German auxiliary cruiser Komet

Komet (German for comet) (HSK-7) was an auxiliary cruiser of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine in the Second World War, intended for service as a commerce raider.[1] Known to the Kriegsmarine as Schiff 45,[2] to the Royal Navy she was named Raider B.

After completing one successful raid in the South Pacific, she was sunk by British motor torpedo boats in October 1942 whilst attempting to break out into the Atlantic on another.

Komet (auxiliary cruiser)
Komet c. 1941
History
Germany
Name: Komet
Namesake: Comet
Operator: Norddeutscher Lloyd
Builder: Deschimag A.G. Weser
Launched: 16 January 1937
Christened: Ems
Homeport: Bremen
Fate: Requisitioned by Kriegsmarine, 1939
Nazi Germany
Name: Komet
Namesake: Comet
Operator: Kriegsmarine
Builder: Howaldtswerke, Hamburg (conversion)
Yard number: 7
Acquired: 1939
Commissioned: 2 June 1940
Renamed: Komet (1940)
Reclassified: Auxiliary cruiser (1940)
Nickname(s):
  • HSK-7
  • Schiff-45
  • Raider B
Fate: Sunk on 14 October 1942 after hit by a torpedo near Cap de la Hague.
General characteristics
Tonnage: 3,287 GRT
Displacement: 7,500 tons
Length: 115.5 m (379 ft)
Beam: 15.3 m (50 ft)
Draught: 6.5 m (21 ft)
Propulsion: 2 Diesel engines
Speed: 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph)
Range: 35,100 nautical miles (65,000 km)
Complement: 274
Armament:
Aircraft carried: 2 Arado Ar 196 A-1

Construction and conversion

Launched on 16 January 1937 as the merchant ship Ems at Deschimag A.G. Weser shipyard in Bremen for Norddeutscher Lloyd (NDL), she was requisitioned at the start of the Second World War in 1939, converted into an auxiliary cruiser at Howaldtswerke in Hamburg, and commissioned into the Kriegsmarine on 2 June 1940. The ship was 115.5 m long and 15.3 m wide, had a draught of 6.5 m, and registered 3,287 gross register tons (GRT). She was powered by two diesel engines that gave her a speed of up to 16 knots (30 km/h).

As a commerce raider, Komet was armed with six 15 cm guns, one 7.5 cm gun, one 3.7 cm and four 2 cm AA guns, as well as six torpedo tubes. She also carried a small 15-ton fast boat ("Meteorit", of the "LS2" class) intended to lay mines and an Arado 196 A1 seaplane.

Komet schematics
A line drawing of the Komet. Note the Arado 196 seaplane

First raid voyage

Breakout into the Pacific

After a long period of negotiations between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union, the Soviets agreed to provide Germany with access to the Northern Sea Route through which Germany could access both the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.[3] Although the two countries had signed the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact (with secret protocols dividing eastern Europe) and an undisclosed commercial agreement (extensive military and civilian aid pact), the Soviet Union still wished to maintain the veneer of being neutral, and secrecy thus was required.[3] Initially, the two countries had agreed to send 26 ships, including four armed merchant cruisers, but because of a variety of difficulties, this was soon reduced to just one vessel, the Komet,[3] the smallest one of the units that Germany wanted to use as auxiliary raiders[4].

Prior to being sent on the Northern Sea Route, the Komet was equipped with a specially strengthened bow and a propeller suitable for navigating through ice.[5] Under the command of Kapitän zur See (later Konteradmiral) Robert Eyssen, HSK7 departed for her first raiding voyage from Gotenhafen (now Gdynia in Poland), on 3 July 1940 with a crew of 270.[5] The ship stopped in Bergen on 9 July to refuel and resupply[6]. Then she started again her route towards the northern seas.

With the consent of the then supposedly neutral Soviet Union, Komet initially made her way along the Norwegian coast disguised as the Soviet icebreaker Semyon Dezhnev.[5] While waiting in Teriberka Bay in July and August because of Soviet security concerns, she took the fake name the Donau.[5] With assistance from the Soviet icebreaker Lenin, she passed through the several Arctic Ocean passages in August.[7] She also later received help from the Joseph Stalin.[7] In early September, the Komet crossed the Bering Strait into the Pacific Ocean.[7]

Raider Komet
Komet disguised as the Manyo Maru

The passage was an amazing achievement and would have ended in disaster had it not been for the Soviets, whose help had come at a price: 950,000 Reichsmarks.[7] For many of the German crew, this was their first experience in Arctic waters.[8]

German WWII on West Pacific Ocean map-en
Movements of the three German ships in December 1940 and January 1941

Once in the Pacific, Eyssen sailed down to the Japanese island of Lamutrik and met the Orion and Kulmerland in mid-October. After a conference on strategy, the three captains decided to work together, concentrating on the New Zealand to Panama passage taken by most of the Allied merchant ships. They decided on Japanese disguises – Komet and Kulmerland had the names Manyo Maru and Tokio Maru painted on their hulls.

Raiding in South Pacific waters

In early November, Komet resupplied and refueled in Japan, disguised as the Japanese merchantman Manio Maru.[9] She operated with the Orion, disguised as Mayebashi Maru and the supply ship Kulmerland, posing as the Tokio Maru.

Together with the other two ships, on 25 November she sunk the coaster Holmwood[1] and two days later the passenger liner Rangitane, raiding her precious food load[10]. By that time, Komet had already been at sea for 140 days and Eyssen admitted in his war diary that he had become depressed and frustrated at not having encountered the enemy.[11]

During December, Komet and Orion casually[12] met and sunk in the waters surrounding Nauru Island five Allied merchant ships, with a combined tonnage of about 41,000 tons, that had been waiting off the island to load phosphate (of which Komet sank three).[13][14] Between 6 and 7 December the Komet sunk the merchant ships Triona, Vinni and Komata[15], taking more than 500 prisoners, that were landed a few days after on Emirau Island[16].

Attack on Nauru

At the end of December Eyssen planned to lay a mine field at the entrance of the Rabaul's harbor. He was forced to abandon his plan due to an engine failure on the Meteorit boat that was designed for the mission.[1] He therefore decided to set course towards Nauru, wanting to land his troops and occupy the phosphate processing and loading facilities on the island. The bad weather though convinced Eyssen to change his plans into a direct attack to the island infrastructures.[16]

On 27 December 1940 the Komet sent a warning to the island and announced that the attack was about to begin. She shelled and heavily damaged the loading plants and mooring buoys of the port. The bombing lasted an hour, and it caused the loss of 13,000 tons of oil.[16] The Nauru phosphate estraction facilities did not resume their pre-war output levels until the end of the conflict.[17] The action caused also the promotion of Eyssen to Konteradmiral on 1 January 1941.[18]

After the Nauru attack (probably the major German success in the pacific operational area during the war) the Komet received the order to set a new course towards south, crossing the Indian Ocean and scouting the presence of Allied whalers.[19] After a few months with no success, the ship reached the shores of Antarctica on 16 February 1941; later on 6 March she had a stop on the French Kerguelen Islands[20] and had there a brief meeting with the other German auxiliary ship Pinguin.

Operations in the Atlantic Ocean and Galapagos Islands

The hunt for allied ships in the Indian Ocean had no success; after some months, Eyssen sailed towards the Panama Canal, hoping to find more convoys in the Pan-American Security Zone, recently opened to military actions from the Kriegsmarine high command. From 14 July 1941 until 25 July the Komet was resupplied by the German freighter Anneliese Essberger near the Tuamotu Archipelago.[21] At this time, the Komet was disguised as the Osaka Shosen Kaisha line Ryoku Maru.

On 14 August the ship met near the Galápagos Islands the British freighter Australind and sunk it.[22][23] Three days later the German cruiser met the Dutch 7,300 ton freighter Kota Nopan, loading more than 2,000 tons of tin and manganese.[24] Due to her precious load, the supply ship was spared from sinking and captured. On 19 August Komet met the freighter Devon and sunk it.[1] Except for some casualties, the German sailors saved the crew members of the enemy ships, that became prisoners of war.[25]

Pacific Ocean and return voyage

Eyssen decided to move after the victorious hunt of the three ships, fearful of the reaction of the Allied navy. The Komet then headed towards New Zealand carrying the captured Kota Nopan with her. At the end of September she had a brief meeting with the auxiliary cruiser Atlantis[26] and gave to her a part of his prisoners and cargo load[27]

Komet received then the order to return to Germany. The ship set a new course towards Cape Horn, sailing at slowered speed in the Atlantic Ocean disguided as the Portuguese freighter S. Thomé.[2] The captured Kopa Notan was sent as a prize to Bordeaux, in the occupied France, with her load and arrived to her destination on 17 November. The Komet sailed then through the Atlantic Ocean, reaching the French port of Cherbourg, thus circumnavigating the globe, on 26 November,[1] disguised as the freighter Sperrbrecher 52. The day after she had a short stop in Le Havre and then sailed towards Germany. Some British torpedo bombers spotted the unit navigating in the English Channel but were not able to sink it. After having landed all her prisoners of war at Cuxhaven,[1] the auxiliary cruiser finally reached Hamburg on 30 November 1941[28] after a voyage of 516 days and about 100,000 nautical miles (190,000 km). The ship had sunk seven ships (two in conjunction with the raider Orion) for a total of 41,568 tons.[1]

Second raid

The Komet was prepared for a second raiding voyage in October 1942, after 11 months of complete repair. Only two of her original officers had remained on board. The 42 years old Kapitän zur See Ulrich Brocksien took the command of the ship for this new raid[29].

On 7 October 1942 the raider, disguised as a minesweeper, started his voyage from the Dutch-occupied port of Vlissingen with the objective to reach the Atlantic Ocean. After a short stay in Dunquerque, on 12 October the Komet set course towards Le Havre.

Initial attempts by the Royal Navy to attack the ship in the Straits of Dover had failed. On 13th October, Komet sailed from Le Havre with an escort of 4 or 5 E-boats. Unsure of the exact route that the German ship would follow, and aware of the fast speed of the German vessels, 4 groups of warships were assembled to make an interception to the West of the Cherbourg peninsula. Group A, consisted of Cottesmore, Quorn, Albrighton, Glaisdale and Eskdale. Two flotillas of MTBs made up Groups C and D. These 3 groups headed for a position near Cap de la Hague. Group B (the destroyers Brocklesby, Fernie, Tynedale and Krakowiak) were further West, near the Channel Islands.

The German convoy had been spotted by a Coastal Command aircraft in the middle of the Baie de la Seine, travelling at 16 knots. Therefore, groups A C and D hurried to get to their position. In the particularly dark night and moderately rough sea conditions, the MTB flotillas became separated from the destroyers.

At just before 1:00 am, Cottesmore sighted the German vessels. The allied ships fired star shells to illuminate the target and the opened fire on the E-boats and their main target, Komet. The Germans appeared to be taken completely by surprise. In the confusion, the E-boats opened fire on each other, before eventually firing torpedoes at the allied ships (all of which missed). 2 of the escorts were now on fire and the rest turned inshore to gain the protection of the coastal artillery batteries. Komet was also on fire.

The most junior Commanding Officer in group D was Sub-Lt R Q Drayson, who had just taken over in MTB 236 after the previous C.O. had gone sick. As junior, Drayson was last in the line of MTBs and became separated from the rest of the flotilla as they crossed the Channel. Drayson continued independently to Cap de La Hague. None of the other allied MTBs arrived in the area. When the battle started, Drayson decided to approach the scene from the shoreward side to catch any German vessel trying to get away. This put MTB 236 in position to see Komet illuminated by a starshell. The German ship was travelling at more than 15 knots, exchanging fire with the allied destroyers who were in pursuit. Drayson’s MTB was ahead of the German ship and crept in at slow speed to fire 2 torpedoes at a range of 500 yards. MTB 236 immediately turned away and “crash-started” her main engines to get away under cover of a smoke-screen. Komet had now sighted them and switched their fire. Within a few seconds, the 2 torpedoes struck, followed by a huge secondary explosion. The force of this blast lifted the stern of MTB 236 out of the water and put out of action 2 of the boat’s 3 engines, leaving her to limp home at slow speed.

Group B had moved to join the battle and engaged some of the remaining German vessels, but with the main target gone and shore battery fire now becoming more accurate, broke off the action and returned home.

Komet sunk with no survivors. Sub-Lt Drayson was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross for his part in the action. The allied forces experienced only 2 slight casualties, despite being under heavy fire.[30][31]

Komet discovered

The wreck of HK Komet was discovered by nautical archaeologist Innes McCartney off Cap de la Hague in July 2006 and was surveyed by a team led by him in 2007. She is in two halves and upside down, with a large part of the center section blown away by the explosion that sank her. She lies in 55.0 metres (180.4 ft)[32][33] of water.

Raiding career

Victims: (Source)[13][14]
  • 25 November 1940 Holmwood 546 GRT
  • 6 December 1940 Triona 4,413 GRT
  • 7 December 1940 Vinni[34] 5,181 GRT
  • 7 December 1940 Komata[35] 3,900 GRT
  • 14 August 1941 Australind 5,020 GRT
  • 17 August 1941 Kota Nopan 7,322 GRT (captured)
  • 19 August 1941 Devon 9,036 GRT

Sunk together with Orion

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Hilfskreuzer (Auxiliary Cruiser) Komet". Retrieved 5 December 2013.
  2. ^ a b Downing, David (2009). Sealing Their Fate: The 22 Days That Decided World War II. Da Capo Press Book. p. 176. ISBN 978-0-306-81620-8.
  3. ^ a b c Philbin III, Tobias R., The Lure of Neptune: German-Soviet Naval Collaboration and Ambitions, 1919–1941, University of South Carolina Press, 1994, ISBN 0-87249-992-8, page 131-7
  4. ^ Robinson, Stephen (2016). False Flags: Disguised German Raiders of World War Two. Auckland: Exisle Publishing Ltd. p. 13. ISBN 978-1-77559-302-7.
  5. ^ a b c d Philbin III, Tobias R., The Lure of Neptune: German-Soviet Naval Collaboration and Ambitions, 1919–1941, University of South Carolina Press, 1994, ISBN 0-87249-992-8, page 138–39
  6. ^ Philbin III, Tobias R., The Lure of Neptune: German-Soviet Naval Collaboration and Ambitions, 1919–1941, University of South Carolina Press, 1994, ISBN 0-87249-992-8, page 139
  7. ^ a b c d Philbin III, Tobias R., The Lure of Neptune: German-Soviet Naval Collaboration and Ambitions, 1919–1941, University of South Carolina Press, 1994, ISBN 0-87249-992-8, page 140-1
  8. ^ Duffy, James P. (2001). Hitler's secret pirate fleet. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. p. 130. ISBN 0803266529.
  9. ^ "The Komet raider". argo.net.au. Archived from the original on 30 December 2006. Retrieved 24 February 2007.
  10. ^ Lamendola, Francesco (September 23, 2008). "La crociera della nave corsara Komet e l'attacco all'isola di Nauru" [The cruise of the Komet and the raid on Nauru island] (in Italian). Retrieved August 31, 2017.
  11. ^ Rangitane story
  12. ^ Waters, S.D. (2008). German raiders in the Pacific. Bennington: Merriam Press. p. 36. ISBN 978-1-4357-5760-8.
  13. ^ a b John Asmussen, Hilfskreuzer (Auxiliary Cruiser) Komet Retrieved 16 October 2010
  14. ^ a b Rafal Kaczmarek (in Polish): Korsarski rejs wsród lodów obu biegunów [Corsair raid through ice of both poles] in: Okrety Wojenne Nr. 11 (1994 r.), p.32–39
  15. ^ Robinson, pp. 128–130
  16. ^ a b c Duffy, p. 134
  17. ^ Waters, S.D. (1956). Official History of New Zealand in the Second World War 1939–45 - The Royal New Zealand Navy. Wellington: Historical Publications Branch. p. 148.
  18. ^ Fellgiebel, Walther-Peel (2003). Elite of the Third Reich - The recipients of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939-45. Solilhull: Helion & Company Limited. p. 148. ISBN 88-7108-127-7.
  19. ^ Robinson, p. 200
  20. ^ Kauffmann, Jean-Paul (1993). L'arco delle Kerguelen - Le isole della desolazione [Kerguelen, the desololation islands] (in Italian). Milan: Feltrinelli Traveller. p. 142.
  21. ^ Waters, p. 51
  22. ^ Duffy, p. 138
  23. ^ "MV Australind (+1941)". Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  24. ^ Bertke, Donald A.; Kindell, Donald; Smith, Gordon (2012). World War II Sea War - Volume II: germany sends Russia to Allies. Dayton, Ohio: Bertke Publications. p. 205. ISBN 978-1-937470-04-3.
  25. ^ Bertke, p. 205
  26. ^ Williamson, Gordon (2009). Kriegsmarine auxiliary cruisers. Oxford: Osprey Publishing Ltd. p. 38. ISBN 978-1-78200-001-3.
  27. ^ Duffy, p. 30
  28. ^ Bertke, p. 368
  29. ^ "Pacific Wrecks - Komet (Schiff-45, HSK-7)". 22 May 2017. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
  30. ^ Scott, Peter (1945). The Battle of the Narrow Seas: The History of Light Coastal Forces in the Channel and North Sea 1939-1945 (Kindle, 2009 ed.). Barnsley: Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978 1 84832 035 2.
  31. ^ Bob Drayson (Obituary) dated 26 Oct 2008 at telegraph.co.uk/news, accessed 13 December 2013
  32. ^ Innes McCartney. "Komet that turned fireball". Divernet – Diver Magazine Online. Retrieved 6 December 2009.
  33. ^ "HSK Komet Discovery and Investigation".
  34. ^ "MV Vinni (+1940)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 5 December 2013.
  35. ^ "SS Komata (+1940)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 5 December 2013.
  36. ^ "MV Rangitane (+1940)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 5 December 2013.
  37. ^ "MV Triadic (+1940)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 5 December 2013.
  38. ^ "MV Triaster (+1940)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 5 December 2013.

References

  • Paul Schmalenbach (1977). German Raiders 1895–1945. ISBN 0-85059-351-4.
  • August Karl Muggenthaler (1977). German Raiders of World War II. ISBN 0-7091-6683-4.
  • Stephen Roskill (1954). The War at Sea 1939–1945 Volume I.
  • Stephen Roskill (1954). The War at Sea 1939–1945 Volume 2.
  • Duffy, James P. (2001). Hitler's secret pirate fleet. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0-8032-6652-9.
  • Robinson, Stephen (2016). False flags - Disguised german raiders of World War Two. Auckland: Exisle Publishing Ltd. ISBN 978-1-77559-302-7.
  • New Zealand Official War History:The German raider Komet

Coordinates: 49°44′0″N 1°32′0″W / 49.73333°N 1.53333°W

1940

1940 (MCMXL)

was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1940th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 940th year of the 2nd millennium, the 40th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1940s decade.

Deutsche Schiff- und Maschinenbau

Deutsche Schiff- und Maschinenbau Aktiengesellschaft (abbreviated Deschimag) was a cooperation of eight German shipyards in the period 1926 to 1945. The leading company was the shipyard AG Weser in Bremen.

German auxiliary cruiser Orion

Orion (HSK-1) was an auxiliary cruiser of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine which operated as a merchant raider during World War II. Built by Blohm & Voss in Hamburg in 1930/31 as the freighter Kurmark, she was requisitioned by the navy at the outbreak of World War II and converted into the auxiliary cruiser Orion, commissioned on 9 December 1939. Known to the Kriegsmarine as Schiff 36, her Royal Navy designation was Raider A. She was named after the constellation Orion.

German auxiliary raider Adjutant

Adjutant was a Kriegsmarine (German Navy) commerce raider that served during in World War II.

Built as the Norwegian whaler Pol IX, she was captured on 14 January 1941 by the German auxiliary cruiser Pinguin. She was renamed Adjutant and used as a commerce raider. Captained by Adjutant Hemmer and used a first as a scout, she then was used as a minelayer in the South Atlantic Ocean and Indian Ocean. She was scuttled in the Pacific Ocean on 1 July 1941 by the German auxiliary cruiser Komet after suffering engine trouble off the Chatham Islands.

HMS Albrighton (L12)

HMS Albrighton was a Type III Hunt-class destroyer built for the British Royal Navy. She entered service in February 1942, first carrying out an attack on German ships in the English Channel then taking part in the Dieppe Raid, rescuing survivors from the sinking destroyer HMS Broke. Albrighton was next assigned to search for and destroy the German auxiliary cruiser Komet, then escorted a convoy to Gibraltar in prevision of the Allied landings in North Africa. Between December 1942 and April 1943, she participated in the sinking of three more Axis ships with the First Destroyer Flotilla. During the Normandy Landings in June 1943, Albrighton served as a headquarters ship, then sank two German trawlers in the weeks after the invasion. After being converted to a destroyer in early 1945, she was damaged in a collision with a Landing Ship, then was assigned to the British Eastern Fleet. However, the war ended before she was deployed and Albrighton went into reserve.

In 1957, she was refitted in Liverpool, then sold to the West German Navy and commissioned under then name Raule. She served as a training ship until 1968, when she was decommissioned and sold for scrap metal in Hamburg the next year.

HMS Quorn (L66)

HMS Quorn was a Hunt-class destroyer of the Royal Navy, built in 1940 and sunk off the Normandy coast on 3 August 1944.

HMS Tynedale (L96)

HMS Tynedale was a Hunt-class destroyer of the first subgroup which served during the Second World War. She was sunk by the U-593 on 12 December 1943.

Index of World War II articles (G)

G and H-class destroyer

G for George

G-H (navigation)

G-Men vs the Black Dragon

Gęsiówka

G. B. Pegram

G. Mennen Williams

G. N. Glasoe

G. Warren Nutter

G. I. American Universities

G.I. Robot

G.I. Stories

G.I. Wanna Home

G7a torpedo

G7e torpedo

G7es torpedo

Gabby Gabreski

Gabe Jones

Gabe Paul

Gabriel Anton

Gabriel Auguste Ferdinand Ducuing

Gabriel Auphan

Gabriel Brunet de Sairigné

Gabriel Calderón

Gabriel de Broglie

Gabriel De Michele

Gabriel Fielding

Gabriel François Doyen

Gabriel Hanotaux

Gabriel Heinze

Gabriel Lafayette Dennis

Gabriel Naudé

Gabriel Paul Othenin de Cléron, comte d'Haussonville

Gabriel Péri

Gabriel Tarde

Gabriel-Henri Gaillard

Gabriel-Marie Garrone

Gabriel-Marie Legouvé

Gabriele Seyfert

Gabriele Veneziano

Gabrielle Colonna-Romano

Gabrielle de Polastron, duchesse de Polignac

Gabrielle Weidner

Gaël Danic

Gaëlle Comparat

Gaetano Giallanza

Gainesville Municipal Airport

Gainesville Regional Airport

Gaje Ghale

Galbraith Lowry-Corry, 7th Earl Belmore

Galeazzo Ciano

Galerie de paléontologie et d’anatomie comparée

Galerie nationale du Jeu de Paume

Galeries Lafayette

Galina Kulakova

Galinard

Gallieni (Paris Métro)

Gambetta (Paris Métro)

Gammon bomb

Gandhi Brigade (Regiment)

Gando Special Force

Gangut-class battleship

Ganju Lama

Gao Shuxun

Gaoyou-Shaobo Campaign

Gardelegen (war crime)

Garden City Regional Airport

Gardner Army Airfield

Gardy Ruder

Gare d'Austerlitz (Paris Métro)

Gare d'Évreux Embranchement

Gare d'Orsay

Gare de Bercy

Gare de Cergy - Préfecture

Gare de Cergy - Saint-Christophe

Gare de Cergy-le-Haut

Gare de Denfert-Rochereau

Gare de Grenoble-Universités-Gières

Gare de Javel

Gare de l'Est (Paris Métro)

Gare de l'Est

Gare de La Bastille

Gare de Lyon (Paris Métro)

Gare de Lyon

Gare de Pont Cardinet

Gare de Saint Germain-en-Laye Grande-Ceinture

Gare du Champ de Mars

Gare du Nord (Paris Métro)

Gare du Nord

Gare RER de Saint Germain-en-Laye

Garibaldi (Paris Métro)

GARIOA

Garner H. Tullis

Garrison H. Davidson

Garrison's Gorillas

Gary Merrill

Gary Sheffield (historian)

Gary Visconti

Gas chamber

Gas van

Gaspard Abeille

Gaspard de Chabrol

Gaspard Monge

Gaston Defferre

Gaston Heuet

Gaston Monnerville

Gaston Paris

Gaston Ragueneau

Gaston-Armand Amaudruz

Gato (computer game)

Gato-class submarine

Gatow Airport

Gau (administrative division)

Gaubildstelle

Gauleiter

Gavin Long

Gavin Maxwell

Gay Purr-ee

Gaylord Nelson

GAZ-64

GB-4

GB-8

Gdańsk-Nowy Port

Gebirgsflak 38

Gebirgsjäger

GEE (navigation)

Geert Lotsij

Geist (Marvel comics)

Gejus van der Meulen

Gellu Naum

Gelsenberg Lager

Geltungsjude

Gene Autry

Gene de Paul

Gene Derricotte

Gene Desautels

Gene Olaff

Gene Roddenberry

Gene Stack

General Assault Badge

General Defense Command

General della Rovere

General G. O. Squier-class transport ship

General Glory

General Government

General Leopold von Flockenstuffen

General Order No. 1

General Russell Maxwell

General Von Klinkerhoffen

General Walker Hotel

General Zahl

Generalplan Ost

Geneviève de Gaulle-Anthonioz

Genevieve

Genocide (The World at War episode)

Genrikh Lyushkov

Genyōsha

Géo André

Geoff Barkway

Geoff Edrich

Geoffrey Appleyard

Geoffrey Arbuthnot

Geoffrey Baker

Geoffrey Bingham

Geoffrey Blake (Royal Navy officer)

Geoffrey Bourne, Baron Bourne

Geoffrey Bridgeman

Geoffrey Charles Evans

Geoffrey Charles Tasker Keyes

Geoffrey Cox (journalist)

Geoffrey Fisken

Geoffrey Gledhill Turner

Geoffrey Hallowes

Geoffrey Harold Woolley

Geoffrey Ingram Taylor

Geoffrey John Kirkby

Geoffrey Jourdren

Geoffrey Keynes

Geoffrey Lane, Baron Lane

Geoffrey Lawrence, 1st Baron Oaksey

Geoffrey Layton

Geoffrey Nares

Geoffrey Page

Geoffrey Pyke

Geoffrey Rawson

Geoffrey Scoones

Geoffrey Wellum

Geophysical Tomography Group

Georg Alexander Pick

Georg Bochmann

Georg Dragičević

Georg Elser

Georg Ferdinand Duckwitz

Georg Gärtner

Georg Groscurth

Georg Keppler

Georg Konrad Morgen

Georg Lassen

Georg Leibbrandt

Georg Lindemann

Georg Ludwig von Trapp

Georg Martin Schädlich

Georg Quistgaard

Georg Schafer

Georg Schumann (resistance fighter)

Georg Solti

Georg Stumme

Georg Thomas

Georg Tintner

Georg von Boeselager

Georg von Küchler

Georg Werner

Georg-Hans Reinhardt

Georg-Peter Eder

Georg-Wilhelm Postel

Georg-Wilhelm Schulz

George A. Burton

George A. Drew

George A. Economou

George A. Taylor

George Alan Vasey

George Albert Cairns

George Allan Mitchell

George Andrew Davis, Jr.

George Arthur Knowland

George Ashmore Fitch

George B. Simler

George B. Turner

George Barclay (RAF officer)

George Bell Timmerman, Jr.

George Bellew

George Bennions

George Beurling

George Bolt

George Borba

George Brady

George Brett (military)

George Brink

George Buchanan

George Burns (British Army officer)

George C. Axtell

George Cafego

George Cameron Wylie

George Charles Grey

George Cowan

George Currie (Northern Irish politician)

George D. Keathley

George D. Murray

George de Cardonnel Elmsall Findlay

George Dickey

George Dixon (rugby player)

George Douglas-Hamilton, 10th Earl of Selkirk

George du Maurier

George Dupre

George E. Danielson

George E. Stratemeyer

George Edward Wahlen

George Elliott Howard

George Emerson Conklin

George Enescu

George F. Moore (US Army officer)

George Fleming Davis

George Francis Grady

George G. Blackburn

George Giffard

George Gordon (Civil War General)

George Gordon-Lennox

George Gristock

George Grunert

George H. Cannon

George H. Gay, Jr.

George H. O'Brien, Jr.

George H. Ramer

George H. W. Bush

George H. Wilson

George Haig, 2nd Earl Haig

George Harkus

George Harold Eardley

George Henry Vanderbilt Cecil

George Herbert Goodman

George Hermonymus

George Heyliger

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George Howard, Baron Howard of Henderskelfe

George I. Falgout

George I. Nakamura

George II of Greece

George Imlach McIntosh

George Ishiyama

George J. Burke

George J. Dufek

George J. Eade

George J. Hall

George J. Peters

George Jellicoe, 2nd Earl Jellicoe

George K. MacKenzie

George Kariotis

George Kennedy

George Kenney

George Kettmann

George Kistiakowsky

George Koval

George L. Brown

George L. Fox

George L. Mabry, Jr.

George Lambert, 2nd Viscount Lambert

George Lammie

George Lascelles, 7th Earl of Harewood

George Laurence

George Lee Butler

George Lincoln Rockwell

George Louis McGhee

George M. Jones

George M. Seignious

George MacDonald Fraser

George MacKay (rower)

George Maduro

George Mann

George Marshall

George Martin

George McAfee

George McGovern

George Millar

George Montegu Black II

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George Onions

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George Orwell

George Osmond

George Owen Johnson

George P. Broussard

George P. Putnam

George P. Shultz

George Paget, 7th Marquess of Anglesey

George Papandreou (senior)

George Peter Nanos

George Peterson (Medal of Honor recipient)

George Philip Bradley Roberts

George Phillips (USMC)

George Placzek

George Porteous

George Poschner

George Preddy

George Preston Stronach

George Psychoundakis

George R. Mather

George Ray Tweed

George Reeves

George Reginald Starr

George Renwick

George Rodocanachi

George Rowland Patrick Roupell

George Roy Hill

George S. Blanchard

George S. Patton

George S. Rentz

George Salaman

George Sand

George Sauer

George Savalas

George Schaefer (director)

George Scratchley Brown

George Sewell

George Silk

George Sluizer

George Smathers

George Stainforth

George Reginald Starr

George Stephen Morrison

George Svendsen

George T. Sakato

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George Takei

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George Thompson (VC)

George Tressler

George Unwin

George V (Paris Métro)

George Van Horn Moseley, Jr.

George Vernot

George VI of the United Kingdom

George W. Collins

George W. Dunaway

George W. G. Boyce, Jr.

George W. Grider

George W. Shannon

George Walter Inwood

George Ward Gunn

George Watson (U.S. Army Air Corps)

George Watson (U.S. Army)

George Weah

George W. Webber (minister)

George Welch (pilot)

George Wilkinson (water polo)

George William Casey, Sr.

George Wootten

George Young (football executive)

Georges Bégué

Georges Bernanos

Georges Bidault

Georges Biscot

Georges Bizet

Georges Carnus

Georges Charpak

Georges Clemenceau

Georges Clément

Georges Corraface

Georges Cuvier

Georges de Feure

Georges de la Falaise

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Georges de Scudéry

Georges Duby

Georges Duhamel

Georges Dumézil

Georges Eo

Georges Garnier

Georges Garvarentz

Georges Gorse

Georges Hayem

Georges Loustaunau-Lacau

Georges Mandel

Georges Méliès

Georges Miez

Georges Ohnet

Georges Oltramare

Georges Perec

Georges Périnal

Georges Petit

Georges Peyroche

Georges Piot

Georges Rodenbach

Georges Speicher

Georges Taillandier

Georges Thierry d'Argenlieu

Georges Touquet-Daunis

Georges Valois

Georges van Vrekhem

Georges Vedel

Georges Wilson

Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon

Georges-Pierre Seurat

Georgian Legion (1941-1945)

Georgian Uprising of Texel

Georgios Moraitinis

Georgios Poulos

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Georgios Tsolakoglou

Georgiy Zakharov

Georgy Zhukov

Geraint Morgan

Gerald Bridgeman, 6th Earl of Bradford

Gerald C. Thomas

Gerald Davis (philatelist)

Gerald Desmond

Gerald Edelman

Gerald FitzGerald, 8th Duke of Leinster

Gerald Ford

Gerald Fredrick Töben

Gerald Götting

Gerald Graze

Gerald Krause

Gerald L. Endl

Gerald Lathbury

Gerald MacIntosh Johnston

Gerald O'Brien

Gerald S. Graham

Gerald Smallwood

Gerald Stapleton

Gerald Templer

Gerald Upjohn, Baron Upjohn

Gerald Wellesley, 7th Duke of Wellington

Geraldine Doyle

Gérard Berry

Gérard Blitz (sportsman)

Gerard Bosch van Drakestein

Gérard Bouchard

Gerard Broadmead Roope

Gerard Bucknall

Gérard Buscher

Gerard Callenburgh-class destroyer

Gerard de Kruijff

Gérard de Lally-Tollendal

Gérard de Nerval

Gérard de Vaucouleurs

Gérard Debreu

Gérard Fussman

Gerard Glaister

Gérard Houllier

Gérard Janvion

Gerard Ross Norton

Gerard Wodarz

Gerardus 't Hooft

Gerardus Johannes Berenschot

Gerardus Mooyman

Gerd Honsik

Gerd Suhren

Gerd von Rundstedt

Gerda Christian

Gerda Steinhoff

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Gerdenau

Gerhard Barkhorn

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Gerhard Homuth

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Gerhard Michalski

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Gerhard Rose

Gerhard Roßbach

Gerhard Schmidhuber

Gerhard Schöpfel

Gerhard Sommer

Gerhard Stoltenberg

Gerhard Thyben

Gerhard von Schwerin

Gerhard Wagner

Gerhard Wessel

Gerhard Wilck

Gerhard Boldt

Germain Jousse

Germaine Lubin

Germaine Tailleferre

Germaine Tillion

German AB-Aktion operation in Poland

German AFVs of World War II

German Air Fleets in World War II

German Air Force Regiment

German aircraft carrier Graf Zeppelin

German aircraft production during World War II

German aircraft production during WW2

German American Bund

German American National Political Action Committee

German anti-aircraft cruiser Niobe

German armored fighting vehicle production during World War II

German armoured fighting vehicles of World War II

German Army Detachment Kempf

German auxiliary cruiser Atlantis

German auxiliary cruiser Hansa

German auxiliary cruiser Komet

German auxiliary cruiser Kormoran

German auxiliary cruiser Michel

German auxiliary cruiser Orion

German auxiliary cruiser Pinguin

German auxiliary cruiser Stier

German auxiliary cruiser Thor

German auxiliary cruiser Widder

German battleship Bismarck

German battleship Gneisenau

German battleship Scharnhorst

German battleship Schlesien

German battleship Schleswig-Holstein

German battleship Tirpitz

German Bestelmeyer

German Blood Certificate

German camps in occupied Poland during World War II

German Christians

German Cross

German cruiser Admiral Graf Spee

German cruiser Admiral Hipper

German cruiser Admiral Scheer

German cruiser Blücher

German cruiser Deutschland

German cruiser Emden

German cruiser Karlsruhe

German cruiser Köln

German cruiser Königsberg

German cruiser Leipzig

German cruiser Lützow (1931)

German cruiser Nürnberg

German cruiser Prinz Eugen

German cruiser Seydlitz

German declaration of war against the Netherlands

German destroyer Z1 Leberecht Maass

German Division Nr. 157

German Division Nr. 188

Flight and expulsion of Germans (1944–1950)

German Faith Movement

German Forced Labour Compensation Programme

German fortification of Guernsey

German Fortress Division Swinemünde

German heavy tank battalions

German hospital ship Berlin

German Instrument of Surrender

German Labour Front

German military technology during World War II

German Motorized Company

German National Movement in Liechtenstein

German National Prize for Art and Science

German night fighter direction vessel Togo

German nuclear energy project

German occupation of Belgium during World War II

German occupation of Czechoslovakia

German occupation of France during World War II

German occupation of Luxembourg during World War II

German occupation of the Channel Islands

German Order (decoration)

German order of battle for Operation Fall Weiss

German Party (Romania)

German People's Party (Romania)

German Resistance

German Restitution Laws

German searchlights of World War II

German submarine U-1 (1935)

German submarine U-2 (1935)

German submarine U-3 (1935)

German submarine U-4 (1935)

German submarine U-5 (1935)

German submarine U-6 (1935)

German submarine U-7 (1935)

German submarine U-8 (1935)

German submarine U-9 (1935)

German submarine U-10 (1935)

German submarine U-11 (1935)

German submarine U-12 (1935)

German submarine U-13 (1935)

German submarine U-14 (1936)

German submarine U-15 (1936)

German submarine U-16 (1936)

German submarine U-17 (1935)

German submarine U-18 (1936)

German submarine U-19 (1936)

German submarine U-20 (1936)

German submarine U-22 (1936)

German submarine U-23 (1936)

German submarine U-24 (1936)

German submarine U-25 (1936)

German submarine U-26 (1936)

German submarine U-27 (1936)

German submarine U-28 (1936)

German submarine U-30 (1936)

German submarine U-31 (1936)

German submarine U-32 (1914)

German submarine U-32 (1937)

German submarine U-33 (1936)

German submarine U-34 (1936)

German submarine U-35 (1936)

German submarine U-36 (1936)

German submarine U-37 (1938)

German submarine U-38 (1938)

German submarine U-39 (1938)

German submarine U-40 (1939)

German submarine U-41 (1939)

German submarine U-42 (1939)

German submarine U-43 (1939)

German submarine U-47 (1938)

German submarine U-48 (1939)

German submarine U-49 (1939)

German submarine U-50 (1939)

German submarine U-51 (1938)

German submarine U-54 (1939)

German submarine U-63 (1940)

German submarine U-66 (1940)

German submarine U-68 (1940)

German submarine U-69 (1940)

German submarine U-70 (1940)

German submarine U-72 (1940)

German submarine U-74 (1940)

German submarine U-75 (1940)

German submarine U-78 (1940)

German submarine U-79 (1941)

German submarine U-81 (1941)

German submarine U-83 (1941)

German submarine U-85 (1941)

German submarine U-86 (1941)

German submarine U-88 (1941)

German submarine U-89 (1941)

German submarine U-94 (1940)

German submarine U-95 (1940)

German submarine U-96 (1940)

German submarine U-98 (1940)

German submarine U-99 (1940)

German submarine U-100 (1940)

German submarine U-101 (1940)

German submarine U-102 (1940)

German submarine U-103 (1940)

German submarine U-106 (1940)

German submarine U-107 (1940)

German submarine U-110 (1940)

German submarine U-116 (1941)

German submarine U-120 (1940)

German submarine U-122 (1939)

German submarine U-123 (1940)

German submarine U-124 (1940)

German submarine U-125 (1940)

German submarine U-128 (1941)

German submarine U-131 (1941)

German submarine U-134 (1941)

German submarine U-137 (1940)

German submarine U-144 (1940)

German submarine U-155 (1941)

German submarine U-156 (1941)

German submarine U-166 (1941)

German submarine U-171

German submarine U-172

German submarine U-175

German submarine U-176

German submarine U-180

German submarine U-181

German submarine U-183

German submarine U-184

German submarine U-185

German submarine U-190

German submarine U-195

German submarine U-196

German submarine U-214

German submarine U-215

German submarine U-217

German submarine U-218

German submarine U-219

German submarine U-221

German submarine U-227

German submarine U-228

German submarine U-234

German submarine U-238

German submarine U-253

German submarine U-254

German submarine U-255

German submarine U-256

German submarine U-259

German submarine U-260

German submarine U-262

German submarine U-268

German submarine U-269

German submarine U-273

German submarine U-280

German submarine U-298

German submarine U-300

German submarine U-301

German submarine U-303

German submarine U-309

German submarine U-317

German submarine U-324

German submarine U-325

German submarine U-333

German submarine U-337

German submarine U-340

German submarine U-346

German submarine U-352

German submarine U-353

German submarine U-362

German submarine U-365

German submarine U-371

German submarine U-383

German submarine U-388

German submarine U-400

German submarine U-405

German submarine U-413

German submarine U-429

German submarine U-434

German submarine U-438

German submarine U-441

German submarine U-443

German submarine U-455

German submarine U-459

German submarine U-460

German submarine U-461

German submarine U-462

German submarine U-463

German submarine U-468

German submarine U-470

German submarine U-479

German submarine U-481

German submarine U-487

German submarine U-488

German submarine U-489

German submarine U-490

German submarine U-501

German submarine U-502

German submarine U-503

German submarine U-505

German submarine U-507

German submarine U-509

German submarine U-511

German submarine U-512

German submarine U-515

German submarine U-518

German submarine U-520

German submarine U-521

German submarine U-523

German submarine U-529

German submarine U-530

German submarine U-531

German submarine U-533

German submarine U-534

German submarine U-535

German submarine U-537

German submarine U-539

German submarine U-549

German submarine U-550

German submarine U-552

German submarine U-553

German submarine U-556

German submarine U-557

German submarine U-559

German submarine U-570

German submarine U-571

German submarine U-573

German submarine U-596

German submarine U-625

German submarine U-627

German submarine U-656

German submarine U-691

German submarine U-701

German submarine U-718

German submarine U-735

German submarine U-736

German submarine U-745

German submarine U-754

German submarine U-759

German submarine U-760

German submarine U-765

German submarine U-772

German submarine U-777

German submarine U-821

German submarine U-843

German submarine U-844

German submarine U-852

German submarine U-853

German submarine U-859

German submarine U-862

German submarine U-864

German submarine U-869

German submarine U-884

German submarine U-889

German submarine U-953

German submarine U-957

German submarine U-958

German submarine U-961

German submarine U-964

German submarine U-973

German submarine U-978

German submarine U-1000

German submarine U-1021

German submarine U-1059

German submarine U-1060

German submarine U-1061

German submarine U-1062

German submarine U-1063

German submarine U-1105

German submarine U-1227

German submarine U-1230

German submarine U-1234

German submarine U-1235

German submarine U-1276

German submarine U-1302

German submarine U-2321

German submarine U-2322

German submarine U-2323

German submarine U-2324

German submarine U-2331

German submarine U-2342

German submarine U-2501

German submarine U-2511

German submarine U-2513

German submarine U-3008

German submarine U-3519

German tank production during World War II

German tanker Altmark

German tanks in World War II

German torpedoboats of World War II

German Type I submarine

German Type II submarine

German Type VII submarine

German Type IX submarine

German Type X submarine

German Type XIV submarine

German Type XVIIB submarine

German Type XXI submarine

German Type XXIII submarine

German War Graves Commission

German Weapons Act

German weather ship Lauenburg

German World War II destroyers

German World War II strongholds

German WWII strongholds

German-Soviet Boundary and Friendship Treaty

German-trained divisions in the National Revolutionary Army

German–occupied Europe

Germanic-SS

Germanische Leitstelle

Germany Must Perish!

Germany Year Zero

Germar Rudolf

Gerry H. Kisters

Gerry Parsky

Gershon Sirota

Gerstein Report

Gert Fröbe

Gert-Dietmar Klause

Gertrud Scholtz-Klink

Gertrude (Code name)

Gertrude Nelson

Gertrude Sanford Legendre

Gertrude Stein

Geschwaderkommodore

Gesinnungsgemeinschaft der Neuen Front

Gestapo-NKVD Conferences

Gestapo

Getúlio Vargas

Gewehr 41

Gewehr 43

Géza Lakatos

GFM cloche

Gheorghe Apostol

Gheorghe Argeşanu

Gheorghe Gaston Marin

Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej

Gheorghe I. Brătianu

Gheorghe Manoliu

Gheorghe Mironescu

Gheorghe Pănculescu

Gheorghe Plagino

Gheorghe Răscănescu

Gheorghe Tătărescu

Gheorghe Ursu

Ghetto Fighters' House

Ghetto Litzmannstadt

Ghetto uprising

Ghettos in German-occupied Europe (1939-1944)

Ghislain Gimbert

Gholam-Hossein Saedi

Ghost Soldiers

GHQ Liaison Regiment

GHQ Line

Giacomo Acerbo

Giacomo Appiotti

Gian Singh

Giancarlo Pajetta

Gianfranco Gaspari

Gianfranco Gazzana-Priaroggia

Giani Pritam Singh Dhillon

Gianni Rodari

Gianpiero Combi

Gideon Force

Gideon Greif

Gideon Klein

Gif-sur-Yvette (Paris RER)

Giffard LeQuesne Martel

Gig Young

Gil Hodges

Gila Bend Air Force Auxiliary Field

Gila River War Relocation Center

Gilbert and Marshall Islands campaign

Gilbert Bayiha N'Djema

Gilbert Bécaud

Gilbert Bostsarron

Gilbert Cavan

Gilbert de Greenlaw

Gilbert Duprez

Gilbert Gérintès

Gilbert Gude

Gilbert Hackforth-Jones

Gilbert Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby, 3rd Earl of Ancaster

Gilbert Johnson

Gilbert Jonathan Rowcliff

Gilbert Le Chenadec

Gilbert Monckton, 2nd Viscount Monckton of Brenchley

Gilbert Montagné

Gilbert Norman

Gilbert Renault

Gilbert Stork

Gilbert Stuart Martin Insall

Giles Cooper

Giles McCrary

Giles Romilly

Giles Vandeleur

Gillean Maclaine

Gilles Boileau

Gilles Deleuze

Gilles Lamontagne

Gilles Ménage

Gilles Quénéhervé

Gilles Rampillon

Gilles Yapi Yapo

Gilles-Marie Oppenordt

Gilliam-class attack transport

Gillis William Long

Gin Drinkers Line

Gino J. Merli

Gino Marchetti

Gino Sopracordevole

Gioachino Rossini

Giorgio Amendola

Giorgio Bassani

Giorgio Napolitano

Giorgio Parisi

Giorgio Perlasca

Giorgio Zampori

Giovanna Zangrandi

Giovanni De Prà

Giovanni Domenico Cassini

Giovanni Giorgio Trissino

Giovanni Graber

Giovanni Messe

Giovanni Palatucci

Giovanni Rossi Lomanitz

Giovanni Scatturin

Giretsu

Gisela Bock

Gisella Perl

Gitta Sereny

GIUK gap

Giulio de Florian

Giulio Gaudini

Giulio Martinat

Giuseppe Colacicco

Giuseppe Crivelli

Giuseppe Di Vittorio

Giuseppe Dossetti

Giuseppe Fioravanzo

Giuseppe Paris

Giuseppe Saragat

Giuseppe Siri

Giuseppe Tonani

Giustizia e Libertà

Glacier Girl

Glacière (Paris Métro)

Gladys Carson

Glamour Gal

Glasmine 43

Glass House (Budapest)

Gleichschaltung

Gleiwitz incident

Glen Bell

Glen D. Johnson

Glen Edwards (pilot)

Glen Graham

Glencree German war cemetery

Glendon Swarthout

Glenn Ford

Glenn Hartranft

Glenn Miller

Glenn T. Seaborg

Glina massacre

Glinciszki massacre

Glorious-class aircraft carrier

Glossary of German military terms

Glossary of Nazi Germany

Glossary of the Third Reich

Gloster E.28/39

Gloster Meteor

Glynn R. Donaho

Gnevny-class destroyer

Go For Broke Monument

Go for Broke! (1951 film)

Gobelins (school of image)

Gobelins manufactory

God Is My Co-Pilot (film)

Godfrey Hounsfield

Godwin Okpara

Goebbels Diaries

Goering's Green Folder

Gold Beach

Gold Star Mothers Club

Gold Star Wives

Golden Party Badge

Golf Disneyland

Goliath tracked mine

Gonars concentration camp

Gonars

Goncourt (Paris Métro)

Gongzhutun Campaign

Gonzalo Quesada

Good Germans

Goodbye Holland

Goodbye Japan

Göppingen Gö 9

Goralenvolk

Göran Claeson

Goran Rubil

Gorazd (Pavlik) of Prague

Gordie Drillon

Gordon A. Craig

Gordon Bennett (Australian soldier)

Gordon Bridson

Gordon Browning

Gordon Campbell, Baron Campbell of Croy

Gordon Charles Steele

Gordon Churchill

Gordon Donaldson (journalist)

Gordon Gollob

Gordon Goodwin (athlete)

Gordon H. Sato

Gordon Hirabayashi

Gordon Hultquist

Gordon Killick

Gordon MacWhinnie

Gordon McGregor

Gordon Nornable

Gordon Pai'ea Chung-Hoon

Gordon Prange

Gordon R. Dickson

Gordon Waite Underwood

Gösta Persson

Gotha G.I

Gotha G.II

Gotha G.III

Gotha G.IV

Gotha G.IX

Gotha G.V

Gotha G.VII

Gotha Go 145

Gotha Go 149

Gotha Go 242

Gotha Go 244

Gotha Go 345

Gotha LD.1

Gotha WD.2

Gotha WD.3

Gotha WD.7

Gotha WD.11

Gotha WD.14

Gotha WD.27

Gotha Ka 430

Gothic Line order of battle

Gothic Line

Gottfried E. Noether

Gottfried Feder

Gottfried Graf von Bismarck-Schönhausen

Gottfried Ochshorn

Gottfried von Cramm

Gottfried von Einem

Gotthard Handrick

Gotthard Heinrici

Gottlob Berger

Gottorp

Götz Aly

Goumier

Goutte d'Or

Government Aircraft Factories

Government Delegate's Office at Home

Government of National Unity (Hungary)

Goya (ship)

Grace Hopper

Grace McKenzie

Gracias Amigos

Grady A. Dugas

Grady McMurtry

Grady McWhiney

Graf Zeppelin-class aircraft carrier

Grafeneck Castle

Grafeneck

Graham Bladon

Graham Greene

Graham Leslie Parish

Grampus-class submarine

Gran Sasso raid

Granada War Relocation Center

Granatwerfer 36

Granatwerfer 42

Grand Cross of the German Eagle

Grand Cross of the Iron Cross

Grand Director

Grand Duchess Kira Kirillovna of Russia

Grand Guignol

Grand Han Righteous Army

Grand Palais

Grand Slam bomb

Grand Wizard

Granddi Ngoyi

Grande Arche

Grande Ceinture line

Grande ceinture Ouest

Grande Odalisque

Grands Boulevards (Paris Métro)

Grands Magasins du Louvre

Grant County International Airport

Grant F. Timmerman

Granville Raid

Grave of the Fireflies (novel)

Grave of the Fireflies

Gravedigger (comics)

Graves B. Erskine

Great Bend Municipal Airport

Great Depression in Canada

Great Japan Youth Party

Great Patriotic War (term)

Great Synagogue of London

Great Western Railway War Memorial

Greater Britain Movement

Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere

Greater Hungary (political concept)

Grebbe line

Greco-Italian War

Greek battleship Kilkis

Greek battleship Lemnos

Greek cruiser Elli (1912)

Greek cruiser Georgios Averof

Greek destroyer Adrias

Greek destroyer Aetos

Greek destroyer Aspis

Greek destroyer Hydra (D 97)

Greek destroyer Ierax

Greek destroyer Kountouriotis (D 99)

Greek destroyer Leon

Greek destroyer Niki

Greek destroyer Panthir

Greek destroyer Psara (D 96)

Greek destroyer Spetsai (D 98)

Greek destroyer Thyella

Greek destroyer Vasilefs Georgios (D 14)

Greek destroyer Vasilissa Olga (D 15)

Greek National Socialist Party

Greek People's Liberation Army

Greek Resistance

Greek submarine Katsonis (Y-1)

Greek submarine Papanikolis (Y-2)

Greek torpedo boat Kios

Greek torpedo boat Kydonia

Greek torpedo boat Kyzikos

Greek torpedo boat Pergamos

Greek torpedo boat Proussa

Green box barrage

Green Gang

Green Line (Italy)

Green report

Green Skull

Green St. Bunker, West End

Greenock Blitz

Greensboro massacre

Grégoire Laurent

Gregor Strasser

Gregorij Rožman

Gregory Arnolin

Gregory Breit

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Grégory Pujol

Gregory Rabassa

Grégory Wimbée

Grenelle

Grenoble Cathedral

Grenoble Foot 38

Grenoble Institute of Technology

Grenoble

Greta Bösel

Greta Ferusic

Greta Keller

Grey Ranks (role-playing game)

Greyshirts

Gribovski G-11

Grigore Cugler

Grigore Gafencu

Grigore Preoteasa

Grigory Stelmakh

Grigory Vorozheikin

Grill (cryptology)

Grille (artillery)

Grini concentration camp

Grits Gresham

Grivnik brigade

Grob G 115

Groesbeek Canadian War Cemetery

Grojanowski Report

Grønsvik coastal battery

Gross-Rosen concentration camp

Großdeutschland Division

Groton-New London Airport

Ground Observer Corps

Group 13

Group Army

Groupe de Chasse I/3

Grumman Goose

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Gruppenkommandeur

Grzegorz Timofiejew

Gu Zhutong

Guadalcanal (1992 game)

Guadalcanal Campaign

Guadalcanal Diary (book)

Guadalcanal Diary (film)

Gualberto Villarroel

Guan Linzheng

Guangzhou Military Region

Guangzhou Uprising

Guards Armoured Division

Guards Mixed Brigade

Gudrun Burwitz

Guenther Podola

Guépard-class destroyer

Guerlain

Guglielmo Nasi

Gui-Jean-Baptiste Target

Guide Gift Week

Guido Castelnuovo

Guido Knopp

Guildhall, London

Guillaume Apollinaire

Guillaume Budé

Guillaume de Baillou

Guillaume Dubois

Guillaume Gallienne

Guillaume Norbert

Guillaume Postel

Guillaume Rippert

Guillaume Sarkozy

Guillaume-Chrétien de Lamoignon de Malesherbes

Guillermo Hayden Wright

Guilty Men

Guimet Museum

Guinea Pig Club

Guinguette

Guizhou JL-9

Gulbrand Oscar Johan Lunde

Gumbinnen Operation

Gun politics in Germany

Gunbatsu

Gung Ho! (1943 film)

Gunichi Mikawa

Gunnar Holmberg

Gunnar Jahn

Gunnar Larsson (cross-country skier)

Gunnar Lindström

Gunnar Sköld

Gunnar Sønsteby

Günter Bialas

Gunter d'Alquen

Günter Deckert

Günter Grass

Gunter Jahn

Günter Kießling

Günter Reimann

Günter Steinhausen

Günter Zöller

Günther Anhalt

Günther Blumentritt

Günther Freiherr von Maltzahn

Günther Josten

Günther Korten

Günther Krappe

Günther Lütjens

Günther Lützow

Günther Pancke

Günther Prien

Günther Rall

Günther Schack

Günther Scheel

Günther Schwägermann

Günther Seeger

Günther Smend

Günther Specht

Günther Viezenz

Günther von Kluge

Günther-Eberhardt Wisliceny

Guo Boxiong

Gurbaksh Singh Dhillon

Gurli Ewerlund

Gus George Bebas

Gus Kefurt

Gus Savage

Gust J. Swenning

Gustaf Carlsson

Gustaf Dyrssen

Gustaf Hagelin

Gustaf Söderström

Gustaf Weijnarth

Gustav Adolf Scheel

Gustav Adolf von Götzen

Gustav Anton von Wietersheim

Gustav Flatow

Gustav Goßler

Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach

Gustav Moths

Gustav Rau

Gustav Richter

Gustav Ritter von Kahr

Gustav Rödel

Gustav Schwarzenegger

Gustav Simon

Gustav Sprick

Gustav Sturm

Gustav V of Sweden

Gustav Victor Rudolf Born

Gustav von Vaerst

Gustav Wagner (soldier)

Gustav Weler

Gustáv Wendrinský

Gustav-Adolf Blancbois

Gustav-Adolf von Zangen

Gustave Bertrand

Gustave Biéler

Gustave Caillebotte

Gustave de Molinari

Gustave Doré

Gustave Gilbert

Gustave Hervé

Gustave Lanctot

Gustave Moreau

Gustave Sandras

Gustave Thuret

Gustavo Poyet

Gustaw Herling-Grudziński

Gustaw Holoubek

Gustaw Morcinek

Gusztáv Vitéz Jány

Guy Armoured Car

Guy Butler (athlete)

Guy D'Artois

Guy Gabaldon

Guy Gibson

Guy Gregson

Guy Lacombe

Guy Lizard

Guy Madison

Guy Menzies

Guy Môquet (Paris Métro)

Guy Môquet

Guy Russell

Guy S. Meloy, Jr.

Guy Sajer

Guy Salisbury-Jones

Guy Simonds

Gwardia Ludowa WRN

Gwardia Ludowa

Gwido Langer

Győző Haberfeld

Gyokuon-hōsō

György Beifeld

György Gábori

Gyorshadtest

Gyula Cseszneky

Gyula Halasy

Gyula Kakas

Gyula Strausz

Komet

Komet is the word for comet in some languages and may refer to:

In the military:

Messerschmitt Me 163 "Komet", the first rocket-powered manned aircraft

German auxiliary cruiser Komet, a ship in World War II

Raduga KS-1 Komet, a Soviet anti-ship missile

HMAS Una, a Royal Australian Navy sloop, formerly the German motor launch KometIn transportation:

Dornier Komet, a family of aircraft manufactured in Germany in the 1920s

Komet (American automobile), made only in 1911

Komet (German automobile), produced between 1922 and 1924

Kochi Metro KOMET, Metro Rail in Kochi, India

Komet, one of two DB Class VT 10.5 trainsIn sports:

SC Komet Berlin, a Berlin sports club from the late 1890s to the late 1930s

TuS Komet Arsten, a German football club established in 2006

Fort Wayne Komets, a minor league ice hockey teamIn music:

Komet, the tenth studio album by the German Neue Deutsche Härte band MegaherzPeople:

Gürkan Coşkun (born 1941), a Turkish painter

Frank Bretschneider (born 1956), a German electronic musician

List of shipwrecks of France

This is a list of shipwrecks located in or off the coast of France.

Military activity in the Antarctic

As Antarctica has never been permanently settled by humans, there has historically been little military activity in the Antarctic. Because the Antarctic Treaty, which came into effect on June 23, 1961, bans military activity in Antarctica, military personnel and equipment may only be used for scientific research or any other peaceful purpose (such as delivering supplies) on the continent.The Antarctic Treaty specifically prohibits military activity on land or ice shelves below 60°S. While the use of nuclear weapons is absolutely prohibited, the Treaty does not apply to naval activity within these bounds (in the Southern Ocean) so long as it takes place on the high seas.

Northeast Passage

The Northeast Passage (abbreviated as NEP) is, from the European and northern Atlantic point of view, the shipping route to the Pacific Ocean, along the Arctic Ocean coasts of Norway and Russia. The western route through the islands of Canada is accordingly called the Northwest Passage (NWP).

The NEP traverses (from west to east) the Barents Sea, Kara Sea, Laptev Sea, East Siberian Sea, and Chukchi Sea, and it includes the Northern Sea Route (NSR). The Northern Sea Route is a portion of the NEP; it is defined in Russian law and does not include the Barents sea and therefore does not reach the Atlantic Ocean. However, since the NSR has a significant overlap over the majority of the NEP, sometimes the NSR term has been used to refer to the entirety of the Northeast Passage.The Northeast Passage is one of several Arctic maritime routes, the others being the Northwest Passage (going along Canada's and Alaska's coasts) and the Transpolar Route (going through the North Pole).The first confirmed complete passage, from west to east, was made by the Finnish explorer Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld, with the ship Vega in 1878–79 (he was forced to wintering just a few days' sailing distance from Bering Strait, due to pack ice).

Robert Drayson

Robert Quested Drayson DSO (5 June 1919 – 15 October 2008), known to his friends as Bob Drayson, was an English naval officer and schoolmaster.

During the Second World War Drayson was decorated for sinking the German Navy auxiliary cruiser Komet. After the War he returned to Cambridge, graduated, and taught at St. Lawrence College and Felsted, then was head master of Reed's School and Stowe before becoming lay chaplain to the Bishop of Norwich.

Semyon Dezhnev (icebreaker)

There have been several icebreakers known as Semyon Dezhnev.

Early in World War II Germany made arrangements with the Soviet Union for the German auxiliary cruiser Komet to transit the Northern Sea Route across the top of Siberia, so it could raid allied merchant shipping in the Pacific Ocean.

As a ruse de guerre the Komet disguised herself as the Soviet icebreaker Semyon Dezhvev so it could avoid allied detection as it proceeded up the Norwegian coast.

In 2010 a Russian icebreaker named Semyan Deznev served in Baltic Sea.The ships were named after a 17th-century Russian explorer named Semyon Dezhnyov, credited as being the first European to transit the Bering Strait.

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