Geophilus flavus

Geophilus flavus is a species of centipede in the family Geophilidae.[2] The Geophilidae (like other members of Geophilomorpha) are called soil centipedes. It is terrestrial and commonly found at seashore locations.[1]

Geophilus flavus
Geophilus flavus
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Subphylum:
Class:
Order:
Family:
Genus:
Species:
G. flavus
Binomial name
Geophilus flavus
(De Geer, 1778)[1]
Synonyms
  • Geophilus longicornis
  • Necrophloeophagus longicornis
  • Scolopendra flava De Geer, 1778 (basionym)

Description

Specimens are yellow in colour, have 49–57 pairs of legs, and may grow up to 45 millimetres (1.8 in) in length.[3][2]

Diet

These centipedes feed on other invertebrates in their environment, including other arthropods and earthworms.

Reproduction

The females lay clutches of 50-60 eggs in soil or rotten wood. They stand guard over the eggs until the offspring is born. The females sometimes lick the eggs to protect them from fungi.[4]

Distribution

This species is found across Europe, and has been introduced into North America and Australia.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b A. D. Barber (2012). Barber AD (ed.). "Geophilus flavus (De Geer, 1778)". World database of littoral Myriapoda. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved May 11, 2012.
  2. ^ a b c "Tasmanian Multipedes: Geophilomorpha". Polydesmida.info. Retrieved 2012-05-09.
  3. ^ "Macro Photos - Chilopoda (centipedes) - Geophilus flavus". Insectmacros.com. Retrieved 2012-05-09.
  4. ^ https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/MesozoicLife/conversations/topics/1215

External links

Centipede

Centipedes (from Latin prefix centi-, "hundred", and pes, pedis, "foot") are predatory arthropods belonging to the class Chilopoda of the subphylum Myriapoda, an arthropod group which also includes Millipedes and other multi-legged creatures. Centipedes are elongated metameric creatures with one pair of legs per body segment. Most centipedes are generally venomous and could inflict a painful bite, injecting their venom through pincer-like appendage known as forcipules. Despite the name, centipedes can have a varying number of legs, ranging from 30 to 354. Centipedes always have an odd number of pairs of legs. Therefore, no centipede has exactly 100 legs. Similar to spiders and scorpions, centipedes are predominantly carnivorous.Their size can range from a few millimetres in the smaller lithobiomorphs and geophilomorphs to about 30 cm (12 in) in the largest scolopendromorphs. Centipedes can be found in a wide variety of environments. They normally have a drab coloration combining shades of brown and red. Cavernicolous (cave-dwelling) and subterranean species may lack pigmentation, and many tropical scolopendromorphs have bright aposematic colors.

Worldwide, an estimated 8,000 species of centipedes are thought to exist, of which 3,000 have been described. Centipedes have a wide geographical range, where they even reach beyond the Arctic Circle. They are found in an array of terrestrial habitats from tropical rainforests to deserts. Within these habitats, centipedes require a moist microhabitat because they lack the waxy cuticle of insects and arachnids, therefore causing them to rapidly lose water. Accordingly, they are found in soil and leaf litter, under stones and dead wood, and inside logs. Centipedes are among the largest terrestrial invertebrate predators, and often contribute significantly to the invertebrate predatory biomass in terrestrial ecosystems.

Geophilus

Geophilus is a genus of centipedes in the family Geophilidae, containing the following species:

Geophilus admarinus Chamberlin, 1952

Geophilus algarum Brölemann, 1909

Geophilus becki Chamberlin, 1951

Geophilus carpophagus Leach, 1814

Geophilus flavus De Geer, 1778

Geophilus fucorum Brölemann, 1900

Geophilus gracilis Meinert, 1870

Geophilus hadesi Stoev et al. 2015

Geophilus naxius Verhoeff, 1901

Geophilus proximus C.L.Koch, 1847

Geophilus pusillifrater Verhoeff, 1898

Geophilus vittatus Raffinesque, 1820

List of Myriapoda species of Ireland

There are 78 species of Myriapoda native to Ireland.

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