Girls with guns

Girls with guns is a subgenre of action films and animation—often Asian films and anime—that portray a female protagonist who makes use of firearms to defend against or attack a group of antagonists. The genre typically involves gun-play, stunts and martial arts action.

Films

The 1985 Hong Kong film Yes Madam, directed by Corey Yuen and starring Michelle Yeoh and Cynthia Rothrock, has been described as the first "girls with guns" film.[1] Other films of the subgenre were produced until 1994. In the early 2000s, films part of what has been called a "girls with guns revival" cycle were produced. They included Martial Angels (2001), The Wesley's Mysterious File (2002) and So Close (2002).[2]

Anime and manga

The "girls-with-guns" genre has also permeated the anime space. Some examples include Bubblegum Crisis,[3][4] Gall Force,[4][5] Dirty Pair,[4][5] Gunsmith Cats,[5] Angel Heart,[6]Gunslinger Girl,[5] Noir, Madlax,[7] and El Cazador.[8] Other examples of "girls with guns" anime are Masamune Shirow's and Mamoru Oshii's Ghost in the Shell and its television adaptation Ghost in the Shell: Stand Alone Complex and Yasuomi Umetsu's works Kite, Mezzo Forte, Mezzo DSA, and Kite: Liberator.[9]

Video games

See also

References

  1. ^ Funnell, Lisa (15 February 2013). "Chapter 9 - Fighting for a Hong Kong/Chinese Female Identity". In Lent, John A; Fitzsimmons, Lorna (eds.). Asian Popular Culture in Transition. Routledge. p. 172. ISBN 9781136300974.
  2. ^ Funnell, Lisa (21 May 2014). Warrior Women: Gender, Race, and the Transnational Chinese Action Star. SUNY Press. pp. 70, 172. ISBN 9781438452500.
  3. ^ "AnimeInfo.org - Reviews - Bubblegum Crisis 2032 by Shouryu". AnimeInfo.org. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-09-06.
  4. ^ a b c Bruce Carlson & Steve Pearl. "The Anime Primer". rec.arts.anime gestalt. Archived from the original on 2007-09-05.
  5. ^ a b c d "How Many Girls with Guns Anime are There?". AnimeNation. 2003-10-23. Archived from the original on 2009-01-22. Retrieved 2008-09-15.
  6. ^ "Angel Heart on Tv.com". Tv.com. Retrieved 2009-05-17.
  7. ^ Wong, A. (March 2005). "Inside Bee Train". Newtype USA: 8–15.
  8. ^ "January 3–10 News". Anime News Service. 2007-01-06. Archived from the original on 2007-02-03. Retrieved 2007-01-19. Following Noir and Madlax, this El Cazador will be the third installment in a series of what Director Koichi Mashimo has referred to as his girls-with-guns genre trilogy.
  9. ^ "Justin Sevakis's Review on Kite Liberator". Anime News Network. Retrieved 2010-01-15.
Asian School Girls

Asian School Girls is a 2014 American action film produced by The Asylum and directed by Lawrence Silverstein. The film stars Minnie Scarlet, Sam Aotaki, Catherine Hyein Kim, Devin Lung and Belle Hengsathorn.

Bandidas

Bandidas is a 2006 French-Mexican-American Western action comedy film starring Salma Hayek and Penélope Cruz directed by Norwegian directors Joachim Rønning and Espen Sandberg and produced and written by Luc Besson. It tells the tale of two very different women in late 19th century Mexico who become a bank robbing duo in an effort to combat a ruthless enforcer terrorizing their town.

This is the first film that Cruz and Hayek starred in together. It was a co-production among France, the United States and Mexico. Filming took place in Sierra de Órganos National Park in the town of Sombrerete, Mexico, Durango, Mexico and San Luis Potosi, Mexico.

Colombiana

Colombiana is a 2011 French action thriller film co-written and produced by Luc Besson and directed by Olivier Megaton. The film stars Zoe Saldana with supporting roles by Michael Vartan, Cliff Curtis, Lennie James, Callum Blue, and Jordi Mollà. "Colombiana" means a woman from Colombia. The film is about Cataleya (also a genus of orchids), a ten-year-old girl in Colombia whose family is killed by a drug lord. Fifteen years later, a grown Cataleya seeks her revenge.

While the film had a generally negative reception from critics, Saldana's action sequences were praised and the movie earned just under $61 million against a $40 million budget.

Heroic bloodshed

Heroic bloodshed is a genre invented by Hong Kong action cinema and crime film revolving around stylized action sequences and dramatic themes such as brotherhood, duty, honour, redemption and violence that has become a popular genre used by different directors worldwide. The term heroic bloodshed was coined by editor Rick Baker in the magazine Eastern Heroes in the late 1980s, specifically referring to the styles of directors John Woo and Ringo Lam. Baker defined the genre as "a Hong Kong action film that features a lot of gun play and gangsters rather than kung fu. Lots of blood. Lots of action." Woo's breakthrough film A Better Tomorrow (1986) largely set the template for the genre. Woo has also been a major influence in its continued popularity and evolution in his following works, namely A Better Tomorrow 2 (1987), The Killer (1989) and Hard Boiled (1992).The heroic bloodshed genre had a considerable impact on world cinema, including Hollywood, in the 1990s. Woo introduced his brand of heroic bloodshed to Hollywood in the 1990s. Lam's City on Fire (1987) inspired Quentin Tarantino's Reservoir Dogs (1992); Tarantino was an admirer of the heroic bloodshed genre. The Killer also heavily influenced Luc Besson’s Léon: The Professional (1994).

Mercenaries (2014 film)

Mercenaries (also called Prison Raid) is a 2014 action film starring Kristanna Loken, Brigitte Nielsen, Vivica A. Fox, Cynthia Rothrock, Zoë Bell, and Nicole Bilderback. In the tradition of The Asylum's film catalog, Mercenaries is a mockbuster of The Expendables 3. The film was directed by Christopher Ray, the son of Fred Olen Ray.

Monster (2003 film)

Monster is a 2003 biographical crime drama film written and directed by Patty Jenkins. The film is about serial killer Aileen Wuornos, a former prostitute who was executed in Florida in 2002 for killing six men (she was not tried for a seventh murder) in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Wuornos was played by Charlize Theron; her semi-fictionalized lover, Selby Wall (based on Wuornos's real-life girlfriend Tyria Moore), was played by Christina Ricci.

Theron received critical acclaim and won numerous awards for her portrayal, including the Academy Award for Best Actress, Golden Globe Award for Best Actress and the Screen Actors Guild Awards for Outstanding Lead Actress. Monster was produced by Denver & Delilah Films and K/W Productions and distributed by Newmarket Films.

The Long Kiss Goodnight

The Long Kiss Goodnight is a 1996 American action thriller spy film directed and produced by Renny Harlin, written and produced by Shane Black and starring Geena Davis and Samuel L. Jackson.

Thelma

Thelma is a female given name meaning "will, volition" in Greek (see thelema). Note that although consonant with another female given name, Selma, the two are not synonymous.

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