Gironde

Gironde (French pronunciation: ​[ʒiʁɔ̃d]; in Occitan Gironda) is a department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwest France. It is named after the Gironde estuary, a major waterway. The Bordeaux wine region is in the Gironde.

Gironde
Prefecture building of the Gironde department, in Bordeaux
Prefecture building of the Gironde department, in Bordeaux
Flag of Gironde
Flag
Coat of arms of Gironde
Coat of arms
Location of Gironde in France
Location of Gironde in France
Coordinates: 44°50′N 0°40′W / 44.833°N 0.667°WCoordinates: 44°50′N 0°40′W / 44.833°N 0.667°W
CountryFrance
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
PrefectureBordeaux
SubprefecturesArcachon
Blaye
Langon
Lesparre-Médoc
Libourne
Government
 • President of the General CouncilJean-Luc Gleyze
Area
 • Total10,000 km2 (4,000 sq mi)
Population
(2016)
 • Total1,566,679
 • Rank7th
 • Density160/km2 (410/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number33
Arrondissements6
Cantons33
Communes538
^1 French Land Register data, which excludes estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km².

History

Gironde is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from parts of the former provinces of Guyenne and Gascony.

From 1793 to 1795, the department's name was changed to Bec-d'Ambès to avoid the association with the revolutionary party, the Girondists.

Geography

Gironde is part of the current region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine and is surrounded by the departments of Landes, Lot-et-Garonne, Dordogne and Charente-Maritime and the Atlantic Ocean on the west. With an area of 10,000 km², Gironde is the largest department in metropolitan France. If overseas departments are included, however, Gironde's land area is dwarfed by the 83,846 km² of French Guiana.

Gironde is well known for the Côte d'Argent beach which is Europe's longest, attracting many surfers to Lacanau each year. It is also the birthplace of Jacques-Yves Cousteau who studied the sea and all forms of life in water.

The Great Dune of Pyla in Arcachon Bay near Bordeaux is the tallest sand dune in Europe.[1]

Politics

The President of the General Council is Jean-Luc Gleyze of the Socialist Party.

Party seats
Socialist Party 45
The Republicans 12
French Communist Party 3
Miscellaneous Right 1
MoDem 1
Hunting, Fishing, Nature, Tradition 1

Current National Assembly Representatives

Constituency Member[2] Party
Gironde's 1st constituency Dominique David La République En Marche!
Gironde's 2nd constituency Catherine Fabre MoDem
Gironde's 3rd constituency Loïc Prud'homme La France Insoumise
Gironde's 4th constituency Alain David Socialist Party
Gironde's 5th constituency Benoît Simian La République En Marche!
Gironde's 6th constituency Éric Poulliat La République En Marche!
Gironde's 7th constituency Bérangère Couillard La République En Marche!
Gironde's 8th constituency Sophie Panonacle La République En Marche!
Gironde's 9th constituency Sophie Mette MoDem
Gironde's 10th constituency Florent Boudié La République En Marche!
Gironde's 11th constituency Véronique Hammerer La République En Marche!
Gironde's 12th constituency Christelle Dubos La République En Marche!

Tourism

France - Blaye - La Gironde depuis la citadelle

The Gironde estuary seen from the citadel of Blaye

See also

References

  1. ^ C.G. (14 August 2009). Les Adresses de Mathilde Seigner et Fabien Onteniente. Le Figaro Magazine. (in French)
  2. ^ http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/

External links

Abzac, Gironde

Abzac is a commune in the Gironde department in southwestern Metropolitan France.

Bagas, Gironde

Bagas is a commune in the Gironde department in southwestern France.

Bourg, Gironde

Bourg, also less formally known as Bourg-sur-Gironde, is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Branne, Gironde

Branne is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Bruges, Gironde

Bruges is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern

France, just north of Bordeaux.

Cambes, Gironde

Cambes is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Communes of the Gironde department

The following is a list of the 538 communes of the Gironde department of France.

(BM) Bordeaux Métropole, created in 1966

(CAA) Agglomeration community of the Bay of South Arcachon, created in 2002

Floirac, Gironde

Floirac is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Gironde-sur-Dropt

Gironde-sur-Dropt is a commune in the Gironde department in southwestern France.

Maransin, Gironde

Maransin is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Monségur, Gironde

Monségur is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Préchac, Gironde

Préchac is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Saint-Léon, Gironde

Saint-Léon is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Saint-Maixant, Gironde

Saint-Maixant is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Saint-Palais, Gironde

Saint-Palais is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Saint-Émilion

Saint-Émilion (pronounced [sɛ̃t‿e.mil.jɔ̃]; Gascon: Sent Milion) is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in south-western France.

Sainte-Hélène, Gironde

Sainte-Hélène, Gironde is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Sainte-Radegonde, Gironde

Sainte-Radegonde is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Savignac, Gironde

Savignac is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

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