George Gore

George F. Gore (May 3, 1854 – September 16, 1933), nicknamed "Piano Legs",[1] was an American center fielder in Major League Baseball who played for 14 seasons, eight for the Chicago White Stockings, five for the New York Giants, one for the St. Louis Browns (1892) of the National League (NL), and the New York Giants of the Players' League (1890).

Born in Saccarappa, Maine, Gore led the NL in several seasonal offensive categories. He won his only batting title in 1880 while playing for Chicago, along with league leading totals in on-base percentage and slugging percentage. He also led the league twice in runs scored, bases on balls three times, and games played by a center fielder once. Gore was also the all-time leader for most errors by major league outfielder upon his retirement with 368 total, including a record 346 errors in the National League, records he still holds today. (He made 217 errors for Chicago; 122 for New York; and seven for St. Louis, all National League teams; and 22 for the New York Giants of the Players' League.)[2]

Gore played for many successful teams throughout his career. During his eight seasons with the White Stockings, they won the league title five times, including appearances in two World Series. Chicago played the St. Louis Browns in both 1885, which ended in a series tie, and 1886, with St. Louis winning the championship. He was also a member of the New York Giants' two National League championship teams in 1888 and 1889. Both Giants teams went on to claim World Series victories, against the St. Louis Browns in 1888, and the Brooklyn Bridegrooms in 1889.

Twice he set single-game records, one for stealing seven bases, and the other for collecting five extra-base hits. Although he had statistics that put him consistently among the seasonal league leaders, he reportedly had a poor work ethic resulting from an active social life outside of baseball. This behavior did not endear him to his team captain, Cap Anson, which caused them to feud during Gore's time in Chicago. After his career, he had major financial difficulties, having to move from job to job just to support his bare necessities. He died at the age of 79 in Utica, New York.

George Gore
George Gore
Center fielder
Born: May 3, 1854
Saccarappa, Maine
Died: September 16, 1933 (aged 79)
Utica, New York
Batted: Left Threw: Right
MLB debut
May 1, 1879, for the Chicago White Stockings
Last MLB appearance
August 18, 1892, for the St. Louis Browns
MLB statistics
Batting average.301
Runs scored1,327
Runs batted in618
As player

As manager

Career highlights and awards

Early life

Officially born in Saccarappa, Maine (although it is also claimed he was born in Hartland, Maine), Gore was born into a poor, country family.[3][4] As a young man, he grew up playing baseball in and around his hometown of Hartland. While working for, and playing for the S.D. Warren Paper Mill in Westbrook, Maine, his skills caught the attention of pro scouts and in 1877 he signed a contract with a team in Fall River, Massachusetts of the New England League.[4] He showed up to his first professional baseball tryout without shoes.[4]

The following year, he played for the New Bedford Whalers, batted .324 and helped the team win the New England championship.[4] Scouts from seven major league teams were vying for his services, but it was when he was playing in an exhibition game against Anson's Chicago White Stockings team that he got his opportunity to sign a major league contract. After the game, White Stockings owner Albert Spalding offered him a contract to play for his team, and Gore signed.[5] Spalding offered him $1,200 a season, and although Gore originally asked for $2,500, they eventually compromised on $1,900.[4]

Baseball career


He made his major league debut with Chicago on May 1, 1879.[3] He played in 63 games that first season as the club's starting center fielder and batted .263.[3] Gore excelled during his second season with Chicago, leading the league with a .360 batting average, as well as a .399 on-base percentage, and .463 slugging percentage.[3] Additionally, he finished in the top five among league leaders in runs scored, hits, doubles, runs batted in (RBIs), bases on balls and singles.[1]

In 1881 and 1882, Gore continued his hitting success, as he finished in the top 10 in multiple offensive categories.[1] He led the league in runs scored both seasons, and walks in 1882.[3] On June 25, 1881, he became the first known player to record at least seven stolen bases in one game when the Chicago Tribune noted that Gore stole second base five times and third base three times.[6] It considered the all-time record even though at the time stolen bases were not recorded as an official statistic. This feat has only been equaled by Billy Hamilton, who also stole seven bases on August 31, 1894.[6]

The White Stockings failed to finish the 1883 season in first place, after having captured league titles the previous three years.[7] Gore's production did not decline despite his team's sinking performance as he was again among the top players in several offensive categories over the next two seasons, including a league-leading 61 walks in 1884.[1]

In 1885 and 1886 the White Stockings returned to the top of the NL.[7] Gore's offensive production continued at a high level, again among league leaders in several categories.[1] On July 9, 1885, in a game against the Providence Grays and their pitcher Charles Radbourn, he gathered five extra-base hits, three doubles and two triples. He is the first player to accomplish this feat, which has since been equalled many times, but never surpassed.[6] After the 1885 season, Chicago played the St. Louis Browns, the American Association (AA) champion, in a best-of-seven series of exhibition games known as the "World Series." The series ended with Chicago and St. Louis each winning three games, and one game ending in a tie.[8] After the tie game, Gore was suspended for drunkenness and indifference, and was replaced for the rest of the series by Billy Sunday. Sunday later converted to Christianity and became a well-known evangelist.[8][9] In 1886, Gore established career highs in bases on balls with 102, which also led the NL, and runs scored with 150, while the White Stockings again finished in first place.[1][7] Following the season, the White Stockings again played the St. Louis Browns in another exhibition "World Series." St. Louis won the series, four games to two.[10]

Aftermath of the 1886 World Series

In the aftermath of the St. Louis series, there were not only charges of drunkenness among many of the players, but also allegations that players intentionally lost games for money, known then as "hippodroming".[11] King Kelly had the reputation as being the hardest drinker, as well as the having the most active social life, which management tolerated due to his stellar play. However, that meant instilling discipline in the other players, who used Kelly as an example, was extremely difficult.[11] On November 24, 1886, Gore was the first to go, when he was sold to the New York Giants for approximately $3,500.[3][11] Writer Henry Chadwick said Gore "cannot play in harmony with Captain and Manager Anson, and Mr. Spalding has wisely released a discontented player whose skill as a fielder, batter, and base runner was offset by his unpleasant relations with the team captain."[4]

Weeks after Gore's contract was sold to the New York Giants, Chicago writer Harry Palmer wrote that whenever Gore "failed to play ball for all he was worth, Anson has reprimanded him." Socially, Palmer added, Anson says "Gore is all right. As an instance of their friendly relations, Anson says Gore applied to him for work this Winter, and the big Chicago captain promised him employment on the toboggan slides at the White Stocking Park whenever he wanted it." In 1888, after seeing him in street clothes during a home game, the New York Star called him "'Budweiser' Gore."

In his 1900 book A Ball Player's Career, Anson said Gore was a good player. Also, "Women and wine brought about his downfall, however, and the last time that I saw him in New York he was broken down, both in heart and pocket, and willing to work at anything that would yield him the bare necessities of life."

New York

George Gore baseball card
1888 George Gore baseball card

Gore joined a New York Giants team that had a roster that contained no less than six future Baseball Hall of Famers: John Montgomery Ward, Roger Connor, Buck Ewing, Tim Keefe, Mickey Welch, and Jim O'Rourke.[12] Gore took his usual position in center field, replacing O'Rourke, who was the starter the previous season.[12][13] Gore played well that first season in New York, batting .290 and scoring 95 runs, but the team finished in fourth place in the National League.[3][14]

For the 1888 season, Gore played in just 64 of the team's 138 games.[15] O'Rourke had reclaimed a starting position, this time in left field, while Gore split his playing time between center and left field.[15] Gore's popularity waned early into the season, so much so that on May 3, New York fans screamed at on-field captain Ewing to play Mike Slattery instead.[6] Gore had already taken his position in left field, but Ewing made the change to Slattery before the game started.[6] New York finished the season as the National League champions, and met the St. Louis Browns in the World Series.[16][17] Gore appeared in three of the eleven games that were played during this post-season exhibition. New York was declared the victor, winning six games, and Gore contributed five hits in eleven at-bats for a .455 batting average during the series.[17]

Gore regained his starting position in center field for the 1889 season, and his play improved over his 1888 performance. He batted .305, scored 132 runs, and hit seven home runs in 120 games played, although he did commit 41 errors in center field, which led the league.[3] The Giants again finished the season as the champions of the NL, and met the Brooklyn Bridegrooms in the 1889 World Series after the season.[16][18] New York was again declared the victor after winning six of the nine games exhibition games played. Gore played in five of these games, collecting seven hits in 21 at-bats for a .333 batting average.[18]

Players' League

After the 1889 season, Gore's teammate, John Montgomery Ward, had organized a new league, the Players' League, and many players were a part of his new union of baseball players called "The Brotherhood". The Players' League began play for the 1890 season, and Gore joined many of his fellow Giants as they joined the new league to play for the New York Giants.[19][20] Again, Gore split his playing time between left and center field with both Slattery and O'Rourke, but did finish the season appearing in 93 of the team's 132 games, and batted .318 with 132 runs.[3]

Return to the Giants

Following the 1890 season, the Players' League folded and all the players were allowed to return to their previous teams. Gore returned the Giants along with all of his teammates. In 1891, the Giants did not return to their previous championship status. They finished third among the league's eight teams, with Gore as their starting center fielder, while O'Rourke had moved to left due the departure of Slattery.[21][22] Gore batted .284 and scored 103 runs in 130 games played.[3]

St. Louis

Gore began the 1892 season as the starting center fielder of the Giants, but through an unknown transaction, had moved on to the position of player-manager for the St. Louis Browns of the NL.[3] He began his tenure on August 1, and it ended on August 18, during which time his Browns had a win–loss record of 6–9 in the games he managed.[3] In the 20 games that he played in, his batting average was .205. He soon departed the team, and he never played major league baseball again.[3]


Personal life

In 1894, a judge granted a divorce to his wife. Married since 1882, she had accused him of living in 1891 and into 1892 with a Florence "Florilla" Sinclaire "as his wife, and that they [Gore and Sinclaire] lived as man and wife in One Hundred and Twenty-ninth street" in New York City. Gore denied his wife's charge of having had intimate relations with Sinclaire.


In 1933, months before his death at age 79, Gore told a reporter, "I haven't seen a sick day in seventy-five years, and I feel as good today as I did thirty years ago. I can't get around like I used to, but I still am able to walk three or four miles daily. That keeps me in good shape. I eat three hearty meals a day and my favorite diversion now is playing pinocle. I play it every night. It's great sport for us old-timers." Gore died in Utica, New York at the age of 79, after having lived in Nutley, New Jersey the previous 13 years.[3][23]

See also


  • Cash, Jon David. (2002). Before They Were Cardinals: Major League Baseball in Nineteenth-Century St. Louis. University of Missouri Press. ISBN 0-8262-1401-0.
  • Rosenberg, Howard W. (2006). Cap Anson 4: Bigger Than Babe Ruth: Captain Anson of Chicago. Arlington, Virginia: Tile Books. ISBN 0-9725574-3-1.
  • Stout, Glenn; Johnson, Richard A. (2007). The Cubs: The Complete Story of Chicago Cubs Baseball. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. ISBN 0-618-59500-7.
  1. ^ a b c d e f "George Gore's career statistics". Retrieved 2009-10-22.
  2. ^ "George Gore – Standard Fielding".
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "George Gore's career statistics". Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved 2009-10-22.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Gratwick, Harry. "The colorful career of one of the state's best baseball players". Island Institute & Working Waterfront. Retrieved 2009-10-29.
  5. ^ "The Ballplayers – George Gore". The Idea Logical Company, Inc. Archived from the original on 2007-02-10. Retrieved 2009-10-22.
  6. ^ a b c d e "The Ballplayers – George Gore – Chronology". The Idea Logical Company, Inc. Archived from the original on 2012-10-19. Retrieved 2009-10-29.
  7. ^ a b c "Chicago Cubs (1871–2008)". Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved 2009-10-29.
  8. ^ a b "1885 World Series". Retrieved 2009-10-29.
  9. ^ Cash, p. 238
  10. ^ "1886 World Series". Retrieved 2009-10-29.
  11. ^ a b c Stout, p. 21
  12. ^ a b "The 1887 New York Giants Regular Season Roster". Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved 2009-11-15.
  13. ^ "The 1886 New York Giants Regular Season Roster". Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved 2009-11-15.
  14. ^ "1887 Season". Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved 2009-11-15.
  15. ^ a b "The 1888 New York Giants Regular Season Roster". Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved 2009-11-15.
  16. ^ a b "1888 Season". Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved 2009-11-15.
  17. ^ a b "1888 World Series". Retrieved 2009-11-15.
  18. ^ a b "1889 World Series". Retrieved 2009-11-15.
  19. ^ "The 1890 New York Giants (P) Regular Season Roster". Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved 2009-11-15.
  20. ^ "1890 Season". Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved 2009-11-16.
  21. ^ "1891 Season". Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved 2009-11-16.
  22. ^ "The 1891 New York Giants Regular Season Roster". Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved 2009-11-16.
  23. ^ "The Obit For George Gore". The New York Times. 1933-09-17. Retrieved 2009-11-16 – via

External links

1675 in Ireland

Events from the year 1675 in Ireland.

1879 Chicago White Stockings season

The 1879 Chicago White Stockings season was the 8th season of the Chicago White Stockings franchise, the 4th in the National League and the 2nd at Lakefront Park. The White Stockings finished fourth in the National League with a record of 46–33.

1880 Chicago White Stockings season

The 1880 Chicago White Stockings season was the 9th season of the Chicago White Stockings franchise, the 5th in the National League and the 3rd at Lakefront Park. The White Stockings won the National League championship with a record of 67–17.

1881 Chicago White Stockings season

The 1881 Chicago White Stockings season was the 10th season of the Chicago White Stockings franchise, the 6th in the National League and the 4th at Lakefront Park. The White Stockings won the National League championship with a record of 56–28.

1882 Chicago White Stockings season

The 1882 Chicago White Stockings season was the 11th season of the Chicago White Stockings franchise, the 7th in the National League and the 5th at Lakefront Park. The White Stockings won the National League championship with a record of 55–29, 3 games ahead of the second place Providence Grays.

1883 Chicago White Stockings season

The 1883 Chicago White Stockings season was the 12th season of the Chicago White Stockings franchise, the 8th in the National League and the 6th at Lakefront Park. The White Stockings finished second in the National League with a record of 59–39.

1888 New York Giants season

The 1888 New York Giants season was the franchise's 6th season.

Claiming six future Hall of Famers (Roger Connor, Mickey Welch, Buck Ewing, Tim Keefe, Jim O'Rourke, and John Montgomery Ward), the team won the National League pennant by nine games and defeated the St. Louis Browns in the "World's Championship."

Keefe led the league in several major statistical categories, including wins, winning percentage, strikeouts, and earned run average.

1889 New York Giants season

The 1889 New York Giants season was the franchise's 7th season. The team finished first in the National League with a record of 83–43. They beat the Boston Beneaters by just one game. The Beaneaters won the same number of games as the Giants, but lost two more games, giving the pennant to the Giants. The Giants went on to face the American Association champion Brooklyn Bridegrooms in the 1889 World Series, winning six games to three. The series marked the very first meeting between the Giants and the team that would become the Dodgers, a rivalry that continues to this day.

1892 St. Louis Browns season

The 1892 St. Louis Browns season was the team's 11th season in St. Louis, Missouri and the first season in the National League. The Browns went 56–94 overall during the season, the eleventh-best in the league, better than only the Baltimore Orioles. They finished ninth in the first half of the season, and eleventh in the second half.

The Browns joined the National League when the American Association folded after the 1891 season and have remained a member ever since. This was the Browns final season before moving from the original Sportsman's Park to New Sportsman's Park where they would remain until 1920 when they would return to the old Sportsman's Park.

Eagles Nest Wilderness

The Eagles Nest Wilderness is a U.S. Wilderness Area located in the Gore Range near Vail, Copper Mountain, Frisco, Silverthorne, and Heeney, in Summit and Eagle Counties Colorado. Eagles Nest Wilderness falls within the jurisdiction of Dillon Ranger District and Holy Cross Ranger District, White River National Forest. The 135,114-acre (546.79 km2) wilderness with 180 miles (290 km) of trails was established in 1976. In 2010, additional lands were proposed for wilderness protection under the Hidden Gems proposal, affecting Elliot Ridge, Tenmile, and Lower Piney areas of Summit and Eagle Counties.

The Eagles Nest Wilderness lies in the southern area of the Gore Range of mountains. The Gore Range was named in honor of Sir George Gore arising from a hunting expedition led by Jim Bridger, 1804–1881, early trapper and explorer of the Rocky Mountains. Bridger documented the Great Salt Lake in 1824 and guided westward settlers through Bridger Pass in 1850, shortening the Oregon Trail by 61 miles (98 km). In 1854, Sir George Gore hired Bridger as a hunting guide out of Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. The Gore expedition traveled through the central Colorado mountain range before heading north into the Yellowstone area. Gore practiced a policy of heavy treading on the land, hauling 30 wagons and more than 50 servants on his expedition of 6,000 miles. Gore shot thousands of large game animals during his guided tour of the mountains that extended into 1855.

Subsequently, the Gore Range became a site of interest to miners seeking gold and silver during the latter half of the nineteenth century. Many mine tailings and shallow digs exist throughout the Gore Range, including the former Boss Mine ruins along the Rock Creek Trail.

The earliest rumors of gold in the area were based on trading with the local Ute people. Then, a member of the Gore expedition discovered gold in the area surrounding Piney Lake, near the present Upper Piney Lake Trail north of Vail. Lemuel Pollard, a member of the Bela M. Hughes party, discovered gold when passing through the Gore Range. Numerous other gold seekers left the slopes of the Gore Range pock-marked with diggings that remain part of the features of the landscape within the forest.

Hiking trails within the Eagles Nest Wilderness Area include Gore Range Trail, Buffalo Mountain Trail, South Willow Creek Trail, Rock Creek Trail, Cataract Lake Loop Trail, Mirror Lake Trail, Eaglesmere Lakes Trail, Tipperary Lake Trail, Salmon Willow Trail, Meadow Creek Trail, North Tenmile Creek Trail, Gore Creek Trail, Deluge Lake Trail, Booth Creek Trail, Upper Piney Lake Trail, Pitkin Creek Trail, Elliot Ridge Trail, and Wheeler Lakes Trail.

George Gore (electrochemist)

George Gore (22 January 1826 – 20 December 1908) was an English electrochemist. The invention of the safety match has been attributed to his research with phosphorus.

George Gore (judge)

George Gore (1675-1753) was an Irish landowner and judge: he held office as Attorney General for Ireland and later served as. a justice of the Court of Common Pleas (Ireland). Despite his vigorous efforts, he failed to gain further promotion, but his second son John, Lord Annaly, became Lord Chief Justice of Ireland.

George O. Gore II

George O. Gore II (born December 15, 1982) is an American actor. He is best known for portraying Michael Kyle, Jr. ("Big Head Junior") on the ABC sitcom My Wife and Kids, Gore's television credits include guest roles on Law & Order and Touched by an Angel. He was also a main character in the cast of the comedy Second Generation Wayans.For his role as G, the young son of Malik Yoba's character, in New York Undercover, he received three NAACP Image Award nominations.

Gore baronets

There have been three baronetcies created for members of the Gore family, all in the Baronetage of Ireland. All three titles are extant. The family also holds two earldoms and a barony.

Henry Gore-Browne

Colonel Henry George Gore-Browne (30 September 1830 – 15 November 1912) was born in Newtown, County Roscommon and was an Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Ian Gore

Ian George Gore (born 10 January 1968) is an English former professional footballer. He played as a centre-back.

List of Major League Baseball career fielding errors as an outfielder leaders

In baseball statistics, an error is an act, in the judgment of the official scorer, of a fielder misplaying a ball in a manner that allows a batter or baserunner to advance one or more bases or allows an at bat to continue after the batter should have been put out.

An outfielder is a person playing in one of the three defensive positions in baseball, farthest from the batter. These defenders are the left fielder, the center fielder, and the right fielder. An outfielder's duty is to try to catch long fly balls before they hit the ground or to quickly catch or retrieve and return to the infield any other balls entering the outfield. Outfielders normally play behind the six other members of the defense who play in or near the infield. By convention, each of the nine defensive positions in baseball is numbered. The outfield positions are 7 (left field), 8 (center field) and 9 (right field). These numbers are shorthand designations useful in baseball scorekeeping and are not necessarily the same as the squad numbers worn on player uniforms.

Tom Brown is the all-time leader in errors committed by an outfielder with 492 career. Brown is the only outfielder to commit more than 400 career errors. Dummy Hoy (394), Paul Hines (385), Jesse Burkett (383), George Gore (368), Jimmy Ryan (366), George Van Haltren (358), and Ned Hanlon (350) are the only other outfielders to commit more than 300 career errors.

Mayo (UK Parliament constituency)

Mayo was a parliamentary constituency in Ireland, which returned two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1885.

St George Gore-St George

Sir St George Gore-St George, 5th Baronet (25 June 1722 – 25 September 1746) was an Anglo-Irish politician and baronet.

Born St George Gore, he was oldest son of Sir Ralph Gore, 4th Baronet and his wife Elizabeth Ashe, daughter of St George Ashe, Bishop of Clogher. In 1733, he succeeded his father as baronet. He assumed the additional surname of St George to inherit the estates of his maternal grandfather, whose only son had died without issue in 1721. Gore-St George represented Donegal County in the Irish House of Commons from 1741 until his death in 1746. He was also appointed High Sheriff of Fermanagh in 1746.

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