George Massenburg

George Y. Massenburg (born Baltimore, Maryland) is a recording engineer and inventor. Working principally in Baltimore, Los Angeles, Nashville, and Macon, Georgia, Massenburg is widely known for submitting a paper to the Audio Engineering Society in 1972 regarding the parametric equalizer.[1]

GML - George Massenburg Labs (AES 124)
George Massenburg Labs's booth on the AES Convention


At 15, Massenburg worked part-time both in the recording studio and in an electronics laboratory. He attended Baltimore Polytechnic Institute and Johns Hopkins University, majoring in electrical engineering. As a sophomore, he left the University and never returned.

Massenburg authored a technical paper entitled "parametric equalization" which was presented at the 42nd convention of the Audio Engineering Society in 1972.[1] He is regularly published in professional journals and trade magazines worldwide. In 1973 and 1974, he was chief engineer of Studio Europa-Sonor in Paris, France, and helped Gerhard Lehner install the expanded Neve 80-series console at Barclay Records studio on Avenue Hoche. During those years, Massenburg also did freelance engineering and equipment design in Europe.

Massenburg participated (individually and collaboratively) in over four hundred record albums over the past 45 years. His work includes recordings of Earth, Wind & Fire, James Taylor, Billy Joel, Toto, Dixie Chicks, Journey, Madeleine Peyroux, Little Feat, Weather Report, Randy Newman, Lyle Lovett, Aaron Neville, Kenny Loggins, Mary Chapin Carpenter, Linda Ronstadt, Herbie Hancock, The Seldom Scene, and many more. He has designed, built and managed several recording studios, notably ITI Studios in Hunt Valley, Maryland, Blue Seas Recording in Baltimore, and The Complex in Los Angeles. In addition, he has contributed to the acoustical and architectural design of many other studios, including Skywalker Sound and The Site in Marin County, California.[2]

In 1982, he founded George Massenburg Labs, a pioneering audio electronics company that has released an extensive range of innovative console automation devices, analog signal processors, microphone preamplifiers and power supplies, all based on his original circuit designs. Among GML’s most venerable products is the GML8200 Parametric Equalizer and the GML8900 Dynamic Range Controller, which reacts to loudness like our ears do, rather than to voltage levels.

Massenburg is also an Associate Professor of Sound Recording at the Schulich School of Music at McGill University in Montreal, Quebec, Canada and a Visiting Lecturer at the University of California, Los Angeles, the University of Southern California, the Berklee College Of Music in Boston, and the University of Memphis in Memphis, TN.

Awards and honors

He won the Academy of Country Music award for record of the year in 1988, the Mix Magazine TEC Awards for Producer and Engineer of the year in 1989,[3] the TEC Awards Hall of Fame in 1990[4] and the Engineer of the year award in 1992.[5] He won a Grammy in 1996, and the Special Merit/Technical Grammy Award in 1998. In 2005, Massenburg was inducted into the TECnology Hall of Fame for his 1969 invention of the ITI ME-230 Parametric Equalizer.[6] In 2009, he was awarded an honorary Doctorate of Music by Boston’s Berklee College of Music. In 2008 he received the AES Gold Medal.


In 1982, Massenburg founded GML, Inc., which produces equipment for specific recording applications.[2] They have recently introduced the GML 2032 Mic Pre and Parametric EQ, which have been in development for twenty years, along with the GML Automation System, the High Resolution Topology Line-Level Mixing Console and the GML Microphone Pre-Amplifier. GML also consults and does independent design for several major audio electronics manufacturers.

Personal life

Massenburg married Carol "Cookie" Rankin in Mabou, Nova Scotia on July 27, 2001, when he was 54 and she 36.[7] Rankin is one of the founding members of the Rankin Family, a Celtic folk/country band from Cape Breton who were very popular in Canada during the 1990s. She and Massenburg live in Montreal, Quebec, Franklin, Tennessee and Mabou, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia. He has one son, Sam, an electronic musician and performer.

See also


  1. ^ a b George Massenburg, May 1972. Parametric Equalization. Retrieved on Aug 26, 2015.
  2. ^ a b George Massenburg Labs. About George. Retrieved on May 26, 2015.
  3. ^ Mix Foundation 1989 TEC Awards Archived 2008-08-20 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on April 23, 2009.
  4. ^ Mix Foundation TEC Awards Hall of Fame Inductees Archived 2008-08-20 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on April 23, 2009.
  5. ^ Mix Foundation 1992 TEC Awards Archived 2008-08-20 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on April 23, 2009.
  6. ^ Mix Foundation TECnology Hall of Fame 2005 Archived 2006-04-17 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on April 23, 2009.
  7. ^ National Post, Graeme Hamilton, July 28, 2001. This is a great day for the Rankin Family. Retrieved on April 23, 2009.

External links

A Merry Little Christmas (Linda Ronstadt album)

A Merry Little Christmas is a Christmas album by American singer/songwriter/producer Linda Ronstadt, released in 2000. It was the final release under Ronstadt's recording contract with the Elektra/Asylum Records label for whom Linda had recorded since 1973 (twenty-seven years to that point). John Boylan returned to the scene as Linda's producer - and manager - for this disc. Boylan remains Linda's official representative as of 2017.

It was the biggest-selling Holiday album of the 2000 Christmas season. It peaked at #179 on Billboard's main album chart and continued to sell year in and year out.

This item is currently out of print.

Coming Around Again (album)

Coming Around Again is American singer-songwriter Carly Simon's 14th album, and 13th studio album, released in 1987. It is the first of many albums Simon recorded for Arista Records. The title track, along with "Itsy Bitsy Spider", was written for and featured in the 1986 film Heartburn.

The title song peaked at #18 on the Billboard Hot 100, becoming Simon's twelfth Top 40 hit in the United States. Additionally, it was a top 10 hit in the UK. The album itself reached #25 in both the US and the UK. It was certified Silver by the BPI in September 1987, and Platinum by the RIAA in early 1988. It has since sold nearly two million copies in the US.

Shortly after the album's release, a live outdoor concert also entitled "Carly Simon – Coming Around Again" was recorded in June 1987 on Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts for HBO, and later released on video. On a pier in front of an invited audience, Simon and her band performed most of the songs from the album as well some of her older hits. The concert was also released as a live album in 1988 entitled Greatest Hits Live, and has also since been released on DVD as Live From Martha's Vineyard.On October 27th, 2017, Hot Shot Records released a 30th Anniversary deluxe edition of the album. The two disc set includes six bonus tracks, including a 12" extended remix of the single "Give Me All Night", and the Oscar winning "Let the River Run", along with a second disc consisting of Simon's aforementioned Greatest Hits Live album, retitled for this set as Carly in Concert – Coming Around Again. An in-depth interview with Simon is also included in the albums booklet.

Dedicated to the One I Love (album)

Dedicated to the One I Love is an album of rock classics reinterpreted as children's lullabies by American singer, songwriter and producer Linda Ronstadt.

Released in the mid-1996, it reached #78 and lasted three months on the main Billboard album chart. It also earned the singer a new career distinction when it hit #1 on the Top Kid Audio chart. It was awarded a 1997 Grammy Award.

This album was reissued on Rhino's Flashback Records label in 2009. It is now out of print.

Feels Like Home (Linda Ronstadt album)

Feels Like Home is an out of print studio album by American singer/songwriter/producer Linda Ronstadt released in 1995. It reached #75 and lasted 12 weeks on the Billboard album chart. It received excellent critical reviews upon release. According to Nielsen SoundScan, the disc sold precisely 188,815 copies in the United States. This album is now out of print physically, although it is available digitally and five of its tracks were subsequently included on Trio II.

A double sided single, Tom Petty's "The Waiting" and "Walk On", was released simultaneously with the album. "Walk On" returned Linda to the Billboard Country Singles chart for the first time as a solo artist (not counting the late 1980s 'Trio' hits) since 1983. The song was previously recorded by Matraca Berg on her 1990 debut album Lying to the Moon.

Adult Contemporary radio picked up the album track "The Blue Train" which reached 31 on that chart and lasted for ten weeks in the chart's Top 40. Album track "Feels Like Home" was incorporated into Randy Newman's musical Randy Newman's Faust, which opened later in 1995, and has been subsequently covered by a number of artists.

Frenesí (album)

Frenesí is a 1992 Grammy Award-winning album by American singer, songwriter, and producer Linda Ronstadt.

Hummin' to Myself (Linda Ronstadt album)

Hummin’ to Myself is a 2004 traditional jazz album by American singer/songwriter/producer Linda Ronstadt. The album debuted at #3 on the Billboard Top Jazz Albums chart where it remained for six months. It peaked at #166 on the main Billboard album chart and sold approximately 75,000 copies in the United States during its first year.

Let It Roll (Little Feat album)

Let It Roll is the eighth studio album by the American rock band Little Feat, released in 1988. Eight of the ten songs on the album were co-written by new band member Craig Fuller, the founding member of Pure Prairie League. Fuller also takes most lead vocals. The album attained RIAA certified gold status on February 14, 1989. It is the first Little Feat studio album without Lowell George, after his death in 1979 and is one of their most successful albums, sparking a comeback by the band. The first single, "Hate to Lose Your Lovin'", earned the band their first #1 hit on the Mainstream Rock Tracks chart.

Live (James Taylor album)

Live is the first live album by singer-songwriter James Taylor, released on August 10, 1993, on Columbia. The double album presents selections from 14 shows during a November 1992 tour. Live peaked at number 20 on the Billboard 200 chart, and has sold more than one million copies, being certified 2x platinum by the RIAA.

A single-album CD featuring highlights of the double album was also released, titled Best Live. There are two different versions of this album; a 17-track version was released in 1993, while a shorter 12-track version was released on June 21, 1994.On digital distributors such as Spotify and iTunes, many of the verbal introductions that were present in the original CD have been cut.

Representing the Mambo

Representing the Mambo is the ninth studio album by the American rock band Little Feat, released in 1990. The single "Texas Twister", taken from he album, aided by a popular video which received heavy rotation on MTV, became the band's second #1 hit on the Mainstream Rock Tracks chart and would be a popular feature in the band's set list throughout the 90s.The album would be their last album on Warner Bros. Records after nearly 20 years with the label.

Reunion (The Rankin Family album)

Reunion is the sixth studio album by Canadian folk music group The Rankin Family. It was released by EMI on January 16, 2007. The album peaked at number 50 on the Canadian Albums Chart.

Shake Me Up

Shake Me Up is the tenth studio album by the American rock band Little Feat, released in 1991. (see 1991 in music). It was the last that they recorded with frontman Craig Fuller.

Speed of Life (Nitty Gritty Dirt Band album)

Speed of Life is the 2009 album from the Nitty Gritty Dirt Band. It reached number 59 on the U.S. Country charts.

Suspending Disbelief

Suspending Disbelief is the eighth album by American singer-songwriter Jimmy Webb, released in September 1993 by Elektra Records.

Technical Grammy Award

The Technical Grammy Award is a Grammy Special Merit Award presented to individuals and/or companies who have made contributions of outstanding technical significance to the recording field. The award was first presented in 1994 to Dr. Thomas G. Stockham Jr. Others who have received this award include Ray Dolby, Ikutaro Kakehashi, Rupert Neve, Les Paul, Phil Ramone, Dr. Robert Moog, Geoff Emerick, Tom Dowd, Bill Putnam, George Massenburg, Roger Linn, Leo Fender and Thomas Alva Edison. Companies honored include AKG_(company), Apple Computer,Digidesign, JBL Professional, Lexicon_(company), Shure Incorporated, Sony/Philips, and .

Trio (Dolly Parton, Linda Ronstadt and Emmylou Harris album)

Trio is the first collaborative studio album by Dolly Parton, Linda Ronstadt and Emmylou Harris. It was released on March 2, 1987, by Warner Bros. Records. The album sold over 4 million copies worldwide and also received several awards, including two Grammy Awards. Parton, Ronstadt, and Harris released a second album, Trio II, in 1999 and a third, The Complete Trio Collection, in 2016.

Trio II

Trio II is the second collaborative studio album by American singer-songwriters Dolly Parton, Linda Ronstadt and Emmylou Harris. It was released on February 9, 1999, by Asylum Records. At the 42nd Annual Grammy Awards, the album was nominated for Best Country Album and "After the Gold Rush" won Best Country Collaboration with Vocals.A dozen years after the release of their Platinum, Grammy-winning Trio album, the country music supergroup returned with another in the same vein. Five of the ten tracks on this album first appeared on Linda Ronstadt's 1995 album Feels Like Home: "Lover's Return", "High Sierra", a cover of Neil Young's "After the Gold Rush" (with Valerie Carter and string arrangements by David Campbell), "The Blue Train" (a top-40 solo hit for Ronstadt), and the title song to the Ronstadt album, the Randy Newman-composed "Feels Like Home". The album reached the top five on Billboard's Country Albums chart as well as number 62 on Billboard's main album listing.

The songs were recorded in 1994 by Parton, Ronstadt and Harris, but label disputes and conflicting schedules of the three women prevented their release at the time. Eventually, Ronstadt remixed the five above-mentioned tracks (sans Parton's vocals) to include in Feels Like Home. In 1999 (after Parton and Harris had parted ways with their respective labels), they decided to release the album as originally recorded. Though it yielded no hit singles (mainstream U.S. country radio had long since dropped most artists approaching or over 50 from their playlists by the late 1990s), Trio 2 was certified Gold by the RIAA, signifying U. S. sales of over 500,000 copies and won the trio another Grammy Award in 2000.

Childhood photos of Harris, Parton and Ronstadt were used for the album's cover, when a photo shoot proved impossible (due to the three artists' busy schedules), though they assembled for a short promotional tour in early 1999, and to film a music video for "After the Gold Rush" which was filmed inside a synagogue in New York City that January.

Though scheduling conflicts would not allow for an extended concert tour, the three did a short promotional tour to support the album, including performances on CBS This Morning, The Tonight Show with Jay Leno, The Today Show, and The Late Show with David Letterman.

"Softly & Tenderly" was recorded for the album but was cut. It was included on the 2007 Emmylou Harris boxset Songbird: Rare Tracks and Forgotten Gems.

Uprooted (The Rankin Family album)

Uprooted is the fifth studio album by Canadian folk music group The Rankins. It was released by EMI on April 28, 1998. The album peaked at number 30 on the RPM Top Albums chart.

We Ran

We Ran is a 1998 rock album by American singer, songwriter, and producer Linda Ronstadt. The disc featured back-up from Tom Petty's band, The Heartbreakers. It lasted two weeks on the Billboard albums chart, peaking at #160. Despite positive reviews, this release was a commercial failure for Ronstadt with U.S. sales of 57,897 copies according to Nielsen SoundScan.

This disc was taken out of print in 2009.

Ronstadt interprets a mixture of rock song material by various songwriters, including Bruce Springsteen, John Hiatt, Doc Pomus and Bob Dylan.

Winter Light (Linda Ronstadt album)

Winter Light is an out of print album by American singer/songwriter/producer Linda Ronstadt, released in late 1993. Although its total sales capped at 248,410 copies - according to Nielsen SoundScan - at the time of its deletion, it still stands as one of Linda's most acclaimed albums.

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