Giovanni Paolo Panini

Giovanni Paolo Panini or Pannini (17 June 1691 – 21 October 1765) was a painter and architect who worked in Rome and is primarily known as one of the vedutisti ("view painters"). As a painter, Panini is best known for his vistas of Rome, in which he took a particular interest in the city's antiquities. Among his most famous works are his view of the interior of the Pantheon (on behalf of Francesco Algarotti), and his vedute—paintings of picture galleries containing views of Rome. Most of his works, especially those of ruins, have a fanciful and unreal embellishment characteristic of capriccio themes. In this they resemble the capricci of Marco Ricci. Panini also painted portraits, including one of Pope Benedict XIV.[1]

Giovanni Paolo Panini
Giovanni Paolo Pannini by Blanchet
Portrait of Panini by Louis Gabriel Blanchet
Born17 June 1691
Died21 October 1765 (aged 74)
Known forpainter
Notable work


As a young man, Panini trained in his native town of Piacenza, under Giuseppe Natali and Andrea Galluzzi, and with stage designer Francesco Galli-Bibiena. In 1711, he moved to Rome, where he studied drawing with Benedetto Luti.

In Rome, Panini earned a name for himself as a decorator of palaces. Some of his works included the Villa Patrizi (1719–1725), the Palazzo de Carolis (1720), and the Seminario Romano (1721–1722). In 1719, Panini was admitted to the Congregazione dei Virtuosi al Pantheon. He taught in Rome at the Accademia di San Luca and the Académie de France, where he is said to have influenced Jean-Honoré Fragonard. In 1754, he served as the prince (director) of the Accademia di San Luca.

Panini died in Rome on 21 October 1765.[1]


Panini's studio included Hubert Robert and his son Francesco Panini. His style influenced other vedutisti, such as his pupil Antonio Joli, as well as Canaletto and Bernardo Bellotto, who sought to meet the need of visitors for painted "postcards" depicting the Italian environs. Some British landscape painters, such as Marlow, Skelton and Wright of Derby, also imitated his capricci.

In addition to being a painter and architect, Panini was a professor of perspective and optics at the French Academy of Rome. His masterful use of perspective was later the inspiration for the creation of the "Panini Projection", which is instrumental in rendering panoramic views. [1][2]


Giovanni Paolo Panini - Interior of the Pantheon, Rome - Google Art Project

The interior of the Pantheon, Rome

Roman Capriccio The Pantheon and Other Monuments by Giovanni Paolo Panini

Roman Capriccio: The Pantheon and Other Monuments (1735), Indianapolis Museum of Art

A Capriccio of the Roman Forum by Giovanni Paolo Panini 1741.jpeg

A Capriccio of the Roman Forum (1741)

Giovanni Paolo Panini – Ancient Rome

Ancient Rome (1757)

Giovanni Paolo Panini – Modern Rome

Modern Rome (1757)

Montecitorio Panini

The Lottery at Palazzo Montecitorio, now in the National Gallery, London

Giovanni Paolo Pannini - Interior of St Peter's in Rome - WGA16972

St. Peter's Basilica, from the entrance

"Adoration of Shepherds" at Brooklyn Museum IMG 3840

Adoration of the Shepherds, Adoration of the Magi (1755), shown here at the Brooklyn Museum in New York City

Giovanni Paolo Panini - View of the Colosseum - Walters 372367

View of the Colosseum (1747), at The Walters Art Museum

Bundesarchiv Bild 101I-729-0001-23, Italien, Überführung von Kunstschätzen

German soldiers in 1944 posing with a Pannini picture – Carlo III di Borbone che visita il papa Benedetto XIV nella coffee-house del Quirinale a Roma – at the time looted from the Naples Museum

Giovanni Paolo Panini, A Concert Given by the duc de Nivernais to mark the Birth of the Dauphin, 1751 at Waddesdon Manor

A Concert Given by the duc de Nivernais to mark the Birth of the Dauphin, 1751 at Waddesdon Manor

Giovanni Paolo Pannini - Ruínas de Roma Antiga

Ruins of Ancient Rome

Death Leap of Marcus


  1. ^ a b Anna Maria Ferrari. "Panini, Giovanni Paolo." Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. 27 March 2010.

Further reading

  • Arisi, Ferdinando (1986). Gian Paolo Panini e i fasti della Roma del '700 [Gian Paolo Panini and events in 18th c. Rome.] (in Italian). ISBN 88-7003-016-4.
  • Arisi, Ferdinando,Giovanni Paolo Panini 1691-1765, Milano, 1993.
  • Horak, Marco, Ritornato a Piacenza il dipinto di Panini passato all'asta lo scorso anno a Londra: si tratta dell' "opera prima", pendant di quello esposto alla Glauco Lombardi di Parma, in "Strenna Piacentina 2013", Piacenza, 2013.
  • Horak, Marco, Quell'opera prima di Panini gemella del dipinto esposto al Lombardi di Parma, in "L'Urtiga - Quaderni di cultura Piacentina", Piacenza, n. 4, 2013.
  • Horak, Marco, L'opera prima del Panini in una collezione privata, in "Panorama Musei", anno XVIII, n.3, dicembre 2013
  • Horak, Marco, G.P. Panini al Fine Art Museum di San Francisco, in "Panorama Musei", anno XXI, n. 2, settembre 2016

External links

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.