George Fielding Eliot

George Fielding Eliot (22 June 1894 – 21 April 1971) was a Second Lieutenant in the Australian army in World War I. He became a member of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and later a Major in the Military Intelligence Reserve of the United States Army. He was the author of 15 books on military and political matters in the 1930s through the 1960s, wrote a syndicated column on military affairs and was the military analyst on radio and on television for CBS News during World War II.

Early life

George Fielding Eliot was born in Brooklyn, New York. His parents moved with him to Australia when he was eight years old.[1] He attended the University of Melbourne in Australia, where he joined the school's cadet corps and rose to its highest rank.[2]

Military career

When World War I began, Fielding became a second lieutenant in the Australian infantry, and fought in the Gallipoli Campaign from May to August 1915. In 1916 he was transferred to the European theater, and fought at the battles of the Somme, Passchendaele, Arras, and Amiens.[1] He was wounded twice and was an acting major at war's end.[2]

After the war, he moved to Canada and became a member of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.[3] He returned to the United States and served as a reserve officer in the U.S. Army reserve, in military intelligence, from 1922 to 1933, where he rose to the rank of major.[4] He resigned so he would have greater freedom to write and speak about military affairs and the coming war.[5]

Author, commentator, military analyst

While working as an accountant and auditor in Kansas, Missouri and Oklahoma in the 1920s, he started writing articles and stories. He wrote pulp fiction starting in 1926 as well as crime novels.[2] The movie Federal Bullets (1937) was based on his novels of the same name.[6] In 1937 he wrote (with R. Ernest Dupuy) the widely cited "If War Comes." In 1938 he wrote "The ramparts we watch," a widely cited book which made predictions of the coming war and made recommendations for strengthening national defense.[1] In 1938 he wrote an article for The American Mercury titled "The impossible war with Japan," in which he said "...a Japanese attack upon Hawaii is a strategic impossibility..." for which he was much ridiculed after the 1941 Pearl Harbor attack. The article did accurately note that the capture of Hawaii would have required greater naval resources than Japan possessed, but that they could launch air raids against coastal cities, and could easily capture the Philippine Islands, with the defeated U.S. forces having to retreat to the fortress of Corregidor before help could arrive, and that years of island hopping would be required to capture island bases before an ultimate defeat of Japan.[7] During World War II, he wrote books and articles on the war and military strategy, which were featured in such publications as Life (magazine).He also wrote for Harper's Magazine, Current History, and The American Mercury. Another nonfiction military book he wrote was "Bombs bursting in air." [2] In this book Fielding outlines the likelihood of German bombing raids on London which would be made possible from bases in Belgium and the Netherlands. Additionally, he laid out the defense needs for projecting American Air Power into the Atlantic, which would later be realized with the Destroyers for Bases Agreement in September 1940. He broadcast coverage of the second world war from London along with Edward R. Murrow and H. V. Kaltenborn in 1939.[8] He continued as commentator on war strategy on CBS radio after the entry of the United States into the war. On 7 December 1941, when U.S. forces at Pearl Harbor were attacked by Japanese airplanes, Eliot not only broadcast on radio, but on the 10 hours of CBS television coverage of the attack and the war to follow. This was the first extended television coverage of a breaking major news event.[9][10] Eliot was a staff writer for the New York Herald Tribune for many years. He continued to write books and articles about military strategy and world politics into the 1960s, for the popular press as well as the scholarly journal Foreign Affairs.

Later life

According to Clark Eichelberger, in 1948 Director of the American Association for the United Nations, Eliot at that time "enjoyed the confidence of Secretary of State George Marshall," and his writings were considered to represent the viewpoint of the U.S. State Department, including support for Zionism.[11] He was a target in the early 1950s of columnist Westbrook Pegler for his association with what Pegler considered leftist organizations.[12] He wrote a widely syndicated column (for the New York Herald Tribune Syndicate) on military affairs from 1950 until 1967, and he served as the military editor for Collier's Encyclopedia.

Personal life

Eliot resided in New York City during much of his writing and broadcasting career. He married Sara Elaine Hodges in 1933, and they divorced in 1942. He married June Cawley Hynd in 1943. They resided in Litchfield, Connecticut. He died in Torrington, Connecticut on 21 April 1971 after a lengthy illness.[2][13][14] His wife June died in 1973.[15]

Selective bibliography

Fiction

  • "The Copper Bowl" (1928); short horror story; Weird Tales, December 1928, widely reprinted.[16]
  • "The Justice of the Czar" (1928); short fiction; Weird Tales, August 1928 [17]
  • "His Brother's Keeper" (1931); short fiction; Weird Tales, September 1931
  • The Eagles of Death (1930); book (crime).
  • Federal Bullets: a Mystery Story (1936); book (crime).
  • The Purple Legion: a G-man Thriller (1936); book (crime)
  • The Navy Spy Murders (1937); book (crime)
  • Caleb Pettengill, U.S.N. (1956); book (military)
  • "The Peacemakers" (1960); short science fiction; Fantastic Universe, January 1960.[18]

Nonfiction

  • If war comes (1937) by R Ernest Dupuy; George Fielding Eliot; book
  • The ramparts we watch; a study of the problems of American national defense (1938); book
  • The military consequences of Munich (1938); book
  • Bombs bursting in air: the influence of air power on international relations (1939); book
  • Defending America (1939); pamphlet
  • Hour of triumph (1944); book
  • The strength we need, a military program for America, pending peace (1946); book
  • Hate, hope and high explosives, a report on the Middle East (1948); book
  • If Russia Strikes (1949); book
  • The H bomb (1950); book
  • Decision in Korea (1954); book
  • Mr. Lincoln's admirals (1955); book
  • Victory without War 1958-1961 (1958); book
  • Soldiers and governments: nine studies in civil-military relations, by George Fielding Eliot & Michael Howard (1959); book
  • Sylvanus Thayer of West Point (book); 1959
  • Reserve forces and the Kennedy strategy (1962); book
  • Daring sea warrior, Franklin Buchanan (1962); book Full text at Internet Archive

References

  1. ^ a b c "Books: Democratic War", Time (magazine), p. 67, 28 November 1938, retrieved 23 February 2010
  2. ^ a b c d e [1]"George Fielding Eliot dies." Associated Press obituary. "The Day," New London Connecticut, 22 April 1971. Retrieved 24 February 2010
  3. ^ [2] Hobson, Marian "Pure but proud heroine, active hero and happy ending are requisites of 'thriller' story, says successful Sarasota author." Sarasota Herald, 19 August 1934. Retrieved 24 February 2010
  4. ^ [3] Wala, Michael, "Winning the peace: amerikanische Aussenpolitik und der Council on Foreign Relations, 1945-1950." (in German), Franz Steiner Verlag, 1990. ISBN 978-3-515-05334-1. Page 93. Retrieved 24 February 2010
  5. ^ [4] "Radio: casualties, replacements." Time (magazine) 18 September 1939. retrieved 24 February 2010
  6. ^ [5] Britton, Wesley Ann, "Onscreen and undercover: the ultimate book of movie espionage." Praeger Publishers, 2006. ISBN 978-0-275-99281-1. Page 55. Retrieved 24 February 2010
  7. ^ Eliot, George Fielding "The impossible war with Japan." The American Mercury, September 1938. Reprinted in the Los Angeles Times, 31 August 1938, page A4. Via Proquest Historical Documents (subscription).
  8. ^ [6] Berg, Jerome S. "On the short waves, 1923-1945: broadcast listening in the pioneer days of radio." McFarland & Company, 1999, Page 209. ISBN 978-0-7864-0506-0. Retrieved 24 February 2010.
  9. ^ [7] Bliss, Edward "Now the news: the story of broadcast journalism." Columbia Univ Press, 1991, Page 220. ISBN 978-0-231-04402-8. Retrieved 24 February 2010.
  10. ^ [8] Kiska, Tim, "A newscast for the masses: the history of Detroit television news." Wayne State Univ Press, 2009. ISBN 978-0-8143-3302-0. Page 13. Retrieved 24 February 2010
  11. ^ [9] "Political and diplomatic documents, Volume 1." Government Printer, Israel, Pages 288-289. Letter of L. Gelber, 3 February 1948.
  12. ^ [10] Pegler, Westbrook "As Pegler sees it." Syndicated column printed in The Ludington Daily News (Michigan), 5 February 1951. Pegler noted Eliot was a member of the "Committee on National Affairs" which discouraged attacks on people who had innocently joined organizations which were only later exposed as subversive. Retrieved 13 March 2010
  13. ^ Biography for George F. Eliot on IMDb Has 22 April 1971 as death date, which contradicts his obituary from 1971. Retrieved 24 February 2010.
  14. ^ Ancestry.com. Social Security Death Index [database on-line]. "George Eliot, 22 June 1894-April 1971."(Subscription). Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2010. Original data: Social Security Administration. Social Security Death Index, Master File. Social Security Administration. Retrieved 24 February 2010.
  15. ^ [11]"Mrs. George F. Eliot," obituary, New York Times, 25 September 1973, page 46. Retrieved 24 February 2010.
  16. ^ [12] Author wars! Publication history of "The copper bowl." Retrieved 13 March 2010.
  17. ^ [13] Author wars! Publication history of "The Justice of the Czar." Retrieved 13 March 2009
  18. ^ [14] Author wars! Publication history of "The peacemakers." Retrieved 13 March 2010.

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Alfred Thayer Mahan Award for Literary Achievement

The Alfred Thayer Mahan Award for Literary Achievement is awarded each year by the Navy League of the United States. The award is named for an American naval historian and theorist, Rear Admiral Alfred Thayer Mahan, United States Navy who, through his writing, provided stimulus and guidance to those who share in the defense of the nation. Presented since 1957, "this award for literary achievement is awarded to a U.S. Navy officer, U.S. Marine Corps officer, enlisted service member, or civilian who has made a notable literary contribution that has advanced the knowledge of the importance of sea power in the United States."

Altus Press

Altus Press is a publisher of works primarily related to the pulp magazines from the 1910s to the 1950s.

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Blue Book was a popular 20th-century American magazine with a lengthy 70-year run under various titles from 1905 to 1975. It was a sibling magazine to Redbook and The Green Book Magazine.

Launched as The Monthly Story Magazine, it was published under that title from May 1905 to August 1906 with a change to The Monthly Story Blue Book Magazine for issues from September 1906 to April 1907. In its early days, Blue Book also carried a supplement on theatre actors called "Stageland". The magazine was aimed at both male and female readers.For the next 45 years (May 1907 to January 1952), it was known as The Blue Book Magazine, Blue Book Magazine, Blue Book, and Blue Book of Fiction and Adventure. The title was shortened with the February 1952 issue to simply Bluebook, continuing until May 1956. With a more exploitative angle, the magazine was revived with an October 1960 issue as Bluebook for Men, and the title again became Bluebook for the final run from 1967 to 1975.

In its 1920s heyday, Blue Book was regarded as one of the "Big Four" pulp magazines (the best-selling, highest-paying and most critically acclaimed pulps), along with Adventure, Argosy and Short Stories.

George Elliot

George Elliot may refer to:

George Eliot (1819–1880), pen name of Mary Ann Evans, English novelist

George Eliot (spy), English spy during reign of Queen Elizabeth I

George Elliot (Royal Navy officer, born 1784) (1784–1863), British naval officer and Member of Parliament for Roxburghshire 1832–1835

George Elliot (Royal Navy officer, born 1813) (1813–1901), British naval officer and Member of Parliament for Chatham 1874–1875

Sir George Elliot, 1st Baronet (1814–1893), British businessman and Conservative Member of Parliament 1868–1880, 1886–1892

Sir George Elliot, 2nd Baronet (1844–1895), British businessman and Member of Parliament 1874–1885, 1886–1895

George Fielding Eliot (1894–1971), writer, reporter and military analyst

George Elliot (rugby league) (born 1991), English rugby league footballer

George Elliot (Australian actor), writer/actor in The Crop and former AUSCAR/NASCAR racer

George Elliott

George Elliott may refer to:

George Elliott (Canadian writer) (1923–1996), Canadian short story writer

George Elliott (footballer, born 1889) (1889–1948), Middlesbrough FC football (soccer) player

George Elliott (Canadian politician) (died 1844), politician in Upper Canada

George Elliott (surgeon) (c. 1636–1668), English military doctor

George A. Elliott (born 1945), Canadian mathematician specializing in operator algebra

George F. Elliott (1846–1931), U.S. Marine Corps Commandant

George P. Elliott (1918–1980), American writer

George Elliott (Australian rules footballer) (1885–1917), Australian rules footballer for the Melbourne University Football Club

George Elliott (British politician) (1847–1925), British Member of Parliament for Islington West, 1918–1922

George Adam Elliott (1875–1944), Ontario farmer and political figure

George Elliot (rugby league) (born 1991), English rugby league footballer

George Elliott (cricketer) (1850–1913), English cricketer

George Elliott (bishop) (born 1949), Canadian suffragan bishop

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Mutual Broadcasting System

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Once General Tire sold the network in 1957, Mutual's ownership was largely disconnected from the stations it served, leading to a more conventional, top-down model of program production and distribution. Not long after the sale, one of the network's new executive teams was charged with accepting money to use Mutual as a vehicle for foreign propaganda. The network's reputation was severely damaged, but soon rebounded. Mutual changed hands frequently in succeeding years—even leaving aside larger-scale acquisitions and mergers, its final direct corporate parent, Westwood One, which purchased Mutual in 1985, was the seventh in a string of new owners that followed General Tire.

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