Gifu Prefecture

Gifu Prefecture (岐阜県 Gifu-ken) is a prefecture in the Chūbu region of central Japan.[2] Its capital is the city of Gifu.[3]

Located in the center of Japan, it has long played an important part as the crossroads of Japan, connecting the east to the west through such routes as the Nakasendō. During the Sengoku period, many people referred to Gifu by saying, "control Gifu and you control Japan."[4]

Gifu was a long-term residence of both Oda Nobunaga and Saitō Dōsan.

Gifu Prefecture

岐阜県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese岐阜県
 • RōmajiGifu-ken
Flag of Gifu Prefecture

Flag
Official logo of Gifu Prefecture

Symbol
Location of Gifu Prefecture
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu
IslandHonshu
CapitalGifu
SubdivisionsDistricts: 9, Municipalities: 42
Government
 • GovernorHajime Furuta
Area
 • Total10,621.29 km2 (4,100.90 sq mi)
Area rank7th
Population
 (August 2011[1])
 • Total2,074,158
 • Rank18th
 • Density200/km2 (510/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-21
Websitewww.pref.gifu.lg.jp/English
Symbols
BirdRock ptarmigan
(Lagopus muta)
FishAyu
(Plecoglossus altivelis)
FlowerChinese milk vetch
(Astragalus sinicus)
TreeJapanese yew
(Taxus cuspidata)

History

The land area that makes up modern-day Gifu became part of the Yamato Court around the middle of the fourth century. Because it is in the middle of the island of Honshū, it has been the site of many decisive battles throughout Japan's history, the oldest major one being the Jinshin War in 672, which led to the establishment of Emperor Tenmu as the 40th emperor of Japan.

The area of Gifu Prefecture consists of the old provinces of Hida and Mino, as well as smaller parts of Echizen and Shinano.[5] The name of the prefecture derives from its capital city, Gifu, which was named by Oda Nobunaga during his campaign to unify all of Japan in 1567.[6] The first character used comes from Qishan (山), a legendary mountain from which most of China was unified, whereas the second character comes from Qufu (曲), the birthplace of Confucius.[7] Nobunaga chose those characters because he wanted to unify all of Japan and he wanted to be viewed as a great mind.

Historically, the prefecture served as the center of swordmaking in all of Japan, with Seki being known for making the best swords in Japan. More recently, its strengths have been in fashion (primarily in the city of Gifu) and aerospace engineering (Kakamigahara).

On October 28, 1891, the present-day city of Motosu was the epicenter for the Mino–Owari earthquake, the second largest earthquake to ever hit Japan.[8] The earthquake, estimated at 8.0 (surface wave magnitude), left a fault scarp that can still be seen today.

Geography

One of the few landlocked prefectures in Japan, Gifu shares borders with seven other prefectures: Aichi, Fukui, Ishikawa, Mie, Nagano, Shiga and Toyama. Japan's postal codes all start with a three-digit number, ranging from 001 to 999. Part of Gifu has the 500 prefix, reflecting its location in the center of Japan. The center of Japanese population is currently located in Seki City, Gifu Prefecture. The center of population is a hypothetical point at which a country is perfectly balanced assuming each person has a uniform weight. The spot was calculated using the 2005 census.

As of 31 March 2019, 18 percent of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Hakusan and Chūbu-Sangaku National Parks, Hida-Kisogawa and Ibi-Sekigahara-Yōrō Quasi-National Parks, and fifteen Prefectural Natural Parks.[9]

Regions

Gifu has five unofficial regions, which allows local municipalities to work together to promote the surrounding area. The five regions are Seinō,[10] Gifu,[11] Chūnō,[12] Tōnō[13] and Hida.[14] The borders of the regions are loosely defined, but they are usually delineated among major cities.

Topography

The northern Hida region is dominated by tall mountains, including parts of the Japanese Alps. The southern Mino region is mostly parts of the fertile Nōbi Plain, a vast plains area with arable soil. Most of the prefecture's population lives in the southern part of the prefecture, near the designated city of Nagoya.

The mountainous Hida region contains both the Hida Mountains, which are referred to as the "Northern Alps", and the Kiso Mountains, which are known as the "Central Alps" in Japan. The Ryōhaku Mountains are also in the Hida region. Other major ranges include the Ibuki Mountains and the Yōrō Mountains.

Much of the Mino region is made up of the alluvial plain of the Kiso Three Rivers, which are the Ibi River, Kiso River and Nagara River. The sources of all three rivers are in Nagano Prefecture and they eventually run through Aichi and Mie prefectures before emptying into Ise Bay. Other major rivers in the prefecture include the Jinzū, Takahara, Shō, Shōnai, Yahagi and Itoshiro rivers.

Climate

MagomeVista
View from the top of a hill in Magome-juku, Nakatsugawa, Gifu Prefecture

Gifu's climate varies from humid subtropical climate in the south, eventually making the transition to humid continental climate in the north.

Because the Mino region is surrounded by low mountains, the temperature fluctuates through the year, from hot summers to cold winters. The eastern city of Tajimi, for example, often records the hottest temperature in Japan each year and is considered to be the hottest city within Honshū boasting an average daytime high of 34.1 °C during the peak of summer. On August 16, 2007, Tajimi set the record for the hottest day recorded in Japan's history—40.9 degrees Celsius.[15] Summers are hotter, as the landlocked area becomes a heat island, and the temperature rises even further when hot, dry foehn winds blow over the Ibuki Mountains from the Kansai region. The Hida region, with its higher elevation and northerly latitude, is significantly cooler than the Mino region, although there are sometimes extremely hot days there too. The Hida region is more famous for its harsh winters, bringing extremely heavy snowfall, especially in the northwestern areas. Gifu boasts a high amount of skiing locations. Shōkawa-chō, part of the city of Takayama, is up in the mountains, and its location has led it to be called the coldest inhabited place on Honshū.

Gifu City (Mino Region)
Hida Takayama (Hida Region)
Shōkawa, Takayama (Hida Region)

Municipalities

Map of Gifu Prefecture Ja
Map of Gifu Prefecture
     City      Town      Village

All of the cities, towns, villages and districts of Gifu Prefecture are listed below.

Cities

Twenty-one cities are located in Gifu Prefecture:

Minokamo and Mount Ontake from Mount Hatobuki
Minokamo
Mount Kinshō from Mount Ikeda
Ōgaki
Takayama from Mount Kurai
Takayama
  • Gifu – (the capital city of the prefecture)

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Mergers

Economy

Traditional industries such as paper-making and agriculture are found in Gifu, but its economy is dominated by manufacturing including aerospace and automotive, with industrial complexes extending from the Nagoya area. A wealth of small component manufacturing is also found, such as precision machine, dye and mold making, and plastic forming.

Traditional industries

Ukai Gifu Nagaragawa 05
Cormorant fishing in Nagara River

Gifu is famous for cormorant fishing, which has a history of over 1,300 years. Agriculture is also a major industry because of Gifu's vast, arable plains. The forests in the north provide materials for woodworking and for the viewing boats used in cormorant fishing.

The Mino region has long been known for its high-quality paper called Mino washi, which is stronger and thinner than most other papers in Japan, and was used by the Japanese military during World War II.[22] Other paper-based products include Gifu Lanterns and Gifu Umbrellas, made in the prefectural capital of Gifu. Other traditional goods include mino-yaki pottery in Tajimi, Toki, and Mizunami, cutlery in Seki, and lacquerware in Takayama. Sake is often brewed with clear water from the rivers.

Modern industries

Kakamigahara has a large role in the prefecture's modern industries. It boasts large aerospace facilities of both Kawasaki Heavy Industries and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, as well as many metalworking and manufacturing companies.

Information technology (IT) is gaining a foothold in the prefecture with both Softopia Japan in Ōgaki and VR Techno Japan (part of Techno Plaza) in Kakamigahara. The capital city of Gifu, located between Ōgaki and Kakamigahara, is also working to strengthen its IT fields, too.

Tourism

Ogi Shirakawa01n3200
Traditional Housing in Shirakawa-gō
Gujo Odori
Gujo all-night dancing event in August

Gifu has many popular tourist attractions, bringing visitors to all parts of the prefecture. The most popular places are Gifu, Gero, Shirakawa and Takayama. Gero is known for its relaxing hot springs, which attract visitors throughout the year. Shirakawa's historic villages are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Takayama is famous for retaining its original appearance and is often referred to as Little Kyoto.

In addition to international tourists, Gifu also plays host to many international events. The World Event and Convention Complex Gifu is available for many types of events. Other areas of Gifu, too, bring international events. The World Rowing Championships were held in the city of Kaizu in 2005. The FIS Snowboard World Cup was held in the city of Gujo in 2008. The APEC Japan 2010 SME Ministerial Meetings were held in Gifu City.

Science

The Kamioka area of the city of Hida is home to the Kamioka Observatory underground laboratory. Located 1,000 m (3,281 ft) underground in Kamioka Mining and Smelting Co.'s Mozumi Mine, the Super-Kamiokande experiment searches for neutrinos from the high atmosphere, the sun and supernovae, while the KamLAND experiment searches for antineutrinos from regional nuclear reactors. The Super-Kamiokande consists of a cylindrical stainless steel tank that is 41.4 m (136 ft) tall and 39.3 m (129 ft) in diameter holding 50,000 tons of ultra-pure water. Some of the 11,146 photomultiplier tubes are on display at the Miraikan in Tokyo. The same facility also hosts the CLIO prototype and KAGRA gravitational wave detector.

Demographics

The prefecture's population was 2,101,969, as of September 1, 2007, with approximately 1.8 million people in the cities and the rest in towns and villages.[23] The percentage of male and female residents is 48.4% and 51.6%, respectively.[23] 14.4% of the population is no more than 14 years old, with 22.1% of the population being at least 65 years old.[23]

According to Japan's census, the country's center of population is located in Gifu Prefecture. In 2000, it was located in the former town of Mugi, which has since merged with Seki. In the most recent census in 2005, the center of population has moved slightly more to the east, but is still located within Gifu.

Education

Gifu-u snow
Gifu University Faculty of Engineering

Transportation

Rail

Road

Expressway and toll roads

National highways

Prefectural symbols

Gifu prefectural logo
Prefectural Logo

Gifu's symbol comes from the first character gi (岐) of its Japanese name, written in a stylized script, surrounded by a circle, which represents the peace and harmony of the prefectural citizen. It was chosen by contest in 1932.[24]

The prefectural logo (see right) expands from the red dot into the center to the outer two lines and, finally, the yellow plain. This symbol was chosen in 1991 for the development and expansion of the prefecture.[24]

The prefecture also has two plants (the milk vetch and the Japanese yew) and two animals (the snow grouse and the ayu) as symbols. The milk vetch was chosen in 1954, because the prefecture is well known for its abundance of blooming milk vetch each spring. The yew was chosen in 1966, because it is the tree used to make ornamental scepters for the emperor, many of which came from the Hida district. The snow grouse was chosen in 1961, as the birds live up in the Japanese alps and is a nationally protected species. Ayu were chosen in 1989, because the fish is found in many prefectural rivers and is prized for its sweet taste.[24]

Notable people

See also

Notes

  1. ^ 岐阜県の人口・世帯数人口動態統計調査結果. Gifu prefectural website (in Japanese). Gifu Prefecture. Retrieved September 11, 2011.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Gifu-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 246, p. 246, at Google Books; "Chūbu" in p. 126, p. 126, at Google Books
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Gifu" in p. 246, p. 246, at Google Books
  4. ^ Instant Gifu. Gifu International Center, 1995.
  5. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books
  6. ^ Stone ledger in front of Kashimori Shrine. Erected by Kashimori Shrine.
  7. ^ Gifu tour guide – Outline of Gifu Prefecture Archived October 1, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Gifu Prefecture Tourist Federation. Accessed September 9, 2007.
  8. ^ Mino Earthquake Archived July 6, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. (in Japanese) Tokyo Science Museum. Accessed July 5, 2007.
  9. ^ 自然公園都道府県別面積総括 [General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture] (PDF) (in Japanese). Ministry of the Environment. March 31, 2019. Retrieved July 22, 2019.
  10. ^ Nishi Mino Portal Site. (in Japanese) Ginet. Accessed June 24, 2008.
  11. ^ Gifu Regional Promotion Office Archived September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. (in Japanese) Gifu Prefecture. Accessed August 9, 2011.
  12. ^ Chūnō Promotion Office Archived September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. (in Japanese) Gifu Prefecture. Accessed August 9, 2011.
  13. ^ Tōnō Promotional Office Archived September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. (in Japanese) Gifu Prefecture. Accessed August 9, 2011.
  14. ^ Hida Promotional Office Archived September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. (in Japanese) Gifu Prefecture. Accessed August 9, 2011.
  15. ^ Gifu Prefecture sees highest temperature ever recorded in Japan – 40.9 Archived August 18, 2016, at the Wayback MachineJapan News Review Archived October 19, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ "平年値(年・月ごとの値)". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved November 18, 2011.
  17. ^ "観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値)". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved March 6, 2010.
  18. ^ "平年値(年・月ごとの値)". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved March 6, 2010.
  19. ^ "観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値)". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved March 6, 2010.
  20. ^ "AllMetSat Takayama". All Met Sat. Retrieved February 11, 2012.
  21. ^ "平年値(年・月ごとの値)". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved May 6, 2012.
  22. ^ Greg Goebel. "The Fire Balloons". Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved November 23, 2007.
  23. ^ a b c Statistics Division of Gifu Prefecture Archived October 14, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. (in Japanese) Gifu Prefecture. Accessed November 2, 2007.
  24. ^ a b c A Statistical Guide to Gifu Prefecture 2007 Archived March 25, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. Gifu Prefecture. Accessed November 2, 2007.

References

External links

Coordinates: 35°29′N 136°54′E / 35.483°N 136.900°E

Arao Station (Gifu)

Arao Station (荒尾駅, Arao-eki) is a train station in the city of Ōgaki, Gifu Prefecture, Japan operated by the Central Japan Railway Company (JR Tōkai).

FC Gifu

Football Club Gifu, abbreviated as F.C. Gifu (FC岐阜, Efu Shī Gifu) is a Japanese football club based in Gifu, Japan. They play in the J2 League, the second tier of Japanese professional football.

Gifu Air Field

Gifu Air Field (岐阜飛行場, Gifu Hikōjō) (ICAO: RJNG) is a military air base of the Japan Air Self-Defense Force Gifu Airbase (岐阜基地, Gifu Kichi). It is located in Kakamigahara City, 7.0 NM (13.0 km; 8.1 mi) east of Gifu in the Gifu Prefecture, Japan.

Gifu Nagaragawa Stadium

Gifu Nagaragawa Stadium (岐阜メモリアルセンター長良川競技場) is a multi-purpose stadium at the Gifu Memorial Center in Gifu, Japan. It is currently used mostly for football matches. It is the host of FC Gifu. The stadium was originally opened in 1991 and has a capacity of 26,109 spectators.It serves as the start and finish point for the annual Gifu Seiryu Half Marathon each May.

Gifu Station

Gifu Station (岐阜駅, Gifu-eki) is a railway station in the heart of the city of Gifu, Gifu Prefecture, Japan, operated by Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central).

Gifu Swoops

The Gifu Swoops is a professional basketball team that competes in the third division of the Japanese B.League.

Ibi River

The Ibi River (揖斐川, Ibi-gawa) is a tributary of the Kiso River located in Gifu and Mie Prefectures in Japan. Along with the Nagara and Kiso rivers, the Ibi is the third of the Kiso Three Rivers of the Nōbi Plain. It is one of Japan's first-class rivers. The former Tōkaidō post station of Kuwana-juku was located on the western banks of this river during the Edo period.

Japan National Route 472

National Route 472 (国道472号, Kokudō Yonhyaku Nanajū Ni-gō) is a highway between Imizu, Toyama Prefecture and Gujo, Gifu Prefecture in Japan.

Jinzū River

The Jinzū River (神通川, Jinzū-gawa) is a river that flows from Gifu Prefecture to Toyama Prefecture in Japan. It is called Miya River (宮川 Miya-gawa) in Gifu. It is 120 km (75 mi) in length and has a watershed of 2,720 km2 (1,050 sq mi).

Kiso Three Rivers

The Kiso Three Rivers (木曽三川, Kiso Sansen) refers to the three major rivers that make up the alluvial plain area of the Nōbi Plain of Japan. The three rivers are the Kiso River, the Ibi River and the Nagara River. Given their location, they are sometimes referred to as the Nōbi Three Rivers (濃尾三川 Nōbi Sansen).

List of mergers in Gifu Prefecture

Here is a list of mergers in Gifu Prefecture, Japan since the Heisei era.

Mino Province

Mino Province (美濃国, Mino no kuni), one of the old provinces of Japan, encompassed the southern part of modern-day Gifu Prefecture. It was sometimes called Nōshū (濃州). Mino Province bordered Echizen, Hida, Ise, Mikawa, Ōmi, Owari, and Shinano Provinces.

Although the ancient provincial capital was near Tarui, the main castle town was at Gifu, the home of Inabayama Castle.

Mino dialect

The Mino dialect (美濃弁, Mino-ben) is a Japanese dialect spoken in the southern area, made up of the former area known as Mino Province, of Gifu Prefecture, Japan. It is also referred to as the Tōnō dialect (東濃弁 Tōnō-ben) by residents of the Tōnō region of the prefecture, which is the eastern part of the former province. It is sometimes also referred to as the Gifu dialect (岐阜弁 Gifu-ben), but that can sometimes include Hida dialect, which is in the northern part of Gifu Prefecture.

Generally speaking, it has many words and grammatical structures that are shared with other nearby dialects, such as the Nagoya and Mikawa dialects in neighboring Aichi Prefecture. However, it also shares features with the Kansai dialect.

Mount Haku

Mount Haku (白山, Haku-san, "White Mountain"), or Mount Hakusan (commonly referred to as simply Hakusan), is a dormant volcano. The stratovolcano is located on the borders of Gifu and Ishikawa (which are in Honshu) prefectures in Japan. It is thought to have first been active 300,000 to 400,000 years ago, with the most recent eruption occurring in 1659. Along with Mount Tate and Mount Fuji, it is one of Japan's "Three Holy Mountains" (三霊山, Sanreizan).

Mount Ontake

Mount Ontake (御嶽山, Ontake-san), also referred to as Mount Kiso Ontake (木曽御嶽山, Kiso Ontake-san), is the 14th highest mountain and second highest volcano in Japan (after Mount Fuji) at 3,067 m (10,062 ft).

Nagara River

The Nagara River (長良川, Nagara-gawa) has its source in the city of Gujō, Gifu Prefecture, and its mouth in the city of Kuwana, Mie Prefecture, Japan. Along with the Kiso River and Ibi River, the Nagara River is one of the Kiso Three Rivers of the Nōbi Plain. Previously, the river was named Sunomata River (墨俣川 Sunomata-gawa). With a length of 166 km (103 mi), it drains an area of 1,985 square kilometres (766 sq mi) in the Chūbu region and empties into Ise Bay. The government of Japan classifies it as a Class 1 river.

Shō River

The Shō River (庄川, Shō-gawa) has its source in Mount Eboshi (烏帽子岳 Eboshigatake) in the Shōkawa-chō area of Takayama, Gifu Prefecture, Japan. After flowing for 115 km (71 mi) through the northern part of Gifu Prefecture and the western part of Toyama Prefecture, it empties into Toyama Bay.

Shōnai River

The Shōnai River (庄内川, Shōnai-gawa) is a Class 1 river flowing through Gifu and Aichi prefectures in Japan. In Gifu Prefecture, it is also referred to as the Toki River (土岐川 Toki-gawa); around the city of Kasugai in Aichi Prefecture, it is referred to as the Tamano River (玉野川 Tamano-gawa). Fujimae-higata (designated sites as List of Ramsar wetlands of international importance) exists in the River mouth.

Yahagi River

The Yahagi River (矢作川, Yahagi-gawa) is a river that flows from Nagano Prefecture's Mount Ōkawairi, through Gifu Prefecture, and enters Mikawa Bay from Aichi Prefecture in Japan. It is one of Japan's first-class rivers.

Climate data for Gifu, Gifu (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 20.4
(68.7)
22.2
(72.0)
25.8
(78.4)
30.8
(87.4)
33.5
(92.3)
36.2
(97.2)
39.0
(102.2)
39.8
(103.6)
37.7
(99.9)
31.0
(87.8)
26.7
(80.1)
21.1
(70.0)
39.8
(103.6)
Average high °C (°F) 8.8
(47.8)
10.0
(50.0)
13.7
(56.7)
19.8
(67.6)
24.2
(75.6)
27.4
(81.3)
31.0
(87.8)
33.0
(91.4)
28.8
(83.8)
23.1
(73.6)
17.2
(63.0)
11.6
(52.9)
20.7
(69.3)
Average low °C (°F) 0.5
(32.9)
0.9
(33.6)
3.9
(39.0)
9.3
(48.7)
14.2
(57.6)
19.0
(66.2)
23.0
(73.4)
24.3
(75.7)
20.4
(68.7)
13.8
(56.8)
7.7
(45.9)
2.7
(36.9)
11.6
(52.9)
Record low °C (°F) −14.3
(6.3)
−13.7
(7.3)
−6.7
(19.9)
−2.8
(27.0)
1.7
(35.1)
6.8
(44.2)
12.8
(55.0)
14.0
(57.2)
8.3
(46.9)
0.8
(33.4)
−2.4
(27.7)
−8.7
(16.3)
−14.3
(6.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 67.0
(2.64)
82.1
(3.23)
143.0
(5.63)
161.2
(6.35)
204.7
(8.06)
245.3
(9.66)
261.6
(10.30)
148.9
(5.86)
237.3
(9.34)
125.5
(4.94)
93.0
(3.66)
58.0
(2.28)
1,827.6
(71.95)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 19
(7.5)
17
(6.7)
1
(0.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
9
(3.5)
46
(18.1)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm) 9.5 9.7 10.7 10.7 11.6 12.7 13.7 9.7 12.5 9.3 8.1 9.3 127.5
Average snowy days 9.4 8.2 2.9 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 3.7 24.5
Average relative humidity (%) 67 63 60 60 65 71 74 70 71 67 67 68 67
Mean monthly sunshine hours 160.3 163.6 188.3 196.0 199.0 159.4 167.0 202.2 157.8 174.2 157.3 160.2 2,085.3
Source #1: Japan Meteorological Agency[16]
Source #2: Japan Meteorological Agency (records)[17]
Climate data for Central Takayama, Gifu (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.7
(62.1)
18.5
(65.3)
23.4
(74.1)
30.6
(87.1)
32.1
(89.8)
34.7
(94.5)
36.1
(97.0)
37.3
(99.1)
35.4
(95.7)
29.4
(84.9)
23.9
(75.0)
21.7
(71.1)
37.3
(99.1)
Average high °C (°F) 2.9
(37.2)
3.6
(38.5)
8.5
(47.3)
16.5
(61.7)
21.9
(71.4)
25.2
(77.4)
28.7
(83.7)
30.1
(86.2)
24.9
(76.8)
18.8
(65.8)
12.3
(54.1)
5.9
(42.6)
16.6
(61.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.1
(28.2)
−1.1
(30.0)
2.9
(37.2)
9.7
(49.5)
15.2
(59.4)
19.8
(67.6)
23.6
(74.5)
24.7
(76.5)
20.1
(68.2)
13.4
(56.1)
7.2
(45.0)
1.6
(34.9)
11.2
(52.2)
Average low °C (°F) −7.1
(19.2)
−5.7
(21.7)
−2.5
(27.5)
2.9
(37.2)
8.4
(47.1)
14.3
(57.7)
18.5
(65.3)
19.3
(66.7)
15.1
(59.2)
7.9
(46.2)
2.0
(35.6)
−2.7
(27.1)
6.0
(42.8)
Record low °C (°F) −23.5
(−10.3)
−25.5
(−13.9)
−21.2
(−6.2)
−7.6
(18.3)
−3.1
(26.4)
1.8
(35.2)
8.1
(46.6)
9.4
(48.9)
3.8
(38.8)
−3.5
(25.7)
−10.7
(12.7)
−19.5
(−3.1)
−25.5
(−13.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 88.9
(3.50)
99.7
(3.93)
120.5
(4.74)
139.1
(5.48)
134.8
(5.31)
193.1
(7.60)
226.2
(8.91)
169.1
(6.66)
257.8
(10.15)
126.7
(4.99)
98.5
(3.88)
79.3
(3.12)
1,733.5
(68.25)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 166
(65)
155
(61)
66
(26)
7
(2.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
15
(5.9)
98
(39)
511
(201)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 95.6 112.6 150.9 174.6 181.3 143.0 146.5 180.5 124.1 125.8 98.9 89.0 1,623.7
Source #1: Japan Meteorological Agency[18][19]
Source #2: All Met Sat[20]
Climate data for Shōkawa, Takayama, Gifu (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −0.2
(31.6)
0.7
(33.3)
4.6
(40.3)
12.1
(53.8)
17.8
(64.0)
21.2
(70.2)
24.7
(76.5)
26.1
(79.0)
21.6
(70.9)
15.6
(60.1)
9.5
(49.1)
3.0
(37.4)
13.0
(55.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −5.1
(22.8)
−4.9
(23.2)
−1.1
(30.0)
5.2
(41.4)
10.9
(51.6)
15.4
(59.7)
19.4
(66.9)
20.3
(68.5)
16.1
(61.0)
9.2
(48.6)
3.1
(37.6)
−2.3
(27.9)
7.2
(45.0)
Average low °C (°F) −11.7
(10.9)
−12.3
(9.9)
−7.5
(18.5)
−1.8
(28.8)
3.5
(38.3)
9.6
(49.3)
14.7
(58.5)
15.5
(59.9)
11.3
(52.3)
3.4
(38.1)
−2.6
(27.3)
−8.0
(17.6)
1.2
(34.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 152.0
(5.98)
135.4
(5.33)
173.4
(6.83)
175.9
(6.93)
221.2
(8.71)
262.4
(10.33)
331.8
(13.06)
233.6
(9.20)
324.6
(12.78)
165.4
(6.51)
143.8
(5.66)
137.1
(5.40)
2,439.3
(96.04)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 75.8 103.3 149.6 181.6 185.1 143.2 138.2 155.6 117.0 128.3 102.3 81.7 1,563.7
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[21]
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