Giresun Province

Giresun Province (Turkish: Giresun ili) is a province of Turkey on the Black Sea coast. Its adjacent provinces are Trabzon to the east, Gümüşhane to the southeast, Erzincan to the south, Sivas to the southwest, and Ordu to the west. The provincial capital is Giresun.

Giresun Province

Giresun ili
Location of Giresun Province in Turkey
Location of Giresun Province in Turkey
CountryTurkey
RegionEast Black Sea
SubregionTrabzon
Government
 • Electoral districtGiresun
Area
 • Total6,934 km2 (2,677 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total453,912
 • Density65/km2 (170/sq mi)
Area code(s)0454
Vehicle registration28
Cimakli Village in Espiye, Giresun Turkey
Çımaklı village in the Espiye district, Giresun

Geography

Giresun is an agricultural region and its lower areas, near the Black Sea coast. It is Turkey's largest producer of hazelnuts; a Giresun folk song tells "I will not eat a single hazelnut, unless you are by my side,"[2] while another tells of a lover shot dead under a hazelnut tree.[3]

Forests and pasture cover the high mountainous regions, and in places there is mining of copper, zinc, iron and other metals. The mountain villages are remote, with poor roads and little else in the way of infrastructure. The hillsides are too steep for most forms of agriculture, and as a result, cornbread is the traditional meal, as wheat cannot be grown.

The climate is typical of this stretch of the Black Sea coast, i.e. very wet. Local flora includes bilberries (Turkish "taflan").

Districts

Giresun province is divided into 16 districts (capital district in bold):

Culture

Handcrafts

Due to the dense forestry in Giresun, woodwork is among the common handcrafts in the region. Some small wooden handcrafts peculiar to the city are churns, külek (a storing pot for cheese), and spoons. One of the oldest handcrafts in the city is weaving. Wool, linen threads and similar raw marerials are spun in hand looms to produce various local clothes, heybe (shoulder bags) and bags. Strong threads and knitted threads are also produced in hand looms.

Cuisine

Some of the dishes peculiar to the city are corn soup (Mısır çorbası), cabbage soup (lahana çorbası), cabbage leaves stuffed with a meat filling (etli lahana sarması), black cabbage dish (karalahana yemeği or pancar yemeği), pilaf with anchovy (hamsili pilav), pilaf with cabbage (dible), kaygana, kuymak (made of cheese, cornmeal and butter)[4]

Places of interest

  • Kümbet, Karagöl and Bektaş are areas of attractive mountain pasture in the district of Dereli, where people can enjoy walks and picnics. Annual folklore festivals are held here in summer.

Notable residents

Aksu Deresi (Aksu Stream)
Aksu stream, Giresun

Politicians

Writers and artists

  • Kadir Çelik (b Görele ), TV producer and presenter
  • Hulki Cevizoğlu (b 1958, Giresun - ), journalist, TV presenter and producer, specialises in political debate
  • Bedri Rahmi Eyüboğlu (1913, Görele - 1975, Istanbul), painter and poet
  • Hamit Görele (1903, Görele - 1980, Istanbul), painter
  • Ergin Günçe (1938, Giresun - 1983), poet
  • İlyas İlbey, actor, husband of Yasemin Yalçın
  • Şafak Karaman (b 1967, Trabzon - ), minor celebrity and TV presenter, born to a Tirebolu family
  • Fatih Kırtorun (1985, Görele - ), writer and poet
  • Salih Memecan (1952, Giresun - ), cartoonist of Sabah newspaper
  • Fethi Naci (1927, Giresun - ), writer and critic
  • Aziz Nesin (1915, Şebinkarahisar - 1995), writer and journalist
  • Yaman Okay (b 1951, Giresun -), actor and film director
  • Öztürk Serengil, well-known film actor, father of Seren Serengil, grew up in Giresun
  • Ahmet Yalçınkaya (b 1963, Giresun ), poet
  • İlker Yasin, Kanal Ds football commentator
  • Furkan ÇELİK, Develispor is Footballer.

Musicians

Giresun province shares the folk music of the Black Sea region and is the birthplace of:

  • Picoğlu Osman (b. 1901, Görele - d. 1946 Amasra), folk musician, considered to be one of the best kemençe players
  • Katip Şadi (b 1932, Görele -), folk musician, kemençe player

Other musicians include:

  • Ozan Arif (1949, Alucra - ), poet, lyricist, balladeer of the extreme right MHP
  • Bahadır Aydoğan, Arabesk style singer
  • Mustafa Küçük, folk-arabesk musician
  • Gökhan Semiz (1968, Istanbul - 1998 İstanbul), member of the pop music group Group Vitamin; family from Giresun
  • Teoman (1967, Alucra - ), rock singer

Sports people

Giresun in popular culture

  • The TV series Uy Başuma Gelenler was filmed in the village of Düzköy. It is the story of a young man from Istanbul who inherits a hazelnut grove in Giresun (a Turkish twist on Monarch of the Glen).
  • The folk song "Giresun üstünde vapur bağrıyor" ("Eşref Bey Ağıtı") has been recorded by a number of artists including Ismail Hakkı Demircioğlu, and tells of a wounded soldier dying in Giresun.
  • "Giresun'un içinde" has been sung by Musa Eroğlu, Selda Bağcan and Fuat Saka, who also sang "Lazutlar," which means corn in the local dialect and is a kind of Cider with Rosie rural idyll in verse.
  • Ahmet Kaya sang "Mican," a ballad about a local bandit in the mountains.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. ^ bir fındığın içini yar senden ayrı yemem
  3. ^ Giresun'un içinde yeşil fındık tarlası vurdular feride'mi yere düştü bohçası
  4. ^ Giresun cuisine - Karadeniz mutfağı

External links

Coordinates: 40°34′47″N 38°35′40″E / 40.57972°N 38.59444°E

Aksu Deresi

Aksu is one of the main water streams of Giresun Province in the eastern Black Sea Region of Turkey. Its name is Turkish for "white water".

Bulancak

Bulancak is a town and a district of Giresun Province on the Black Sea coast of Turkey, near to the city of Giresun.

With a population of 38,546 Bulancak is the largest town in the province apart from Giresun itself. It is only a short drive from Giresun, is easily reached by public transport and has thus become part of Giresun's urban area.

The football club Bulancakspor is from the area.

Coralla

Coralla or Koralla (Ancient Greek: τὰ Κόραλλα) was a town of ancient Pontus on a cape of the same name. It is placed by Arrian, and the anonymous author of the Periplus, 100 stadia east of Philocaleia, and Philocaleia is 110 stadia east of Tripolis, a well-known position.Its site is located on Görele Burnu in Asiatic Turkey.

Dereli

Dereli is a town and district of Giresun Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. The mayor is Kazım Zeki Şenlikoğlu (AKP).

Dereli is a small town of 6,043 people in attractive countryside, in the valley of the Aksu Deresi and Akkaya River, inland 28 from Giresun on the road to Şebinkarahisar.

Giresun

Giresun (pronounced [ɟiˈɾesun]), formerly Cerasus (Κερασοῦς), is the provincial capital of Giresun Province in the Black Sea Region of northeastern Turkey, about 175 km (109 mi) west of the city of Trabzon.

Giresun Museum

Giresun Museum is a museum in Giresun, Turkey

The museum is in Zeytinlik neighborhood of Giresun at 40°55′10″N 38°23′38″E. It is a historic basilica named Gogora Church built in the 18th century. It has been constructed with rectangular yellow and brown lime stones adjoined with iron cramps and lead. The main gate faces west. The basilica which was abandoned in 1923, was redesigned as a museum in 1988. Another building which was used as the clergy house to the north is the administration building.

The majority of items in the museum are from Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Seljuks, and Ottoman eras. Some of the items are terracotta figurines, pottery, amphorae and coins. While the oldest item is dated to 3000 B.C., there is also collection of items from Erikliman excavations.In ethnography section, there are 19th century Ottoman items such as clothes, kitchen and hamam (bath) articles, weapons and ornaments. In 1999 an exhibition was held about Topal Osman and his friends, figures of the Turkish War of Independence.

Giresun University

Giresun University is a public university in Giresun, Turkey, founded in 2006.

Görele

Görele is a town and a district of Giresun Province on the Black Sea coast of eastern Turkey. The population was 16,033 in 2010.

Güce

Güce is a town and a district of Giresun Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey.

It is a hilly district, and its lower areas are used for cultivating hazelnuts plus some tea and corn.

Güce itself is a small town of 2,860 people providing basic amenities to the surrounding district. Güce is 55 km from the city of Giresun and 14 km inland from the Black Sea along a narrow winding road.

Güvenlik Tunnel

The Güvenlik Tunnel (Turkish: Güvenlik Tüneli) is a road tunnel constructed on the Tirebolu–Gümüşhane state highway D.877 in Giresun Province, northeastern Turkey. It was opened to traffic in 2008.

Situated near Güvenlik village of Doğankent district in Giresun Province on the route to Kürtün, Gümüşhane, the 1,835 m (6,020 ft)-long tunnel carries one lane of traffic in each direction in one tube. The tunnel enables an easy access between Black Sea Region to Eastern Anatolia Region through the Pontic Mountains.

Ischopolis

Ischopolis (Ἰσχόπολις) was a city in ancient Pontus. It was near Pharnacia, and was in ruins even in the time of Strabo, but is still noticed by Ptolemy.

Karagöl, Giresun

Karagöl (Turkish pronunciation: [kaˈɾaɟœl]) is a tourist attraction of Giresun Province located in eastern Black Sea region of Turkey.

Kiliseburnu Tunnel

Kiliseburnu Tunnel (Turkish: Kiliseburnu Tüneli), is a highway tunnel constructed in Giresun Province, northern Turkey.Kiliseburnu Tunnel is part of the Giresun-Trabzon Highway D.010 E70 within the Black Sea Coastal Highway, of which construction was carried out by the Turkish Projima Tunnel Construction Company. The 200 and 195 m (656 and 640 ft)-long twin-tube tunnel carrying two lanes of traffic in each direction is flanked by 367–367 m (1,204–1,204 ft)-long Arıdurak Tunnel in the west and 2,175–2,151 m (7,136–7,057 ft)-long Tirebolu-1 Tunnel in the east on the same highway.

The tunnel was opened to traffic on April 7, 2007 by Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.

List of populated places in Giresun Province

Below is the list of populated places in Giresun Province, Turkey by the districts. In the following lists first place in each list is the administrative center of the district.

Philocaleia

Philocaleia or Philocalia or Philokaleia (Ancient Greek: Φιλοκάλεια) was a town on the coast of Pontus Cappadocius, 90 stadia to the east of Argyria, and 100 to the west of Coralla.Its site is located near modern Görele in Asiatic Turkey.

Tirebolu

Tirebolu is a town and district of Giresun Province, Turkey.

Tirebolu mine

The Tirebolu mine is a large mine in the north of Turkey in Giresun Province, 517 km north of the country's capital, Ankara. Tirebolu represents one of the largest copper reserve in Turkey having estimated reserves of 8.6 million tonnes of ore grading 3% copper and 2% zinc. This translates to 260,000 tonnes of copper metal and 172,000 tonnes of zinc metal.

Tripolis (Pontus)

Tripolis (Ancient Greek: Τρίπολις), formerly Ischopolis (Ἰσχόπολις), was an ancient fortress city in Pontus Polemoniacus (aka the Pontus region), on a river of the same name, and with a tolerably good harbour; it is now the site and namesake of the city of Tirebolu in Giresun Province, Black Sea Region, Turkey. It belonged to the Mossynoeci and was situated at a distance of 18 km east from Cape Zephyrium. The place is situated on a rocky headland.

Yağlıdere stream

Yağlıdere is a long and highly voluminous stream that flows to the Black Sea (Karadeniz in Turkish) in the west end of the Espiye which is the capital town of the Espiye district with same name in Giresun Province in Turkey.

Giresun Province of Turkey
Districts

Languages

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