Giant granadilla

The giant granadilla, barbadine (Trinidad), grenadine (Haiti), giant tumbo or badea (Spanish pronunciation: [baˈðe.a]), ටං ටිං ([ tʌŋ tʌIŋ]), Passiflora quadrangularis, produces the largest fruit of any species within the genus Passiflora.[2] It is a perennial native to the Neotropics, having smooth, cordate, ovate or acuminate leaves; petioles bearing from 4 to 6 glands; an emetic and narcotic root; scented flowers; and a large, oblong fruit, containing numerous seeds, embedded in a subacid edible pulp.[3]

The badea is sometimes grown in greenhouses. The fruits of several other species of Passiflora are eaten. P. laurifolia is the water lemon and P. maliformis the sweet calabash of the West Indies.[3]

The fruit juice of the badea is used as a beverage.

A tea is made from the leaves which is used for high blood pressure and diabetes. A drink and ice-cream are made from the fruit.[4]

Passiflora quadrangularis is also grown as an ornamental. It is a vigorous, tender evergreen perennial climber with nodding red flowers, each surrounded by white and purple filaments. Requiring a minimum temperature of 15 °C (59 °F), in temperate zones it must be grown under glass. It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.[5][6]

Giant granadilla
Passiflora quadrangularis-IMG 4481
Flowers
Badea
Full and longitudinally-cut badeas
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Passifloraceae
Genus: Passiflora
Species: P. quadrangularis
Binomial name
Passiflora quadrangularis

See also

References

  1. ^ "Passiflora quadrangularis". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2013-01-30.
  2. ^ Boning, Charles R. (2006). Florida's Best Fruiting Plants: Native and Exotic Trees, Shrubs, and Vines. Sarasota, Florida: Pineapple Press, Inc. p. 169.
  3. ^ a b  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Granadilla". Encyclopædia Britannica. 12 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 336.
  4. ^ Mendes (1986), p. 10.
  5. ^ "RHS Plantfinder - Passiflora quadrangularis". Retrieved 18 April 2018.
  6. ^ "AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 72. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  • Mendes, John. (1986). Cote ce Cote la: Trinidad & Tobago Dictionary. Arima, Trinidad.

External links

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