Ghatshila

Ghatshila, also spelt as Ghatsila, is a town Situated in East Singhbhum. It is 45 km from Jamshedpur. The town is located on the bank of the Subarnarekha River, and it is situated in a forested area. It contains a railway station on the main line of the South Eastern Railway. Ghathsila was formerly the headquarters of the kingdom of Dhalbhum.

Ghatshila

Ghatsila
Town
Ghatshila
Ghatshila is located in Jharkhand
Ghatshila
Ghatshila
Location in Jharkhand, India
Ghatshila is located in India
Ghatshila
Ghatshila
Ghatshila (India)
Coordinates: 22°22′N 86°17′E / 22.36°N 86.29°ECoordinates: 22°22′N 86°17′E / 22.36°N 86.29°E
Country India
StateJharkhand
DistrictEast Singhbhum
Elevation
103 m (338 ft)
Population
(2001)
 • Total162,594
 • RankClass III
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
832303 - 832103
Vehicle registrationJH

History

Royal family of the Kingdom of Dhalbhum had originated from the north–west (Dhara and Mandu), located at the border of Rajasthan. Legend goes on to say that around 1300 AD, Dhalbhum was wrested from him by Raja Jagat Deo from Jagner near Dholpur and belonged to Dhar in Malwa Rajputana, who later assumed the name of Raja Jagannath Deo Dhabal Deb I of . Originally Raja Jaganath Deo Dhabal Deb I belonged to parmar rajput clan from Dhar in MalwaThey established themselves by conquest in western part of Bengal, the area commonly known as Jungle Mahals. These families kept up a sort of semi–royal state and dignified their heir–apparent and those in immediate succession with title of honor, which denotes precedence. Thus, in the Dhalbhum family, the oldest son of the ruling king (Rajah) took the title of Jubraj, the second that of Hikkim, the third of Barathakur, the fourth that of Kuar, the fifth that of Musib and the rest Babu.

The area of the kingdom of Dhalbhum was approximately 1,200-square-mile (3,100 km2). Raja Jaganath constructed the Rankini Mandir at Galudih. But due to some problem, he shifted the Kali temple along with all the associates and other people to Ghatsila and built up a temple of goddess Kali, beside Ghatshila police station which is known as Rankini Mata.

Rankini Temple, Ghatshila
Rankini Temple, Ghatshila, Jharkhand

Ghatshila was the administrative capital of Dhalbhum & Jamboni Zamindari. Ghatshila has several palaces, schools and administrative buildings constructed by the rulers of Dhalbhum zamindari.

Raja Jagadish Chandra Deo Dhabal Deb of Dhalbhum & Jamboni Zamindari was the last recognised ruler of Dhalbhum & Jamboni Zamindari.

Demographics

As of 2011 India census,[1] Ghatshila had an urban population of 129,905 and the rural population of 89,281. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Ghatshila has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 65%. In Ghatshila, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Geography

Ghatshila is located at 22°36′N 86°29′E / 22.60°N 86.48°E.[2] It has an average elevation of 103 m (338 ft).

Subarnarekha River
Subarnarekha River

Ghatshila is situated on the banks of Subarnarekha River, at a distance of approximately 45 km from Jamshedpur, the district headquarters. It is a located in the East Singhbhum district of the state of Jharkhand.

Subarnarekha river from copper mines
Subarnarekha river at Ghatshila

Ghatsila has its diversity with dams, falls, rivers, forest, mountains and valley. The scenes are breathtaking especially at sunset. It has a township as well as a village touch. There are areas where people still do farming for a living; these areas are untouched and unexplored.

There is a community development block named Ghatshila, which has its headquarters at Ghatshila. This block was established on 4 May 1962.

Climate

Moderate Rainfall, Extreme hot in the month of mid April to May, Extreme cold in the month of December to February.

Languages

Ghatshila is mainly located at Jharkhand and West Bengal Border so, the majorly spoken languages include Santhali, Kudmali, Bengali, Ho and Hindi. Many regional languages are also spoken.

Economy

Hindustan Copper Limited (HCL) is located at Moubhandar, a mile away. This is the chief employer or indirect source of income for the people of Ghatshila, Moubhandar, Musabani and nearby villages. Ghatshila is best known for the HCL mines because they are Asia's first copper mines and the world's second deepest mines.

Transport

Ghatshila Railway Station full view
Ghatshila railway station

Ghatshila is connected to most of the important stations in Bihar and Jharkhand through rail and road network. Jamshedpur is at a distance of 45 km (by road)and 37 km (by railroad) west of this town. Most of the trains running from Kharagpur that goes to west towards Jamshedpur, have a stoppage here. Distance between Ghatsila and Kharagpur is about 98 km.

By rail

It is a railway station on the Kharagpur-Tatanagar section of Howrah–Mumbai track, 215 km from Howrah. Notable trains which stop here are Ispat Express (train no. 12781/12782), Kurla–Howrah Express (train no. 18030/18029), Steel Express (train no. 12813/12814). It is well connected to 3 metros in India namely Mumbai (by Bombay Express), Kolkata (many trains starting from 6 o'clock in the morning by Steel Express to midnight at 1.15 by Samleshwari Exp) and New Delhi (by Neelachal Express, Purushottam Express and Utkal Express). There are many local Passenger trains connecting Jamshedpur and Kharagpur with Ghatshila.

New Trains having stoppage at ghatshila

Purushottam Superfast Express - 5:54 A.M. (Arrival)

Howrah Barbil Janshatabdi Express- 9:13 A.M. (Arrival)

Ghatsila Howrah Local - 2:05 P.M. (Departure)

By road

It is about 240 km from Kolkata. Those traveling from Kolkata first have to take NH 6 to Baharagora and then take the road to Jamshedpur. Buses plying between Kharagpur and Jamshedpur pass through Ghatshila. Buses plying from Bhubaneswar or Kolkata to Jamshedpur or Ranchi also pass through Ghatshila. By road Jamshedpur is 45 km away.There are many buses connecting Ghatsila to Jamshedpur daily,from morning 6 O'clock to evening 5 O'clock. There are two routes connecting Jamshedpur to Ghatsila, one route through NH33 and another route through Jadugoda.

Media

Radio Station: 100.1 MHz (Akashvani Ghatshila)[3]

Sports

To enhance the mental and physical wellness sports play a crucial role.There are ample number of sports clubs and grounds distributed over the town. Some of them are enlisted below:

  • Moubhandar Sports Club - Hindustan Copper Limited Ground at Moubhandar
  • Golf Ground at Moubhandar
  • Rajstate Ground at Rajstate
  • Dakbunglow Ground at Dakbunglow Road
  • Gandhi Maidan at Harijan basti
  • Football Ground in Moubhandar

Moubhandar Sports Club organises a cricket tournament every December.The tournament is named after the memory of Late. Basuki Singh. Basuki Singh Memorial cricket tournament is quite famous in Ghatsila.

Festivals

Ghatsila has a very diverse culture and a number of community live here peacefully. Many festivals are celebrated here. Some of the main festivals are:

  • Sagun Sohrai
  • Durga puja
  • Ganesh Puja
  • Baha Bonga
  • Makar Porob
  • Chatt
  • Dipawali(Diwali)
  • Saraswati Puja
  • Laxmi Puja

There are many other festivals also.

Tourism

Some of the places of interest to tourists are:

  • Burudi Dam
  • Dharagiri Fall
  • Subarnarekha River at Moubhandar
  • Fuldungri Pahar at Fuldungri
  • Famous Bengali Writer Bibhuti Bhushan Bandhopadhayay's Cottage at Dahigoda and Library at college road
  • Rajbadi at Rajstate
  • Ramkrishna Math at Dahigoda
  • Shivdas Ghosh Children's Park at Tamukpal
  • Chota Pul at Swarnarekha River

Education

There are large number of schools and colleges which help a large number of youths to get their primary education in the town itself which has also helped in increasing the literacy rate of Ghatshila to 73%. Some of the prominent schools and colleges are listed below.

Schools

  • kendriya Vidyalaya Surda, Ghatsila
  • Sant Nandalal Smriti Vidya Mandir
  • St. Joseph's Convent School at Tumandungri,Musaboni
  • St. Joseph's Convent School(kasdidah)
  • Gyandeep Public School
  • Irvine Adventis School at Dahigoda
  • J.C School at College Road
  • Saraswati Shishu Vidyamandir
  • Sri Sri Vidyamandir at Kasidah
  • Marwadi Hindi High School
  • St.Paul high school
  • Loreto Convent Public School

Colleges

  • Ghatsila College
  • Ghatsila Women's College at Kasidah

References

  1. ^ "District Census Handbook Purbi Singhbhum 2011" (PDF).
  2. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Ghatsila, India". www.fallingrain.com.
  3. ^ Davies, Alan G. "Radio and Television Broadcasting in Asia". www.asiawaves.net. Retrieved 24 October 2017.

Ghatsila Tourist Information Center

External links

Ghatshila travel guide from Wikivoyage

Baharagora College

Baharagora College, established in 1969, is a general degree college in the East Singhbhum district. It offers undergraduate and postgraduate courses in arts, commerce and sciences. It is affiliated to Kolhan University.

Bedeni (film)

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Bibhutibhushan Bandyopadhyay

Bibhutibhushan Bandyopadhyay (listen ) (12 September 1894 – 1 November 1950) was an Indian Bengali author, and one of the leading writers of modern Bengali literature. His best known work is the autobiographical novel, Pather Panchali (The Song of the Road). He was posthumously awarded the Rabindra Puraskar in 1951, the most prestigious literary award in West Bengal, for his novel Ichhamati.

Census town

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Chandil railway station

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East Singhbhum district

East Singhbhum (is one of the twenty-four districts of Jharkhand state, India. It was created on 16 January 1990 . More than 50% of the district is covered by dense forests and mountains, where wild animals once roamed freely.

Ghatshila College

Ghatshila College, is a general degree college in the East Singhbhum district. It offers undergraduate and postgraduate courses in arts, commerce and sciences. It is affiliated to Kolhan University.

Hansda Sowvendra Shekhar

Hansda Sowvendra Shekhar (born 1983) is an Indian writer. For his debut novel, The Mysterious Ailment of Rupi Baskey, Shekhar won the 2015 Yuva Puraskar, was shortlisted for the 2014 Crossword Book Award and the 2014 Hindu Literary Prize, longlisted for the 2016 International Dublin Literary Award, and jointly won the 2015 Muse India Young Writer Award. For his second book, The Adivasi Will Not Dance: Stories, Shekhar was shortlisted for the 2016 Hindu Literary Prize. Though Shekhar writes primarily in English, he also translates from Santhali to English and Hindi to English. Jwala Kumar and the Gift of Fire: Adventures in Champakbagh is Shekhar's first book for children. His fourth book, a novel titled My Father's Garden, has been called "rich and surprising" and "[packing] more emotion, detail and narrative heft than...books four times its size."Ethnically, Shekhar is a Santhal, one of India's Adivasi groups; this background is reflected in his fiction. His stories are rich in "fine details that add to the deep dimensions" and "open to us a world we have deliberately dismissed" and contain "a surplus of understanding that comes from a kind insider-outsider." Indeed, he characterised his first novel as "the first full-fledged Santhal novel written in English, and published by a mainstream publisher." Born in Ranchi, Shekhar grew up in Ghatshila and Chakulia and went to school in Musabani. His parents used to work with Hindustan Copper in Ghatshila. By profession, he is a medical doctor and is employed as a medical officer with the government of Jharkhand, based in 2017 in Pakur.

Jamshedpur Co-operative College

Jamshedpur Co-operative College, established in 1949, is one of the oldest degree college in the Jharkhand state of India. It offers undergraduate and postgraduate courses in arts, commerce and sciences. It is affiliated to Kolhan University.

Jamshedpur Women’s College

Jamshedpur Women's College, established in 1953, is a general degree girl's college in the Jharkhand state of India. It offers undergraduate and postgraduate courses in arts, commerce and sciences. It is affiliated to Kolhan University.

Jamshedpur Worker’s College

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Karim City College, Jamshedpur

Karim City College, Jamshedpur, established in 1961, is one of the oldest degree college in the Jharkhand state of India. It offers undergraduate and postgraduate courses in arts, commerce and sciences. It is a Muslim minority institution under Karim's Trust and permanently affiliated to Kolhan University, Chaibasa.

Kolhan University

Kolhan University is a university located at Chaibasa in West Singhbhum district in the state of Jharkhand, India.

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Laxmirani Majhi (born 26 January 1989 in Bagula, Ghatshila, Jharkhand) from Chittaranjan, Asansol is a female Indian right handed recurve archer.

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Rakha Mines

Rakha Mines are copper mines situated near Ghatshila in Jharkhand state of India. There is also another copper mine nearby called Kendadih copper mines and refineries at Indian Copper Complex at Ghatshila.

Subarnarekha (film)

Subarnarekha (Bengali: সুবর্ণরেখা Subarṇarekhā) is an Indian Bengali film directed by Ritwik Ghatak. It was produced in 1962 but not released until 1965. It is a part of the trilogy, Meghe Dhaka Tara (1960), Komal Gandhar (1961), and Subarnarekha (1962), all dealing with the aftermath of the Partition of India in 1947 and the refugees coping with it.

Subarnarekha River

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Tata College, Chaibasa

Tata College, is one of the oldest degree college in the West Singhbhum district in Jharkhand state. It offers undergraduate and postgraduate courses in arts, commerce and sciences. It is affiliated to Kolhan University.

Cities and towns in Kolhan division
East Singhbhum district
Seraikela Kharsawan district
West Singhbhum district
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