George Bamberger

George Irvin Bamberger (August 1, 1923 – April 4, 2004) was an American professional baseball player, pitching coach and manager. In Major League Baseball, the right-handed pitcher appeared in ten games, nine in relief, for the 1951–52 New York Giants and the 1959 Baltimore Orioles. He later spent ten seasons (1968–77) as the Orioles' pitching coach and managed the Milwaukee Brewers (1978–80; 1985–86) and New York Mets (1982–83).[1][2]

George Bamberger
George Bamberger 1977
Bamberger in 1977
Born: August 1, 1923
Staten Island, New York City, New York
Died: April 4, 2004 (aged 80)
North Redington Beach, Florida
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
April 19, 1951, for the New York Giants
Last MLB appearance
April 22, 1959, for the Baltimore Orioles
MLB statistics
Win–loss record0–0
Earned run average9.42
Innings pitched14⅓
Managerial record458–478
As player

As manager

Career highlights and awards

Playing career

Bamberger was born and raised in Staten Island, New York City, New York. He served in the United States Army during World War II in the Mediterranean and European theaters of operations[3] and signed with the hometown New York Giants in 1946. Bamberger reached double digits in wins during four of his first five minor league seasons; he would record ten or more victories in 15 of his 18 years as a minor league pitcher, and win 213 total games during that span (1946–63).

Bamberger made the Giants' 28-man roster at the outset of the 1951 season. In his big-league debut on April 19, 1951, during a Patriots' Day doubleheader against the Boston Braves at Braves Field, he gave up three hits (including a home run to Sam Jethroe) and two earned runs in two innings pitched.[4] Nine days later, he struggled again, as he surrendered a base on balls and then a two-run homer to Jackie Robinson, while recording no outs, against the Brooklyn Dodgers.[5] Bamberger spent the rest of that season with the Triple-A Ottawa Giants of the International League.

In 1952, Bamberger again was a member of the big-league Giants during the season's early weeks. He appeared in five more games, all as a relief pitcher, but was largely ineffective, allowing six hits, three walks, and four earned runs in four full innings of work. After June 1, he was sent to the Oakland Oaks of the top-level Pacific Coast League, where he spent the bulk of the rest of his playing career. The Oaks transferred to Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1956, and Bamberger remained with the renamed Vancouver Mounties for another seven years until the franchise moved again, to Dallas, Texas, in 1963.

In the midst of that tenure, however, in 1959, the 35-year-old Bamberger received his third and final Major League trial with the Mounties' parent club, the Baltimore Orioles. In his American League debut on April 16, Bamberger was the starting pitcher against the defending World Champion New York Yankees at Memorial Stadium. He held the Yankees scoreless for five full innings, as Baltimore built a 2–0 lead. But in the sixth, he surrendered a two-run double to Norm Siebern, tying the game; and then, after the Orioles had gone ahead 3–2 in their half of the sixth, he gave up the lead in the seventh frame. He left after 6⅓ innings, having allowed four earned runs on four hits, with Baltimore trailing by a run. (The Orioles eventually prevailed, 7–4, with Billy O'Dell getting the win in relief.)[6]

After two relief appearances with the Orioles, Bamberger returned to the Pacific Coast League for the rest of his pitching career. He never recorded a decision in the Majors, and compiled a 9.42 ERA with 25 hits and ten bases on balls allowed, and three strikeouts, over 14⅓ innings.

Coaching and managerial career

Baltimore Orioles pitching coach

In 1960–63, Bamberger served as a player-coach for the Mounties and Dallas-Fort Worth Rangers while still pitching regularly (working in 135 games, 110 as a starter). Then, in 1964, he retired as a player and rejoined the Baltimore organization as its roving minor league pitching instructor. The Orioles' farm system was then among the pioneers in standardizing player instruction. With Bamberger playing a key role, it was developing a corps of young pitchers that would help the club win the 1966 World Series. He earned a promotion when general manager Harry Dalton appointed him to succeed Harry Brecheen as the Orioles' pitching coach on October 3, 1967.[7] Serving under Hank Bauer and then Earl Weaver, Bamberger would remain with the ballclub through 1977 and five American League East Division championships, three American League pennants and the 1970 World Series championship. During that decade, he produced 18 twenty-game winners, including four for the 1971 American League champions: Jim Palmer, Mike Cuellar, Dave McNally and Pat Dobson. He also would teach his famed pitch, "The Staten Island Sinker".

1978–80: Manager of "Bambi's Bombers"

Bamberger was named to succeed Alex Grammas as manager of the Milwaukee Brewers on January 20, 1978. The appointment was made by Dalton, who had become the Brewers' new general manager two months earlier. The ballclub had never had a winning record in the eight seasons prior to Bamberger's arrival.[8]

In his first managerial assignment, Bamberger led the 1978 Brewers to a 26-game turnaround. His club won 93 games and finished third behind the Yankees and Boston Red Sox in the AL East. Bamberger's influence on his pitching staff was reflected by a 30 percent decrease in walks allowed (566 vs. 398) and a 20 percent decline in home runs allowed (136 vs. 109). Team ERA dropped from 4.32 to 3.65, and both Mike Caldwell (22–9, 2.36) and Lary Sorensen (18–12, 3.21) enjoyed standout seasons. But a spike in offense would make an even larger mark on Bamberger's team. The 1978 Brewers hit 173 home runs (48 more than in 1977) and outscored their previous year's team by 165 runs, a 26 percent rise. Seven players hit double figures in home runs, and two (Larry Hisle, signed as a free agent, and Gorman Thomas) eclipsed the 30-homer mark. The Brewers became known as "Bambi's Bombers."[9]

Then, in 1979, Bamberger's Brewers hit 185 home runs, captured 95 victories and finished second, behind only Weaver's Orioles. But in March 1980, during spring training, Bamberger was hospitalized with back and chest pains. He was diagnosed with a heart attack, underwent surgery and was sidelined until June 6. He re-took the reins from interim pilot Buck Rodgers, but did not finish the season, resigning September 7 after compiling a disappointing 47–45 win-loss record. He stepped down with a 235–180 (.566) mark for his maiden managerial job, while turning Milwaukee into a contender for the American League pennant. The Brewers qualified for the playoffs in 1981 under Rodgers and won their only AL championship in 1982 with Harvey Kuenn at the helm. (The club moved to the National League Central Division in 1998.)

1982–83: Struggles during Mets' rebuilding

Bamberger's managerial career was not over, however. Frank Cashen, another former Oriole executive, hired him as skipper of the struggling New York Mets for 1982. The Mets had gone only 41–62 (.398) under Joe Torre during the strike-shortened 1981 season. The 1982 Mets—still in the early stages of a rebuilding process that would produce the 1986 world championship—played at almost an identical pace (.401), led the National League in bases on balls and finished second-worst in team ERA. Then the 1983 edition started even worse. They were 16–30 (.348) on June 3 when Bamberger resigned, saying, "I've probably suffered enough."[10]

1985–86: Second term in Milwaukee

A season and a half later, during the 1984–85 off-season, Dalton called Bamberger back into harness to attempt to revive the Brewers, who had plunged into the AL East basement in 1984. But this time, Bamberger was unable to turn the club around: they won only 71 games for him in 1985 (with the team ERA climbing by 0.33 to 4.39) and 71 more the following season. The bright spot on the Brewers' staff was left-handed starting pitcher Teddy Higuera, who won 15 games as a rookie in 1985 and 20 more the following season. Bamberger retired for a final time September 25, 1986, at age 63, turning the Brewers over to coach Tom Trebelhorn with nine games left in the season. He finished his managerial career with a record of 458–478 (.489).

George Bamberger died on April 4, 2004, from cancer at his home in North Redington Beach, Florida. He was 80 years old.

See also


  1. ^ Goldstein, Richard (2004-04-07). "George Bamberger, 80, Pitching Coach, Dies". The New York Times. Retrieved 2019-02-03.
  2. ^ "George Bamberger, 80; Famed Orioles Pitching Coach and Brewers Manager". Los Angeles Times. 2004-04-07. Retrieved 2019-02-03.
  3. ^ Baseball in
  4. ^ Retrosheet box score
  5. ^ Retrosheet box score
  6. ^ Retrosheet box score
  7. ^ "Orioles Tab 3 Coaches," The Associated Press, Tuesday, October 3, 1967.
  8. ^ "Bamberger of Orioles Is Named To Pilot Brewers Next 2 Years," United Press International, Friday, January 20, 1978. Retrieved July 14, 2018
  9. ^ The New York Times, September 13, 2008
  10. ^ The New York Times, June 3, 1983

External links

Preceded by
Harry Brecheen
Baltimore Orioles Pitching Coach
Succeeded by
Ray Miller
1951 New York Giants (MLB) season

The 1951 New York Giants season was the franchise's 69th season and saw the Giants finish the regular season in a tie for first place in the National League with a record of 96 wins and 58 losses. This prompted a three-game playoff against the Brooklyn Dodgers, which the Giants won in three games, clinched by Bobby Thomson's walk-off home run, a moment immortalized as the Shot Heard 'Round the World. The Giants, however, lost the 1951 World Series to the New York Yankees in six games.

1952 New York Giants (MLB) season

The 1952 New York Giants season was the franchise's 70th season. The team finished in second place in the National League with a 92-62 record, 4½ games behind the Brooklyn Dodgers.

1959 Baltimore Orioles season

The 1959 Baltimore Orioles season was the franchise's sixth season in Baltimore, Maryland, and its 59th overall. It resulted with the Orioles finishing sixth in the American League with a record of 74 wins and 80 losses, 22 games behind the AL champion Chicago White Sox.

1978 Milwaukee Brewers season

The 1978 Milwaukee Brewers season involved the Brewers finishing third in the American League East with a record of 93 wins and 69 losses.

1979 Milwaukee Brewers season

The 1979 Milwaukee Brewers season involved the Brewers' finishing second in the American League East with a record of 95 wins and 66 losses.

1980 Milwaukee Brewers season

The 1980 Milwaukee Brewers season involved the Brewers' finishing third in the American League East with a record of 86 wins and 76 losses. The Brewers hit eight grand slams, the most in MLB in 1980.

1982 New York Mets season

The New York Mets' 1982 season was the 21st regular season for the Mets. They went 65–97 and finished in sixth place in the National League East. They were managed by George Bamberger. They played home games at Shea Stadium.

1983 New York Mets season

The New York Mets' 1983 season was the 22nd regular season for the Mets. They went 68–94 and finished in sixth place in the National League East. They were managed by George Bamberger and Frank Howard. They played home games at Shea Stadium.

1985 Milwaukee Brewers season

The 1985 Milwaukee Brewers season involved the Brewers' finishing 6th in the American League East with a record of 71 wins and 90 losses.

1986 Milwaukee Brewers season

The Milwaukee Brewers' 1986 season involved the Brewers' finishing 6th in the American League East with a record of 77 wins and 84 losses.

Baltimore Orioles Hall of Fame

The following is a list of all members of the Baltimore Orioles' Hall of Fame, representing the most significant contributors to the history of the Baltimore Orioles professional baseball team. The hall of fame is on display at Oriole Park at Camden Yards in Baltimore, Maryland.


Bamberger is a German surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Ana Maria Bamberger (born 1966), Romanian physician and playwright

Ármin Vámbéry (born Bamberger) (1832–1913), Hungarian orientalist

Bernard Jacob Bamberger (1904-1980), American rabbi and Biblical scholar

Cyril Stanley Bamberger (1919–2008), Battle of Britain Pilot

Eugen Bamberger (1857–1932), German chemist

Florence E. Bamberger (1882–1965), American pedagogue

Fritz Bamberger (painter) (1814–1873), German painter

Fritz Bamberger (scholar) (1902–1984), German Jewish scholar

Heinrich von Bamberger, Austrian physician

George Bamberger (1923–2004), U.S. Major League Baseball pitcher

Jakob Bamberger (1913–1989), German boxer and Porajmos survivor

Louis Bamberger, founder of the Institute for Advanced Study

Bamberger's, retail store that he founded

Ludwig Bamberger (1823–1899), German deputy, political economist and founder of Deutsche Bank

Michael Bamberger, writer

Seligman Baer Bamberger (1807–1878), German rabbi, author and educator

Jacklyn Bamberger (1994- ), U.S. giant of journalism

Simon Bamberger (1846–1926), U.S. politician, governor of Utah (1917–1921)Bamberger may also refer to a citizen of the German city of Bamberg or to organisations connected with that city:

Bamberg Symphony Orchestra (Bamberger Symphoniker)

Brent Gaff

Brent Allen Gaff (born October 5, 1958) is a former American professional baseball player who played for the New York Mets from 1982–84.

Gaff was born in Fort Wayne, Indiana and attended Churubusco High School in Churubusco, Indiana. He was drafted by the New York Mets in 6th the round (146th overall) of the 1977 Major League Baseball Draft. He was 23 years old when he broke into the big leagues on July 7, 1982, with the New York Mets. Although the Mets lost the game, 3-2, to the San Francisco Giants, Mets manager George Bamberger was quoted as saying, "The kid's got good command of his stuff and great confidence in himself. His attitude's outstanding. He says 'Give me the ball and let me go.' I wanted him to win that game bad." [1]

Gaff missed the entire 1985 season due to a partial tear of the rotator cuff in his right shoulder, and was released by the Mets in November of that year.

Deaths in April 2004

The following is a list of notable deaths in April 2004.

Entries for each day are listed alphabetically by surname. A typical entry lists information in the following sequence:

Name, age, country of citizenship at birth, subsequent country of citizenship (if applicable), reason for notability, cause of death (if known), and reference.

Harry Dalton

Harry I. Dalton (August 23, 1928 – October 23, 2005) was an American front-office executive in Major League Baseball. He served as general manager of three American League teams, the Baltimore Orioles (1966–71), California Angels (1972–77) and Milwaukee Brewers (1978–91), and was a principal architect of the Orioles' dynasty of 1966–74 as well as the only AL championship the Brewers ever won (1982).

Born in West Springfield, Massachusetts—also the hometown of Baseball Hall of Fame manager Leo Durocher—Dalton graduated from Amherst College and served in the United States Air Force during the Korean War, earning a Bronze Star. After a brief stint as a sportswriter in Springfield, he joined the front office of the Orioles, newly reborn as the relocated St. Louis Browns, in 1954. For the next 11 years, Dalton worked his way up the organizational ladder, rising to the position of director of the Orioles' successful farm system in 1961.In the autumn of 1965, Baltimore general manager Lee MacPhail departed to become top aide to the new Commissioner of Baseball, William Eckert. Dalton was named Director of Player Personnel—in effect, MacPhail's successor. His first order of business was to complete a trade that brought Cincinnati Reds outfielder Frank Robinson to Baltimore for pitchers Milt Pappas and Jack Baldschun and a minor league outfielder. Robinson, 1961 National League Most Valuable Player, was one of the greatest stars in the game, but he had developed a strained relationship with the Cincinnati front office. In Baltimore, he would team with third baseman Brooks Robinson to lead the O's to the 1966 and 1970 World Series championships, and pennants in 1969 and 1971. Dalton was the man who hired Earl Weaver as manager, brought to the Majors young stars such as Bobby Grich and Don Baylor, and acquired key players such as Mike Cuellar, Pat Dobson and Don Buford. (Weaver, Frank Robinson and Brooks Robinson, along with pitching great Jim Palmer, a product of Dalton's farm system, are all in the Hall in Fame.)

After the Orioles lost the 1971 World Series to the Pittsburgh Pirates, Dalton was hired to turn around a stumbling Angels franchise. He acquired the great pitcher Nolan Ryan in a December 1971 trade with the New York Mets, but during Dalton's six seasons in Anaheim the team never posted a winning record. After the 1977 season, the Angels hired veteran executive Buzzie Bavasi as Dalton's boss, then released Dalton from his contract so that he could become the general manager of the Brewers.

Milwaukee had a group of talented young players, such as Robin Yount, Cecil Cooper and rookie Paul Molitor, but the nine-year-old franchise had never had a winning season. In 1978, Dalton hired George Bamberger, Weaver's pitching coach for many years, as the Brewers' new manager, and the team gelled into contenders in the American League East Division. By 1981, they made the playoffs and in 1982, Milwaukee won its first and only American League pennant (the Brewers moved to the National League Central Division in 1998). In the 1982 World Series, the "Harvey's Wallbangers" Brewers of manager Harvey Kuenn lost to the St. Louis Cardinals in seven games.

The Brewers contended in 1983, but then began to struggle on the field. The team rebounded in 1987 and 1988, but when it returned to its losing ways, Dalton's position was weakened. After a poor 1991 season, he was replaced as general manager by Sal Bando. Dalton, who remained a consultant in the Milwaukee front office through his 1994 retirement, nevertheless was one of the most respected men in baseball, who had trained other successful general managers such as John Schuerholz, Lou Gorman and Dan Duquette, a fellow Amherst alumnus.On July 24, 2003, Dalton was inducted into the Milwaukee Brewers Walk of Fame outside Miller Park.

Harry Dalton died at age 77 in Scottsdale, Arizona, of complications from Lewy body disease, misdiagnosed as Parkinson’s disease.

Herm Starrette

Herman Paul Starrette (November 20, 1936 – June 2, 2017) was an American relief pitcher; pitching and bullpen coach; and farm system official in Major League Baseball. Starrette was a native and lifelong resident of Statesville, North Carolina. He attended Lenoir Rhyne College in nearby Hickory. During his playing days, he threw and batted right-handed, stood 6 ft 1 in (1.85 m) tall, and weighed 185 pounds (84 kg).

Starrette played his nine-year (1958–66) pitching career in the Baltimore Orioles organization, and spent parts of three seasons (1963–65) at the Major League level. Appearing in 27 MLB games, he pitched in 46 innings and split two decisions with an earned run average of 2.54. He allowed 43 hits and 16 bases on balls, struck out 21 and earned one save.

His coaching career began with the Orioles' Triple-A farm club, the Rochester Red Wings, in 1967, and the following season he succeeded George Bamberger as Baltimore's roving minor league pitching instructor. The Orioles' system of the time was celebrated for developing young pitching, and after six seasons in that job, Starrette became a Major League pitching coach for the 1974 Atlanta Braves. He would spend the next 28 years as a pitching coach, bullpen coach, minor league instructor, coordinator of instruction, and farm system director with the Braves, Orioles, San Francisco Giants, Philadelphia Phillies, Milwaukee Brewers, Chicago Cubs, Montreal Expos and Boston Red Sox. He was the pitching coach of the 1980 world champion Phillies.

Starrette was a trusted associate of Dan Duquette, working with him in Milwaukee, Montreal and Boston as a farm system official and minor and Major League coach. After Duquette's ouster as general manager in Boston in February 2002, Starrette retired from baseball.

Starrette died June 2, 2017.

List of Milwaukee Brewers managers

The Milwaukee Brewers Major League Baseball (MLB) franchise of the National League has employed 19 managers and 9 general managers (GMs) during its 50 seasons of play. Established in Seattle, Washington as the Seattle Pilots in 1969, the team became the Milwaukee Brewers after relocating to Milwaukee, Wisconsin in 1970. The franchise played in the American League until 1998, when it moved to the National League as a part of MLB's realignment plan. The duties of the team manager include team strategy and leadership on and off the field. In contrast, the general manager controls player transactions, hiring and firing of the coaching staff, and negotiates with players and agents regarding contracts.

The team's first manager, Joe Schultz, stayed with the Pilots for the entire 1969 season, but was released before the move to Milwaukee. Buck Rodgers managed the team in 1981 when the Brewers won the American League second-half East Division title. Due to the 1981 Major League Baseball strike, the season was split into two halves. The winners of each half met in the league division series. Rodgers and Harvey Kuenn managed the Brewers in 1982, leading them to win the American League pennant. Rodgers managed the team's first 47 games of the season before being fired and replaced by Kuenn. In 2008, Ned Yost and Dale Sveum, who took over for the fired Yost for the team's last 12 regular season games, led the team to win the National League wild card. Ken Macha managed the club for the 2009 and 2010 seasons but failed to lead the team to the playoffs. It was announced after the completion of the 2010 season that Macha's 2011 option would not be picked up. Ron Roenicke was hired to replace Macha for the 2011 season. Roenicke led the team to a franchise-best 96 wins during the 2011 season in addition to the Brewers' first NL Central title ever and first playoff series win since 1982. On May 3, 2015, they fired manager Roenicke after a dismal 7-18 start to the season. The following day, Craig Counsell was named the 19th manager in team history. Counsell had worked in the Brewer's front office since 2012.Phil Garner won 563 games from 1992 to 1999, giving him more wins than any other manager in franchise history. Having managed the team for 1,180 games, he is also the longest-tenured manager in team history. Harvey Kuenn's .576 winning percentage is the highest of all Brewers managers who have managed the team for more than one full season. Conversely, the lowest winning percentage over a season or more is .395, by the team's first manager, Joe Schultz. These records are correct as of the end of the 2018 season.

Ray Miller (baseball manager)

Raymond Roger Miller (born April 30, 1945 at Takoma Park, Maryland) is a former coach and manager in American Major League Baseball. A highly respected pitching coach, he had two short terms as a manager—with the Minnesota Twins (1985–86) and the Baltimore Orioles (1998–99)—compiling a record of 266–297 (.472).

Tom Trebelhorn

Thomas Lynn Trebelhorn (born January 27, 1948) is a former manager in Major League Baseball for the Milwaukee Brewers (1986–91) and Chicago Cubs (1994). He was the manager of the Class A Salem-Keizer Volcanoes from 2008 to 2012.

Milwaukee Brewers managers


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