The Geschwister-Scholl-Preis is a literary prize which was initiated in 1980 by the State Association of Bavaria (Landesverband Bayern e. V.) in the Stock Market Society of the German Book Trade (Börsenverein des Deutschen Buchhandels) and the city of Munich. Each year, a book is honoured, which "shows intellectual independence and supports civil freedom, moral, intellectual and aesthetic courage and that gives an important impulse to the present awareness of responsibility" ("...das von geistiger Unabhängigkeit zeugt und geeignet ist, bürgerliche Freiheit, moralischen, intellektuellen und ästhetischen Mut zu fördern und dem gegenwärtigen Verantwortungsbewusstsein wichtige Impulse zu geben").
The prize is named in memory and honor of Sophie and Hans Scholl, who are collectively referred to as the Geschwister Scholl ("Scholl siblings"). It is endowed with 10,000 euros and is presented at a ceremony at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität in Munich.
All links are in German
Joseph-Achille Mbembe, known as Achille Mbembe (; born 1957), is a Cameroonian philosopher, political theorist, and public intellectual.Cordelia Edvardson
Cordelia Maria Edvardson (née Heller; 1 January 1929 – 29 October 2012) was a German-born Jewish journalist, author and Holocaust survivor. She was the Jerusalem correspondent for Svenska Dagbladet, a Swedish daily newspaper, from 1977 to 2006. Edvardson reported extensively on the Israeli–Palestinian conflict, remaining a columnist for Svenska Dagbladet after leaving her post in 2006.David Grossman
David Grossman (Hebrew: דויד גרוסמן; born January 25, 1954) is an Israeli author. His books have been translated into more than 30 languages, and have won numerous prizes.
He addressed the Israeli–Palestinian conflict in his 2008 novel, To the End of the Land. Since that book's publication he has written a children's book, an opera for children and several poems. His 2014 book, Falling Out of Time, deals with the grief of parents in the aftermath of their children's death. In 2017, he was awarded the Man Booker International Prize in conjunction with his frequent collaborator and translator, Jessica Cohen, for his novel A Horse Walks Into a Bar. In 2018, he was awarded the Israel Prize for literature.Ernst Klee
Ernst Klee (15 March 1942, Frankfurt am Main – 18 May 2013, Frankfurt am Main) was a German journalist and author. As a writer on Germany's history, he was best known for his exposure and documentation of the medical crimes of Adolf Hitler's Third Reich, much of which was concerned with the Action T4 or involuntary euthanasia program. He is the author of The Good Old Days': The Holocaust Through the Eyes of the Perpetrators and Bystanders first published in the English translation in 1991.Franz Fühmann
Franz Fühmann (15 January 1922 – 8 July 1984) was a German writer who lived and worked in East Germany. He wrote in a variety of formats, including short stories, essays, screenplays and children's books. Influenced by Nazism in his youth, he later embraced (and renounced) socialism.Grete Weil
Grete Weil (18 July 1906 – 14 May 1999) was a German writer of Jewish origin. She was born Margarete Elisabeth Dispeker, the daughter of a prominent lawyer in Munich. She studied German literature in Frankfurt am Main, Berlin, Munich, and Paris. In 1932 she began writing her dissertation, and also completed her first story, "Erlebnis einer Reise" (Experience of a trip).In 1932, she married Edgar Weil, a playwright at the Munich Kammerspiele. After the Nazis came to power in Germany in 1933, Edgar lost his position and was also briefly detained by the police. The couple made the decision to emigrate to the Netherlands. Edgar traveled there first, and established a pharmaceutical company, based on his experience with his family's pharmaceutical business in Frankfurt am Main. During this time, Grete broke off her literature studies, and trained as a photographer. In 1935 she followed her husband to Amsterdam, where she operated a photo studio. In June 1941, the year following the occupation of the Netherlands by the Nazis, Edgar was arrested and soon transferred to Mauthausen concentration camp, where he was killed, within just a few months of his arrest. Grete went into hiding and survived the Holocaust. She eventually returned to Germany in 1947.
Back in Germany, Weil lived at first in Darmstadt, and later in Stuttgart, Berlin, and Hannover. She settled in Frankfurt am Main in 1955. In 1949 her short novel Ans Ende der Welt (To the end of the world), which she had written while still in Amsterdam, was published by an East Berlin publishing company. After that, she wrote librettos for works by Hans Werner Henze (Boulevard Solitude, 1951) and Wolfgang Fortner (Die Witwe von Ephesus, 1952), and worked on a novel, "Antigone," which remained unpublished. To earn a living Weil also wrote articles for the theater periodical Das neue Forum (Darmstadt), and translated books from English for the Limes publishing house in Wiesbaden.In 1960, Weil married her longtime friend, the opera director Walter Jockisch, with whom she had been together since her return to Germany. After Jockisch's death, in 1970, Weil increasingly turned to her writing. In 1974, she moved to Grünwald near Munich.
Weil is one of the major proponents of Holocaust literature. Her important works are listed below. Her books have been translated into all the major European languages.
Weil was a member of the PEN Centre Germany. Among her awards are the Wilhelmine-Lübke-Preis (1980), the Tukan Prize from the city of Munich (1983), the Geschwister Scholl-Preis (1988), the Carl-Zuckmayer Medal of Rhineland-Palatinate (1995) and the Bavarian Order of Merit (1996).She died in Grünwald in 1999.Hans and Sophie Scholl
Hans and Sophie Scholl, often referred to in German as die Geschwister Scholl (the Scholl siblings), were a brother and sister who were members of the White Rose, a student group in Munich that was active in the non-violent resistance movement in Nazi Germany, especially in distributing flyers against the war and the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler. In post-war Germany, Hans and Sophie Scholl are recognized as symbols of the Christian German resistance movement against the totalitarian Nazi regime.Helene Holzman
Helene Holzman (30 August 1891 in Jena – 25 August 1968) was a German painter and author. She spent time in a concentration camp. She posthumously won the Geschwister-Scholl-Preis for the memoir Dies Kind Soll Leben (This Child Must Live).Heribert Prantl
Heribert Prantl (born 30 July 1953, in Nittenau) is a German journalist and jurist. He is the head of the domestic policy department of the Süddeutsche Zeitung.Lea Rosh
Lea Rosh (German pronunciation: [ˈʁoːs]; born Edith Renate Ursula Rosh on 1 October 1936 in Berlin) is a German television journalist, publicist, entrepreneur and political activist. Rosh was the first female journalist to manage a public broadcasting service in Germany and in the 1970s the first anchorwoman of Kennzeichen D, a major political television program. She has been a member of the SPD since 1968.
While she received major public awards, e.g. the Bundesverdienstkreuz, Rosh is either a controversial and influential figure in the local political scene of Berlin. By friend and foe, the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe in Berlin is seen as her main and personal achievement.
Lea Rosh's husband died in 2008. The late Jakob Schulze-Rohr was an architect and building contractor in Berlin and a brother of the film director Peter Schulze-Rohr. Rosh maintains a PR-Agency in Berlin and is lecturing at University of Management and Communication (FH) Potsdam in the fields of Moderating and Media training.
The sociologist Y. Michal Bodemann has criticized Rosh as an example of "professional pseudo Jews", that is non-Jewish persons "who over-identify with Judaism."Liao Yiwu
Liao Yiwu (Chinese: 廖亦武; also known as Lao Wei) (born 16 June 1958 in Sichuan), is a Chinese author, reporter, musician, and poet. He is a
critic of China's Communist regime, for which he has been imprisoned. His books, several of which are collections of interviews with ordinary people from the lower rungs of Chinese society, were published in Taiwan and Hong Kong but are banned in mainland China; some have been translated into English, French, German, Polish and Czech.List of awards in intellectual freedom
This is a list of awards celebrating intellectual freedom, specifically freedoms of thought, speech, and expression; this includes press and academic freedom. General human rights awards should not be included, unless their primary focus is on intellectual freedom.
AAAS Award for Scientific Freedom and Responsibility
Valeriu Boboc Prize
Gene Burns Memorial Award for Freedom of Speech
CPJ International Press Freedom Awards
Annual Davis, Markert, Nickerson Lecture on Academic and Intellectual Freedom, University of Michigan
First Amendment Hero, Boston Coalition for Freedom of Expression
Freedom of Speech Award of the Roosevelt Foundation's Four Freedoms Award
Freedom of Speech Award, International Association of Press Clubs (IAPC)
Fritt Ord Award
Geschwister-Scholl-Preis - Annual award for a book which "shows intellectual independence and supports civil freedom, moral, intellectual and aesthetic courage and that gives an important impulse to the present awareness of responsibility"
Franklyn S. Haiman Award for Distinguished Scholarship in Freedom of Expression, National Communication Association
Hal Freeman 'Freedom Isn't Free' Award, Free Speech Coalition
Hugh M. Hefner First Amendment Award. Awarded to those who have made significant contributions to the protection and enhancement of the rights enshrined in the First Amendment to the United States Constitution.
Index Freedom of Expression Awards, Index on Censorship
American INSIGHT Free Speech Film Festival Award - American INSIGHT is a Philadelphia-based non-profit dedicated to the promotion of Free Speech and the Rule of Law. The organization holds an annual Free Speech Film Festival where it screens documentaries from around the world that promote the organization's message. The Free Speech Award is bestowed upon one standout documentary.
International Press Freedom Award, Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ)
International Press Freedom Award, Canadian Journalists for Free Expression (CJFE)
International Press Institute World Press Freedom Heroes
James Madison Freedom of Information Award
Leipzig Human Rights Award
Luther McNair Award, Civil Liberties Union of Massachusetts for significant contributions to civil liberties
Media Institute Freedom of Speech Award
National RTI Awards, Public Cause Research Foundation (India)
Norwegian Academy of Literature and Freedom of Expression
Eli M. Oboler Award, American Library Association, for best published work in intellectual freedom
Payne Award for Ethics in Journalism, University of Oregon
PEN/Barbara Goldsmith Freedom to Write Award
PEN/Katherine Anne Porter First Amendment Award
PEN/Newman's Own First Amendment Award
Rodolfo Walsh Prize, Universidad Nacional de La Plata (Argentina)
Sakharov Prize - The Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought, named after Soviet scientist and dissident Andrei Sakharov, was established in December 1988 by the European Parliament as a means to honor individuals or organisations who have dedicated their lives to the defense of human rights and freedom of thought.
Sappho Award, International Free Press Society
Spirit of Americana Free Speech Award, First Amendment Center and Americana Music Association
Tully Center for Free Speech Award - Awarded to a journalist who has survived a significant free speech threat.
UNESCO/Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize
Václav Havel Prize for Creative Dissent
William J. Brennan Award, Thomas Jefferson Center for the Protection of Free Expression
William J. Brennan, Jr., Award, Association of the Federal Bar of the State of New Jersey
William O. Douglas Prize, Commission on Freedom of Expression of the Speech Communication Association
World Association of Newspapers' Golden Pen of Freedom Award
Ironic / Anti-AwardsThese awards celebrate intellectual freedom by calling attention to those who harm it.
Muzzle Awards, by the Thomas Jefferson Center for the Protection of Freedom of ExpressionMark Roseman
Mark Roseman (born c. 1958) is an English historian of modern Europe with particular interest in The Holocaust. He received his B.A. at Christ's College, Cambridge, M.A at Cambridge, and his PhD at University of Warwick. As of 2007 he holds the "Pat M. Glazer Chair" of Jewish Studies at Indiana University (Bloomington).Necla Kelek
Necla Kelek (pronounced [ˈnedʒɫa ˈkelek]; born December 31, 1957) is a Turkish-born German feminist and social scientist, holding a doctorate in this field, originally from Turkey. She gave lectures on migration sociology at the Evangelische Fachhochschule für Sozialpädagogik (Protestant Institute for Social Education) in Hamburg from 1999 until 2004.No Place to Hide (Greenwald book)
No Place to Hide: Edward Snowden, the NSA, and the U.S. Surveillance State is a 2014 non-fiction book by American investigative journalist Glenn Greenwald. It was first published on May 13, 2014 through Metropolitan Books and details Greenwald's role in the global surveillance disclosures as revealed by the former National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden. The documents from the Snowden archive cited in the book are freely available online.Peter Gay
Peter Gay (born Peter Joachim Fröhlich; June 20, 1923 – May 12, 2015) was a German-American historian, educator and author. He was Sterling Professor of History at Yale University and former director of the New York Public Library's Center for Scholars and Writers (1997–2003). Gay received the American Historical Association's (AHA) Award for Scholarly Distinction in 2004. He authored over 25 books, including The Enlightenment: An Interpretation, a multi-volume award winner; Weimar Culture: The Outsider as Insider (1968), a bestseller; and the widely translated Freud: A Life for Our Time (1988).Gay was born in Berlin in 1923 and immigrated to the United States in 1941. From 1948 to 1955 he was a political science professor at Columbia University, and then a history professor from 1955 to 1969. He left Columbia in 1969 to join Yale University’s History Department as Professor of Comparative and Intellectual European History, and was named Sterling Professor of History in 1984. Gay was the interim editor of The American Scholar after the death of Hiram Haydn in 1973, and served on that magazine's editorial board for many years. Sander L. Gilman, a literary historian at Emory University, called Gay "one of the major American historians of European thought, period".Saul Friedländer
Saul Friedländer (Hebrew: שאול פרידלנדר; born October 11, 1932) is an Israeli/American historian and currently a professor emeritus of history at UCLA.Soazig Aaron
Soazig Aaron (born 1949, Rennes) is a French woman of letters.Walter Dirks
Walter Dirks (8 January 1901 in Hörde – 30 May 1991 in Wittnau, Baden-Württemberg) was a German political commentator, theologian, and journalist.
He co-founded the Bensberger Kreis, and was co-editor of the Frankfurter Hefte. He opposed National Socialism, and in Die Arbeit (August 1931) "described the Catholic reaction to Nazism as 'open warfare'".Dirks was a supporter of socialism and an opponent of nuclear weapons. With other writers such as Eugen Kogon in the Frankfurter Hefte, he articulated the opposition to rearmament.