George Washington Campbell (February 9, 1769 – February 17, 1848) was an American statesman who served as a U.S. Representative, Senator, Tennessee Supreme Court Justice, U.S. Ambassador to Russia and the 5th United States Secretary of the Treasury from February to October 1814.
|United States Minister to Russia|
February 7, 1819 – July 8, 1820
|Preceded by||William Pinkney|
|Succeeded by||Henry Middleton|
|United States Senator|
October 10, 1815 – April 20, 1818
|Preceded by||Joseph Anderson|
|Succeeded by||John Eaton|
October 8, 1811 – February 11, 1814
|Preceded by||Jenkin Whiteside|
|Succeeded by||Jesse Wharton|
|5th United States Secretary of the Treasury|
February 9, 1814 – October 5, 1814
|Preceded by||William Jones (Acting)|
|Succeeded by||Alexander Dallas|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Tennessee's 2nd district
March 4, 1805 – March 3, 1809
|Preceded by||Constituency established|
|Succeeded by||Robert Weakley|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Tennessee's at-large district
March 4, 1803 – March 3, 1805
|Preceded by||Constituency established|
|Succeeded by||Constituency abolished|
George Washington Campbell
February 9, 1769
Tongue, Scotland, Great Britain (now United Kingdom)
|Died||February 17, 1848 (aged 79)|
Nashville, Tennessee, U.S.
|Education||Princeton University (BA)|
Born in the village of Tongue on the north coast of Scotland, Campbell immigrated as a young boy to North Carolina in 1772 with his parents. He graduated from the College of New Jersey (which is now Princeton University) in 1794 and began studying law. He was admitted to the bar in North Carolina and began practicing in Knoxville, Tennessee.
Campbell was elected to the United States House of Representatives as the Representative from Tennessee's at-large congressional district in 1803. He served in the House from 1805–1809, in the 8th, 9th, and 10th Congresses. During the 10th Congress, he was the chairman of the Ways and Means Committee. He was also one of the managers appointed in 1804 to conduct the impeachment hearings for John Pickering, judge of the United States District Court for the District of New Hampshire, and later in the same year, the impeachment hearings against Samuel Chase, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
He left Congress in 1809 to become judge of the Tennessee Supreme Court, serving until 1811.
Campbell served as a United States Senator from Tennessee twice, once from 1811 to 1814, having been elected to fill the seat of Jenkin Whiteside, and again from 1815 to 1818. His first service was from October 8, 1811 to February 11, 1814, when he resigned to accept appointment as the United States Secretary of the Treasury. He returned to the Senate on October 10, 1815. He served as the first chairman of the Senate Finance Committee and its predecessor from December 4, 1815, until his resignation from the Senate on April 20, 1818; on this occasion to accept appointment as United States Ambassador to Russia, a position he held from 1818 to 1821. Campbell served as a member of the French Spoliation Claims Commission in 1831.
Appointed Secretary of the Treasury by James Madison, Campbell faced national financial disorder brought on by the War of 1812. Congress had failed to recharter the First Bank of the United States after its charter expired in 1811, and appropriations for the war were unavailable, so Campbell had to convince Americans to buy government bonds. He was forced to meet to lenders terms, selling government bonds at exorbitant interest rates. In September, 1814 the British occupied Washington, D.C. and the credit of the government was lowered even further. He was unsuccessful in his efforts to raise money through additional bond sales and he resigned that October after only eight months in office, disillusioned and in bad health.
Campbell County, Tennessee, is named in his honor.
|U.S. House of Representatives|
|New constituency|| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Tennessee's at-large congressional district
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Tennessee's 2nd congressional district
| Chair of the House Ways and Means Committee
| United States Senator (Class 2) from Tennessee
Served alongside: Joseph Anderson
| United States Senator (Class 1) from Tennessee
Served alongside: Jesse Wharton, John Williams
|New office|| Chair of the Senate Finance Committee
| United States Secretary of the Treasury
| United States Minister to Russia
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William Dickson beat John Reah, George W. Campbell, and John Cocke to begin the 7th Congress in place of William C. C. Claiborne.1803 United States House of Representatives election in Tennessee
Tennessee increased its apportionment from 1 seat to 3 seats after the 1800 census.1805 United States House of Representatives elections in Tennessee
Beginning with the 9th Congress, Tennessee was divided into 3 districts.1807 United States House of Representatives elections in Tennessee
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Jenkin Whiteside (1772 – September 25, 1822) was an attorney who served as a United States Senator from Tennessee.Jesse Wharton
Jesse Wharton (July 29, 1782 – July 22, 1833) was an attorney who briefly represented Tennessee in each house of Congress.John Williams (Tennessee)
John Williams (January 29, 1778 – August 10, 1837) was an American lawyer, soldier, and statesman, operating primarily out of Knoxville, Tennessee, in the first part of the 19th century. He represented Tennessee in the United States Senate from 1815 to 1823, when he lost reelection to Andrew Jackson. Williams also served as colonel of the 39th U.S. Infantry during the Creek Wars, and played a key role in Jackson's victory at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend in 1814.Williams later distanced himself from Jackson, and aligned himself with John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay. Adams appointed him chargé d'affaires to the Central American Federation in 1825.Joseph Anderson
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USCGC Campbell (WPG-32) was a 327-foot (100 m) Secretary-class (also known as Treasury-class) United States Coast Guard ship built at the Philadelphia Navy Yard in 1935-1936 and commissioned in 1936. Seven similar "combat cutters" were built and named for secretaries of the United States Treasury.
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William Pinkney (March 17, 1764 – February 25, 1822) was an American statesman and diplomat, and was appointed the seventh U.S. Attorney General by President James Madison.
|Secretary of State|
|Secretary of the Treasury|
|Secretary of War|
|Secretary of the Navy|
| Russian Empire|
| Soviet Union|
| Russian Federation|