Gerardo de León

Gerardo de León, ONA (September 12, 1913 – July 25, 1981), was a Filipino actor-turned-film director.

Gerardo de León
Gerardo de León 2013 stamp of the Philippines
Gerardo de León on a 2013 stamp of the Philippines
BornSeptember 12, 1913
DiedJuly 25, 1981 (aged 67)
Manila, Philippines
OccupationActor, film director
Years active1934–1976
Awards
National Artist of the Philippines

National Artist of the Philippines

Biography

De León, who was born Gerardo Ilagan, was a member of the Ilagan clan of Philippine motion pictures, which includes Robert Arevalo, Conrado Conde, Angel Esmeralda, Eddie Ilagan, Ronaldo Valdez, musical scorer Tito Arévalo, and his daughter Liberty Ilagan. De León was a medical doctor by profession, but his ultimate love for film won him over. He made his acting debut in the 1934 film Ang Dangal. He acted in eight other films before becoming a director. The first film he directed was Bahay-Kubo (1939), starring Fely Vallejo, an actress whom he later married.

De Leon produced a number of anti-American propaganda films during World War Two, in collaboration with the occupying Japanese forces and Japanese director Abe Yutaka, who personally chose De Leon for the projects. De Leon was arrested and charged with treason after the Japanese were defeated, and was almost executed by the Filipino government. But at the last minute, he was pardoned when evidence came to light that all during the war, he had secretly assisted the Filipino resistance as well.[1]

Nicknamed "Manong", de León is the most awarded film director in the history of the Filipino Academy of Movie Arts and Sciences' FAMAS Awards. From 1952 to 1971, he was awarded seven FAMAS Awards, three of them received consecutively.[2] His 1961 film The Moises Padilla Story was selected as the Philippine entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 32nd Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee.[3]

All of the films for which he won Best Director also won Best Picture at the FAMAS, namely Sawa sa Lumang Simboryo (1952), Hanggang sa Dulo ng Daigdig (1958), Huwag Mo Akong Limutin (1960), Noli Me Tangere (1961, adapted from the novel of the same title), El Filibusterismo (1962), Daigdig ng mga Api (1965), and Lilet (1971). One of his unfinished projects was Juan de la Cruz (1972) with Fernando Poe, Jr..

He is known to fans of cult horror films for the handful of 1960s horror movies he directed, some co-directed with his friend Eddie Romero and co-financed with American money. These films included Terror Is a Man (1959), The Blood Drinkers/ Blood is the Color of Night (1964)[4], Curse of the Vampires/ Whisper to the Wind (1966), Brides of Blood (1968), and Mad Doctor of Blood Island (1969).[5] Roger Corman hired him in 1971 to direct his gritty Women in Prison film Women in Cages, featuring Pam Grier as a sadistic prison warden.[6] De Leon died on July 25, 1981 at age 67.

Filmography (director)

  • Estrellita (1940)
  • Maestra, Ang (1941)
  • Dawn of Freedom (1943)
  • Mameng, iniibig kita (1947)
  • Sisa (1951)
  • Diego Silang (1951)
  • Bagong umaga (1952)
  • Python at the Old Dome (Sawa sa lumang simboryo) (1952)
  • Pedro Penduko (1954)
  • Ifuago (1954)
  • Sanda Wong (1955)
  • Saigon (1956)
  • Bakya mo Neneng (1957)
  • Kamay ni Cain/ The Hands of Cain (1957)
  • Hanggang sa dulo ng daigdig (1958)
  • Terror Is a Man (1959)
  • Huwag mo akong limutin/ Don't Let Me Forget (1960)
  • Noli me tangere (Touch Me Not) (1960)
  • The Moises Padilla Story (1961)
  • Noli me tangere (1961)
  • El Filibusterismo (1962)
  • I Am Justice (Ako ang katarungan) (1962)
  • The Walls of Hell (Intramuros) (1964)
  • Ang Daigdig ng mga api/ World of the Oppressed (1965)
  • The Blood Drinkers (1964) a.k.a. Kulay dugo ang gabi/ Blood is the Color of Night; aka The Vampire People[7][8].
  • Curse of the Vampires (Dugo ng vampira) (1966) a.k.a. Ibulong mo sa hangin (Whisper to the Wind), a.k.a. Creatures of Evil[9][10]
  • Brides of Blood (co-dir. with Eddie Romero, 1968)
  • The Mad Doctor of Blood Island (co-dir. with Eddie Romero, 1969)
  • Lilet (1971)
  • Women in Cages (1971)
  • Fe, Esperanza, Caridad (1975)
  • Banaue (1975)

References

  1. ^ http://sensesofcinema.com/2005/great-directors/de_leon/
  2. ^ Did you know? National Artist for Film Gerardo de Leon. Newsinfo.inquirer.net (September 11, 2014). Retrieved on June 25, 2016.
  3. ^ Margaret Herrick Library, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
  4. ^ http://www.cashiersducinemart.com/details/issue-18/article-518/strong-coffee-with-a-national-treasure-an-interview-with-eddie-romero
  5. ^ http://sensesofcinema.com/2005/great-directors/de_leon/
  6. ^ http://sensesofcinema.com/2005/great-directors/de_leon/
  7. ^ https://www.csfd.cz/film/263299-kulay-dugo-ang-gabi/komentare/
  8. ^ http://www.cashiersducinemart.com/details/issue-18/article-518/strong-coffee-with-a-national-treasure-an-interview-with-eddie-romero
  9. ^ https://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/blood-of-the-vampires/reviews/
  10. ^ http://www.cashiersducinemart.com/details/issue-18/article-518/strong-coffee-with-a-national-treasure-an-interview-with-eddie-romero

External links

2nd Gawad Urian Awards

The 2nd Gawad Urian Awards was held in 1978. This is to honor the great films of 1977The 1977 Gawad Urian, live up to its reputation of choosing the winners not based on popularity but on the merits of the film and its performances. Word spread around that “you don’t have to spend a cent for PR to win in the Urian.” One example of which is the Best Actress winner for this year. Daria Ramirez (Sino’ng Kapiling, Sino’ng Kasiping) bested formidable co-nominees such as Vilma Santos for Burlesk Queen and Hilda Koronel for Kung Mangarap ka't Magising. There was also a great debate on choosing this years Best Picture, cinematic style or filmic content?. It's a tossed between Robert Arevalo’s "Hubad na Bayani" and Ishmael Bernal’s "Dalawang Pugad, Isang Ibon". In the end, "Hubad na Bayani" won as best Picture while Ishmael Bernal won his first Gawad Urian Best director.

Hubad na Bayani won most awards with (3) awards, Gerardo de León was given the Lifetime Achievement Award

Ano hata o ute

Ano hata o ute (あの旗を撃て−コレヒドールの最後−) (Filipino: Liwayway ng Kalayaan) aka Dawn of Freedom, aka Fire on that Flag: The End of Corregidor is a 1943 black-and-white Japanese film directed by Yutaka Abe and Gerardo de León.

Carlos Quirino

Carlos Lozada Quirino (14 January 1910 – 20 May 1999) was a Philippine biographer and historian.

Daisy Avellana

Daisy Avellana (January 26, 1917 – May 12, 2013) was a Filipino stage actress and theater director. Avellana was honored as a National Artist of the Philippines for Theater and Film in 1999.Avellana was born Daisy Hontiveros on January 26, 1917, in Capiz, Capiz, (now Roxas City). Her husband was Lamberto Avellana, a film and stage director who was also named a National Artist in 1976. Daisy and Lamberto Avellana co-founded the Barangay Theater Guild (BTG), together with forty-eight colleagues, in 1939.Avellana died on May 12, 2013, at the age of 96.

Francisca Reyes-Aquino

Francisca Reyes-Aquino is a Filipino folk dancer and academic noted for her research on Philippine folk dance. She is a recipient of the Republic Award of Merit and the Ramon Magsaysay Award and is a designated National Artist of the Philippines for Dance.

José T. Joya

José T. Joya (June 3,1931 – May 11,1995) was a Filipino abstract artist and a National Artist of the Philippines awardee.Joya was a printmaker, painter, mixed media artist, and a former dean of the University of the Philippines' College of Fine Arts. He pioneered abstract expressionism in the Philippines. His canvases were characterized by "dynamic spontaneity" and "quick gestures" of action painting. He is the creator of compositions that were described as "vigorous compositions" of heavy impastoes, bold brushstrokes, controlled dips, and diagonal swipes". Joya added the brilliant tropical colors. He was awarded a Fulbright-Smile-Mundt grant which enabled him to pursue a master's degree in Fine Arts in 1956–57.

His works were strongly influenced by the tropical landscapes of the Philippine Islands. Among his masterpieces are the Nanking (a collage rendered with Asian calligraphy and forms and patterns resembling rice paddies), the Granadean Arabesque (1958) and Biennial (1964).

Juan Nakpil

Juan Felipe de Jesus Nakpil (born Juan Felipe Nakpil y de Jesus; May 26, 1899 – May 7, 1986), known as Juan F. Nakpil, was a Filipino architect, teacher and a community leader. In 1973, he was named one of the National Artists for architecture. He was regarded as the Dean of Filipino Architects.

Kamay ni Cain

Kamay ni Cain (Hands of Cain) is a 1957 action film directed by Gerardo de León, written by Cesar Amigo and Clodualdo del Mundo Sr., starring Zaldy Zshornack and Fernando Poe.

Lamberto V. Avellana

Lamberto Vera Avellana (February 12, 1915 – April 25, 1991) was a prominent Filipino film and stage director. Despite considerable budgetary limitations that hampered the post-war Filipino film industry, Avellana's films such as Anak Dalita and Badjao attained international acclaim. In 1976, Avellana was named by President Ferdinand Marcos as the very first National Artist of the Philippines for Film. While Avellana remains an important figure in Filipino cinema, his reputation as a film director has since been eclipsed by the next wave of Filipino film directors who emerged in the 1970s, such as Lino Brocka and Ishmael Bernal.

List of horror films of 1966

A list of horror films released in 1966.

List of submissions to the 34th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film

The following 13 films, all from different countries, were submitted for the 34th Academy Awards in the category Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film which took place in 1962. The highlighted titles were the five nominated films, which came from Denmark, Japan, Mexico, Spain and Sweden.

For the second year in a row, the Oscar went to an Ingmar Bergman film from Sweden, this time for Through A Glass Darkly.Argentina, Austria, Egypt and Switzerland submitted films for the first time. France and Italy both failed to be nominated for the first time since the introduction of the competitive award.

National Artist of the Philippines

Order of the National Artists of the Philippines (Filipino: Orden ng mga Pambansang Alagad ng Sining ng Pilipinas) is an order bestowed by the Philippines on Filipinos who have made significant contributions to the development of Philippine art. Members of the Order are known as National Artists. Originally instituted as an Award, it was elevated to the status of Order in 2003.The Order is administered by the Cultural Center of the Philippines by virtue of President Ferdinand Marcos's Proclamation № 1001 of April 2, 1972 and the National Commission for Culture and the Arts. The first award was posthumously conferred on Filipino painter Fernando Amorsolo.

Salvador Bernal

Salvador Floro Bernal (January 7, 1945 – October 26, 2011) was an artist from the Philippines.

Bernal's career began in 1969. His output included over 300 productions in art, film and music, and earned him the award of National Artist for Theater and Design in 2003. He earned a philosophy degree in 1966 from the Ateneo de Manila University where he would later teach literature and stage design.

Bernal organized the Philippine Association of Theatre Designers and Technicians (Patdat) in 1995, through which he introduced Philippine theater design to the world.

The book “Salvador F. Bernal: Designing the Stage” by Nicanor G. Tiongson, is a comprehensive review of Bernal’s work as designer for theater, with over 200 full-color photographs of his sketches, models, and actual costumes and sets complementing the text.

Sisa

Sisa may refer to:

SISA, Società Italiana Servizi Aerei, Italian airline and flight training school associated with Cantieri Aeronautici e Navali Triestini (C.R.D.A Canterei), later merged with other airlines to form Ala Littoria

SISA, School of International Studies in Sciences and Arts, Lahore, Pakistan

Sisa (1951 film), 1951 film featuring Gerardo de León

Sisa (1999 film), 1999 Filipino film

Sisa (2008 film), 2008 film featuring Charee Pineda

Sisa (drug), a methamphetamine derivative

Sisa Waqa, Fijian rugby league footbaaller

Sisa Creek, watercourse near Korangi, Karachi, Pakistan

Sisa (supermarket), Italian supermarket chain

Jaume Sisa (b. 1948), Catalan singer-songwriter

Sisa (Serbian), Voros

Sisa (Serbian), Ringe

Terror Is a Man

Terror Is a Man (also known as Blood Creature, Creature from Blood Island, The Gory Creatures, Island of Terror and Gore Creature) is a 1959 black-and-white Filipino/American horror film directed by Gerardo de Leon.It was the first in a series produced by Eddie Romero and Kane W. Lynn known as the "Blood Island" series, which also included Brides of Blood, The Mad Doctor of Blood Island and Beast of Blood. All four films took place on an island called Blood Island, named for its vivid red-hued sunsets.The film focuses on a shipwreck survivor washed ashore on a small island where a scientist is experimenting on a panther in an effort to make it human.

The Moises Padilla Story

The Moises Padilla Story is a 1961 Philippine drama film directed by Gerardo de León. The film was selected as the Philippine entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 34th Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee. The film exists today but is in need of restoration.The film is a biography of a Negros Occidental mayoral candidate who in 1951, was tortured and murdered by the private army of the provincial governor after he had refused to withdraw his candidacy.

Vicente Manansala

Vicente Silva Manansala (January 22, 1910 – August 22, 1981) was a Filipino cubist painter and illustrator.

Women in Cages

Women in Cages is a 1971 film in the women in prison sexploitation subgenre, co-produced by Roger Corman and directed by Gerardo de León. It was prominently featured in the Planet Terror portion of the 2007 film Grindhouse. Grindhouse director Quentin Tarantino said of the film, "I'm a huge, huge fan of Gerry de Leon.... the film is just harsh, harsh, harsh." He described the final shot as one of "devastating despair".

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