Glendale, Arizona

Glendale /ˈɡlɛndeɪl/ is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, located about nine miles (14 km) northwest from Downtown Phoenix. According to the 2017 U.S. Census estimates, the population of the city is 246,709.[3]

Glendale
Downtown Glendale, Arizona as viewed from the intersections of Glendale Ave. and 58th Ave.
Downtown Glendale, Arizona as viewed from the intersections of Glendale Ave. and 58th Ave.
Official seal of Glendale

Seal
Location of Glendale in Maricopa County, Arizona
Location of Glendale in Maricopa County, Arizona
Glendale is located in the United States
Glendale
Glendale
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°32′19″N 112°11′11″W / 33.53861°N 112.18639°WCoordinates: 33°32′19″N 112°11′11″W / 33.53861°N 112.18639°W
CountryUnited States
StateArizona
CountyMaricopa
Government
 • MayorJerry Weiers (Non-Partisan)
Area
 • Total59.75 sq mi (154.76 km2)
 • Land59.36 sq mi (153.75 km2)
 • Water0.39 sq mi (1.00 km2)
Elevation1,152 ft (351 m)
Population
 • Total226,721
 • Estimate 
(2017)[4]
246,709
 • RankUS: 89th
 • Density4,142.16/sq mi (1,599.30/km2)
Demonym(s)Glendalian
Time zoneUTC-7 (MST (no DST))
ZIP code
85301-85318
Area code(s)623 and 602
FIPS code04-27820
Websitewww.glendaleaz.com

History

In the late 1800s what is now known as Glendale, Arizona, was all desert. William John Murphy, a native of New Hartford, New York, who resided in the town of Flagstaff in what was then known as the territory of Arizona, was in charge of building a 40-mile-long (64 km) Arizona Canal from Granite Reef to New River for the Arizona Canal Company. In 1885, he completed the canal, which would bring water to the desert land.[5] Murphy was deep in debt, since he had agreed to be paid in Arizona Canal Company stock and bonds and land instead of cash.[6]

William John Murphy
William John Murphy – Founder of Glendale

In 1887, Murphy formed the Arizona Improvement Company. His objective was to sell the land and water rights south of the canal. Murphy had to raise capital from out of state sources in order to meet payroll and construction expenses.[6] Murphy decided to refer to this land as "Glendale". In order to develop and interest potential investors and settlers in this new town, Murphy decided to provide a better way of access from Phoenix to Glendale and ending in the town of Peoria by building an 18-mile-long (29 km) diagonal road which he named Grand Avenue.

In 1891, Burgess Hadsell worked with Murphy to bring 70 Brethren and River Brethren families to Glendale to form a temperance colony. Soon settlers, attracted by the town's ban on alcoholic beverages, continued to arrive. In 1895, Murphy platted the original town site and amended the plat to include a town park and some business lots. It was bounded by Lamar Road on the south, 55th Avenue on the east, Myrtle Avenue on the north, and 59th Avenue on the west.[7] The construction of a railroad from Prescott to Phoenix was made possible with an exchange of the right-of-way made by Murphy along Grand Avenue.[5] The railroad allowed Glendale settlers to transport goods to the north and easily receive building materials.

The construction and commercial applications of the Beet Sugar Factory in 1906, also contributed to the growth of Glendale. Though the operations of the factory only lasted until 1913, it played an important role in the increase of immigrant and migrant settlers in the city.[8]

Geography

Glendale is located at 33°32′19″N 112°11′11″W / 33.53861°N 112.18639°W (33.538654, −112.186261).[9]

Climate

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 55.8 square miles (145 km2), of which, 55.7 square miles (144 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (0.13%) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
19101,000
19202,737173.7%
19303,66533.9%
19404,85532.5%
19508,17968.5%
196015,89394.3%
197036,228127.9%
198097,172168.2%
1990147,86452.2%
2000218,81248.0%
2010226,7213.6%
Est. 2017246,709[14]8.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[15]

As of the census of 2010, there were 226,710 people, 79,114 households, and 54,721 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,929.5 people per square mile (1,517.3/km²). There were 79,667 housing units at an average density of 1,430.7 per square mile (552.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.54% White, 6% Black or African American, 1.7% Native American, 3.9% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 16.95% from other races, and 4.0% from two or more races. 35.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 79,114 households out of which 39.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.5% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.2% were non-families. 21.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.33.

In the city, the population was spread out with 30.1% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 31.9% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 7.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $45,015, and the median income for a family was $51,162. Males had a median income of $35,901 versus $27,736 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,124. About 8.8% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.3% of those under age 18 and 9.5% of those age 65 or over.

Notable attractions

Glendale Glitters by Gage Skidmore
Downtown Glendale with Glendale Glitters around Christmas
WestgateAtNight
The fountain area of the Westgate Entertainment District.

Sports

Westgateground
Westgate City Center
University of Phoenix Stadium (Glendale)
Ground level of the stadium.

Glendale is the site of two major sports venues: State Farm Stadium and Gila River Arena. Both venues are part of the Glendale Sports and Entertainment District development plan, meant to spur growth in the sparsely inhabited Yucca district. Both venues are owned by the City of Glendale.

State Farm Stadium has been the home field of the Arizona Cardinals in the National Football League since 2006, and the annual Fiesta Bowl college football game since 2007. Both the Cardinals and bowl game moved from Sun Devil Stadium on the Arizona State University campus in Tempe. Since opening, the facility has brought two Super Bowls, three college football national championship games, the NCAA Men's Basketball Final Four, WrestleMania XXVI and International Champions Cup soccer to Glendale. Designed by architect Peter Eisenman, the stadium was featured on The History Channel TV series, Modern Marvels because of its roll-out natural grass field.

Gila River Arena (formerly Glendale Arena, then Jobing.com Arena) and Westgate City Center is adjacent to State Farm Stadium, and is the home of the Arizona Coyotes of the National Hockey League (NHL). It was also the home of the now defunct Arizona Sting of the National Lacrosse League (NLL). The inaugural Street League Skateboarding event was held in the summer of 2010 in Glendale at the Gila River Arena. This street skateboarding competition returns to Glendale annually.

In 2009, the Los Angeles Dodgers and the Chicago White Sox of Major League Baseball began to share the new Camelback Ranch-Glendale spring training complex and stadium in Phoenix owned and operated by the City of Glendale.

Education

Glendale-1917 Nash Fire Truck
This 1917 Nash Fire Truck was the first motorized fire truck of the Glendale Fire Department. The truck was manufactured by the Nash Motors Company and is on exhibit at the Glendale Training Center located at 11330 W. Glendale Ave. in Glendale, Arizona.

There are a number of higher education campuses in Glendale. Glendale Community College and Glendale Community College North, just across the border in northwestern Phoenix, are members of the Maricopa County Community College District, while Arizona State University has its Thunderbird School of Global Management in Glendale and its West campus just across the border from Glendale in west Phoenix. Midwestern University is a graduate college of medicine located in Glendale.

Many school districts serve the city of Glendale.

The following school districts serve the city:

Grace Lutheran School is a Pre-K-8 Christian school of the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod (WELS) in Glendale.[20]

Transportation

The city of Glendale has a roughly average percentage of households without a car. In 2015, 8.4 percent of Glendale households lacked a car, and increased slightly to 9 percent in 2016. The national average was 8.7 percent in 2016. Glendale averaged 1.72 cars per household in 2016, compared to a national average of 1.8.[21]

Notable people

Culture

Arizona's Antique Capital

Glendale bills itself as "Arizona's Antique Capital", with support for its claim from both Sunset magazine (2004) and a 1998 article in USA Today. Glendale is home to the popular Arrowhead Towne Center mall in the northwest part of the city. Glendale also is home to Midwestern University, metropolitan Phoenix's first medical school, as well as a major post-graduate international business school: the Thunderbird School of Global Management.

An extension of Valley Metro Rail service is planned to serve the city, opening in 2026,[23] reprising a role played by the Phoenix Street Railway between 1911 and 1926.

Historic buildings

There are numerous properties in the city of Glendale which are considered to be historical and have been included either in the National Register of Historic Places[24] or the listings of the Glendale Arizona Historical Society. At the end of the article are some of these properties with a short description of the same.

G-Sugar Beet

Beet Sugar Factory Building, built in 1906 (NRHP)

G-Manistee Ranch Mansion

Main mansion of the Manistee Ranch, built in 1897 (NRHP)

Glendale-Sahuaro Ranch Main Mansion 1X

Main mansion in Sahuaro Ranch, built in 1886 (NRHP)

G-First National Bank of Glendale 1906

First National Bank of Glendale, built in 1906 (NRHP)

G-EC Bunch House 1898

E.C. Bunch House, built in 1898 (NRHP)

G-George O'Dowdy Cottage 1926

George O'Dowdy Rental Cottage, built in 1926 (NRHP)

G-Glendale Womens Club 1912

Glendale Woman's Club, structure built in 1912 (NRHP)

G-Jonas McNair House 1897

Jonas McNair House, built in 1897 (NRHP)

G-C.H. Tinker House-1913

C.H. Tinker House, built 1913 (NRHP)

G-Glendale Grammar School One-room Class Building

Glendale Grammar School One-Room Class Building, built in 1920 (NRHP)

G-Glendale High School Auditorium-1939

Glendale High School Auditorium, built 1939 (NRHP)

G-Glendale Santa Fe Railroad Depot-1895

Santa Fe Railroad Depot, built in 1895. The building serves as the offices of BNSF-MOW (Burlington Northern Santa Fe – Maintenance of Way) (GAHS)

Glendale-Murphy Park

Murphy Park. The turn of the century town clock (pictured) was dedicated in 1987 to the memory of Thelma Renick Heatwole (1912–1991), who covered life in the Glendale community for more than 40 years as a newspaper reporter. The park is located at 58th & Glendale Avenues and has a public library.

Glendale-Forney House-1893

The Forney House, built in 1893, is the second oldest house in Glendale, Arizona. It is located at 7534 North 61st Avenue. The oldest house in Glendale is the Adobe house located in Saguaro Ranch.

Phoenix-William J. Murphy House-1895

The historic William John Murphy House was built in 1895 and is located at 7514 N. Central Ave. in Phoenix, Arizona. Even though the house is not located in Glendale, it served as the residence of William J. Murphy who created the Arizona Improvement Company in 1887 and bought land in areas that would eventually become the towns of Peoria and Glendale. The house is listed as historic by the Phoenix Historic Property Register.

Thunderbird 1 Army Air Field

Glendale-Thunderbird 1 Army Air Field Control Tower-1941

The historic Thunderbird Control Tower was built in 1941 and served as the Air Control Tower and Officers' quarters during the operation of the Thunderbird 1 Army Air Field, in Glendale. There American, British, Canadian and Chinese pilots trained during WWII. The air field was deactivated in 1945 and is now occupied by the Thunderbird School of Global Management which is located southeast of the intersection of West Greenway Road & North 59th Avenue in Glendale, Arizona (GAHS).

Glendale-Thunderbird 1 Army Air Field Control Tower-1941-2

Different view of the historic Thunderbird Control Tower. The tower and officer quarters were built in 1941 and served the Thunderbird 1 Army Air Field, in Glendale during WW II (GAHS).

Glendale-Thunderbird 1 Army Air Field Hanger-1941

The historic Thunderbird 1 Army Air Field Airplane Hangar was built in 1941 (GAHS).

Sister cities

Glendale has one sister city:

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010.
  2. ^ Official records for Phoenix kept at downtown August 1895 to September 1953, and at Sky Harbor Int'l since October 1953. For more information see ThreadEx.

References

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 18, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Glendale". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 18, 2012.
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  5. ^ a b "William J. Murphy Historical Marker". www.hmdb.org.
  6. ^ a b "WaterHistory.org". www.waterhistory.org.
  7. ^ "Glendale City Center Master Plan" (PDF). glendaleaz.com.
  8. ^ "Beet Sugar Factory History, Glendale, Arizona". molokane.org.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  10. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
  11. ^ "Station Name: AZ Phoenix Sky Harbor INTL AP". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
  12. ^ "WMO Climate Normals for PHOENIX/SKY HARBOR INTL, AZ 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  13. ^ "Monthly Averages for Phoenix, AZ – Temperature and Precipitation". The Weather Channel. Retrieved May 7, 2009.
  14. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 26, 2018.
  15. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  16. ^ a b c "Glendale, AZ - Events and Festivals". www.glendaleaz.com.
  17. ^ Hwang, Kellie. "3/23-24: Glendale Folk & Heritage Festival". azcentral.com.
  18. ^ "The Sweetest Tour in Glendale, Arizona". TripSavvy.
  19. ^ "District Overview" Archived July 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ "Welcome to Grace!".
  21. ^ "Car Ownership in U.S. Cities Data and Map". Governing. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
  22. ^ "Benson Henderson". UFC. Archived from the original on August 19, 2014. Retrieved September 5, 2014.
  23. ^ Providing Public Transportation Alternatives for the Greater Phoenix Metro Area | Valley Metro | Archived May 18, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  24. ^ a b "National Register of Historical Places - ARIZONA (AZ), Maricopa County". nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com.
  25. ^ "Interactive City Directory: Glendale, Arizona". sister-cities.org. Archived from the original on August 13, 2017.

External links

2012–13 Arizona Storm season

The 2012–13 Arizona Storm season was the second and final season of the Arizona Storm professional indoor soccer club. The Storm, a Southwestern Division team in the Professional Arena Soccer League, played their home games in the Arizona Sports Complex in Glendale, Arizona. The team was led by general manager/assistant coach Steven Green and head coach Rino Green.

Arizona Sting

The Arizona Sting was a member of the National Lacrosse League from 2004 to 2007. They played at Nationwide Arena in Columbus, Ohio, from 2001 to 2003 as the Columbus Landsharks. On August 28, 2003, it was announced that the team was relocating to Glendale, Arizona. The team adopted the name Sting in November 2003 and began playing in the Glendale Arena.

In 2005, the Sting defeated the 2004 NLL champion Calgary Roughnecks to win the franchise's first-ever West Division title. The Sting fell 19-13 to the East Division champion Toronto Rock in the league championships.

On October 16, 2007, the NLL announced that the 2008 season had been cancelled due to the failure of the league and the Professional Lacrosse Players' Association to reach a new collective bargaining agreement. However, the negotiations continued and, on October 25, the league announced that a new seven-year agreement had been reached, and that the season would be played. A new schedule was announced on November 2, 2007, but only included 12 of the expected 14 teams; the Sting and Boston Blazers had been removed. According to a news article posted on the Sting website,

Prior to the 2009 NLL season, the Arizona Sting ceased operations and its players were put in a dispersal draft.

Arrowhead Towne Center

Arrowhead Towne Center is a super-regional shopping mall located in Glendale, Arizona (west suburban Phoenix). The mall is managed by the Macerich Company. It is anchored by Macy's, Sears (closing July 2019), Dillard's, JCPenney, Forever 21, Dick's Sporting Goods, and AMC Theatres and is home to 180 tenants. It is currently the only enclosed shopping mall in Phoenix's western suburbs (referred to as the "West Valley") and also draws people from all over Phoenix.

Brad Anderson (American football)

Bradley Stewart Anderson (born January 12, 1961 in Glendale, Arizona) is a former American football wide receiver in the National Football League. Anderson was an 8th round selection (212th overall pick) in the 1984 NFL Draft by the Chicago Bears.

He played two seasons for the Bears (1984–1985) after attending both Brigham Young University and the University of Arizona. Anderson was part of the 1985 Bears team that won Super Bowl XX.

Camelback Ranch

Camelback Ranch–Glendale is a stadium in Phoenix, Arizona owned by the city of Glendale, Arizona and operated by Camelback Spring Training LLC. It is the spring training home of the Los Angeles Dodgers and Chicago White Sox. The stadium holds 13,000 people.

Camelback Ranch replaced Holman Stadium in Vero Beach, Florida as the Dodgers' spring training home, and Tucson Electric Park in Tucson, Arizona as the White Sox spring training home.

The park is also home to the Arizona League Dodgers, who moved to Camelback Ranch with the Major League team in 2009. The Arizona League White Sox play there as of 2014, after the White Sox rejoined the Arizona rookie circuit.

The stadium name is derived from the longstanding name of the property it is built on.Roger Bossard, White Sox head groundskeeper, designed and put in all of the fields for the Dodgers and the White Sox. During the park's first year, Dodger fans noted and expressed their dismay at the absence of the Dodger Dog at the ballpark concession stands. The following season, Dodger Dogs began to be sold at the ballpark.

Chris Blue

Chris Blue (born January 15, 1990) is an American singer. He is the winner of season 12 of the American talent competition The Voice at the age of 27.

Gila River Arena

Gila River Arena (originally Glendale Arena and formerly Jobing.com Arena) is a sports and entertainment arena in Glendale, Arizona. It is located about 12.5 miles (20.1 km) northwest of downtown Phoenix.

The Arizona Coyotes of the National Hockey League (NHL) has been the primary tenant since the building opened on December 26, 2003. It sits on the north side of West Maryland Avenue across from State Farm Stadium, home of the National Football League's (NFL) Arizona Cardinals. The venue anchors the City of Glendale's Westgate Entertainment District just east of Arizona Loop 101.

The now-defunct Arizona Sting also had played four National Lacrosse League (NLL) seasons at the arena until their 13–11 loss to the Rochester Knighthawks in the 2007 Champion's Cup game. Negotiations on a new Collective Bargaining Agreement originally delayed the start of the 2008 NLL season, but the Sting did not participate. They eventually ceased operations in 2009.

Completed at a construction cost of US$220 million, it seats 17,125 for hockey and lacrosse, 18,300 for basketball and about 19,000 for concert events. The arena has 3,075 club seats and 87 luxury suites (including two Luxury Tower Suites). It also features a completely integrated video, scoring and advertising system from Daktronics.

Glendale Community College (Arizona)

Glendale Community College (GCC) is a community college in Glendale, Arizona. GCC opened in 1965. Programs include associate degrees, certificate programs, industry-specific training and university transfer. GCC is a part of the Maricopa County Community College District, one of the largest community college districts in the United States. The main campus is a 147-acre (0.59 km2) site located at 59th and Olive Avenue in Glendale.

GCC offers classes in various sites throughout the area. GCC North in Phoenix opened in fall 2000 with 839 students from the northern part of Maricopa County. Financial backing donated by New York Architect Ron Elsensohn allowed for a major expansion of the north campus which unveiled in the fall of 2008. GCC also offers the first two years of general education requirements at the North Valley campus of Northern Arizona University also in Phoenix and select classes at other sites such as Valley Vista High School in Surprise.

Glendale Desert Dogs

The Glendale Desert Dogs are a baseball team that plays in the West Division of the Arizona Fall League located in Glendale, Arizona. They play their home games at Camelback Ranch, the spring training home of the Chicago White Sox and Los Angeles Dodgers. Prior to the 2013 season, the team was known as the Phoenix Desert Dogs, playing home games at Phoenix Municipal Stadium. The Desert Dogs won five AFL Championships in a row from 2004 to 2008.

List of historic properties in Glendale, Arizona

This is a list of historic properties in Glendale, Arizona, which includes a photographic gallery, of some of the city's remaining historic structures and monuments.

Marty Robbins

Martin David Robinson (September 26, 1925 – December 8, 1982), known professionally as Marty Robbins, was an American singer, songwriter, actor, multi-instrumentalist, and racing driver. One of the most popular and successful country and western singers of all time for most of his near four-decade career, Robbins often topped the country music charts, and several of his songs also had crossover success as pop hits.

Matt Hobgood

Matthew Micah Hobgood (born August 3, 1990) is a former American professional baseball pitcher. He was drafted in the first round, 5th overall, of the 2009 Major League Baseball Draft by the Baltimore Orioles.

Midwestern University

Midwestern University (MWU) is a private graduate medical and professional school with a main campus in Downers Grove, Illinois and an additional campus in Glendale, Arizona. Midwestern University offers degrees in osteopathic medicine, podiatry, dental medicine, optometry, nurse anesthesia, clinical psychology, physician assistant studies, physical therapy, pharmacy, occupational therapy, speech-language pathology, biomedical sciences, and veterinary medicine.

Founded in 1900 as the American College of Osteopathic Medicine and Surgery, the Chicago College of Osteopathic Medicine is the fourth-oldest medical school currently active in the state of Illinois. In 1995, it opened an additional campus in Glendale, Arizona, becoming the second and largest medical school to teach students in the state of Arizona. The university over the years expanded beyond providing education in medicine and in 1993 it united these programs under the name Midwestern University. It offers degrees in medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, optometry, podiatric medicine, and other health professions.

The university is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission. The medical schools are also accredited by the American Osteopathic Association's Commission on Osteopathic College Accreditation.

Mountain Ridge High School (Arizona)

Mountain Ridge High School is a public high school in Glendale, Arizona, United States, a suburb of Phoenix. The school opened in fall 1995. The school had a 95% graduation rate in 2015. Mountain Ridge is part of the Deer Valley Unified School District.

State Farm Stadium

State Farm Stadium, formerly known as University of Phoenix Stadium, is a multi-purpose football stadium located in Glendale, Arizona, west of Phoenix. It is the home of the Arizona Cardinals of the National Football League (NFL) and the annual Fiesta Bowl. It replaced Tempe's Sun Devil Stadium as the Valley of the Sun's main stadium. The stadium is adjacent to the Gila River Arena, home of the Arizona Coyotes NHL team.

The stadium has hosted the Fiesta Bowl, the 2007, 2011 and 2016 College Football Playoff National Championships, Super Bowl XLII in 2008, the Pro Bowl and Super Bowl XLIX in 2015, and will host Super Bowl LVII in 2023. It was one of the stadiums for the 2015 CONCACAF Gold Cup and the Copa América Centenario in 2016. It hosted the NCAA Final Four in 2017 and will do so again in 2024.

The University of Phoenix acquired the naming rights in September 2006, shortly after the stadium had opened under the name Cardinals Stadium and retained the rights until September 2018 when State Farm acquired the naming rights. The Cardinals and State Farm reached agreement on an 18-year commitment that resulted in the team’s home venue becoming State Farm Stadium.

Super Bowl LVII

Super Bowl LVII, the 57th Super Bowl and the 53rd modern-era National Football League (NFL) championship game, will decide the league champion for the 2022 NFL season. The game is scheduled to be played on February 5, 2023 at State Farm Stadium in Glendale, Arizona (with the exact date pending potential changes to the NFL calendar). It will be the fourth Super Bowl hosted by the Phoenix metropolitan area, with the last one being Super Bowl XLIX in 2015, also held at State Farm Stadium (then University of Phoenix Stadium). The game will be televised nationally by Fox.

Thunderbird Field No. 1

Thunderbird Field was a military airfield in Glendale, Arizona, used for contract primary flight training of Allied pilots during World War II. Created in part by actor James Stewart, the field became part of the United States Army Air Forces training establishment just prior to American entry into the war and was re-designated Thunderbird Field #1 after establishment of Thunderbird Field #2 at nearby Scottsdale, on 22 June 1942. Thunderbird # 1 is located southeast of the intersection of West Greenway Road & North 59th Avenue in Glendale, Arizona.

After the conclusion on World War II, the property was sold as surplus for educational purposes, eventually becoming the Thunderbird School of Global Management, a post-graduate business school. In November 2018 the property was transferred to Arizona Christian University. ACU now operates its undergraduate liberal arts university on the site. Acclaimed Television Producer Gerry Anderson names Thunderbird Field as the inspiration for the naming of the television show Thunderbirds as his brother, Lionel Abrahams had written to him some years prior, saying he'd been stationed there.

WEC 53

WEC 53: Henderson vs. Pettis was a mixed martial arts event held by World Extreme Cagefighting that took place on December 16, 2010 at Jobing.com Arena in the Phoenix suburb of Glendale, Arizona. The event was the first time that Zuffa has hosted an event in Arizona. This was the final WEC event, due to the merger with the UFC.

Climate data for Phoenix Int'l, Arizona (1981–2010 normals,[a] extremes 1895–present)[b]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 88
(31)
92
(33)
100
(38)
105
(41)
114
(46)
122
(50)
121
(49)
117
(47)
116
(47)
107
(42)
96
(36)
87
(31)
122
(50)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 78.7
(25.9)
82.8
(28.2)
90.0
(32.2)
98.6
(37.0)
105.9
(41.1)
112.5
(44.7)
114.4
(45.8)
112.5
(44.7)
108.6
(42.6)
100.1
(37.8)
88.1
(31.2)
77.1
(25.1)
115.2
(46.2)
Average high °F (°C) 67.2
(19.6)
70.7
(21.5)
76.9
(24.9)
85.2
(29.6)
94.8
(34.9)
103.9
(39.9)
106.1
(41.2)
104.4
(40.2)
99.8
(37.7)
88.5
(31.4)
75.5
(24.2)
66.0
(18.9)
86.6
(30.3)
Daily mean °F (°C) 56.4
(13.6)
59.7
(15.4)
65.2
(18.4)
72.7
(22.6)
82.1
(27.8)
90.8
(32.7)
94.8
(34.9)
93.6
(34.2)
88.4
(31.3)
76.7
(24.8)
64.1
(17.8)
55.4
(13.0)
75.1
(23.9)
Average low °F (°C) 45.6
(7.6)
48.7
(9.3)
53.5
(11.9)
60.2
(15.7)
69.4
(20.8)
77.7
(25.4)
83.5
(28.6)
82.7
(28.2)
76.9
(24.9)
64.8
(18.2)
52.7
(11.5)
44.8
(7.1)
63.4
(17.4)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 36.2
(2.3)
39.4
(4.1)
43.2
(6.2)
49.5
(9.7)
58.0
(14.4)
68.4
(20.2)
73.7
(23.2)
73.7
(23.2)
67.1
(19.5)
53.6
(12.0)
40.8
(4.9)
34.6
(1.4)
33.5
(0.8)
Record low °F (°C) 16
(−9)
24
(−4)
25
(−4)
35
(2)
39
(4)
49
(9)
63
(17)
58
(14)
47
(8)
34
(1)
27
(−3)
22
(−6)
16
(−9)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.91
(23)
0.92
(23)
0.99
(25)
0.28
(7.1)
0.11
(2.8)
0.02
(0.51)
1.05
(27)
1.00
(25)
0.64
(16)
0.58
(15)
0.65
(17)
0.88
(22)
8.03
(204)
Average snowfall inches (cm) trace trace 0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
trace trace
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 4.1 4.4 3.9 1.7 1.0 0.5 4.2 5.0 2.8 2.5 2.6 3.9 36.6
Average relative humidity (%) 50.9 44.4 39.3 27.8 21.9 19.4 31.6 36.2 35.6 36.9 43.8 51.8 36.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 256.0 257.2 318.4 353.6 401.0 407.8 378.5 360.8 328.6 308.9 256.0 244.8 3,871.6
Percent possible sunshine 81 84 86 90 93 95 86 87 89 88 82 79 87
Source: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961–1990)[10][11][12], Weather.com[13]
Places adjacent to Glendale, Arizona
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