Germinal (French Republican Calendar)

Germinal (French pronunciation: ​[ʒɛʁminal]) was the seventh month in the French Republican Calendar. The month was named after the Latin word germen, "germination". Germinal was the first month of the spring quarter (mois de printemps). It started March 21 or March 22, and ended April 19 or April 20. It follows Ventôse and precedes Floréal.

In the context of the French Revolution, Germinal sometimes refers to the downfall and execution of the Indulgents, Georges Danton and Camille Desmoulins, which took place during Germinal of 1794, four months before the Thermidorian Reaction in which Robespierre himself was executed. The events of Germinal 1794 signaled the beginning of the end of the Reign of Terror.

3 Germinal III
 
Primidi
Duodi
Tridi
Quartidi
Quintidi
Sextidi
Septidi
Octidi
Nonidi
Décadi
décade 19
1 Saturday
21 March 1795
2 Sunday
22 March 1795
3 Monday
23 March 1795
4 Tuesday
24 March 1795
5 Wednesday
25 March 1795
6 Thursday
26 March 1795
7 Friday
27 March 1795
8 Saturday
28 March 1795
9 Sunday
29 March 1795
10 Monday
30 March 1795
décade 20
11 Tuesday
31 March 1795
12 Wednesday
1 April 1795
13 Thursday
2 April 1795
14 Friday
3 April 1795
15 Saturday
4 April 1795
16 Sunday
5 April 1795
17 Monday
6 April 1795
18 Tuesday
7 April 1795
19 Wednesday
8 April 1795
20 Thursday
9 April 1795
décade 21
21 Friday
10 April 1795
22 Saturday
11 April 1795
23 Sunday
12 April 1795
24 Monday
13 April 1795
25 Tuesday
14 April 1795
26 Wednesday
15 April 1795
27 Thursday
16 April 1795
28 Friday
17 April 1795
29 Saturday
18 April 1795
30 Sunday
19 April 1795
10 h
Paris
3h30m11s
Germinal
07:46:01
24 h
Greenwich
Conversion between Republican and Gregorian calendar for the years I - XIV
1 Germinal I
 
Primidi
Duodi
Tridi
Quartidi
Quintidi
Sextidi
Septidi
Octidi
Nonidi
Décadi
décade 19
1 Thursday
21 March 1793
2 Friday
22 March 1793
3 Saturday
23 March 1793
4 Sunday
24 March 1793
5 Monday
25 March 1793
6 Tuesday
26 March 1793
7 Wednesday
27 March 1793
8 Thursday
28 March 1793
9 Friday
29 March 1793
10 Saturday
30 March 1793
décade 20
11 Sunday
31 March 1793
12 Monday
1 April 1793
13 Tuesday
2 April 1793
14 Wednesday
3 April 1793
15 Thursday
4 April 1793
16 Friday
5 April 1793
17 Saturday
6 April 1793
18 Sunday
7 April 1793
19 Monday
8 April 1793
20 Tuesday
9 April 1793
décade 21
21 Wednesday
10 April 1793
22 Thursday
11 April 1793
23 Friday
12 April 1793
24 Saturday
13 April 1793
25 Sunday
14 April 1793
26 Monday
15 April 1793
27 Tuesday
16 April 1793
28 Wednesday
17 April 1793
29 Thursday
18 April 1793
30 Friday
19 April 1793
10 h
Paris
3:23:62
Germinal
07:46:01
24 h
Greenwich
2 Germinal II
 
Primidi
Duodi
Tridi
Quartidi
Quintidi
Sextidi
Septidi
Octidi
Nonidi
Décadi
décade 19
1 Friday
21 March 1794
2 Saturday
22 March 1794
3 Sunday
23 March 1794
4 Monday
24 March 1794
5 Tuesday
25 March 1794
6 Wednesday
26 March 1794
7 Thursday
27 March 1794
8 Friday
28 March 1794
9 Saturday
29 March 1794
10 Sunday
30 March 1794
décade 20
11 Monday
31 March 1794
12 Tuesday
1 April 1794
13 Wednesday
2 April 1794
14 Thursday
3 April 1794
15 Friday
4 April 1794
16 Saturday
5 April 1794
17 Sunday
6 April 1794
18 Monday
7 April 1794
19 Tuesday
8 April 1794
20 Wednesday
9 April 1794
décade 21
21 Thursday
10 April 1794
22 Friday
11 April 1794
23 Saturday
12 April 1794
24 Sunday
13 April 1794
25 Monday
14 April 1794
26 Tuesday
15 April 1794
27 Wednesday
16 April 1794
28 Thursday
17 April 1794
29 Friday
18 April 1794
30 Saturday
19 April 1794
10 h
Paris
3:23:62
Germinal
07:46:01
24 h
Greenwich
3 Germinal III
 
Primidi
Duodi
Tridi
Quartidi
Quintidi
Sextidi
Septidi
Octidi
Nonidi
Décadi
décade 19
1 Saturday
21 March 1795
2 Sunday
22 March 1795
3 Monday
23 March 1795
4 Tuesday
24 March 1795
5 Wednesday
25 March 1795
6 Thursday
26 March 1795
7 Friday
27 March 1795
8 Saturday
28 March 1795
9 Sunday
29 March 1795
10 Monday
30 March 1795
décade 20
11 Tuesday
31 March 1795
12 Wednesday
1 April 1795
13 Thursday
2 April 1795
14 Friday
3 April 1795
15 Saturday
4 April 1795
16 Sunday
5 April 1795
17 Monday
6 April 1795
18 Tuesday
7 April 1795
19 Wednesday
8 April 1795
20 Thursday
9 April 1795
décade 21
21 Friday
10 April 1795
22 Saturday
11 April 1795
23 Sunday
12 April 1795
24 Monday
13 April 1795
25 Tuesday
14 April 1795
26 Wednesday
15 April 1795
27 Thursday
16 April 1795
28 Friday
17 April 1795
29 Saturday
18 April 1795
30 Sunday
19 April 1795
10 h
Paris
3:23:62
Germinal
07:46:01
24 h
Greenwich
4 Germinal IV
 
Primidi
Duodi
Tridi
Quartidi
Quintidi
Sextidi
Septidi
Octidi
Nonidi
Décadi
décade 19
1 Monday
21 March 1796
2 Tuesday
22 March 1796
3 Wednesday
23 March 1796
4 Thursday
24 March 1796
5 Friday
25 March 1796
6 Saturday
26 March 1796
7 Sunday
27 March 1796
8 Monday
28 March 1796
9 Tuesday
29 March 1796
10 Wednesday
30 March 1796
décade 20
11 Thursday
31 March 1796
12 Friday
1 April 1796
13 Saturday
2 April 1796
14 Sunday
3 April 1796
15 Monday
4 April 1796
16 Tuesday
5 April 1796
17 Wednesday
6 April 1796
18 Thursday
7 April 1796
19 Friday
8 April 1796
20 Saturday
9 April 1796
décade 21
21 Sunday
10 April 1796
22 Monday
11 April 1796
23 Tuesday
12 April 1796
24 Wednesday
13 April 1796
25 Thursday
14 April 1796
26 Friday
15 April 1796
27 Saturday
16 April 1796
28 Sunday
17 April 1796
29 Monday
18 April 1796
30 Tuesday
19 April 1796
10 h
Paris
3:23:62
Germinal
07:46:01
24 h
Greenwich
5 Germinal V
 
Primidi
Duodi
Tridi
Quartidi
Quintidi
Sextidi
Septidi
Octidi
Nonidi
Décadi
décade 19
1 Tuesday
21 March 1797
2 Wednesday
22 March 1797
3 Thursday
23 March 1797
4 Friday
24 March 1797
5 Saturday
25 March 1797
6 Sunday
26 March 1797
7 Monday
27 March 1797
8 Tuesday
28 March 1797
9 Wednesday
29 March 1797
10 Thursday
30 March 1797
décade 20
11 Friday
31 March 1797
12 Saturday
1 April 1797
13 Sunday
2 April 1797
14 Monday
3 April 1797
15 Tuesday
4 April 1797
16 Wednesday
5 April 1797
17 Thursday
6 April 1797
18 Friday
7 April 1797
19 Saturday
8 April 1797
20 Sunday
9 April 1797
décade 21
21 Monday
10 April 1797
22 Tuesday
11 April 1797
23 Wednesday
12 April 1797
24 Thursday
13 April 1797
25 Friday
14 April 1797
26 Saturday
15 April 1797
27 Sunday
16 April 1797
28 Monday
17 April 1797
29 Tuesday
18 April 1797
30 Wednesday
19 April 1797
10 h
Paris
3:23:62
Germinal
07:46:01
24 h
Greenwich
6 Germinal VI
 
Primidi
Duodi
Tridi
Quartidi
Quintidi
Sextidi
Septidi
Octidi
Nonidi
Décadi
décade 19
1 Wednesday
21 March 1798
2 Thursday
22 March 1798
3 Friday
23 March 1798
4 Saturday
24 March 1798
5 Sunday
25 March 1798
6 Monday
26 March 1798
7 Tuesday
27 March 1798
8 Wednesday
28 March 1798
9 Thursday
29 March 1798
10 Friday
30 March 1798
décade 20
11 Saturday
31 March 1798
12 Sunday
1 April 1798
13 Monday
2 April 1798
14 Tuesday
3 April 1798
15 Wednesday
4 April 1798
16 Thursday
5 April 1798
17 Friday
6 April 1798
18 Saturday
7 April 1798
19 Sunday
8 April 1798
20 Monday
9 April 1798
décade 21
21 Tuesday
10 April 1798
22 Wednesday
11 April 1798
23 Thursday
12 April 1798
24 Friday
13 April 1798
25 Saturday
14 April 1798
26 Sunday
15 April 1798
27 Monday
16 April 1798
28 Tuesday
17 April 1798
29 Wednesday
18 April 1798
30 Thursday
19 April 1798
10 h
Paris
3:23:62
Germinal
07:46:01
24 h
Greenwich
7 Germinal VII
 
Primidi
Duodi
Tridi
Quartidi
Quintidi
Sextidi
Septidi
Octidi
Nonidi
Décadi
décade 19
1 Thursday
21 March 1799
2 Friday
22 March 1799
3 Saturday
23 March 1799
4 Sunday
24 March 1799
5 Monday
25 March 1799
6 Tuesday
26 March 1799
7 Wednesday
27 March 1799
8 Thursday
28 March 1799
9 Friday
29 March 1799
10 Saturday
30 March 1799
décade 20
11 Sunday
31 March 1799
12 Monday
1 April 1799
13 Tuesday
2 April 1799
14 Wednesday
3 April 1799
15 Thursday
4 April 1799
16 Friday
5 April 1799
17 Saturday
6 April 1799
18 Sunday
7 April 1799
19 Monday
8 April 1799
20 Tuesday
9 April 1799
décade 21
21 Wednesday
10 April 1799
22 Thursday
11 April 1799
23 Friday
12 April 1799
24 Saturday
13 April 1799
25 Sunday
14 April 1799
26 Monday
15 April 1799
27 Tuesday
16 April 1799
28 Wednesday
17 April 1799
29 Thursday
18 April 1799
30 Friday
19 April 1799
10 h
Paris
3:23:62
Germinal
07:46:01
24 h
Greenwich
8 Germinal VIII
 
Primidi
Duodi
Tridi
Quartidi
Quintidi
Sextidi
Septidi
Octidi
Nonidi
Décadi
décade 19
1 Saturday
22 March 1800
2 Sunday
23 March 1800
3 Monday
24 March 1800
4 Tuesday
25 March 1800
5 Wednesday
26 March 1800
6 Thursday
27 March 1800
7 Friday
28 March 1800
8 Saturday
29 March 1800
9 Sunday
30 March 1800
10 Monday
31 March 1800
décade 20
11 Tuesday
1 April 1800
12 Wednesday
2 April 1800
13 Thursday
3 April 1800
14 Friday
4 April 1800
15 Saturday
5 April 1800
16 Sunday
6 April 1800
17 Monday
7 April 1800
18 Tuesday
8 April 1800
19 Wednesday
9 April 1800
20 Thursday
10 April 1800
décade 21
21 Friday
11 April 1800
22 Saturday
12 April 1800
23 Sunday
13 April 1800
24 Monday
14 April 1800
25 Tuesday
15 April 1800
26 Wednesday
16 April 1800
27 Thursday
17 April 1800
28 Friday
18 April 1800
29 Saturday
19 April 1800
30 Sunday
20 April 1800
10 h
Paris
3:23:62
Germinal
07:46:01
24 h
Greenwich
9 Germinal IX
 
Primidi
Duodi
Tridi
Quartidi
Quintidi
Sextidi
Septidi
Octidi
Nonidi
Décadi
décade 19
1 Sunday
22 March 1801
2 Monday
23 March 1801
3 Tuesday
24 March 1801
4 Wednesday
25 March 1801
5 Thursday
26 March 1801
6 Friday
27 March 1801
7 Saturday
28 March 1801
8 Sunday
29 March 1801
9 Monday
30 March 1801
10 Tuesday
31 March 1801
décade 20
11 Wednesday
1 April 1801
12 Thursday
2 April 1801
13 Friday
3 April 1801
14 Saturday
4 April 1801
15 Sunday
5 April 1801
16 Monday
6 April 1801
17 Tuesday
7 April 1801
18 Wednesday
8 April 1801
19 Thursday
9 April 1801
20 Friday
10 April 1801
décade 21
21 Saturday
11 April 1801
22 Sunday
12 April 1801
23 Monday
13 April 1801
24 Tuesday
14 April 1801
25 Wednesday
15 April 1801
26 Thursday
16 April 1801
27 Friday
17 April 1801
28 Saturday
18 April 1801
29 Sunday
19 April 1801
30 Monday
20 April 1801
10 h
Paris
3:23:62
Germinal
07:46:01
24 h
Greenwich
10 Germinal X
 
Primidi
Duodi
Tridi
Quartidi
Quintidi
Sextidi
Septidi
Octidi
Nonidi
Décadi
décade 19
1 Monday
22 March 1802
2 Tuesday
23 March 1802
3 Wednesday
24 March 1802
4 Thursday
25 March 1802
5 Friday
26 March 1802
6 Saturday
27 March 1802
7 Sunday
28 March 1802
8 Monday
29 March 1802
9 Tuesday
30 March 1802
10 Wednesday
31 March 1802
décade 20
11 Thursday
1 April 1802
12 Friday
2 April 1802
13 Saturday
3 April 1802
14 Sunday
4 April 1802
15 Monday
5 April 1802
16 Tuesday
6 April 1802
17 Wednesday
7 April 1802
18 Thursday
8 April 1802
19 Friday
9 April 1802
20 Saturday
10 April 1802
décade 21
21 Sunday
11 April 1802
22 Monday
12 April 1802
23 Tuesday
13 April 1802
24 Wednesday
14 April 1802
25 Thursday
15 April 1802
26 Friday
16 April 1802
27 Saturday
17 April 1802
28 Sunday
18 April 1802
29 Monday
19 April 1802
30 Tuesday
20 April 1802
10 h
Paris
3:23:62
Germinal
07:46:01
24 h
Greenwich
11 Germinal XI
 
Primidi
Duodi
Tridi
Quartidi
Quintidi
Sextidi
Septidi
Octidi
Nonidi
Décadi
décade 19
1 Tuesday
22 March 1803
2 Wednesday
23 March 1803
3 Thursday
24 March 1803
4 Friday
25 March 1803
5 Saturday
26 March 1803
6 Sunday
27 March 1803
7 Monday
28 March 1803
8 Tuesday
29 March 1803
9 Wednesday
30 March 1803
10 Thursday
31 March 1803
décade 20
11 Friday
1 April 1803
12 Saturday
2 April 1803
13 Sunday
3 April 1803
14 Monday
4 April 1803
15 Tuesday
5 April 1803
16 Wednesday
6 April 1803
17 Thursday
7 April 1803
18 Friday
8 April 1803
19 Saturday
9 April 1803
20 Sunday
10 April 1803
décade 21
21 Monday
11 April 1803
22 Tuesday
12 April 1803
23 Wednesday
13 April 1803
24 Thursday
14 April 1803
25 Friday
15 April 1803
26 Saturday
16 April 1803
27 Sunday
17 April 1803
28 Monday
18 April 1803
29 Tuesday
19 April 1803
30 Wednesday
20 April 1803
10 h
Paris
3:23:62
Germinal
07:46:01
24 h
Greenwich
12 Germinal XII
 
Primidi
Duodi
Tridi
Quartidi
Quintidi
Sextidi
Septidi
Octidi
Nonidi
Décadi
décade 19
1 Thursday
22 March 1804
2 Friday
23 March 1804
3 Saturday
24 March 1804
4 Sunday
25 March 1804
5 Monday
26 March 1804
6 Tuesday
27 March 1804
7 Wednesday
28 March 1804
8 Thursday
29 March 1804
9 Friday
30 March 1804
10 Saturday
31 March 1804
décade 20
11 Sunday
1 April 1804
12 Monday
2 April 1804
13 Tuesday
3 April 1804
14 Wednesday
4 April 1804
15 Thursday
5 April 1804
16 Friday
6 April 1804
17 Saturday
7 April 1804
18 Sunday
8 April 1804
19 Monday
9 April 1804
20 Tuesday
10 April 1804
décade 21
21 Wednesday
11 April 1804
22 Thursday
12 April 1804
23 Friday
13 April 1804
24 Saturday
14 April 1804
25 Sunday
15 April 1804
26 Monday
16 April 1804
27 Tuesday
17 April 1804
28 Wednesday
18 April 1804
29 Thursday
19 April 1804
30 Friday
20 April 1804
10 h
Paris
3:23:62
Germinal
07:46:01
24 h
Greenwich
13 Germinal XIII
 
Primidi
Duodi
Tridi
Quartidi
Quintidi
Sextidi
Septidi
Octidi
Nonidi
Décadi
décade 19
1 Friday
22 March 1805
2 Saturday
23 March 1805
3 Sunday
24 March 1805
4 Monday
25 March 1805
5 Tuesday
26 March 1805
6 Wednesday
27 March 1805
7 Thursday
28 March 1805
8 Friday
29 March 1805
9 Saturday
30 March 1805
10 Sunday
31 March 1805
décade 20
11 Monday
1 April 1805
12 Tuesday
2 April 1805
13 Wednesday
3 April 1805
14 Thursday
4 April 1805
15 Friday
5 April 1805
16 Saturday
6 April 1805
17 Sunday
7 April 1805
18 Monday
8 April 1805
19 Tuesday
9 April 1805
20 Wednesday
10 April 1805
décade 21
21 Thursday
11 April 1805
22 Friday
12 April 1805
23 Saturday
13 April 1805
24 Sunday
14 April 1805
25 Monday
15 April 1805
26 Tuesday
16 April 1805
27 Wednesday
17 April 1805
28 Thursday
18 April 1805
29 Friday
19 April 1805
30 Saturday
20 April 1805
10 h
Paris
3:23:62
Germinal
07:46:01
24 h
Greenwich
14 Germinal XIV
 
Primidi
Duodi
Tridi
Quartidi
Quintidi
Sextidi
Septidi
Octidi
Nonidi
Décadi
décade 19
1 Saturday
22 March 1806
2 Sunday
23 March 1806
3 Monday
24 March 1806
4 Tuesday
25 March 1806
5 Wednesday
26 March 1806
6 Thursday
27 March 1806
7 Friday
28 March 1806
8 Saturday
29 March 1806
9 Sunday
30 March 1806
10 Monday
31 March 1806
décade 20
11 Tuesday
1 April 1806
12 Wednesday
2 April 1806
13 Thursday
3 April 1806
14 Friday
4 April 1806
15 Saturday
5 April 1806
16 Sunday
6 April 1806
17 Monday
7 April 1806
18 Tuesday
8 April 1806
19 Wednesday
9 April 1806
20 Thursday
10 April 1806
décade 21
21 Friday
11 April 1806
22 Saturday
12 April 1806
23 Sunday
13 April 1806
24 Monday
14 April 1806
25 Tuesday
15 April 1806
26 Wednesday
16 April 1806
27 Thursday
17 April 1806
28 Friday
18 April 1806
29 Saturday
19 April 1806
30 Sunday
20 April 1806
10 h
Paris
3:23:62
Germinal
07:46:01
24 h
Greenwich

Day name table

Like all FRC months, Germinal lasted 30 days and was divided into three 10-day weeks called décades (decades). Every day had the name of an agricultural plant, except the 5th (Quintidi) and 10th day (Decadi) of every decade, which had the name of a domestic animal (Quintidi) or an agricultural tool (Decadi). The 26th and 27th changed their role in later years.

  1re Décade 2e Décade 3e Décade
Primidi 1. Primevère (Primrose) 11. Pervenche (Periwinkle) 21. Gainier (Judas tree)
Duodi 2. Platane (Plane tree) 12. Charme (Hornbeam) 22. Romaine (Cos Lettuce)
Tridi 3. Asperge (Asparagus) 13. Morille (Round Morel) 23. Maronnier (Horse Chestnut)
Quartidi 4. Tulipe (Tulip) 14. Hêtre (Beech) 24. Roquette (Rocket)
Quintidi 5. Poule (Hen) 15. Abeille (Bee) 25. Pigeon (Pigeon)
Sextidi 6. Blette (Beetroot) 16. Laitue (Lettuce) 26. Anémone/Lilas (Anemone/Lilac)
Septidi 7. Bouleau (Birch) 17. Mélèze (Larch) 27. Lilas/Anémone (Lilac/Anemone)
Octidi 8. Jonquille (Jonquil) 18. Ciguë (Hemlock) 28. Pensée (Pansy)
Nonidi 9. Aulne (Alder) 19. Radis (Radish) 29. Myrtil (Blueberry)
Decadi 10. Couvoir (Hatchery) 20. Ruche (Beehive) 30. Greffoir (Graft Knife)

Conversion table

Table for conversion between Republican and Gregorian Calendar
for the month "Germinal"
I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
March 1793 1794 1795 1796 1797 1798 1799 April
VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
March 1800 1801 1802 1803 1804 1805 April

See also

External links

Germinal

Germinal may refer to:

Germinal (French Republican Calendar), the seventh month of the calendar, approximately March 21 - April 19

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