Goalpara district

Goalpara district (Assamese: গোৱালপাৰা জিলা) is an administrative district of the Indian state of Assam.

Goalpara

গোৱালপাৰা
Goalpara District
Tea plantation in Goalpara district
Tea plantation in Goalpara district
Nickname(s): 
Raghunath
Goalpara district's location in Assam
Goalpara district's location in Assam
Country India
StateAssam
DivisionLower Assam
HeadquartersGoalpara
Area
 • Total1,824 km2 (704 sq mi)
Population
(2011)
 • Total1,008,959
 • Density550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Goalpariya
Languages
 • OfficialEnglish, Assamese
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
783 101 to** (** area code)
Telephone code03663
ISO 3166 codeIN-AS, IN-AS-GP
Vehicle registrationAS 18
Websitehttp://goalpara.gov.in/

History

It was a princely state ruled by the Koch kings and the then ruler of the undivided kingdom. Today the erstwhile Goalpara district is divided into Kokrajhar, Bongaigaon, Dhubri, and Goalpara district.

The name of the district Goalpara is said to have originally derived from `Gwaltippika` meaning `Guwali village` or the village of the milk men.[1] The history of Goalpara goes back to several centuries. Based on the Chinese traveler `Hiuentsang` report, Sir Edward Gait had concluded that the erstwhile capital of the state of Kumar Bhaskar Varman was either in Goalpara district or in Cooch Behar. The district came under British rule in 1765. Before this, the area was under the control of the Koch dynasty. It was also part of greater British Bengal. In 1826 the British accessed Assam and Goalpara was annexed to Assam in 1874, along with the creation of district headquarters at Dhubri.

On 1 July 1983 two districts were split from Goalpara: Dhubri and Kokrajhar.[2] On 29 September 1989 Bongaigaon district was created from parts of Goalpara and Kokrajhar.[2]

Geography

The district headquarters are located at Goalpara. Goalpara district occupies an area of 1,824 square kilometres (704 sq mi),[3] comparatively equivalent to South Korea's Jeju-do.[4]

Economy

In 2006 the Indian government named Goalpara one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[5] It is one of the eleven districts in Assam currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[5]

Political divisions

There are four Assam Legislative Assembly constituencies in this district: Dudhnoi, Goalpara East, Goalpara West, and Jaleswar.[6] Dudhnoi is designated for scheduled tribes.[6] Dudhnoi is in the Gauhati Lok Sabha constituency, whilst the other three are in the Dhubri Lok Sabha constituency.[7]

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Goalpara district has a population of 1,008,959,[8] roughly equal to the nation of Cyprus[9] or the US state of Montana.[10] This gives it a ranking of 444th in India (out of a total of 640).[8] The district has a population density of 553 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,430/sq mi) .[8] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 22.74%.[8] Goalpara has a sex ratio of 962 females for every 1000 males,[8] and a literacy rate of 68.67%.[8]

Muslims 441,516 (53.71%), Hindus 314,157, and Christians 64,662.

Tourism

Tourist spots in the district include:

  • Sri Surya Pahar, a significant but relatively unknown archaeological site in Assam, a hill which showcases the remains of cultural heritage of three important religions of India, Buddhism, Jainism and Hinduism.
  • Dadan Hill has a Shiva Temple on its top. The temple was established by a general of the army of King Bana of Sonitpur named Dadan.
  • Pir Majhar is situated in Goalpara town, a tomb of a saint named Hazarat Sayed Abul Kasem Kharasani. He is a saint who was respected by Hindus and Muslims alike.
  • Hulukanda hill is located at the center of Goalpara.
  • Sri Tukreswari hill
  • Paglartek Baba at Barbhita
  • Urpod beel of Agia
  • Dhamar Risen beel of Lakhipur, Goalpara are some other attractions of the district.

References

  1. ^ A brief history of Goalpara District
  2. ^ a b Law, Gwillim (2011-09-25). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 2011-10-11.
  3. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti, ed. (2010). "States and Union Territories: Assam: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. p. 1116. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.
  4. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. Jeju-do 1,825km2
  5. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
  6. ^ a b "List of Assembly Constituencies showing their Revenue & Election District wise break - up" (PDF). Chief Electoral Officer, Assam website. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 March 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  7. ^ "List of Assembly Constituencies showing their Parliamentary Constituencies wise break - up" (PDF). Chief Electoral Officer, Assam website. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 March 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  8. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  9. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Cyprus 1,120,489 July 2011 est.
  10. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Montana 989,415

External links

Coordinates: 26°26′N 90°22′E / 26.433°N 90.367°E

Adil Hussain

Adil Hussain (pronounced [ʕaːdɪl ħuˈseːn]; born 5 October 1963) is an Indian film actor of Assamese Descent , who works in mainstream Bollywood as well as art house cinema. He has worked in international films like The Reluctant Fundamentalist and Life of Pi (both 2012) and he received the Special Jury Award at the 2017 National Film Awards. He has acted in English, Hindi, Assamese, Bengali, Tamil, Marathi, Malayalam, Norwegian and French films.

Ashraful Haque (actor)

Ashraful Haque (Assamese: আশ্ৰাফুল হক; 3 November 1969 — 17 February 2015) was an Indian actor who mainly appeared in Hindi films and was popularly known for his work in Talaash (2012), Delhi Belly (2011) and Manjhi - The Mountain Man (2015). He also appeared in Black Friday, Company, Deewar, Fukrey, Jungle, and Raavan . He was a graduate of the National School of Drama.

Baharul Islam (actor)

Baharul Islam is an Indian theater actor. An alumnus of the prestigious National School of Drama, Baharul has acted in more than 80 plays, designed and directed 30 plays for his theater troupe Seagull. He is one of the busiest theatre artists in Assam.

Bhakti Ballabh Tirtha

Srila Bhakti Ballabh Tirtha Maharaj (24 April 1924 - 21 April 2017) was a disciple of Bhakti Dayita Madhava Goswami Maharaj and an acharya and initiating spiritual master (Sri Guru) in the Gaudiya Math following the philosophy of the Bhakti marg, specifically of Caitanya Mahaprabhu and Gaudiya Vaishnava theology. He was the President Acharya of Sree Chaitanya Gaudiya Math, headquartered at Kolkata, West Bengal, India and having more than 22 branches in India. He was president of WVA (World Vaishnava Association) and founder of GOKUL( Global organization for KrishnaChaitnaya's Universal Love).He has written extensively in Bengali, Hindi and English. His most read and referenced book is Sri Caitanya and His Associates, which details the lives of an entire lineage of Gaudiya Vaishnava spiritual leaders, from the 10th century to the present day.

Srila Bhakti Ballabh Tirtha Maharaj departed for His eternal abode, Goloka Vrindavan, on April 21, 2017, at the Sree Caitanya Gaudiya Math Temple, Kolkata. His samadhi was installed on April 22 in the holy city of Mayapur at Sree Chaitanya Gaudiya math , Mayapur.

Dhubri district

Dhubri District (Pron:ˈdʊbri) is an administrative district in the state of Assam. The district headquarters are located at Dhubri town which is situated at ~290 km from Guwahati, the state capital. This was also the headquarters of erstwhile undivided Goalpara district which was created in 1876 by the British government. In 1983, Goalpara district was divided into four districts and Dhubri is one among those. The Dhubri district is one among the many Muslim Majority districts of Assam. About 75% of population is Muslim in Dhubri.

As of 2011 it is the second most populous district of Assam (out of 27), after Nagaon.

Dudhnoi

Dudhnoi is a taluk in Goalpara district, Assam, India.

Dudhnoi railway station

Dudhnoi railway station is a small railway station in Goalpara district, Assam. Its code is DDNI. It serves Dudhnoi town. The station consists of a single platform. The platform is not well sheltered. It lacks many facilities including water and sanitation.

Goalpara

Goalpara, Pron: ) is the district headquarters of Goalpara district, Assam, India. It is situated 134 kilometres (83 mi) to the west of Guwahati.

Goalpara region

Goalpara region, largely congruous to the historical undivided Goalpara district, is a region that is associated with the people and culture of Goalpara. It is bounded on the north by Bhutan, on the east by the Kamrup region, in the south by Meghalaya and in the west by Cooch Behar and Jalpaiguri in West Bengal and Rangpur in Bangladesh. The natural landmarks are: Sankosh and Brahmaputra rivers on the west, the Manas river on the east in the north bank, and a corresponding region in the south bank; the Garo Hills in the south and Bhutan Hills in the north.

Goalpariya people

Goalpariya people are ethno-linguistic group found in Goalpara region of India. They are associated with Goalpariya language and culture.

Kharijapikon

Kharijapikon is a census town in Goalpara district in the Indian state of Assam.

Khiren Roy

Khiren Roy was a veteran journalist and editor to some English and Assamese Dailies published from Assam. He was born at Matia, a hamlet in Goalpara district of Assam.

Mech tribe

The Bodo tribe (known also as Mech and being one of the scheduled tribes of India) belongs to Kachari tribal grouping. Mech is the name given to the Bodo tribe by others. They speak mainly the Bodo language, which, although a Tibeto-Burman dialect, has been influenced by the Indo-European Assamese language.Meches also known as Bodos migrated into India and gradually spread themselves into the whole of Assam, North Bengal and parts of East Bengal. It is said that, during their migration to India, they marched towards different directions.one group went along the river Brahmaputra and established themselves in the whole of Assam up to Goalpara district and parts of Jalpaiguri district and Cooch Behar district under the name of Bodo or Bara. Another group went towards the West along the foot of the Himalayas up to the river Mechi, bordering India and Nepal and settled on the North bank of the river known as Mechi or Mechia. Later they spread to Darjeeling Terai, Baikanthpur in Jalpaiguri district again marched further East and settled in the Dooars. It is said that, a group of Mech people, again moved further East, crossed the Sankosh River, and went towards Goalpara in Assam. Due to repeated floods in Dooars and eastern bank of Teesta river, a large number of families migrated towards Assam.

Northern Evangelical Lutheran Church

Northern Evangelical Lutheran Church (NELC) is a multi-lingual Lutheran Christian church that is centred mainly in four states of North India - Jharkhand, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, and Bengal. The reach of the Church extends into Nepal and the NELC also works in Bhutan. It is one of the three Lutheran denominations in northeast India along with the Bodo Evangelical Lutheran Church and the Gossner Evangelical Lutheran Church.

The Church was founded in 1868 by Hans Peter Boerresen, a Dane, and Lars Olsen Skrefsrud, a Norwegian. NELC missionary Paul Olaf Bodding invented the Santali latin alphabet that is still used by people in the region today. Santals form the majority of church members, with Boro and Bengali people comprising most of the rest of the members. Currently, it has more than 85,000 baptized members.The NELC took its present name in 1958 and its headquarters are situated in Dumka, a growing educational center northeast of Kolkata. The church provides theological training and education. The NELC is one of ten members of the United Evangelical Lutheran Churches in India. Mornai Tea Estate in earlier it was Goalpara district now recently formed Kokrajhar district, Assam, is owned by the church. The NELC runs several health centers and community health programs and has its main hospital in Mohulpahari, Jharkhand.

Rabha Hasong Autonomous Council

The Rabha Hasong Autonomous Council (RHAC) was constituted by the Government of Assam in 2005. It was constituted for all round development in the area of economic, educational, socio-cultural and ethnic identity of Rabha people residing in the council area.

Rabha language

Rabha is a Sino-Tibetan language of India. The two dialects, Maituri and Rongdani, are divergent enough to cause problems in communication. According to U.V. Jose, there are three dialects, viz. Róngdani or Róngdania, Mayturi or Mayturia and Songga or Kocha (page ix). Jose writes that "the Kocha dialect, spoken along the northern bank of the Brahmaputra, is highly divergent and is not intelligible to a Róngdani or Mayturi speaker" (page ix). Jose also writes that "[t]he dialect variations between Róngdani and Mayturi, both of which are spoken on the southern bank of the Brahmaputra, in the Goalpara district of Assam and belong to the northern slopes of Meghalaya, are minimal" (pages ix-x). Jose concludes the paragraph on dialectal variation with: "The Róngdani-Mayturi dialectal differences become gradually more marked as one moves further west" (page x).

In 2007, U.V. Joseph published a grammar of Rabha with Brill in their series Languages of the Greater Himalayan Region.

Sainik School, Goalpara

Sainik School Goalpara, Assam, India, was established on 12 November 1964, under the Sainik Schools Society, New Delhi under the Ministry of Defence (India). The idea of Sainik schools were presented by the then Defence Minister V.K.Menon in 1961. The school was initially established in the town of Goalpara which is a district headquarter. Subsequently, the school was shifted to its present location at Rajapara Village in Mornai in Goalpara District. Initially 18 Sainik schools were founded.

Sainik School Goalpara celebrated its Golden Jubilee on 12 Nov 2014. It was a year-long celebration, celebrated with great gusto with the involvement of its Old Boys Association (OBA).

The school is located in the north-eastern part of India. In this north eastern region of India, there are two more Sainik Schools, one at Imphal, Manipur and the other one at Punglwa in Nagaland. The school is situated 18 km from Goalpara town en route capital Guwahati. The nearest police station is Mornoi and railway station is Goalpara. It is a fully residential school having classes from standard 6th to 12th. Besides the school there is a kindergarten school.

Admission to the school is done for two standards - 6th and 9th. The average strength of each class is 90. The aim of the school is to prepare students for the National Defence Academy exam. Till date more than 200 students have joined NDA and around 500 joined the armed forces through other exams like CDS.

Undivided Goalpara district

The Undivided Goalpara district is an erstwhile district of Assam, first constituted by the British rulers of Colonial Assam.

West Garo Hills district

West Garo Hills is an administrative district in Garo Hills of the state of Meghalaya in India. Tura town is the administrative headquarters of the district. The district occupies an area of 3714 km² and has a population of 515,813 (as of 2001). As of 2011 it is the second most populous district of Meghalaya (out of 7), after East Khasi Hills.West Garo Hills district is located at the westernmost part of Meghalaya. The district is bounded by East Garo Hills district on the east, by South Garo Hills district on the south-east, Goalpara district of Assam state on the north and north-west and Bangladesh on the south.

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