George Tomlinson

George Tomlinson (21 March 1890 – 22 September 1952) was a British Labour Party politician.

George Tomlinson

Minister of Education
In office
February 1947 – October 1951
Prime MinisterClement Attlee
Preceded byEllen Wilkinson
Succeeded byFlorence Horsbrugh
Minister of Works
In office
August 1945 – February 1947
Prime MinisterClement Attlee
Preceded byDuncan Sandys
Succeeded byCharles Key
Member of Parliament
for Farnworth
In office
Preceded byGuy Rowson
Succeeded byErnest Thornton
Personal details
Born21 March 1890
Rishton, Lancashire
Died22 September 1952 (aged 62)
Manor House Hospital, Golders Green, London
Political partyLabour
Spouse(s)Ethel, née Pursell (m. 1914)[1]
Childrenone daughter[1]


George Tomlinson was born at 55 Fielding Street in Rishton, Lancashire, the son of John Tomlinson, a cotton weaver, and his wife Alice, née Varley. He was educated in Rishton at Wesleyan Elementary School.[2]

At the age of 12 he took work as weaver at a cotton mill, working half-time the first year before becoming a full-timer. In 1912 he was elected president of the Rishton district of the Amalgamated Weavers' Association.[2]

Tomlinson married the cotton weaver Ethel Pursell on 4 September 1914 and together they had a daughter.[1]

He was a conscientious objector in the First World War, working on the land for three years.

He was elected Member of Parliament for the Farnworth constituency in Lancashire at a by-election in 1938 and held the seat until his death in 1952, aged 62. He was joint Parliamentary Secretary under Ernest Bevin in the Ministry of Labour and National Service from February 1941 to May 1945 in Winston Churchill's wartime Coalition Government. In Clement Attlee's post-war Labour government he was Minister of Works, August 1945 – February 1947, and Minister of Education, February 1947 – October 1951, following the death of Ellen Wilkinson.

In 1944 Tomlinson was a British delegate at the International Labour Conference held at Philadelphia in the United States.[1]

A biography of Tomlinson written by Fred Blackburn, a fellow Labour politician and Member of Parliament for Stalybridge and Hyde, was published by Heinemann in 1954. The biography, which features a foreword by Clement Attlee, is largely based on talks Blackburn had with Tomlinson before his death.

The George Tomlinson School, which opened in Kearsley the year following his death, was named in his memory. The school converted to academy status in 2010 and was renamed Kearsley Academy.[3]


  1. ^ a b c d Mitchell 1995, p. 970
  2. ^ a b "George Tomlinson". Links in a Chain - The Mayors of Bolton. Bolton Council. 2012. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  3. ^ "End of an era as school prepares to reopen as an academy". The Bolton News. 25 July 2010. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  • Mitchell, Andrew (1995). "Tomlinson, George". In Lane, A. Thomas. Biographical Dictionary of European Labor Leaders. Volume 2, M–Z. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. p. 970. ISBN 0-313-29900-5.

Further reading

  • Blackburn, Fred (1954). George Tomlinson: A Biography. London: Heinemann.
  • Dean, D. W. (1986). "Planning for a postwar generation: Ellen Wilkinson and George Tomlinson at the Ministry of Education, 1945–51". History of Education. The History of Education Society. 15 (2): 95–117. doi:10.1080/0046760860150204.

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Guy Rowson
Member of Parliament for Farnworth
Succeeded by
Ernest Thornton
Political offices
Preceded by
Duncan Sandys
Minister of Works
Succeeded by
Charles Key
Preceded by
Ellen Wilkinson
Minister of Education
Succeeded by
Florence Horsbrugh
1938 Farnworth by-election

The Farnworth by-election of 1938 was held on 27 January 1938. The by-election was held due to the death of the incumbent Labour MP, Guy Rowson. It was won by the Labour candidate George Tomlinson.

1952 Farnworth by-election

The Farnworth by-election was held on 27 November 1952. The election was held due to the death of the incumbent Labour MP, George Tomlinson. It was won by the Labour candidate Ernest Thornton.


Arborite is the leading Canadian manufacturer of high-pressure decorative plastic laminates (HPL). Best known as a counter top surfacing material, laminate is a durable decorative veneer applied to cabinetry, furniture, and other horizontal and vertical surfaces. The original Arborite material was developed in 1942 by the Howard Smith Paper Company as an innovative way to utilize waste by-products of the Canadian papermaking industry, and to this day laminate is commonly referred to in Canada by the trade name Arborite.

Auberge d'Aragon

The Auberge d'Aragon (Maltese: Berġa ta' Aragona) is an auberge in Valletta, Malta. It was built in 1571 to house knights of the Order of Saint John from the langue of Aragon, Navarre and Catalonia. It is the only surviving auberge in Valletta which retains its original Mannerist design by the architect Girolamo Cassar.In the early 19th century, the building was requisitioned by the British military, and in 1842 it was leased to Bishop George Tomlinson, being renamed Gibraltar House. At this point, a neoclassical portico was added to the façade, the only alteration to the building since the 16th century. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, the auberge was also used as a printing press and a school. It was converted in a hospital during WWII.

It housed the Office of the Prime Minister in 1921–33 and 1947–72. Since then, various government ministries have used the building. As of 2016, it houses the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister and the Parliamentary Secretary for the EU Presidency 2017 and EU Funds.

Cambridge Apostles

The Cambridge Apostles is an intellectual society at the University of Cambridge founded in 1820 by George Tomlinson, a Cambridge student who went on to become the first Bishop of Gibraltar.The origin of the Apostles' nickname dates from the number, twelve, of their founders. Membership consists largely of undergraduates, though there have been graduate student members, and members who already hold university and college posts. The society traditionally drew most of its members from Christ's, St John's, Jesus, Trinity and King's Colleges.

Cathedral of the Holy Trinity, Gibraltar

The Cathedral of the Holy Trinity is the cathedral for the Church of England Diocese of Gibraltar in Europe. Located in Cathedral Square, it is sometimes referred to simply as Gibraltar Cathedral, although it should not be confused with the Cathedral of St. Mary the Crowned, which is Gibraltar's Roman Catholic cathedral. The cathedral is particularly notable for its Moorish revival architecture, particularly in its use of horseshoe arches. This is an architectural style inspired by Moorish architecture, appropriate given the period of Moorish control in Gibraltar's history.

Farnworth (UK Parliament constituency)

Farnworth was a county constituency in Lancashire which returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1918 until it was abolished for the 1983 general election.

George McLean (footballer, born 1943)

George McLean (born 26 May 1943) is a Scottish former footballer who played at both professional and international levels as a centre forward.

George Tomlinson (bishop)

Right Rev. George Tomlinson (12 March 1794 – 6 February 1863) was an English cleric, the Anglican Bishop of Gibraltar from 1842 to 1863.


Kearsley ( KURZ-lee) is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton, Greater Manchester, England. The population at the 2011 census was 14,212. Historically part of Lancashire, it lies 8 miles (13 km) northwest of Manchester, 5 miles (8 km) southwest of Bury and 3 3⁄4 miles (6 km) south of Bolton.

It is bounded on the west by Walkden, the east by Whitefield, the north by Farnworth and the south by Clifton.

Kearsley was a township in the ancient ecclesiastical parish of Deane, in the Hundred of Salford. Kearsley Urban District was a local government authority from 1894 until 1974. In 1933, part of Clifton was added to Kearsley Urban District. Part of Outwood, Radcliffe became part of Kearsley in line with the 1933 Lancashire Review.

Kearsley Academy

Kearsley Academy (formerly George Tomlinson School) is a coeducational secondary school and sixth form with academy status. It is located in Kearsley in the English county of Greater Manchester.Previously a foundation school administered by Bolton Metropolitan Borough Council, George Tomlinson School converted to academy status in September 2010 and was renamed Kearsley Academy. However the school continues to coordinate with Bolton Metropolitan Borough Council for admissions. The school introduced a sixth form provision in 2012 and relocated to new buildings in 2014.Kearsley Academy offers GCSEs and BTECs as programmes of study for pupils, while students in the sixth form have the option to study from a range of A-levels, Cambridge Nationals and further BTECs. The school also specialises in mathematics and computing.In 2018, Kearsley Academy came under scrutiny for its lack of action against a teacher who bullied a child due to the colour of her hair, as well as sending two boys home from school because their school shoes were "deemed incorrect" and did not match the school's uniform policy, despite being purchased from Clarks, a brand well known for high quality and acceptable school shoes.

List of schools in the London Borough of Waltham Forest

This is the list of schools in the London Borough of Waltham Forest, England.

Malta Protestant College

The Malta Protestant College was a short-lived Church of England training college.It was established in 1846 and came under the jurisdiction of George Tomlinson, Bishop of Gibraltar from 1842 to 1863. Its first principal was John Hickman. formerly headteacher of Wigan Grammar School. Regular meetings in England to scrutinise the work of the college. It closed in 1865. Its loss was much lamented by the islands Anglican community. The college's last principal Charles Popham Miles became the incumbent at Monkwearmouth in December 1866.

Robert George Tomlinson

Robert George Tomlinson (30 March 1869 – 13 January 1949) was an English brewer and cricketer who played for Derbyshire between 1891 and 1893 and was later umpire in first-class matches in Scotland.

Tomlinson was born at Winshill, Derbyshire, the son of Henry George Tomlinson and his wife Cecilia Mary Lowe. His father was a director of Thomas Salt and Company brewers of Burton on Trent. He was educated at Repton School where he played in the first XI and at Magdalen College, Oxford. He entered the family brewing firm of Thomas Salt and Company to become a director, and played cricket for the brewery and for Derbyshire Friars. In the 1891 season he made his debut for Derbyshire and played twice in the 1892 season and twice in the 1893 season when the club's matches were not accorded first-class status. He was described as a good batsman and slow bowler.Tomlinson married Christiana Alexandrina Agnes Gibson Bowie, daughter of Alexander Gibson Bowie of Edinburgh in 1898. Between 1905 and 1908 he umpired first-class matches in Edinburgh during June and July when Scotland played touring Australians, West Indians and South Africans and English counties.Tomlinson died at Malvern, Worcestershire, at the age of 79. His son William Tomlinson played first-class cricket for Derbyshire and for Cambridge University. His daughter Wanda married Keith Bullen, one of the Cairo poets. His cousin Alfred Cochrane also played cricket for Derbyshire

Robert Tomlinson

This page is about the Irish medical missionary; for the Pennsylvania politician see Tommy Tomlinson.

Robert Tomlinson (1842–1913) was an Irish Anglican medical missionary, known for his work with the indigenous peoples of British Columbia.

Robert Tomlinson was born in 1842 in Ireland. He defied his Roman Catholic parents by converting to Anglicanism, prompting his father, Thomas Tomlinson, to disinherit him. He graduated from Trinity College in Dublin, worked as a livery hand to finance his medical training at Adelaide Hospital and was ordained in the Church of Ireland. His parish was St. James Anglican Church in Dublin.

In 1867 he moved to British Columbia as a medical missionary. That same year he met his future wife, Alice Woods, who was also from Ireland, in Victoria, British Columbia.

He served under the Church Missionary Society's Anglican lay minister in charge of the region, William Duncan, who was based at the Tsimshian community he founded, Metlakatla. Despite initial rockiness, Duncan and Tomlinson shared ideals and Tomlinson supported some of Duncan's controversial catechetical innovations, such as omitting the rite of Holy Communion so as not to stir nascent cannibalistic impulses in his flock.

Tomlinson's first serious duty was to re-establish the Rev. Robert A. Doolan's three-year-old Anglican mission among the Nisga'a people by relocating it from the lower Nass River to a newly established community, Kincolith (today known as Gingolx), at the mouth of the Nass River. This became a successful mission on the Metlakatla model. In 1883 he was joined there by the Rev. William Henry Collison.

In 1887, Tomlinson vacillated as to whether he ought to join Duncan in his move with about 800 Tsimshians to form an independent (non-Anglican) mission at "New" Metlakatla, Alaska. Instead, the Tomlinsons joined their fellow missionary A. E. Price in resigning from CMS and moving to the Gitksan village of Kitwanga well up the Skeena River from Metlakatla. In 1888 they formed a new non-sectarian Christian Gitksan village nearby which they called Meanskinisht (a.k.a. Cedarvale).

In 1908 Tomlinson and his son, Robert Tomlinson Jr., moved to Metlakatla, Alaska, to assist Duncan but the elder Tomlinson was upset to find what others too were finding at fault in how Duncan ran the community: that too much economic and political power was in Duncan's own hands and that educating the Tsimshians to be independent citizens was not a priority. Tomlinson left to return to Meanskinisht in 1912.

Tomlinson died the following year at Meanskinisht, of hardening of the arteries, at 71 years of age.

His son's extensive memoirs, recorded by his wife, Roxie Irene Tomlinson, onto reel-to-reel tape, were later organized by their own son, George Tomlinson, into a fiction-style narrative of his life and work, written from Robert Jr.'s first-person perspective.

Thomas Salt and Co

Thomas Salt and Co. was a brewery that operated in Burton upon Trent, England for 150 years.

The brewery was founded in 1774 as Joseph Clay and son by Joseph Clay, described in The "British Directory" of 1791 as one of the famous "nine common brewers of Burton-on-Trent." Joseph Clay came originally from Merrybower, near Derby. When Clay died in 1800, his son Joseph took over and also acquired the Leeson brewery. Joseph Clay junior then opened one of the first banks in Burton, and delegated the brewery management to his maltster, Thomas Salt. He sold out to Salt just before the Napoleonic Blockade of Russia and the Baltic, which led to a dramatic decline in beer exports. Burton brewers had exported large quantities of beer to the Baltic, importing in exchange timber and iron to make the barrels.

In “The Curiosities of Ale and Beer”, John Bickerdyke records that Thomas Salt is included in the list of brewers in the town records in 1789. According to Bickerdyke, Salt's Maltings were adjacent to Clay's brewery in 1774 and by 1789 Salt had started his own brewery. Thomas Salt later worked Clay's brewery as part of his own brewery at 119 High Street, Burton.

Prior to 1802 Thomas Salt, Francis Pitt, Edward Marston and John Allen were in partnership as common brewers under the firm of Thomas Salt & Co. In 1802 Edward Marston left the partnership, leaving the other three to continue . In 1804 Thomas Salt passed his share in the company to his son, Thomas Salt the Younger. When Thomas Salt the Younger died in 1813 his son, Thomas Fosbrooke Salt, was only 5 years old. In 1818 the brewery was running in High Street and Susan Salt (widow of Thomas Salt) was also living in High Street. At some point after this the brewery was managed chiefly by Thomas Fosbrooke Salt, under the name Salt and Co.

In 1853 Henry Wardle (Thomas Fosbrooke Salt's son-in-law) joined Salt in the business and in due course Salt's sons Edmund and William also became directors. Henry George Tomlinson, who had joined the company as its chemist also joined the board. When pale ale became popular, Salts like other Burton firms responded to the public's changed tastes and Salt's IPA became particularly well-known. The company’s workforce grew from 194 in 1861 to 400 in 1888 making it one of the major breweries in Burton behind Bass, Worthington, and Samuel Allsopp & Sons.In 1889 Alfred Barnard visited the brewery and included an extensive account in his The noted breweries of Great Britain and Ireland After Henry Wardle died in 1892, the company became a public limited company. In an era of expansion in the 1890s, the company took over John Bell and the Anchor Brewery. By the end of the century the company had tied houses as far away as Cheltenham and Gloucester. In the difficult trading conditions in the first decade of the 20th century, Salts were by 1906 unable to pay interest on shares and tried to effect a merger with Allsopps and the Burton Brewery Company. This was opposed by some of the debenture holders, and the company went into receivership in 1907. The company was restructured financially by depriving the Directors of almost all the value of their holdings, but survived until 1927, when it was taken over by Bass for £1,177,773.


Tomlinson may refer to:

Tomlinson v Congleton Borough Council, an English court case in Occupiers' LiabilityAs a surname, Tomlinson may refer to:

Ambrose Jessup Tomlinson, founder of the Church of God of ProphecyBob Tomlinson, English professional footballer

Sir Bernard Tomlinson, neuropathologist

Charles Tomlinson (1927–2015), British poet and translator

Charles Tomlinson (scientist)

Christopher Tomlinson, British long jumper

Claire Tomlinson, presenter for Sky Sports

Craig Tomlinson, Jamaican soccer player

Dalvin Tomlinson, American football player

David Tomlinson, English actor

Denis Tomlinson, Rhodesian cricketer

Eleanor Tomlinson, English actress

Eric Arthur Tomlinson, music recording engineer

Ernest Tomlinson (1924-2015), English composer

Frank Tomlinson, English footballer

Fred Tomlinson (singer) 1927-2016,singer

G. A. Tomlinson, British physicist after whom the Tomlinson model is named

G. H. Tomlinson, Canadian inventor of the chemical pulp process recovery boiler

George Tomlinson (1890-1952), British Labour politician, Member of Parliament, Minister of Works and Minister of Education

George Tomlinson (bishop), (1794–1863) an English cleric who served as Anglican Bishop of Gibraltar

Gerald Tomlinson, New Jersey author

Gideon Tomlinson, of the Tomlinson Bridge of Fair Haven

Graeme Tomlinson, English footballer

Harold Tomlinson, British architect

Henry Major Tomlinson (1873–1958), a British writer and journalist

Ian Tomlinson, a British newspaper vendor who died in central London after being beaten by police during the 2009 G-20 protests*Ian Tomlinson (athlete), an Olympic athlete from Australia

Ike Tomlinson (1910–2000), head coach of the Arkansas State college football program

Isaac Tomlinson (1880–1970), English footballer with Chesterfield, Southampton and Portsmouth

James Tomlinson, English cricketer

Jane Tomlinson, British campaigner and fund raiser for cancer charities

Jeff Tomlinson, Canadian-German ice hockey coach

Jimmy Tomlinson, English footballer

John Tomlinson

John Tomlinson (educationalist) (1932–2005), British educationalist

John Tomlinson (singer) (born 1946), English opera singer

John Tomlinson, Baron Tomlinson (born 1939), Lord Tomlinson of Walsall, former MP and MEP

John Tomlinson (comics), comics writer for 2000 AD

Kelby Tomlinson, baseball player for The San Francisco Giants

Kerry-Anne Tomlinson (born 1990), New Zealand cricketer

Kenneth Tomlinson, American government official

LaDainian Tomlinson, American football player

Laken Tomlinson, American football player

Louis Tomlinson, member of the boy band One Direction

LeShay Tomlinson, American actress

Mel Tomlinson, American dancer and choreographer

Michael Tomlinson, British Conservative Party politician, MP for Mid Dorset and North Poole since 2015

Paul Tomlinson, English footballer

P.B. Tomlinson, British botanist

Ray Tomlinson (1941-2016), American inventor, originator of the '@' separator used in e-mail addressing

Reg Tomlinson (1914–1971), English footballer with Grimsby and Southampton

Richard Tomlinson, former British MI6 officer

Richard Allan Tomlinson (born 1932), British archaeologist

Richard H. Tomlinson, Canadian philanthropist

Ricky Tomlinson, British actor

Roger Tomlinson, originator of the Geographic Information Systems

Sandra Tomlinson (born 1947), Australian basketball player

Stuart Tomlinson (born 1985), English footballer

Theresa Tomlinson (or Thomlinson), children's author

Tommy Tomlinson, Pennsylvania State Senator

Tommy Tomlinson (musician), American rockabilly guitarist

Trent Tomlinson, American country music singer-songwriterTomlinson as a first name:

Tomlinson Holman, American film theorist and educator

United Textile Factory Workers' Association

The United Textile Factory Workers' Association (UTFWA) was a trade union federation in Great Britain. It was active from 1889 until 1975.

William Tomlinson

William James Vincent Tomlinson (10 August 1901 – 16 May 1984) was an English schoolmaster and cricketer who played first-class cricket for Derbyshire and Cambridge University from 1920 to 1924.

Tomlinson was born at Winshill, Derbyshire the son of Robert George Tomlinson and his wife Christiana Gibson Bowie. His father was a director of Salt's Brewery in Burton-on-Trent and had also played cricket for Derbyshire. He was educated at Felsted School and Emmanuel College, Cambridge.

Tomlinson made his first-class debut for Derbyshire in August 1920 when he bowled 5-53 against Sussex, taking the wickets of Harold and Arthur Gilligan and Maurice Tate. However that was to remain his best performance. He played three more games in the season when Derbyshire failed to win a match. He played six games in 1921 when under Guy Jackson the team moved up to 12th in the Championship. In 1922 he played two games for Cambridge University and twelve games for Derbyshire who reached 11th in the championship, accompanying Wilfred Hill-Wood in both teams. In 1923 he played two games for Derbyshire and ten for Cambridge University culminating in the Varsity match which that year, was nicknamed the "Thunderstorm match". Oxford ran up a high score before overnight storms created a very sticky wicket and the Cambridge team which included Gubby Allen and Claude Ashton were quickly dismissed in two innings. Tomlinson played one game for Derbyshire in 1924 and then stayed with club cricket. He was a right-arm medium pace bowler and took 58 first-class wickets with an average of 32.24 and a best performance of 5-53. He was a right-hand batsman and played 65 innings in 38 first-class matches with a top score of 66 and an average of 14.94.After university, Tomlinson joined the teaching staff of St Cyprian's School preparatory school in Eastbourne and played club cricket for Free Foresters, Eastbourne, and for the school's St Cyprian's Cygnets team comprising staff, parents, old boys and friends. In 1933 he married Rosemary Vaughan Wilkes, the eldest daughter of the proprietors and in 1936 succeeded his father-in-law as headmaster. In 1939 the school buildings in Eastbourne were burnt down, and the school decamped to Midhurst, until the premises were requisitioned by the army in 1940. After a period in Gloucestershire, the school joined Summer Fields School in Oxford. In 1948 Tomlinson took a headmastership again at Norwich at Langley Junior School. He retired to Elsing, Norfolk where he died aged 82.

Tomlinson's sister Wanda married Keith Bullen a schoolmaster and poet in Cairo and founded Manor House School in Egypt.

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