tradition of stepping on the ground of the fortress. A town named Mujang in Seongnae-ri, Mujang-myeon, also has a fortress. The south gate and mud rampart of the Mujang Town Fortress are in their original form.

Part of Shin Jae Hyo's house remains near a pavilion called Gongbungnu within the Gochang Fortress. Gochang has relics of Dongjae all over a town called Ogari Dangsan, Sadong, Gosu-myeon, which used to be a home for the production of ceramics from celadon porcelains of the Goryeo Dynasty to white porcelains of the Chosun Dynasty and throughout the Japanese colonial period. Sudong-ri, Buan-myeon has a bunching production site. This is a specific type of porcelain. This place has been designated as a historic site as well. Bongan-ri, Buan-myeon has Kim Seong Su's house. The design is a typical house of wealthy families in the region.

Festival

Gochang Moyang Fortress Festival

Gochang-eup Fortress (Moyang Fortress) was built to prevent invasion from other countries in the first year of King Danjong’s reign during the Joseon Dynasty(1453) with the cooperation of the people of 21 towns (hyeon) in then Jeolla-do and Jeju-do. This is the natural stone fortress whose prototype has been preserved the best condition in Korea.

Among many legends and customs related with the construction of Moyang Fortress, the most famous one is Dapseong folklore game. People walk along the 1,684m-long fortress with a palm-sized stone on head. It was based on our ancestor’s wisdom that walking around the fortress makes the ground stronger and can be used in emergency situations. It has been said that you can heal your leg illness for one round of walking around the fortress, live healthy and long for two rounds and go to the heaven for three rounds. Every year many people participate in the folklore game.

Green Barley Field Festival

The Green Barley Field Festival is held at Hagwon Farm in Gongeum-myeon, Gochang-gun from mid-April to mid-May every year.

The vast and beautiful barley field has become widely known among photographers and travelers. The increasing number of tourists to the place requires the administration to be involved to keep order, address inconveniences and introduce the local culture. Such necessity made the local people and the Gochang-gun Office go into negotiation to host the festival since 2004.

It is the first barley-themed scenic agricultural festival on a low hill. The beautiful landscape created by the barley field attracts hundreds of thousands of visitors every year.

Visitors can have various experiences including walking in the barley field, making traditional food with barley, making barley flute and folk play such as walking on a rope, tuho and Korean jumping.

Visitors can taste barley-based boiled rice, rice cake, traditional snack and pepper paste and enjoy various cultural performances and traditional performances. During the festival, exhibitions including international scenic agricultural photo exhibition and international academic conventions on tourism and agriculture are held. And along with barley, special products of Gochang such as mountain berry are traded in the festival.

Mountain Berry and Watermelon Festival

Gochang hosts mountain berry and watermelon festival in mid June every year so that visitors can buy quality products at an inexpensive prices and enjoy various things to eat and see. During the festival period, visitors can get a special discount for mountain berry and watermelon. Visitors can taste various products such as mountain berry beverage and liquor, processed mountain berry foods such as traditional snack and jelly and watermelon salads. And they can enjoy various experience programs such as Korean chamber pot curling, mountain berry archery and watermelon shooting.

Also, the festival also includes Pungcheon Eel tasting which has a great match with mountain berry liquor and Pungcheon Eel catching, making the festival more fun and exciting.

Twin towns – sister cities

Gochang is twinned with:

See also

External links

Coordinates: 35°26′00″N 126°42′00″E / 35.4333333433°N 126.70000001°E

Ahn Gyu-baek

Ahn Gyu-baek (Korean: 안규백; Hanja: 安圭伯; born 29 April 1961) is a South Korean politician in the liberal Minjoo Party of Korea. He has been a member of the National Assembly for Dongdaemun, Seoul, since 2012, and previously served as a party list member from 2008 to 2012.

Ahn was appointed deputy floor leader of the New Politics Alliance for Democracy, the Minjoo Party's predecessor, on 12 October 2014, and remained in that position for seven months. He was praised by his Saenuri Party counterpart, Cho Hae-jin, who described him as having an "honest and upright" character and "always thinking of his country first". He subsequently became head of strategy and public relations for the NPAD on 23 June 2015.A ranking member of the Assembly's National Defense Committee, Ahn has been a critic of South Korea's defense policy. In 2011 he stated that draft-dodging had doubled under the Lee Myung-bak administration, and at the end of 2015 he attacked Park Geun-hye's government for signing an intelligence cooperation agreement with Japan and the United States, stating that "it is against all reason to give [Korea's] advanced information" to Japan given its colonial history in the peninsula and continuing territorial claims over the Liancourt Rocks. In June 2015, he introduced a bill to honor the veterans of the Second Battle of Yeonpyeong, an armed confrontation with North Korea that had taken place in 2002.Born in Gochang County in North Jeolla, Ahn attended high school in Gwangju, and studied Eastern philosophy at Sungkyunkwan University as an undergraduate before earning a master's degree at the university's Department of Commerce and Trade.

Bokbunja-ju

Bokbunjaju (복분자주; 覆盆子酒), also called bokbunja wine, is a Korean fruit wine made from wild and/or cultivated bokbunja (Korean black raspberry). It is produced in Gochang County, Jeollabuk-do, in Damyang, Jeollanam-do, and in Jeju Island, South Korea. It is made by fermenting berries with water. Some varieties also contain rice and jicho herb.The wine is deep red in color and moderately sweet. It ranges between 15% and 19% alcohol by volume, depending on the brand. It is believed to be healthful and to promote male sexual stamina.Since 2008, South Korean scientists have searched for ways to utilize bokbunja seeds, which are a by-product of bokbunja ju production. The carbonized seeds can be used as potential adsorbent for industrial dye removal from wastewaters.

Brazil at the 2015 Summer Universiade

Brazil sent a team of 203 athletes to compete in the 2015 Summer Universiade held in Gwangju, South Korea from July 3 to 17, 2013.

Gochang O clan

Gochang O clan (Korean: 고창 오씨; Hanja: 高敞 吳氏) was one of the Korean clans. Their Bon-gwan was in Gochang County, North Jeolla Province. According to the research in 2000, the number of Gochang O clan was 16716. Their founder was O Hak rin (hanja: 吳學麟). He was a Hanlin Academy during Jeongjong, 10th monarch of Goryeo’s reign in Goryeo dynasty and a descendant of O Cheom (hanja: 吳瞻) who came over from China to Silla during Jijeung of Silla’s reign in Silla dynasty.

Handball at the 2015 Summer Universiade – Men's tournament

Men's handball at the 2015 Summer Universiade was held in Gwangju, South Korea from 6 to 13 July 2015.

Handball at the 2015 Summer Universiade – Women's tournament

Women's handball at the 2015 Summer Universiade was held in Gwangju, South Korea from 6 to 13 July 2015.

Hwasun County

Hwasun County (화순군; Hwasun-gun) is a county in South Jeolla Province, South Korea.

Israel at the 2015 Summer Universiade

Israel competed at the 2015 Summer Universiade also known as the XXVIII Summer Universiade, in Gwangju, South Korea.

Jin Chae-seon

Jin Chae-seon (born 1842 or 1847) was a Korean pansori singer, widely regarded as the first female master of a male dominated genre, although she was probably not the first woman to perform pansori, as gisaeng courtesans might have performed it before her. She was a master of performing Chunhyangga and Simcheongga.

Kim Hae-sun

Kim Hae-sun (born on May 6, 1969 in North Jeolla Province, Gochang County – September 27, 2001) was a South Korean serial killer and rapist who killed three minors in 2000. He also attempted to rape and kill another high school student, but the attempted was halted.

Kim Seon-il

Kim Seon-il, sometimes spelled as Kim Sun-il (born 11 June 1985) is a South Korean football defender.

Playing as central defender, or left-back, he came to Serbia in summer 2011 after having played with Suwon Samsung Bluewings in the K-League and winning the 2010 Korean FA Cup with them.Kim Seon-il played with Dongguk University in 2008 before moving to Bluewings at the end of the year.He made his league debut with FK Radnički Niš on October 1, 2011, in a Serbian First League round 8 match against FK Donji Srem.He is a former member of the South Korea national under-20 football team.

Kim Seong-su

Kim Seong-su (김성수, 金性洙; October 11, 1891 – February 18, 1955) was a Korean educator, independence activist, journalist, entrepreneur, politician and calligrapher, and the Vice President of South Korea from 1951–1952. He founded Korea University and Dong-A Ilbo. Kim was born in Gochang county, North Jeolla province. Its nickname was Inchon (인촌; 仁村; "good village").

Lim Jong-in

Lim Jong-In (born August 28, 1956 in Gochang County, North Jeolla) is a politician and a lawyer. Lim took undergraduate bachelor's degree of laws at Korea University

Lim served 17th term of the South Korean National Assembly (2004~2008) as a member of Uri Party. He opposed the dispatch of South Korean troops at Iraq War, U.S-Korea FTA, and Uri Party's alliance with Grand National Party. Lim was the first member to quit Uri Party. In 2011, Lim joined Democratic Unity Party.

Musong Yu clan

Musong Yu clan (Korean: 무송 유씨; Hanja: 茂松 庾氏) is one of the Korean clans. Their Bon-gwan is in Gochang County, North Jeolla Province. According to the research held in 2000, the number of Musong Yu clan’s member was 12464. Yu clan was Chinese origin. Their founder was Yu Geum pil who became Goryeo Dynasty minister after supporting Taejo of Goryeo and making an achievement in unification of the three Koreas. His ancestor was Yu Geum pil who was naturalized in Korea from Eastern Jin dynasty at the beginning of Goguryeo.

Musong Yun clan

Musong Yun clan (Korean: 무송 윤씨; Hanja: 茂松 尹氏) was one of the Korean clans. Their Bon-gwan was in Kyonghung County, North Hamgyong Province. According to the research in 2015, the number of Musong Yun clan was 14572. Their founder was Yun Yang bi who was a descendant of Yun Gyeong (hanja: 尹鏡). He fled from China to Gochang County, North Jeolla Province in order to avoid conflicts happened in Later Tang.

National Route 23 (South Korea)

National Route 23 is a national highway in South Korea connects Gangjin County to Dongnam District, Cheonan. It established on 31 August 1971.

Poet Midang Memorial Hall

Poet Midang Memorial Hall (a.k.a. Midang Literary House) is a memorial hall built in Seonun-ri, Buan-myeon, Gochang-gun, Jeollabuk-do. It was opened in the fall of 2001 with the backing of the Gochang county governor. It was newly remodeled from a closed elementary school (Seonun Branch School of Bongam Elementary School). Seo Jeong-ju's birthplace and tomb complex are nearby.

Seo Jeong-ju

Seo Jeong-ju (May 18, 1915 – December 24, 2000) was a Korean poet and university professor who wrote under the pen name Midang (lit. "not yet fully grown"). He is widely considered as one of the best poets in twentieth-century Korean literature and was nominated five times for the Nobel Prize in literature.

Seonunsa

Seonunsa is a head temple of the Jogye Order of Korean Buddhism. It stands on the slopes of Dosolsan in Asan-myeon, Gochang County, near the Yellow Sea coast in western Jeollabuk-do province.

Specific city
Cities
Counties

Languages

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.