Gerd R. Ueberschär (born 18 August 1943) is a German military historian who specialises in the history of Nazi Germany and World War II. He is one of the leading contributors to the series Germany and the Second World War and, together with Rolf-Dieter Müller, is the author of Hitler's War in the East 1941−1945: A Critical Assessment. Both works have been published in English translations.
Gerd R. Ueberschär
|Born||18 August 1943|
Offenbach am Main, Germany
|Occupation||Historian, author, editor|
|Institutions||University of Freiburg |
German Federal Military Archive
|Main interests||Modern European history, military history, historiography|
Ueberschär obtained his doctorate in history from the Goethe University Frankfurt, where he subsequently worked as an assistant professor. Starting with 1986, Ueberschär was a lecturer at the University of Freiburg. From 1996 to 2008, he worked as a historian and archivist at the German Federal Military Archive in Freiburg.
Ueberschär is an author and editor of numerous books on the history of National Socialism in Germany and the Second World War. He is one of the lead researchers on the seminal work Germany and the Second World War. Ueberschär edited the German-language volume containing 68 biographies of leading military men of Nazi Germany, Hitlers militärischer Elite [Hitler's Military Elite] published in 1998 and reissued in 2011.
Ueberschär also covered the topic of the German resistance to Nazism in his 2004 work on Claus von Stauffenberg, Stauffenberg. Der 20 Juli 1944 and the 2006 work Für ein anderes Deutschland. Der deutsche Widerstand gegen den NS-Staat 1933–1945 [For Better Germany. German Resistance to Nazism 1933–1945]. He concluded that conspirators' plans for the post-Hitler society were incompatible with today's understanding of democracy; the plotters were hoping for a "genuine national community": "They propagated the constitutional plans were very far from an open democratic society". He also edited the 2002 collected volume Der deutsche Widerstand gegen Hitler [German Resistance to Hitler].
Bernd Stegemann (1938 – 2014) was a German military and naval historian. He was a long-term researcher at the Military History Research Office (MGFA) and contributor to two volumes of the seminal series Germany and the Second World War from the MGFA.Bernhard Fisch
Bernhard Fisch (born 1926 in Willenberg (Wielbark) near Ortelsburg (Szczytno), East Prussia) is a German writer.Bombing of Freiburg on 10 May 1940
The German city of Freiburg was bombed erroneously on 10 May 1940 by the Luftwaffe, killing 57 inhabitants.Detlef Vogel
Detlev Vogel (born 1942) is a German historian who specialises in the history of Nazi Germany and World War II. He has been a long-time employee of the German Military History Research Office (MGFA). Vogel was a contributor to two volumes of the seminal work Germany and the Second World War from the MGFA.Ernst Klink
Ernst Klink (5 February 1923 – 1993) was a German military historian who specialised in Nazi Germany and World War II. He was a long-term employee at the Military History Research Office (MGFA). As a contributor to the seminal work Germany and the Second World War from MGFA, Klink was the first to identify the independent planning by the Wehrmacht High Command for Operation Barbarossa.
During Klink's career as a historian, he was a member of, and worked with the denialist Waffen-SS veteran lobby group HIAG. In recent assessments, some of Klink's work has been questioned due to his support for the ahistorical notions of the "clean Wehrmacht" and that the German attack on the Soviet Union had been "preventative".Gerdy Troost
Gerdy Troost, full name Gerhardine Troost née Andresen (3 March 1904 – 30 January 2003), was a German architect and the wife of Paul Ludwig Troost.Germany and the Second World War
Germany and the Second World War (German: Das Deutsche Reich und der Zweite Weltkrieg) is a 12,000-page, 13-volume work published by the Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt (DVA), that has taken academics from the military history centre of the German armed forces 30 years to finish.Hitler's War in the East 1941−1945
Hitler's War in the East 1941−1945: A Critical Assessment is a 1997 book by the German historians Rolf-Dieter Müller and Gerd R. Ueberschär. It surveys the literature on the Soviet-German war of 1941−1945 from the German perspective. Writing in the introduction to the 2002 edition, Gerhard Weinberg describes the book as providing a broad coverage of the conflict, by "stressing ideological and political as well as more specifically military aspects". The book has been updated in subsequent editions, the latest having been issued in 2009.Horst Boog
Horst Boog (5 January 1928 – 8 January 2016) was a German historian who specialised in the history of Nazi Germany and World War II. He was the research director at the Military History Research Office (MGFA). Boog was a contributor to several volumes of the seminal work Germany and the Second World War from the MGFA. He was an expert on the Luftwaffe and the German side of the aerial war in Europe during World War II.
Boog also wrote for the right-wing, nationalistic newspaper Junge Freiheit and became politically active in the context of debates about the Allied strategic bombing during World War II. Since the early 1990s almost all of his work concentrated on arguing that Nazi Germany did not start bombing of civilians.Jürgen Förster
Jürgen Förster (born 1940) is a German historian who specialises in the history of Nazi Germany and World War II. He is a professor of history at the University of Freiburg, the position he has held since 2005. Förster is a contributor to the seminal work Germany and the Second World War from the Military History Research Office (MGFA).Karl-Heinz Frieser
Karl-Heinz Frieser (born 1949 in Pressath, Bavaria) is a German military historian and a retired colonel of the German Army.Operation Tigerfish
Operation Tigerfish was the military code name in World War II for the air raid on Freiburg in the evening of 27 November 1944 by the Royal Air Force with about 2,800 dead.
The name Tigerfish goes back to Air Vice-Marshal Robert Saundby, an avid fisherman who codenamed all German cities "fitted" for carpet bombing with a Fish code.
Saundby was the deputy of Air Chief Marshal Arthur Harris, Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief of RAF Bomber Command.Rolf-Dieter Müller
Rolf-Dieter Müller (born 9 December 1948) is a German military historian and political scientist, who has served as Scientific Director of the German Armed Forces Military History Research Office since 1999.
Müller, in cooperation with German journalist Rudibert Kunz, is known for being the first historian to write about the use of Chemical weapons in the Rif War in a 1999 book titled Giftgas Gegen Abd El Krim: Deutschland, Spanien und der Gaskrieg in Spanisch-Marokko, 1922-1927.
Müller was one of the lead researchers on the seminal work Germany and the Second World War.Rudolf Creutz
Rudolf Creutz (6 April 1896 – 8 July 1980) was an Austrian Nazi and a high-ranking member of the SS during World War II. He was involved in the implementation of racial resettlement programs in the Occupied Territories and was convicted of war crimes by the Allies in 1948.Rudolf Schmundt
Rudolf Schmundt (13 August 1896 – 1 October 1944) was a German officer in the Wehrmacht and adjutant to Adolf Hitler during World War II. He was injured during the 20 July 1944 assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler and died a few months later from his wounds.Soviet repressions against former prisoners of war
Some Soviet POWs who survived German captivity were accused by the Soviet authorities of collaboration with the Nazis or branded as traitors under Order No. 270, which prohibited any soldier from surrendering.War of annihilation
A war of annihilation (German: Vernichtungskrieg) is a type of warfare in which the goal is the complete annihilation of a state, a people or an ethnic minority through genocide or through the destruction of their livelihood. The goal can be outward-directed or inward, against elements of one's own population. The goal is not like other types of warfare, the recognition of limited political goals, such as recognition of a legal status (such as in a war of independence), control of disputed territory (as in war of aggression or defensive war), or the
total military defeat of an enemy state.Werner Rahn
Werner Rahn (born June 9, 1939 in Ilsenburg) is a naval historian and former German naval officer.Wolfram Wette
Wolfram Wette (born 11 November 1940) is a German military historian and peace researcher. He is an author or editor of over 40 books on the history of Nazi Germany, including the seminal Germany and the Second World War series from the German Military History Research Office (MGFA).
Wette's published book, The Wehrmacht: History, Myth, Reality has been translated into five languages and deals with the issue of Wehrmacht criminality during World War II and the legend of its "clean hands". In 2015, Wette was a recipient of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, the only federal honour awarded to German citizens for exceptional achievements.