George Fielding Eliot (22 June 1894 – 21 April 1971) was a Second Lieutenant in the Australian army in World War I. He became a member of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and later a Major in the Military Intelligence Reserve of the United States Army. He was the author of 15 books on military and political matters in the 1930s through the 1960s, wrote a syndicated column on military affairs and was the military analyst on radio and on television for CBS News during World War II.
George Fielding Eliot was born in Brooklyn, New York. His parents moved with him to Australia when he was eight years old. He attended the University of Melbourne in Australia, where he joined the school's cadet corps and rose to its highest rank.
When World War I began, Fielding became a second lieutenant in the Australian infantry, and fought in the Gallipoli Campaign from May to August 1915. In 1916 he was transferred to the European theater, and fought at the battles of the Somme, Passchendaele, Arras, and Amiens. He was wounded twice and was an acting major at war's end.
After the war, he moved to Canada and became a member of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. He returned to the United States and served as a reserve officer in the U.S. Army reserve, in military intelligence, from 1922 to 1933, where he rose to the rank of major. He resigned so he would have greater freedom to write and speak about military affairs and the coming war.
While working as an accountant and auditor in Kansas, Missouri and Oklahoma in the 1920s, he started writing articles and stories. He wrote pulp fiction starting in 1926 as well as crime novels. The movie Federal Bullets (1937) was based on his novels of the same name. In 1937 he wrote (with R. Ernest Dupuy) the widely cited "If War Comes." In 1938 he wrote "The ramparts we watch," a widely cited book which made predictions of the coming war and made recommendations for strengthening national defense. In 1938 he wrote an article for The American Mercury titled "The impossible war with Japan," in which he said "...a Japanese attack upon Hawaii is a strategic impossibility..." for which he was much ridiculed after the 1941 Pearl Harbor attack. The article did accurately note that the capture of Hawaii would have required greater naval resources than Japan possessed, but that they could launch air raids against coastal cities, and could easily capture the Philippine Islands, with the defeated U.S. forces having to retreat to the fortress of Corregidor before help could arrive, and that years of island hopping would be required to capture island bases before an ultimate defeat of Japan. During World War II, he wrote books and articles on the war and military strategy, which were featured in such publications as Life (magazine).He also wrote for Harper's Magazine, Current History, and The American Mercury. Another nonfiction military book he wrote was "Bombs bursting in air."  In this book Fielding outlines the likelihood of German bombing raids on London which would be made possible from bases in Belgium and the Netherlands. Additionally, he laid out the defense needs for projecting American Air Power into the Atlantic, which would later be realized with the Destroyers for Bases Agreement in September 1940. He broadcast coverage of the second world war from London along with Edward R. Murrow and H. V. Kaltenborn in 1939. He continued as commentator on war strategy on CBS radio after the entry of the United States into the war. On 7 December 1941, when U.S. forces at Pearl Harbor were attacked by Japanese airplanes, Eliot not only broadcast on radio, but on the 10 hours of CBS television coverage of the attack and the war to follow. This was the first extended television coverage of a breaking major news event. Eliot was a staff writer for the New York Herald Tribune for many years. He continued to write books and articles about military strategy and world politics into the 1960s, for the popular press as well as the scholarly journal Foreign Affairs.
According to Clark Eichelberger, in 1948 Director of the American Association for the United Nations, Eliot at that time "enjoyed the confidence of Secretary of State George Marshall," and his writings were considered to represent the viewpoint of the U.S. State Department, including support for Zionism. He was a target in the early 1950s of columnist Westbrook Pegler for his association with what Pegler considered leftist organizations. He wrote a widely syndicated column (for the New York Herald Tribune Syndicate) on military affairs from 1950 until 1967, and he served as the military editor for Collier's Encyclopedia.
Eliot resided in New York City during much of his writing and broadcasting career. He married Sara Elaine Hodges in 1933, and they divorced in 1942. He married June Cawley Hynd in 1943. They resided in Litchfield, Connecticut. He died in Torrington, Connecticut on 21 April 1971 after a lengthy illness. His wife June died in 1973.
Adventure was an American pulp magazine that was first published in November 1910 by
the Ridgway company, an offshoot of the Butterick Publishing Company. Adventure went on to become one of the most profitable and critically acclaimed of all the American pulp magazines. The magazine had 881 issues. The magazine's first editor was Trumbull White, he was succeeded in 1912 by Arthur Sullivant Hoffman (1876–1966), who would edit the magazine until 1927.Alfred Thayer Mahan Award for Literary Achievement
The Alfred Thayer Mahan Award for Literary Achievement is awarded each year by the Navy League of the United States. The award is named for an American naval historian and theorist, Rear Admiral Alfred Thayer Mahan, United States Navy who, through his writing, provided stimulus and guidance to those who share in the defense of the nation. Presented since 1957, "this award for literary achievement is awarded to a U.S. Navy officer, U.S. Marine Corps officer, enlisted service member, or civilian who has made a notable literary contribution that has advanced the knowledge of the importance of sea power in the United States."Altus Press
Altus Press is a publisher of works primarily related to the pulp magazines from the 1910s to the 1950s.Blue Book (magazine)
Blue Book was a popular 20th-century American magazine with a lengthy 70-year run under various titles from 1905 to 1975. It was a sibling magazine to Redbook and The Green Book Magazine.
Launched as The Monthly Story Magazine, it was published under that title from May 1905 to August 1906 with a change to The Monthly Story Blue Book Magazine for issues from September 1906 to April 1907. In its early days, Blue Book also carried a supplement on theatre actors called "Stageland". The magazine was aimed at both male and female readers.For the next 45 years (May 1907 to January 1952), it was known as The Blue Book Magazine, Blue Book Magazine, Blue Book, and Blue Book of Fiction and Adventure. The title was shortened with the February 1952 issue to simply Bluebook, continuing until May 1956. With a more exploitative angle, the magazine was revived with an October 1960 issue as Bluebook for Men, and the title again became Bluebook for the final run from 1967 to 1975.
In its 1920s heyday, Blue Book was regarded as one of the "Big Four" pulp magazines (the best-selling, highest-paying and most critically acclaimed pulps), along with Adventure, Argosy and Short Stories.George Elliot
George Elliot may refer to:
George Eliot (1819–1880), pen name of Mary Ann Evans, English novelist
George Eliot (spy), English spy during reign of Queen Elizabeth I
George Elliot (Royal Navy officer, born 1784) (1784–1863), British naval officer and Member of Parliament for Roxburghshire 1832–1835
George Elliot (Royal Navy officer, born 1813) (1813–1901), British naval officer and Member of Parliament for Chatham 1874–1875
Sir George Elliot, 1st Baronet (1814–1893), British businessman and Conservative Member of Parliament 1868–1880, 1886–1892
Sir George Elliot, 2nd Baronet (1844–1895), British businessman and Member of Parliament 1874–1885, 1886–1895
George Fielding Eliot (1894–1971), writer, reporter and military analyst
George Elliot (rugby league) (born 1991), English rugby league footballer
George Elliot (Australian actor), writer/actor in The Crop and former AUSCAR/NASCAR racerGeorge Elliott
George Elliott may refer to:
George Elliott (Canadian writer) (1923–1996), Canadian short story writer
George Elliott (footballer, born 1889) (1889–1948), Middlesbrough FC football (soccer) player
George Elliott (Canadian politician) (died 1844), politician in Upper Canada
George Elliott (surgeon) (c. 1636–1668), English military doctor
George A. Elliott (born 1945), Canadian mathematician specializing in operator algebra
George F. Elliott (1846–1931), U.S. Marine Corps Commandant
George P. Elliott (1918–1980), American writer
George Elliott (Australian rules footballer) (1885–1917), Australian rules footballer for the Melbourne University Football Club
George Elliott (British politician) (1847–1925), British Member of Parliament for Islington West, 1918–1922
George Adam Elliott (1875–1944), Ontario farmer and political figure
George Elliot (rugby league) (born 1991), English rugby league footballer
George Elliott (cricketer) (1850–1913), English cricketer
George Elliott (bishop) (born 1949), Canadian suffragan bishopHardy Cross Dillard
Hardy Cross Dillard (23 October 1902 – 12 May 1982) was an American jurist who served as a judge on the International Court of Justice from 1970 to 1979, as a judge appointed by Queen Elizabeth II to a court of arbitration concerning the Beagle Channel islands dispute, Dean of the University of Virginia School of Law (1963–1968), legal adviser to the High Commissioner for Germany (1950), first Director of the National War College (1946), and as a Colonel in the U.S. Army during World War Two (1941–1946). During World War Two, Dillard served as Deputy Chief of Staff for Civil Affairs (G5) in the China Command, Commander of the Civil Affairs Staging Area at the Presidio of Monterey where he oversaw preparation and planning for the Occupation of Japan and as commander of the European Civil Affairs Training Division of SHAEF in preparation for Operation Overlord. Previously, he initiated and served as Director of the School of Military Government.List of old-time American radio people
Listed below are actors and personalities heard on vintage radio programs, plus writers and others associated with Radio's Golden Age.Mutual Broadcasting System
The Mutual Broadcasting System (commonly referred to simply as Mutual; sometimes referred to as MBS, Mutual Radio or the Mutual Radio Network) was an American commercial radio network in operation from 1934 to 1999. In the golden age of U.S. radio drama, Mutual was best known as the original network home of The Lone Ranger and The Adventures of Superman and as the long-time radio residence of The Shadow. For many years, it was a national broadcaster for Major League Baseball (including the All-Star Game and World Series), the National Football League, and Notre Dame football. From the mid-1930s and until the retirement of the network in 1999, Mutual ran a highly respected news service accompanied by a variety of popular commentary shows. During the late 1970s, Mutual pioneered the nationwide late night call-in radio show and introduced the country to Larry King.
In the early 1970s, acting in much the same style as rival ABC had two years earlier (in 1968), Mutual launched four radio networks: Mutual Black Network (MBN) (initially launched as "Mutual Reports"), which evolved to today's American Urban Radio Networks (AURN); Mutual Cadena Hispánica (trans. "Mutual Spanish Network"); Mutual Southwest Network, and Mutual Progressive Network (was later re-branded "Mutual Lifestyle Radio" in 1980, then cancelled in 1983).
Of the four national networks of American radio's classic era, Mutual had for decades the largest number of affiliates, but the least certain financial position (which prevented Mutual from expanding into television broadcasting after World War II, as the other three networks did). For the first 18 years of its existence, Mutual was owned and operated as a cooperative (a system similar to that of today's National Public Radio), setting the network apart from its corporate owned competitors. Mutual's member stations shared their own original programming, transmission and promotion expenses, and advertising revenues. From December 30, 1936, when it debuted in the West, the Mutual Broadcasting System had affiliates from coast to coast. Its business structure would change after General Tire assumed majority ownership in 1952 through a series of regional and individual station acquisitions.
Once General Tire sold the network in 1957, Mutual's ownership was largely disconnected from the stations it served, leading to a more conventional, top-down model of program production and distribution. Not long after the sale, one of the network's new executive teams was charged with accepting money to use Mutual as a vehicle for foreign propaganda. The network's reputation was severely damaged, but soon rebounded. Mutual changed hands frequently in succeeding years—even leaving aside larger-scale acquisitions and mergers, its final direct corporate parent, Westwood One, which purchased Mutual in 1985, was the seventh in a string of new owners that followed General Tire.Publishers-Hall Syndicate
Publishers-Hall Syndicate was a newspaper syndicate founded by Robert M. Hall in 1944. Hall served as the company's president and general manager. Over the course of its operations, the company was known as, sequentially, the Hall Syndicate (1944–1946), the New York Post Syndicate (1946–1949), the Post-Hall Syndicate (1949–1955), the Hall Syndicate (1955–1967), and Publishers-Hall Syndicate (1967–1975). The syndicate was acquired by Field Enterprises in 1967, and merged into Field Newspaper Syndicate in 1975. Some of the more notable strips syndicated by the company include Pogo, Dennis the Menace, Funky Winkerbean, Mark Trail, The Strange World of Mr. Mum, and Momma, as well as the cartoons of Jules Feiffer.Robert St. John
Robert William St. John (March 9, 1902 – February 6, 2003) was an American author, broadcaster, and journalist.