Giurgiu

Giurgiu (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈd͡ʒjurd͡ʒju] (listen)) is a city in southern Romania. The seat of Giurgiu County, it lies in the historical region of Muntenia. It is situated amid mud-flats and marshes on the left bank of the Danube facing the Bulgarian city of Ruse on the opposite bank. Three small islands face the city, and a larger one shelters its port, Smarda. The rich grain-growing land to the north is traversed by a railway to Bucharest, the first line opened in Romania, which was built in 1869 and afterwards extended to Smarda. Giurgiu exports timber, grain, salt and petroleum, and imports coal, iron, and textiles.

The Giurgiu-Ruse Friendship Bridge, in the shared Bulgarian-Romanian section of the Danube, crosses the river in the outskirts of the city.

Ateneu giurgiu
Atheneum building
Valeriu Pantazi, Turnul cu Ceas din Giurgiu
Giurgiu Clock Tower, painting by Valeriu Pantazi

History

Raffet - Foire de St. Pierre a Giourgevo
Giurgiu1848
Giurgiu in 1837

The area around Giurgiu was densely populated at the time of the Dacians (1st century BC) as archeological evidence shows, and Burebista's capital was in this area (it is thought to be in Popeşti on the Argeş River). During Roman times this was the site of Theodorapolis, a city built by the Roman emperor Justinian (483-565).

The city of Giurgiu was probably established in the 14th century as a port on the Danube by the Genoese merchant adventurers, who established a bank and traded in silks and velvets.

One theory is that they called the city after the patron saint of Genoa, San Giorgio (St George), however Nicolae Iorga disputes this theory, arguing that Giurgiu is just an old Romanian form of George.[1]

It was first mentioned in Codex Latinus Parisinus in 1395, during the reign of Mircea I of Wallachia, and was conquered by the Ottomans in 1420 as a way to control the Danube traffic. The Ottomans named the city Yergöğü, as if from yer 'earth' + gök 'sky,' but the name was probably given because of the similarity between the pronunciations of "(San) Giorgio" and "Yergöğü".

As a fortified city, Giurgiu figured often in the wars for the conquest of the lower Danube. It was the site of the October 1595 Battle of Giurgiu, and figured in the struggle of Michael the Brave (1593–1601) against the Turks and in the later Russo-Turkish War (1787-1792). It was burned in 1659. In 1829, its fortifications were finally razed, the only defence left being a castle on the island of Slobozia, connected to the shore by a bridge.

In 1952–1954, during the Communist regime, the USSR helped build the bridge between Giurgiu and Ruse, The Friendship Bridge, a bridge on the Danube linking Romania and Bulgaria.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1900 13,977—    
1912 20,629+47.6%
1930 31,016+50.4%
1948 30,197−2.6%
1956 32,613+8.0%
1966 39,199+20.2%
1977 51,544+31.5%
1992 74,191+43.9%
2002 69,587−6.2%
2011 54,655−21.5%
Source: Census data

According to the 2011 census, Giurgiu has a population of 54,655.

Notable natives

  • Constantin Artachino (1870-1954), painter
  • Ioan A. Bassarabescu (1870–1952), writer
  • Nicolae Dărăscu (1883-1959), painter
  • Gino Iorgulescu (b. 1956), former Romanian football international
  • Mihail Manicatide (1867-1954), paediatric physician
  • Mihaela Mihai (b. 1946), singer
  • Theodor Anton Neagu (b. 1932), palaeontologist
  • Miron Nicolescu (1903-1975), mathematician
  • Paraskev Stoyanov (1876–1940), Bulgarian physicist and surgeon
  • Eugen Șerbănescu (b. 1952), playwright
  • Constantin Teașcă (1922-1996), football coach and writer
  • Alexandru Vianu (1903-1936), writer and translator
  • Tudor Vianu (1898–1964), literary critic, art critic, poet, philosopher, academic and translator
  • Ion Vinea (1895-1964), poet, novel, journalist, literary theorist and political figure
  • Vasil Zlatarov (1869–1932), Bulgarian aviation pioneer

International relations

Twin towns – Sister cities

Giurgiu is twinned with:

See also

References

  1. ^ Iorga, Nicolae (1928). Istoria Românilor prin călători [History of Romanians through travellers] (in Romanian). Bucharest: Casa Școalelor. p. 18.
  2. ^ "МЕЖДУНАРОДНО СЪТРУДНИЧЕСТВО НА ОБЩИНА РУСЕ - Побратимени градове". Община Русе [Municipality Ruse] (in Bulgarian). Archived from the original on 2013-08-05. Retrieved 2013-08-12.

External links

Media related to Giurgiu at Wikimedia Commons

2013–14 Cupa României

The 2013–14 Cupa României was the seventy-sixth season of the annual Romanian football knockout tournament. The winner of the competition qualifies for the third qualifying round of the 2014–15 UEFA Europa League, if they have not already qualified for European competition; if so then the first non-European place of the 2013-14 Liga I qualifies for the second qualifying round of the 2014-15 UEFA Europa League.

2014 Cupa României Final

The 2014 Cupa României Final was the 76th final of Romania's most prestigious knock-out competition. The final was played at the Arena Națională stadium, in Bucharest, between Steaua București and Astra Giurgiu. Astra Giurgiu won the trophy, for the first time in their history, with a 4-2 win in a penalty shoot-out. After 120 minutes, of regular play, the score was tied at a 0-0 draw.

2014 Supercupa României

The 2014 Supercupa României was the 16th edition of Romania's season opener cup competition. The game was contested between Liga I title holders, Steaua București, and Romanian Cup winners, Astra Giurgiu. It was played at Arena Națională in Bucharest in July. Astra won the trophy for the first time in history, after defeating Steaua Bucharest, the defending champions, 5–3 on penalties.

2016 Supercupa României

The 2016 Supercupa României was the 18th edition of Romania's season opener cup competition. The game was contested between Liga I title holders, Astra Giurgiu, and Romanian Cup holders, CFR Cluj. It was played at Cluj Arena in Cluj-Napoca in July. Astra won the trophy for the second time in its history, after defeating CFR Cluj with 1–0

2017 Cupa României Final

The Cupa României Final was the final match of the 2016–17 Cupa României, played between FC Voluntari and Astra Giurgiu. Voluntari won the match, 5–3 after penalties.

2018–19 Cupa României

The 2018–19 Cupa României is the 81st season of the annual Romanian primary football knockout tournament. The winner will qualify for the second qualifying round of the 2019–20 UEFA Europa League. Times up to 27 October 2018 and from 31 March 2019 are EEST (UTC+3). Times from 28 October 2018 to 30 March 2019 are EET (UTC+2).

2019 Cupa României Final

The 2019 Cupa României Final is the final match of the 2018–19 Cupa României and the 81st final of the Cupa României, Romania's premier football cup competition. It was played on 25 May 2019 between Astra Giurgiu and Viitorul Constanța.

Astra Giurgiu reached their third cup final in the club's existence. The club from Giurgiu won the cup in 2014 and lost the final in 2017, when the match was played on the same Ilie Oană Stadium, the home ground of Astra's bitter rival, Petrolul Ploiești. It should be mentioned that Astra was a football club originally from Ploiești until it was relocated in 2012 to Giurgiu.On the other hand, this was the first Romanian Cup final for Viitorul. The champions of Romania in 2017, Hagi's Kids were in front of the second big achievement in the 10 years history of the club located on the seaside of the Black Sea.The winner qualified for the 2019–20 UEFA Europa League. They also earned the right to play against 2018–19 Liga I champions for the 2019 Supercupa României.

Viitorul Constanța won the game dramatically by scoring in the extra-time.

The game was hosted by the Ilie Oană Stadium stadium in Ploiești.

Astra Stadium

Astra Stadium is a football-only stadium in Ploiești, Romania. It is currently used as the home ground of FC Astra II, the second team of Astra Giurgiu, former Astra Ploiești, club that moved in 2012 from Ploiești to Giurgiu.

Petrolul Ploiești and Otopeni also played their Liga I matches for one season on this stadium. Petrolul in the 2003–04 season and Otopeni in the 2008–09 because their own stadiums, Ilie Oană Stadium and Otopeni Stadium, didn't met the requirements.

Battle of Giurgiu

The Battle of Giurgiu took place on 27–30 October 1595. It was part of the Long War(1591/1593-1606), a border conflict between the Habsburg Monarchy and the Ottoman Empire over Balkan territories.

Bucșani, Giurgiu

Bucșani is a commune located in Giurgiu County, Romania.

CSM Dunărea Giurgiu

Clubul Sportiv Municipal Dunărea Giurgiu, commonly known as Dunărea Giurgiu, is a Romanian professional football club based in the city of Giurgiu, Giurgiu County, founded in 1963.

Comana, Giurgiu

Comana is a commune in Giurgiu County, southern Romania. It is composed of five villages: Comana, Vlad Țepeș, Budeni, Falaștoaca and Grădiștea. The commune is approximately 32 kilometers (20 miles) south of Bucharest.

Comana Monastery is located in the commune, as is Comana Nature Park, the largest protected area in southern Romania.

On the night of 6 to 7 of May 1944 a British bomber crash-landed at Comana. The aircrew were killed.

FC Astra Giurgiu

Asociația Fotbal Club Astra Giurgiu (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈastra ˈd͡ʒjurd͡ʒju]), commonly known as Astra Giurgiu, or simply as Astra, is a Romanian professional football club based in the city of Giurgiu, Giurgiu County, currently playing in the Liga I.

Founded in 1921 in Ploiești, Prahova County, as Clubul Sportiv Astra-Română, the club spent the majority of its history in the lower leagues. Only after late 1990s, when taken under the ownership of businessman Ioan Niculae, the club began to achieve success, with a premiere promotion to the top of the Romanian football league system in 1998. In September 2012, the team was moved from Ploiești to Giurgiu. At the end of 2015–16 season, the side led by head coach Marius Șumudică won a historic championship title, at the same time ending a three-year successful run of FC Steaua București.Domestically, Astra's major honours include one Liga I, one Cupa României and two Supercupa României. On the international stage, their best performance is reaching UEFA Europa League's round of 32 in the 2016–17 season.

The colours of the club are white and black, hence the old nickname Dracii negri (The Black Devils). Red, which is present on the current crest, was worn on many occasions on away kits.

Giurgiu County

Giurgiu (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈd͡ʒjurd͡ʒju] (listen)) is a county (judeţ) of Romania on the border with Bulgaria, in Muntenia, with the capital city at Giurgiu.

List of foreign Liga I players

This is a list of foreign players in the Liga I, which commenced play in 1909. The following players must meet both of the following two criteria:

Have played at least one Liga I game. Players who were signed by Liga I clubs, but only played in lower league, cup and/or European games, or did not play in any competitive games at all, are not included.

Are considered foreign, i.e., outside Romania determined by the following:A player is considered foreign if he is not eligible to play for the national teams of Romania.More specifically,

If a player has been capped on international level, the national team is used; if he has been capped by more than one country, the highest level (or the most recent) team is used. These include Romanian players with dual citizenship. Players who played for Romania but came as foreign players (such as István Avar) are also listed.

If a player has not been capped on international level, his country of birth is used, except those who were born abroad from Romanian parents or moved to Romania at a young age, and those who clearly indicated to have switched his nationality to another nation.Clubs listed are those that the player has played at least one Liga I game for.

Seasons listed are those that the player has played at least one Liga I game in. Note that seasons, not calendar years, are used. For example, "1992–1995" indicates that the player has played in every season from 1992–1993 to 1994–1995, but not necessarily every calendar year from 1992 to 1995.

In bold: players that have played at least one Liga I game in the current season (2018–2019) and the clubs they've played for. They include players that have subsequently left the club, but do not include current players of a Liga I club that have not played a Liga I game in the current season.

Marin Barbu

Marin Barbu (born 27 September 1958 in Bucharest) is a Romanian football coach and former footballer. During his football career, Marin Barbu played, among others, for Steaua București and FC Brașov. He left his position as head coach of Dunărea Giurgiu on January 12, 2010.

In April 2013, he was the head coach of Astra Giurgiu for only one game, being dismissed after a week.

From April 2014 till August 2014 he was the head coach of Ceahlăul Piatra Neamț.

Mihăilești

Mihăilești is a town located in Giurgiu County, Romania. It administers three villages: Drăgănescu, Novaci and Popești.

Popești village is the location of an important archeological discovery: a large Dacian settlement believed by some historians such as Vasile Pârvan and professor Radu Vulpe to be the Argedava mentioned in the Decree of Dionysopolis. This ancient source links Argedava with the Dacian king Burebista, and it is believed to be his court or capital.

Stadionul Marin Anastasovici

Marin Anastasovici Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Giurgiu, Romania. It is currently used mostly for football matches and is the home ground of Astra Giurgiu. The stadium holds 8,500 people all on seats.

The first international game was played by the Romania national under-21 football team on 19 November 2013 in a match against Germany which ended 2-2.

The first game for Romania at Giurgiu was a friendly match against Lithuania on 23 March 2016.

The stadium host also various UEFA Europa League matches and also a match from UEFA Champions League qualifying rounds.

Ulmi, Giurgiu

Ulmi is a commune located in Giurgiu County, Romania. It is composed of eight villages: Căscioarele, Drăgăneasca, Ghionea, Icoana, Moșteni, Poenari, Trestieni and Ulmi.

Cities
Towns
Communes
County seats of Romania (alphabetical order by county)

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.