Gheorghe Rosnovanu

Gheorghe Rosnovanu (March 1, 1832–October 2, 1904) was a Moldavian-born Romanian soldier and politician.

A scion of the Moldavian boyar Rosetti family, his parents were hetman Alexandru Rosnovanu and his wife Ruxandra Callimachi. After finishing his schooling, he entered the Imperial Russian Army. Rosnovanu served there until 1857, when he entered the Moldavian Army as a second lieutenant. He advanced to major in 1858 and resigned as a colonel in 1863 from what was now the Romanian Army.[1]

A conservative, he belonged to the constituent assembly of 1866, and was first elected to the Assembly of Deputies in 1867. Returned to active service in 1869, he was for a time prefect of Neamț County until 1876. He then practiced as a lawyer. Rosnovanu participated in the Romanian War of Independence. In 1879, he was elected to the Senate. He left the army for good in 1884. From May to December 1891, he was Assembly President. Rosnovanu died in Bucharest.[1]

Notes

  1. ^ a b Ion Mamina, Monarhia constituțională în România, p. 409. Bucharest: Editura Enciclopedică, 2000. ISBN 973-450-315-4
Parliament of Romania

The Parliament of Romania (Romanian: Parlamentul României) is the national legislature of Romania, consisting of the Chamber of Deputies (Camera Deputaților), and the Senate (Senat). Its meeting place is at the Palace of the Parliament in Bucharest.

Prior to the modification of the Constitution in 2003, the two houses had identical attributes. A text of a law had to be approved by both houses. If the text differed, a special commission (comisie de mediere) was formed by deputies and senators, that "negotiated" between the two houses the form of the future law. The report of this commission had to be approved in a joint session of the Parliament. After the 2003 referendum, a law still has to be approved by both houses, but each house has designated matters it gets to deliberate before the other, in capacity of "deciding chamber" (Romanian: cameră decizională). If that first chamber adopts a law proposal (relating to its competences), it is passed on to the other one, which can approve or reject. If it makes amendments, the bill is sent back to the deciding chamber, the decision of which is final.

In 2009, a referendum was held to consult the population about turning the parliament into a unicameral body and reducing the number of representatives to 300. Although the referendum passed, the results are not binding, a referendum explicitly mentioning the modification of the constitution being required to achieve this.

President of the Chamber of Deputies of Romania

The President of the Chamber of Deputies of Romania is the deputy elected to preside over the meetings in the lower chamber of the Parliament of Romania. The President is also the President of the Standing Bureau of the Chamber of Deputies, and the second in the presidential line of succession, after the President of the Senate.

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