The goad is a traditional farming implement, used to spur or guide livestock, usually oxen, which are pulling a plough or a cart; used also to round up cattle. It is a type of long stick with a pointed end, also known as the cattle prod.

The word is from Middle English gode, from Old English gād.

Crook and flail
The crook and flail depicted in Egyptian iconography.

In Oedipus the King, the play by Sophocles, Laius, the biological father of Oedipus, tried to kill his son with a goad when they accidentally met at a juncture of three roads. They did not know at the time that they were father and son. Oedipus explains to Jocasta, his mother and wife, what took place: "When in my journey I was near those three roads, there met me a herald, and a man seated in a carriage drawn by colts, as thou hast described; and he who was in front, and the old man himself, were for thrusting me rudely from the path. Then, in anger, I struck him who pushed me aside. -- the driver; and the old man, seeing it, watched the moment when I was passing, and, from the carriage, brought his goad with two teeth down full upon my head. Yet was he paid with interest; by one swift blow from the staff in his hand he was rolled right out of the carriage, on his back; and I slew every man of them."

Religious significance

Goads in various guises are used as iconographic devices and may be seen in the 'elephant goad' or 'ankusha' (Sanskrit) in the hand of Ganesha, for example.

According to the biblical passage Judges 3:31, Shamgar son of Anath killed six hundred Philistines with an ox goad.

Tischler and McHenry (2006: p. 251) in discussing the biblical account of 'goad' hold:

In the early days, before Israel had its own metal industries, farmers had to rely on the Philistines to sharpen their goads, as well as other metal tools, the plowshares and mattocks, forks, and axes (1 Sam. 13:20).

The image of prodding the reluctant or lazy creature made this a useful metaphor for sharp urging, such as the prick of conscience, the nagging of a mate, or the "words of the wise," which are "firmly embedded nails" in human minds (Ecclesiastes 12:11-12).[1]

Ploughmen Fac simile of a Miniature in a very ancient Anglo Saxon Manuscript published by Shaw with legend God Spede ye Plough and send us Korne enow
Ploughing with oxen: a miniature from an early-16th-century manuscript held at the British Museum. The ploughman on the right appears to carry a goad. The ox on the left appears to react to it. Note the spike or prod at the end of this goad.

Saint Paul, recounting the story of his conversion before King Agrippa, told of a voice he heard saying ‘Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting Me? It is hard for you to kick against the goads.’[2] Some versions of the actual account of his conversion earlier in the Acts of the Apostles also use the same phrase.[3]

In the Latin alphabet, the letter L is derived from the Semitic crook or goad which stood for /l/. This may originally have been based on an Egyptian hieroglyph that was adapted by Semites for alphabetic purposes. Pollack (2004: p. 146), in discussing 'Lamed, Path 22' the path from Gevurah to Tiferet, Justice, in the pathworking of the esoteric Kabbalah, states:

We switch sides now and bring the power of Gevurah to the center. Lamed means 'goad' and in particular an ox-goad, as if we use the power of Gevurah to goad that Aleph ox, the silent letter, into a more tangible physical existence in the heart of the tree [of life]. Lamed begins the Hebrew words for both "learn" and "teach," and so encompasses the most Kabbalist of activities, study. Kabbalah has never been a path of pure sensation, but always has used study to goad us into higher consciousness. Lamed, alone of the Hebrew alphabet, reaches above the height of all the other letters. Through learning we extend ourselves above ordinary awareness.[4]

See also


  1. ^ Tischler, Nancy M. P.; McHenry, Ellen J. (2006). All Things in the Bible: An Encyclopedia of the Biblical World. Illustrated by Ellen J. McHenry. Edition: illustrated. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 251. ISBN 0-313-33082-4. Retrieved April 15, 2009.
  2. ^ Acts 26:14 NKJV
  3. ^ Acts 9:5 in some manuscripts
  4. ^ Pollack, Rachel (2004). The Kabbalah Tree: A Journey of Balance & Growth. Edition: illustrated. Llewellyn Worldwide. p. 146. ISBN 0-7387-0507-1. Retrieved April 15, 2009.
65th Scripps National Spelling Bee

The 65th Scripps National Spelling Bee was held in Washington, D.C. at the Capital Hilton on May 27–28, 1992, sponsored by the E.W. Scripps Company.

The winner was 13 year old Amanda Goad of Richmond, Virginia, spelling "lyceum" for the win. Goad had tied for fourth-place in the prior year's bee. Second place went to Todd Erik Wallace from Blackfoot, Idaho, a 14 year old in his fourth consecutive Bee, and who had finished third the prior year.There were 227 spellers this year (the same as the prior year), 117 girls and 110 boys. 134 survived into the second day of competition. The first place prize was $5,000.Goad later won $31,200 on the Jeopardy! Teen Tournament in 1996, and graduated from Harvard Law School in 2005.


Bhairavasana (Sanskrit: भैरवासन) or formidable pose, sometimes called Supta Bhairavasana (सुप्त भैरवासन), is a reclining asana in hatha yoga; the variation Kala Bhairavasana (काला भैरवासन) has the body balanced on the straight leg and one arm, as in Vasiṣṭhāsana. Bhairava is one of the eight aspects of the god Shiva. The pose has also been called Aṇkuśāsana (अण्कुशआसन), the elephant goad pose.

Dan Ackerman

Dan Ackerman (born March 13, 1974) is a former radio DJ turned technology and video game journalist. Ackerman resides in New York City and has written about video games and gadgets for publications including SPIN, Blender, WWE Magazine, and The Hollywood Reporter.

He is currently a senior editor at CNET.com and a regular TV talking head on outlets such as G4TV, CNN, MSNBC, Fox News and CNBC. Ackerman co-hosted CNET's weekly Digital City and CNET Labcasts video podcast. Previously, Ackerman was the editor-in-chief of Clubplanet.com from 2001 to 2006, and a senior editor at UGO.com from 1999 to 2001. He has released four albums on the Helper Monkey Records label, including 2008's "Tales Out of Night School" and 2012's "The Futurist". He also appeared on a web show called "Play Value" Along with his Wife and other people in the video gaming industry. The show talked about the history of gaming such as "The Rise of Atari", or "The Death of The Arcade".

Ackerman is married to Libe Goad.

Elephant goad

The elephant goad, bullhook, or ankus (from Sanskrit aṅkuśa or ankusha) is a tool employed by mahout in the handling and training of elephants. It consists of a hook (usually bronze or steel) which is attached to a 60–90 cm (2.0–3.0 ft) handle, ending in a tapered end.

A relief at Sanchi and a fresco at the Ajanta Caves depict a three-person crew on the war elephant, the driver with an elephant goad, what appears to be a noble warrior behind the driver and another attendant on the posterior of the elephant.

Nossov and Dennis (2008 p 19) report that two perfectly preserved elephant goads were recovered from an archaeological site at Taxila and are dated from 3rd century BCE to the 1st century CE according to Marshall. The larger of the two is 65 cm long.Nossov and Dennis (2008: p. 16) state:

An ankusha, a sharpened goad with a pointed hook, was the main tool for managing an elephant. The ankusha first appeared in India in the 6th-5th century BC and has been used ever since, not only there, but wherever elephants served man.

Frank G. Clement

Frank Goad Clement (June 2, 1920 – November 4, 1969) was an American lawyer and politician who served as Governor of Tennessee from 1953 to 1959 and from 1963 to 1967. Inaugurated for the first time at age 32, he was the state's youngest and longest-serving governor in the 20th century. Clement owed much of his rapid political rise to his ability to deliver rousing, mesmerizing speeches. His sermon-like keynote address at the 1956 Democratic National Convention has been described as both one of the best and one of the worst keynote addresses in the era of televised conventions.As governor, Clement oversaw the state's economic transformation from a predominantly agricultural state to an industrial state. He increased funding for education and mental health, and was the first Southern governor to veto a segregation bill. In 1956, he dispatched the National Guard to disperse a crowd attempting to prevent integration at Clinton High School. He attempted to enter national politics, and although his aggressive speeches at the 1956 Democratic national convention impressed some members of his own party, they disgusted many other politicians and brought an end to his federal political career. His final years, including his last term as governor, were marked by severe alcohol abuse which deeply affected his personal and professional life. His wife, tired of his alcoholism, filed for divorce in 1969. He died in a car accident soon after announcing his intention to run for a fourth term.


The GenBank sequence database is an open access, annotated collection of all publicly available nucleotide sequences and their protein translations. This database is produced and maintained by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) as part of the International Nucleotide Sequence Database Collaboration (INSDC). The National Center for Biotechnology Information is a part of the National Institutes of Health in the United States.

GenBank and its collaborators receive sequences produced in laboratories throughout the world from more than 100,000 distinct organisms. The database started in 1982 by Walter Goad and Los Alamos National Laboratory. GenBank has become an important database for research in biological fields and has grown in recent years at an exponential rate by doubling roughly every 18 months.Release 194, produced in February 2013, contained over 150 billion nucleotide bases in more than 162 million sequences. GenBank is built by direct submissions from individual laboratories, as well as from bulk submissions from large-scale sequencing centers.

Gowd-e Kalur

Gowd-e Kalur (Persian: گودكلور‎, also Romanized as Gowd-e Kalūr) is a village in Jangal Rural District, in the Central District of Fasa County, Fars Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 29, in 7 families.

Harold Elsdale Goad

Harold Elsdale Goad (1878–1956) was a British writer, journalist and poet. He was an early sympathizer with Fascism, with the pamphlet What is Fascism?, followed by two books on corporatism.

He was one of those in the British Fascists interested in Fascist ideology, with James Strachey Barnes, in relation to trade unions and guilds. The books were highly regarded by the Italian Fascist government. A small group, briefly attached to Chatham House, studied the Corporate State and included Goad, Barnes, Charles Petrie and Goad's co-author Muriel Currey; Goad addressed a Chatham House meeting in October 1933.He was Director of the British Institute in Florence from 1922 to 1939.

Jim Goad

James Thaddeus "Jim" Goad (born 1961) is an American author and publisher. Goad co-authored and published the zine ANSWER Me! and The Redneck Manifesto.

List of Scripps National Spelling Bee champions

The Scripps National Spelling Bee is a competition held annually in the Washington, D.C. area in the United States over a two-day period at the end of May or beginning of June. Since 2011 it has been held at the Gaylord National Resort & Convention Center.

Philip Goad

Philip J. Goad is an Australian academic, currently serving as Professor of Architecture in the Faculty of Architecture, Building and Planning at the University of Melbourne. He is also a former President of the Victorian Chapter of the Royal Australian Institute of Architects.

Professor Goad researches in the areas of architectural history, theory and design. He is an authority on modern Australian architecture. One of his fields of expertise is the life and work of Robin Boyd. He has been a visiting scholar at Columbia University, the Bartlett School of Architecture (London) and UCLA (Los Angeles). Professor Goad is a past editor of Fabrications, the Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, Australia and New Zealand, and is a former contributing editor to Architecture Australia. He has also worked extensively as an architectural conservation consultant and exhibition curator. As an architect, his most notable work has been for the Melbourne firm, Edmond and Corrigan, as project architect for the RMIT Building 8 project in Swanston Street, central Melbourne.

In 2000 Professor Goad was awarded the Bates Smart Award for Architecture in the Media, from the Royal Australian Institute of Architects. In 1994 he received the Joint RAPI Award for Excellence from the Royal Australian Planning Institute (now the Planning Institute of Australia) and in 1991 he was a recipient of the RAIA President’s Award.

With Professor Julie Willis, Goad edited the Encyclopedia of Australian Architecture.


Prick may refer to:

Prick (manufacturing), a style of marking tool

Goad or prick, a traditional farming implement

Fingerprick, a wound for blood sample

Prick (slang), vulgar slang for human penis or a derogatory term for a man

Prick (magazine), a free tattoo and piercing monthly in Atlanta, Georgia, US


A quirt is a short whip associated with the Southwestern United States. It often has a braided leather lash.The falls on a quirt are made of leather, usually cow hide. The core of the quirt can be a leather bag filled with lead shot; the main part including the handle is often made from braided rawhide, leather, or kangaroo hide and is usually somewhat stiff but flexible.The old-style horse quirt is still carried by some Western horsemen, and this style of quirt is seen in the early Western cowboy films.

The quirt, due to its slow action, is not particularly effective as a riding aid for horses, though at times it has been used as a tool of punishment. Rather, it is an effective tool to slap or goad cattle from horseback.

In the vaquero tradition, a quirt with a long handle, known as a romal, was attached to the end of a closed set of reins. The romal was primarily used as a noisemaker to slap or goad cattle. (The handle made it too slow and of the wrong length for use on the horse.) This combination of romal and closed reins, today referred to as "romal reins" or "romal-style reins", is seen primarily in the horse show ring in certain types of Western pleasure classes.

Robin Goad

Robin Elizabeth Goad (born January 17, 1970 in Newnan, Georgia), also known as Robin Byrd-Goad, is a retired female Olympic weightlifter from the United States, who competed at the 2000 Summer Olympics. She won the bronze medal in the women's – 53 kg division at the 1998 World Weightlifting Championships in Lahti. Goad competed in the first Women's World Championships in 1987 at age seventeen and was the only female Olympian to compete in the 2000 Olympics who was also present at that first women's Worlds. She currently teaches Physical Education at an elementary school.

Roger Goad

Roger Goad (1538–1610) was an English academic theologian, Provost of King's College, Cambridge, and three times Vice-Chancellor of the University of Cambridge.

Roger Goad (explosives officer)

Roger Philip Goad, (5 August 1935 – 29 August 1975) was an explosives officer with London's Metropolitan Police Service who was posthumously awarded the George Cross for the heroism he displayed on 29 August 1975. He had previously been awarded the British Empire Medal in 1958 for gallantry whilst serving with the Royal Army Ordnance Corps in Cyprus, for repeated acts of deliberate courage in the disarming of bombs and booby traps set by terrorists.


Tilgul is a colourful sesame candy coated with sesame seeds; in Maharashtra people exchange tilgul on Sankranti, a Hindu festival celebrated on 14 January, which continue till Rathsaptami, till 7 days.

Due to Sesame and Jageery, this candy is healthy for human body during winter season. That's why this candy exchange festival is in winter.The sweet is a mixture of sesame seeds (called "Til" in Marathi) and jaggery (called "Gul" in Marathi) and hence the name. On Sankranti eve, families serve their guests with Tilgul while saying "Tilgul ghya, goad goad bola" which literally means "Take Tilgul and talk sweetly".

Tim Goad

Tim Goad (born February 28, 1966) is a former American football defensive tackle. He attended high school at Patrick County High School in Stuart, VA and was a member of the Cougar varsity football team. He played offensive tackle and defensive tackle for the team. After high school, he attended the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill, where he played on the defensive line. After college, Goad was drafted by the New England Patriots. He made his first professional appearance on September 4, 1988 in a 28–3 Patriots' victory. He played seven seasons in New England. In 1995, he played for the Cleveland Browns, and finished his career with the Baltimore Ravens in 1996. In 1998, Goad became the jackman for the NASCAR team Wood Brothers Racing, while also serving at Petty Enterprises and Kevin Harvick Incorporated, the latter in which he served as pit coach. He also worked as a professional bass fisherman. He currently resides in Pittsboro, NC C.I.D..


The xyston (Ancient Greek: ξυστόν "spear, javelin; pointed stick, goad") was a type of a long thrusting spear in ancient Greece. It measured about 3.5–4.25 meters (11.5–13.9 ft) long and was probably held by the cavalryman with both hands, although the depiction of Alexander the Great's xyston on the Alexander Mosaic in Pompeii (see figure), suggests that it could also be used single handed. It had a wooden shaft and a spear-point at both ends. Possible reasons for the secondary spear-tip were that it acted partly as a counterweight and also served as a backup in case the Xyston was broken in action. The xyston is usually mentioned in context with the hetairoi (ἑταῖροι), the cavalry forces of ancient Macedon. After Alexander the Great's death, the hetairoi were named xystophoroi (ξυστοφόροι, "spear-bearers") because of their use of the xyston lance. In his Greek-written Bellum Judaicum, the Jewish historian Flavius Josephus uses the term xyston to describe the Roman throwing javelin, the pilum.

The xyston was wielded either underarm or overarm, presumably as a matter of personal preference. It was also known, especially later, as the kontos; meaning literally "barge-pole"; the name possibly originated as a slang term for the weapon.

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