George Leonard Carey, Baron Carey of Clifton, PC, FRSA (born 13 November 1935) is a retired Anglican bishop who was the Archbishop of Canterbury from 1991 to 2002, having previously been the Bishop of Bath and Wells. During his time as archbishop the Church of England ordained its first women priests and the debate over attitudes to homosexuality became more prominent, especially at the 1998 Lambeth Conference of Anglican bishops.
In June 2017 he resigned from his last formal role in the church after a finding that he had covered up sex abuse allegations against bishop Peter Ball. In February 2018 Carey was granted “permission to officiate” by Steven Croft, the bishop of Oxford, allowing him to preach and preside at churches in the diocese.
The Lord Carey of Clifton
|former Archbishop of Canterbury|
|Church||Church of England|
|Province||Province of Canterbury|
|Diocese||Diocese of Canterbury|
delegated to Bishop of Dover
|Other posts||Honorary assistant bishop in Swansea & Brecon (2004–?), in Southwark and in Bristol; in Oxford (?–2017)|
Life peer (2002);
Bishop of Bath and Wells (1987–1991)
|Birth name||George Leonard Carey|
|Born||13 November 1935|
|Denomination||Church of England|
|Parents||George and Ruby Carey|
Eileen Hood (m. 1960)
|Children||2 sons, 2 daughters|
|Alma mater||King's College, London|
George Carey was born on 13 November 1935 in the East End of London in the United Kingdom. He attended Bonham Road Primary School in Dagenham, then failed his 11-plus.:14 He then attended Bifrons Secondary Modern School in Barking before leaving at the age of 15. He worked for the London Electricity Board as an office boy before starting his National Service at age 18 in the Royal Air Force as a wireless operator, during which time he served in Iraq.:32
Carey became a committed Christian at age 17 when he attended a church service with some friends. He said that "I had a conversion experience which was very real ... There were no blinding lights, simply a quiet conviction I had found something."
During his National Service, Carey decided to seek ordination and after his discharge he studied intensely, gaining six O-levels and three A-levels in 15 months, before attending King's College, London. He graduated in 1962 with a 2:1 Bachelor of Divinity (B.D.) degree and was subsequently ordained. He later obtained a Master of Theology degree and a Ph.D. from the University of Durham. Carey is the first Archbishop of Canterbury in modern times not to have been a graduate of either the University of Oxford or the University of Cambridge. The last Archbishop of Canterbury prior to Carey who was not a graduate of Oxford or Cambridge was Simon Sudbury (c. 1316–1381).
Carey was a curate at St Mary's Islington, worked at Oak Hill Theological College and St John's Theological College, Nottingham and became Vicar of St Nicholas' Church, Durham in 1975. Within two years he had trebled the congregation. He later wrote a book on his experiences there called The Church in the Market Place.
In 1981, Carey was appointed Principal of Trinity College, Bristol. He became Bishop of Bath and Wells in 1987; he was consecrated a bishop by Robert Runcie, Archbishop of Canterbury, at Southwark Cathedral on 3 December 1987 (by which point his election must have been confirmed) and enthroned in February 1988.
When Robert Runcie retired as Archbishop of Canterbury, Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, encouraged by her former Parliamentary Private Secretary, Michael Alison MP, put Carey's name forward to the Queen for appointment. The religious correspondent for The Times, Clifford Longley, commented that "Mrs Thatcher's known impatience with theological and moral woolliness ... will have been a factor."
On 31 October 2002, he retired, resigning the See of Canterbury, and was created the next day a crossbench life peer as Baron Carey of Clifton, of Clifton in the City and County of Bristol. He was succeeded by Rowan Williams. Living in the Diocese of Oxford, he served there until 2017 as an honorary assistant bishop, as is customary for retired bishops.
Carey was Chancellor of the University of Gloucestershire for seven years, resigning in 2010, and was president of the London School of Theology. He is also an Honorary Liveryman of the Worshipful Company of Scriveners and a Distinguished Fellow of the Library of Congress (Washington DC).
Carey's theological roots are in the Evangelical tradition of the Church of England. He strongly supported the ordination of women but also has close ecumenical links with the Roman Catholic Church, being chosen in 1976 to represent the Church of England at a meeting of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity in Rome.:84
Carey is tolerant of divorce and divorced people and the remarriage of divorced people. One of his sons is divorced and he also supported the marriage of the Prince of Wales to Camilla Parker-Bowles, whose first husband is living. He opposed homosexual relationships among members of the clergy, although he admits to having consecrated two bishops whom he suspected of having same-sex partners. He presided over the Lambeth Conference of 1998 and actively supported the conference's resolution which uncompromisingly rejected all homosexual practice as "incompatible with scripture".
Carey was criticised for his lack of neutrality on the issue of homosexuality by those attempting to reach a compromise position which had been presented to the conference by a working group of bishops on human sexuality. Carey also voted against an expressed condemnation (which had been present in the original form of the resolution) of homophobia. The resolution as a whole prompted one of Carey's fellow primates, Richard Holloway, Bishop of Edinburgh and Primus of the Scottish Episcopal Church, to declare "I feel gutted, I feel betrayed, but the struggle will go on".
Carey said: "If this conference is known by what we have said about homosexuality, then we will have failed." The resolution, however, was the beginning of an escalating crisis of unity within the Anglican Communion around the question of human sexuality, a crisis that continues. This resolution is at the heart of current divisions within the Anglican Communion on the issue. In 1999 he was one of four English bishops who expressly declined to sign the Cambridge Accord: an attempt to find agreement on affirming certain human rights of homosexuals, notwithstanding differences within the church on the morality of homosexual behaviour. In an interview with Sir David Frost in 2002 he said: "I don't believe in blessing same-sex relationships because frankly I don't know what I'm blessing."
Carey was the first former Archbishop of Canterbury to publish his memoirs, in 2004. The book, Know the Truth, mentions meetings with the Prince of Wales and Camilla Parker Bowles and his thoughts that they should marry. In 2005, they did marry in a civil ceremony; the Church recognised a blessing at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.
In 2000 Carey was critical of the document Dominus Iesus, issued by the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith under Pope John Paul II, saying that it "did not reflect the deep comprehension that has been reached through ecumenical dialogue and cooperation [between Roman Catholics and Anglicans] during the past 30 years ... the Church of England and the worldwide Anglican Communion does not for one moment accept that its orders of ministry and Eucharist are deficient in any way. It believes itself to be a part of the one, holy, catholic and apostolic Church of Christ, in whose name it serves and bears witness, here and round the world."
As Archbishop of Canterbury, Carey promoted a "decade of evangelism". But he aroused strong opposition also, some of it quite personal. For example, a 1999 newspaper profile published by a religious affairs commentator in The Daily Mail asked "Is he the worst Archbishop we have ever had?" – before concluding that he was not, but that he was "without question the worst Archbishop imaginable for a media age". Michael Arditti, reviewing Carey's memoirs in The Daily Mail wrote that: "His eleven years in office were marked by unprecedented public criticism. He managed to alienate many of his natural supporters on the Evangelical wing of the Church, as well as both the Liberal and Conservative opposition. He was, arguably, the most excoriated archbishop since the execution of Charles I’s favourite, William Laud."
As Archbishop of Canterbury, Carey was active in inter-faith work and worked for better relations with Muslims, calling for "deeper dialogue" between the two faiths. On 25 March 2004, after his retirement, he made a speech lamenting the lack of democracy and innovation in Muslim countries, suggesting a lack of critical scholarship toward the Qur'an and saying that moderate Muslims should "resist strongly" the take-over of Islam by extremists. He also criticised the majority of Muslims, who do not support extremists, for not denouncing them. Some viewed his speech as an outspoken attack on Islam; Carey responded: "Those who took the trouble to read my lecture will have noted that I was as critical of the West, of Christianity and, for that matter, also sharply critical of Israel's policy with respect to Palestine."
In September 2006, he backed Pope Benedict XVI in the controversy over his comments on Islam and declared that "there will be no significant material and economic progress [in Muslim communities] until the Muslim mind is allowed to challenge the status quo of Muslim conventions and even their most cherished shibboleths." However, his comments attracted much less attention and interest than those of the Pope.
Carey wrote an opinion piece in The Times on 10 September 2008 (p. 26) in which he said: "Immigration must be kept under control if we are to retain the essentials of British society that have been built up over the generations. ... If this scale of immigration continues, with people of different faiths, cultures and traditions coming here, what will it mean to be British?"
In January 2010, Carey gave an interview on BBC Radio 4's Today programme, in which he said as part of the Balanced Migration Group he would want to start a debate on the UK's migration policy. He said that while the UK migration policy should not "give preference to any particular group", the points-based immigration system should give preferences to certain prospective migrants based on their values and backgrounds. In the same interview, however, he states that he was worried that the UK will become less of a Christian country and that he believes migration policy should foster the preservation of the Christian heritage of the United Kingdom.
On 18 July 2015, he lent his name and efforts to the Barnabas Fund, a charity designed to place Syriac Christians, whom ISIS target as part of their Islamic supremacist doctrine, at the front of the UK refugee queue. He called on government to “welcome Christian refugees and give them priority as asylum seekers. Syrian and Iraqi Christians are being butchered, tortured and enslaved. We need the British Government to work with charities like the Barnabas Fund and others to evacuate those who are in desperate fear of their lives." He was joined by Lord Weidenfeld and the Vicar of Baghdad, as well as many others, in his effort.
In February 2012, speaking at the launch of the advocacy group Coalition for Marriage, Carey voiced his opposition to the government's proposal to legalise same-sex marriage, stating that he was "worried and disappointed" and calling the proposal "cultural vandalism". In March 2013, Carey spoke of being "very suspicious" that behind plans for gay marriage "there lurks an aggressive secularist and relativist approach towards an institution that has glued society". In May 2013, Carey claimed same-sex marriage could set a "dangerous precedent" which could lead to sibling marriage or polygamy. Carey criticized the British government for seeking to change the definition of marriage to "a long-term commitment between two people of any sex, in which gender and procreation are irrelevant".
In 1994 Carey voted in the House of Lords to defeat equality legislation that would have lowered the age of consent for homosexual men, from 21 years, to the same age as for heterosexuals (16 years) and again, in 1998 he voted against the equalisation of age of consent, at that time 18, to 16. Since his retirement, Carey has tolarated same-sex partnerships in secular law but continues to oppose same-sex marriage and church blessings of same-sex partnerships. In March 2006, he personally endorsed "with enthusiasm" a questionnaire to American bishops from what he described as "Lay Episcopalians who wish their Church to remain faithful to Orthodox Christianity" in relation to the controversy in that church over the ordination of an openly gay bishop. For this, he was chided by Frank Griswold, the Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church in the United States, "for allowing himself to be used by others whose political ambition is to sow division".
In late April 2006, Carey said in a televised interview that the ordination of Bishop Gene Robinson of New Hampshire, US in 2003 verged on heresy because Bishop Robinson is gay and lives in a long-term relationship. His association with Episcopalians Concerned agitated some, and his decision to confirm anti-gay dissidents who refused the ministry of the Bishop of Virginia puzzled the same people. Carey, who remembered the difficulties of the 13th Lambeth Conference that he had presided over in 1998, sought to avoid a major schism in the communion by refraining from further consecrations of gay people.
In April 2010, Carey submitted a witness statement to an appeal court considering the dismissal of a relationship counsellor who had refused to work with homosexuals, in which he suggested that intervention by senior clerics, including himself, was "indicative of a future civil unrest". In the same statement, he suggested that cases engaging religious rights should not be heard by any of the judges who had decided the previous cases, "as they have made clear their lack of knowledge about the Christian faith." His submission was rejected by the Court as "misplaced" and "deeply inimical to the public interest". Carey's position was widely criticised in the press. Andrew Brown, writing in The Guardian, suggested that the effect of the judgment was to say that Carey was "a self-important and alarmist twit who has no idea what he is talking about". The Church Times commented that "One might be forgiven for thinking that Lord Carey of Clifton has generated more column-inches since retiring as Archbishop of Canterbury than he did when in office. His latest foray into the nation’s media is more than usually regrettable, as it strikes at the heart of the independence of the judiciary." However, his position was supported by his former colleague, the retired Bishop of Rochester, Michael Nazir Ali.
Carey was a leading advocate for the rights of Christians in advance of a case on religious freedom, begun on 4 September 2012 at the European Court of Human Rights, regarding the case of two workers forced out of their jobs over the wearing of crosses as a visible manifestation of their faith.
In April 2006, when criticism of his post-retirement activism on a number of fronts had been voiced in an open letter by liberal laypersons in the church, he issued a public statement complaining that such comments were "mischievous and damaging to the Anglican Communion". In an interview for the BBC, on 23 April 2006, he said "I think this is a mischievous letter from Australia and I hope the authors will reflect and repent."
In May 2006, he made a speech to the Virginia Theological Seminary, subsequently published on his personal website, which said "When I left office at the end of 2002 I felt the Anglican Communion was in good heart" but that, as a result of subsequent events "it is difficult to say in what way we are now a Communion." This was reported on 11 June 2006 in the Sunday Telegraph ("Church has fallen apart since I was in charge, says Carey") and on 12 June 2006 in The Guardian and The Independent as an attack on his successor. An email from Carey on the day of publication was circulated in which he strongly denied this and said "I am hopping mad and will want a retraction from the Sunday Telegraph, otherwise I will lodge a complaint."
In November 2006, Carey was barred from delivering a Church Mission Society lecture at Bangor Cathedral by the Dean of Bangor, who viewed that Carey had become "a factor of disunity and of disloyalty to Rowan Williams, a divisive force."
In October 2009, Carey said it was inexcusable that the Vatican gave a relatively short notice of its offer to receive some Anglo-Catholics into the Roman Catholic Church within a personal ordinariate, but he nonetheless gave a cautious welcome to the offer.
In February 2006, Carey attracted more controversy by declaring in a letter to The Times that a General Synod motion supported by his successor, Rowan Williams, in favour of disinvestment in a company active in the occupied territories of Israel made him ashamed to be an Anglican.
In September 2009, Carey provoked outrage among some Anglicans by making positive remarks about the arms trade. He was quickly condemned by a number of Christian activists, particularly since the Lambeth Conferences in 1988 and 1998 had resolved to oppose the arms trade.
During Carey's term as Archbishop of Canterbury there were many complaints of serial sex abuse by Peter Ball, the bishop of Lewes and later of Gloucester until his resignation in 1993 after admitting to an act of gross indecency. Archbishop Carey wrote to the director of public prosecutions and the chief constable of Gloucester police, supporting Ball and saying that he was suffering "excruciating pain and spiritual torment". In October 2015 Ball was sentenced to 32 months' imprisonment for misconduct in public office and indecent assault; he admitted the abuse of 18 young men aged 17–25.
Justin Welby, who became Archbishop of Canterbury in 2013, commissioned an independent review by Moira Gibb in February 2016 to deal with the systematic failing of the Church in handling Ball's case.
In a statement submitted by Carey to pre-trial hearings regarding Ball, Carey said: "I was worried that if any other allegations were made it would reignite a police investigation. I was told quite categorically that any past indecency matters would not be taken further." Carey said the senior CPS official told him: "As far as we are concerned he has resigned. He is out of it. We are not going to take anything any further." He has repeatedly asserted that he was not trying to influence the outcome of the investigation.
On 22 October 2016 The Daily Telegraph reported that Carey accepted that he deserved criticism over his support of Peter Ball. Carey had requested that his, rather than the Church's, lawyers should represent him at the government's Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse where Carey been granted "core participation" status, with the Church of England paying for the lawyers.
Gibb's June 2017 report, "An Abuse of Faith", found that Carey was part of a cover-up that shielded Bishop Ball from prosecution. The review found that Carey had received seven letters from families and individuals following Ball's arrest in 1992, but passed only one (the least disturbing) to the police. Carey did not add Ball to the Church of England's "Lambeth List" which names clergy about whom questions of suitability for ministry have been raised, provided Ball with funds, and wrote to Ball's brother Bishop Michael Ball in 1993, saying "I believed him to be basically innocent". Graham Sawyer, who survived abuse by Peter Ball, wants the police to investigate Carey's role in the Ball affair.
Following production of the report, with its finding that he had covered up sex abuse allegations against bishop Peter Ball, Carey stated that the report made "deeply uncomfortable reading" and apologised to Ball's victims. Welby asked Carey to step down as an assistant bishop in the Church of England. On 26 June, having spoken to the Bishop of Oxford, Carey resigned from his post as an honorary assistant bishop within the Diocese of Oxford, his last formal role in the church. However, Carey did not resign his orders, nor his seat in the House of Lords, nor has he faced any formal ecclesiastical sanctions.
Carey married Eileen Harmsworth Hood in 1960. They have two sons, Mark (an Anglican priest) and Andrew (formerly Deputy Editor of the Church of England Newspaper and later a freelance journalist); and two daughters.
|Church of England titles|
| Bishop of Bath and Wells
| Archbishop of Canterbury
Alun John Hawkins (born 28 May 1944) is an Anglican priest. He was the Dean of Bangor from 2004 to 2011.Born on 28 May 1944 and educated at King's College London he was a Lecturer in English and Drama at UCNW, Bangor until his ordination in 1981.After a curacy at Dwygyfylchi he was Rector of Llanberis and then Vicar of Knighton and Norton. He was a Canon Residentiary at Bangor Cathedral from 1993 and Archdeacon of Bangor from 2000 until his appointment to the deanery.
Following controversial remarks concerning his successor as Archbishop of Canterbury by retired archbishop George Carey, Hawkins imposed on the latter a banning order at Bangor Cathedral.Bakersville, Maryland
Bakersville is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Washington County, Maryland, United States. Its population was 30 as of the 2010 census.Carey Foster
George Carey Foster FRS (October 1835 – 9 February 1919) was a chemist and physicist, born at Sabden in Lancashire. He was Professor of Physics at University College London, and served as the first Principal (salaried head of the College) from 1900 to 1904.Colin Fletcher (bishop)
Colin William Fletcher, (born 17 November 1950) is a British Anglican bishop. He is the current area Bishop of Dorchester in the Diocese of Oxford.Custos Rotulorum of Hampshire
This is a list of people who have served as Custos Rotulorum of Hampshire.
William Paulet, 1st Marquess of Winchester bef. 1544 – aft. 1558
John Paulet, 2nd Marquess of Winchester bef. 1562–1576
Sir Francis Walsingham bef. 1577–1590
George Carey, 2nd Baron Hunsdon bef. 1594–1603
Henry Wriothesley, 3rd Earl of Southampton bef. 1605–1624
Sir Henry Wallop 1624–1642
Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of Southampton 1642–1646, 1660–1667
Joceline Percy, 11th Earl of Northumberland 1667–1670
Charles Paulet, 6th Marquess of Winchester 1670–1676
James Annesley, Baron Annesley 1676–1681
Edward Noel, 1st Earl of Gainsborough 1681–1688
James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick 1688For later custodes rotulorum, see Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire.Elizabeth Spencer, Baroness Hunsdon
Elizabeth Spencer, Baroness Hunsdon (29 June 1552 – 25 February 1618) was an English noblewoman, scholar, and patron of the arts. She was the inspiration for Edmund Spenser's Muiopotmos, was commemorated in one of the poet's dedicatory sonnets to the Faerie Queene, and was represented as "Phyllis" in the latter's pastoral poem Colin Clouts Come Home Againe. She herself translated Petrarch. Her first husband was George Carey, 2nd Baron Hunsdon, grandson of Mary Boleyn, elder sister of Anne Boleyn, mother of Queen Elizabeth I.George Carew, 1st Earl of Totnes
George Carew, 1st Earl of Totnes (29 May 1555 – 27 March 1629), known as Sir George Carew between 1586 and 1605 and as The Lord Carew between 1605 and 1626, served under Elizabeth I during the Tudor conquest of Ireland and was appointed President of Munster. He was an authority on heraldry and the author of Carew's Scroll of Arms 1588, Collected from Churches in Devonshire etc., with Additions from Joseph Holland's Collection of Arms 1579.George Carey, 2nd Baron Hunsdon
George Carey, 2nd Baron Hunsdon KG (1547 – 9 September 1603) was the eldest son of Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon and Anne Morgan. His father was first cousin to Elizabeth I of England. In 1560, at the age of 13, George matriculated at Trinity College, Cambridge. In 1566 he accompanied the Earl of Bedford on an official mission to Scotland, to attend the baptism of the future King James VI.George Carey (c. 1541 – 1616)
Sir George Cary (c. 1541 – 15 February 1616), of Cockington in the parish of Tor Mohun in Devon, was an English administrator and Member of Parliament who held various offices in Ireland. He was treasurer-at-war to Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex during his campaign in Ireland in 1599, and was appointed a Lord Justice in September 1599 (when Essex left the country) and again in 1603 (on the departure of Charles Blount, 8th Baron Mountjoy). He was Lord Deputy of Ireland from May 1603 to February 1604. He had earlier served as a Member of Parliament for Dartmouth (1586) and for Devon (1588).Cary should not be confused with his near namesake Sir George Carew, later Earl of Totnes, who also held posts in Ireland at the same period.George Carey (disambiguation)
George Carey (born 1935) is a former Archbishop of Canterbury.
George Carey may also refer to:
Sir George Carey (c. 1541–1616), English Member of Parliament for Canterbury
George Carey, 2nd Baron Hunsdon (1547–1603), English soldier and Member of Parliament for Hertfordshire and Hampshire
George Carew, 1st Earl of Totnes (1555–1629), also known as George Carey
George Saville Carey (1743–1807), entertainer and miscellaneous writer
(George) Carey Foster (1835–1919), English chemist and physicist
George R. Carey (fl. 1878), American inventor
George Carey (ice hockey) (1892–1974), Scottish-Canadian ice hockey right winger
George Carey (filmmaker) (born 1943), British documentary filmmaker and television journalist
George Jackson Carey (1822–1872), British Army officer
George W. Carey (1845–1924), American physician
George Carey (footballer) (born 1943), Australian rules footballerGeorge Carey (filmmaker)
George Carey (born 1943) is a British documentary filmmaker and television journalist.George Carey (footballer)
George Carey (born 8 July 1943) is a former Australian rules footballer who played with Fitzroy in the Victorian Football League (VFL).George Carey (ice hockey)
George William Carey (November 4, 1892 – December 31, 1974) was a Canadian professional ice hockey right winger. He was born in Montreal, Quebec to Scottish parents. He first played for Quebec Bulldogs in National Hockey Association winning the Stanley Cup in 1912. He later played 5 seasons in the National Hockey League for the Quebec Bulldogs, Hamilton Tigers and Toronto St. Pats. He died in 1974 and was buried at Prospect Cemetery in Toronto.George Jackson Carey
Major-General George Jackson Carey CB (5 October 1822 – 12 June 1872) was a British Army officer who achieved high office in the 1860s.Harry Carey Jr.
Henry George Carey Jr. (May 16, 1921 – December 27, 2012) was an American actor. He appeared in more than 90 films, including several John Ford Westerns, as well as numerous television series.Henry Scriven
Henry William Scriven (born 30 August 1951) is an English Anglican bishop who has served in Europe and in America.
Scriven was educated at Repton School in Derbyshire and later at the University of Sheffield. He then studied at St John's College, Nottingham. He was ordained in 1975 and served for four years in the Diocese of London followed by two years in the Diocese of Northern Argentina for the South American Missionary Society (SAMS).
With the onset of the Falklands War, Scriven and his family moved to Little Rock, Arkansas where he served Christ Episcopal Church, Little Rock as Assistant Rector for Education from 1982 to 1983.
From 1984 to 1990, Scriven continued with SAMS in Spain in the Spanish Reformed Episcopal Church. He then served for five years as chaplain for the British Embassy Church in Madrid in the Diocese of Gibraltar in Europe of the Church of England. On 8 March 1995, he was consecrated as bishop by George Carey, Archbishop of Canterbury, as Suffragan Bishop in Europe. He was also commissioned by Edmond Browning as an assistant bishop to the Convocation of American Churches in Europe in May 1995.
From 2002 to 2008, Scriven served the Diocese of Pittsburgh as assistant bishop. He is married to Catherine and has a daughter, Anna, and a son, Joel.
Scriven is great-great-grandnephew of Joseph Scriven, Irish poet, best known as the writer of the poem which became the hymn "What a Friend We Have in Jesus".Lord Chamberlain's Men
The Lord Chamberlain's Men was a company of actors, or a "playing company" as it would have been known, for which Shakespeare wrote for most of his career. Richard Burbage played most of the lead roles, including Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, and Macbeth while Shakespeare himself performed some secondary roles. Formed at the end of a period of flux in the theatrical world of London, it had become, by 1603, one of the two leading companies of the city and was subsequently patronized by James I.
It was founded during the reign of Elizabeth I of England in 1594 under the patronage of Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon, then the Lord Chamberlain, who was in charge of court entertainments. After Carey's death on 23 July 1596, the company came under the patronage of his son, George Carey, 2nd Baron Hunsdon, for whom it was briefly known as Lord Hunsdon's Men. When George Carey in turn became Lord Chamberlain on 17 March 1597, it reverted to its previous name. The company became the King's Men in 1603 when King James ascended the throne and became the company's patron. The company held exclusive rights to perform Shakespeare's plays.Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire
This is a list of people who have served as Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire. Since 1688, all the Lords Lieutenant have also been Custos Rotulorum of Hampshire. From 1889 until 1959, the administrative county was named the County of Southampton.
William Paulet, 1st Marquess of Winchester 1551–?
William Paulet, 3rd Marquess of Winchester bef. 1585 – 24 November 1598 jointly with
Henry Radclyffe, 4th Earl of Sussex 3 July 1585 – 14 December 1593
Charles Blount, 1st Earl of Devonshire 4 August 1595 – 3 April 1606 jointly with
George Carey, 2nd Baron Hunsdon 29 October 1597 – 8 September 1603 and
Henry Wriothesley, 3rd Earl of Southampton 10 April 1604 – 10 November 1624
Edward Conway, 1st Viscount Conway 9 May 1625 – 3 January 1631
Richard Weston, 1st Earl of Portland 8 February 1631 – 13 March 1635
James Stewart, 1st Duke of Richmond 29 May 1635 – 1642 jointly with
Jerome Weston, 2nd Earl of Portland 29 May 1635 – 1642 and
Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of Southampton 3 June 1641 – 1642
Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of Southampton 24 September 1660 – 16 May 1667
Charles Paulet, Lord St John 20 December 1667 – 1675
Edward Noel, 1st Earl of Gainsborough 20 March 1676 – 24 December 1687 jointly with
Wriothesley Noel, Viscount Campden 9 April 1684 – 24 December 1687
James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick 24 December 1687 – 4 April 1689
Charles Paulet, 1st Duke of Bolton 4 April 1689 – 27 February 1699
Charles Paulet, 2nd Duke of Bolton 11 June 1699 – 15 September 1710
Henry Somerset, 2nd Duke of Beaufort 15 September 1710 – 24 May 1714
Charles Paulet, 2nd Duke of Bolton 5 August 1714 – 21 January 1722
Charles Paulet, 3rd Duke of Bolton 8 February 1722 – 3 September 1733
John Wallop, 1st Earl of Portsmouth 3 September 1733 – 19 July 1742
Charles Powlett, 3rd Duke of Bolton 19 July 1742 – 26 August 1754
Harry Powlett, 4th Duke of Bolton 13 November 1754 – 25 October 1758
Charles Powlett, 5th Duke of Bolton 25 October 1758 – 15 June 1763
James Brydges, Marquess of Carnarvon 15 June 1763 – 20 August 1764
Robert Henley, 1st Earl of Northington 20 August 1764 – 6 February 1771
James Brydges, 3rd Duke of Chandos 6 February 1771 – 10 May 1780
George Pitt, 1st Baron Rivers 10 May 1780 – 15 April 1782
Harry Powlett, 6th Duke of Bolton 15 April 1782 – 5 April 1793
In commission: 1793–1798
George Paulet, 12th Marquess of Winchester
Sir William Heathcote, 3rd Baronet
William John Chute
Charles Paulet, Earl of Wiltshire 3 March 1798 – 1 March 1800
Thomas Orde-Powlett, 1st Baron Bolton 1 March 1800 – 30 July 1807
James Harris, 1st Earl of Malmesbury 22 August 1807 – 21 November 1820
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington 27 December 1820 – 1 September 1852
John Paulet, 14th Marquess of Winchester 27 October 1852 – 4 July 1887
Henry Herbert, 4th Earl of Carnarvon 6 August 1887 – 29 June 1890
Thomas Baring, 1st Earl of Northbrook 7 November 1890 – 15 November 1904
Henry Paulet, 16th Marquess of Winchester 21 December 1904 – 24 January 1918
John Edward Bernard Seely, 1st Baron Mottistone 24 January 1918 – 7 November 1947
Wyndham Portal, 1st Viscount Portal 12 December 1947 – 6 May 1949
Gerald Wellesley, 7th Duke of Wellington 9 September 1949 – 19 September 1960
Alexander Francis St Vincent Baring, 6th Baron Ashburton 19 September 1960 – 1973
William James Harris, 6th Earl of Malmesbury 16 April 1973 – 1982
Lt. Col. Sir James Walter Scott, 2nd Baronet 17 December 1982 – 2 November 1993
Dame Mary Fagan 28 March 1994 – 11 September 2014
Nigel Atkinson 11 September 2014 - PresentMax Carey
Maximillian George Carnarius (January 11, 1890 – May 30, 1976), known as Max George Carey, was an American professional baseball center fielder and manager. Carey played in Major League Baseball for the Pittsburgh Pirates from 1910 through 1926 and for the Brooklyn Robins from 1926 through 1929. He managed the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1932 and 1933.
Carey starred for the Pirates, helping them win the 1925 World Series. During his 20-year career, he led the league in stolen bases ten times and finished with 738 steals, a National League record until 1974 and still the 9th-highest total in major league history. Carey was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1961.
Italics indicate a person who was elected but not confirmed.