Geoffrey Street

Major Geoffrey Austin Street, MC, MP (21 January 1894 – 13 August 1940) was an Australian politician who served as Minister of Defence at the outbreak of the Second World War and a member of the House of Representatives, representing the Division of Corangamite from 1934 until his death in the Canberra air disaster in 1940. He was recognised with a Military Cross for his courage while serving with the Australian Imperial Force during the Gallipoli Campaign in the First World War.


Geoffrey Street

Geoffrey Street
Minister of Defence
In office
1938–1940
Prime MinisterRobert Menzies
Preceded byHarold Thorby
Succeeded byRobert Menzies
Member of the Australian Parliament
for Corangamite
In office
15 September 1934 – 13 August 1940
Preceded byWilliam Gibson
Succeeded byAllan McDonald
Personal details
Born21 January 1894
Woollahra, New South Wales
Died13 August 1940 (aged 46)
Canberra air disaster, 1940
NationalityAustralian
Political partyUnited Australia Party
Spouse(s)Evora Francis Currie
RelationsStreet family
ChildrenTony Street
Alma materUniversity of Sydney
Military service
AllegianceAustralia
Branch/serviceAustralian Imperial Force
Years of service1914–1919
RankMajor
Battles/warsFirst World War

Early life and military service

Street was born in the Sydney suburb of Woollahra and educated at Sydney Grammar School and the University of Sydney. In 1914, he volunteered for military service with the Australian Imperial Force and was wounded in the Gallipoli landing and later served in France and Belgium. In 1919, Street was discharged with the rank of major.

Street married Evora Francis Currie in 1918 and purchased part of his father-in-law's property in the Western District of Victoria and became a successful sheep grazier and local politician. He became a councillor of Hampden Shire Council in 1924 and its president in 1931–1932.[1]

Political career

At the request of Robert Menzies, Street stood for and won Corangamite in 1934. He became Minister of Defence in November 1938 and played a major role in the expansion of the military and munitions production prior to the outbreak of the Second World War and pushed the National Registration Act (1939) through parliament despite strong opposition. Following the outbreak of war he worked energetically to put Australia on a war footing, although from November 1939, Menzies abolished the position of Minister for Defence and appointed Street Minister for the Army and Minister for Repatriation.

Street died in the Canberra air disaster, 1940, along with two other Cabinet ministers. His son, Tony Street, was Member for Corangamite from 1966 to 1983, and Foreign Minister in Malcolm Fraser's government.[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Hazlehurst, Cameron. "Street, Geoffrey Austin (1894–1940)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 10 August 2007.
Political offices
Preceded by
Harold Thorby
Minister for Defence
1938–1939
Succeeded by
Robert Menzies
New title Minister for the Army
1939–1940
Succeeded by
Philip McBride
Preceded by
Eric Harrison
Minister for Repatriation
1940
Succeeded by
George McLeay
Parliament of Australia
Preceded by
William Gibson
Member for Corangamite
1934–1940
Succeeded by
Allan McDonald
1894

1894 (MDCCCXCIV)

was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1894th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 894th year of the 2nd millennium, the 94th year of the 19th century, and the 5th year of the 1890s decade. As of the start of 1894, the Gregorian calendar was

12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1934 Australian federal election

Federal elections were held in Australia on 15 September 1934. All 74 seats in the House of Representatives, and 18 of the 36 seats in the Senate were up for election. The incumbent United Australia Party led by Prime Minister of Australia Joseph Lyons with coalition partner the Country Party led by Earle Page defeated the opposition Australian Labor Party led by James Scullin. Labor's share of the primary vote fell to an even lower number than in the 1931 election due to the Lang Labor split, but it was able to pick up an extra four seats on preferences and therefore improve on its position. The Coalition suffered an eight-seat swing, forcing Lyons to take the Country Party into his government (the UAP had governed alone in the previous term).

Future Prime Ministers Robert Menzies and John McEwen both entered parliament at this election.

1940 in Australia

The following lists events that happened during 1940 in Australia.

Allan McDonald (Australian politician)

Allan McKenzie McDonald, DFC (4 July 1888 – 10 June 1953) was an Australian politician who served in the House of Representatives from 1940 until his death. He had previously served in the Victorian Legislative Assembly from 1933 to 1940. McDonald represented the United Australia Party until 1945, when he joined the new Liberal Party.

Division of Corangamite

The Division of Corangamite is an Australian electoral division in the state of Victoria. The division was one of the original 65 divisions contested at the first federal election. It is named for Lake Corangamite, although the lake no longer falls within the division's boundaries.

The division is located in the Western district of Victoria covering 7,624 square kilometres (2,944 sq mi). It is a mixed electorate, including the growing surf coast area, the southern suburbs of Geelong as well as rural areas to the west. Starting at Queenscliff in the east, the electorate runs down the surf coast to include Aireys Inlet, Anglesea, Apollo Bay, Barwon Heads, Belmont, Grovedale, Highton, Lorne, Ocean Grove, Wye River and Torquay. The electorate includes the rural centre of Colac, as well as all the suburbs of Geelong south of the Barwon River.The current Member for Corangamite, since the 2013 federal election, is Sarah Henderson, a member of the Liberal Party of Australia.

Electoral results for the Division of Corangamite

This is a list of electoral results for the Division of Corangamite in Australian federal elections from the division's creation in 1901 until the present.

Eric Harrison

Sir Eric John Harrison (7 September 1892 – 26 September 1974) was an Australian politician and diplomat. He was the inaugural deputy leader of the Liberal Party (1945–1956), and a government minister under four prime ministers. He was later High Commissioner to the United Kingdom from 1956 to 1964.

Harrison was born in Sydney and left school at the age of 13. He served with the Australian Army during World War I, and after the war's end became the manager of a textile factory. Harrison was elected to the House of Representatives in 1931, representing the United Australia Party (UAP). He served briefly as Minister for Interior in 1934, under Joseph Lyons, and returned to the ministry in 1938. Over the next three years he held positions in the governments of Lyons, Earle Page, Robert Menzies, and Arthur Fadden.

In 1944, Harrison replaced Billy Hughes as deputy leader of the UAP. When the new Liberal Party was formed the following year, he was elected to the same position. In Menzies' second government, Harrison held various defence-related portfolios. He was also made the inaugural Leader of the House in 1951. Harrison left politics in 1956 to become High Commissioner to the United Kingdom. He retired in 1964, and suffered from Parkinson's disease in later years. His daughter, Shirley Walters, followed him into politics, becoming the first woman to represent Tasmania in the Senate.

First Menzies Ministry

The First Menzies Ministry was the twenty-sixth Australian Commonwealth ministry, and ran from 26 April 1939 to 14 March 1940.United Australia Party

Rt Hon Robert Menzies, KC MP: Prime Minister, Treasurer. Minister for Defence Co-ordination (from 13 November 1939), Minister for Trade and Customs (from 23 February 1940)

Rt Hon Billy Hughes, KC MP: Attorney-General, Minister for Industry

Hon John Perkins, MP: Minister without portfolio administering External Territories

Hon Geoffrey Street, MP: Minister for Defence (to 13 November 1939), Minister for the Army (from 13 November 1939)

Hon Richard Casey, DSO MC MP: Minister for Supply and Development (to 26 January 1940)

Hon Sir Henry Somer Gullett, KCMG MP: Minister for External Affairs. Minister for Information (from 12 September 1939)

Senator Hon George McLeay: Minister for Commerce

Hon John Lawson, MP: Minister for Trade and Customs (to 23 February 1940)

Hon Eric Harrison, MP: Postmaster-General, Minister for Repatriation

Hon James Fairbairn, MP: Minister for Civil Aviation. Minister for Air (from 13 November 1939). Vice-President of the Executive Council (to 26 January 1940)

Hon Sir Frederick Stewart, MP: Minister for Health, Minister for Social Services. Minister for the Navy (from 13 November 1939). Minister for Supply and Development (from 26 January 1940)

Senator Hon Harry Foll: Minister for the Interior

Senator Hon Herbert Collett: Minister without portfolio administering War Service Homes

Hon Harold Holt, MP: Minister without portfolio assisting the Minister for Supply and Development. Minister without portfolio assisting the Minister for Trade and Customs (from 23 February 1940)

Senator Hon Philip McBride: Minister without portfolio assisting the Minister for Commerce

Hon Percy Spender, KC MP: Minister without portfolio assisting the Treasurer (to 3 November 1939), Vice-President of the Executive Council (from 26 January 1940)

Fourth Lyons Ministry

The Fourth Lyons Ministry was the twenty-fourth Australian Commonwealth ministry, and ran from 29 November 1937 to 7 April 1939.United Australia Party–Australian Country Party Coalition

Rt Hon Joseph Lyons, MP: Prime Minister (UAP)

Rt Hon Sir Earle Page, GCMG MP: Minister for Commerce. Minister for Health (to 7 November 1938) (CP)

Hon Robert Menzies, KC MP: Attorney-General, Minister for Industry (to 20 March 1939) (UAP)

Senator Hon Alexander McLachlan: Postmaster-General (to 7 November 1938) (UAP)

Hon Thomas White, MP: Minister for Trade and Customs (to 8 November 1938) (UAP)

Hon Richard Casey, MP: Treasurer. Minister in charge of Development and Scientific and Industrial Research (to 7 November 1938) (UAP)

Rt Hon Billy Hughes, KC MP: Minister for External Affairs. Vice-President of the Executive Council, Minister in charge of Territories (to 7 November 1938). Attorney-General, Minister for Industry (from 20 March 1939) (UAP)

Hon Harold Thorby, MP: Minister for Defence (to 7 November 1938), Minister for Works, Minister for Civil Aviation (from 24 November 1938) (CP)

Senator Hon Harry Foll: Minister in charge of war service homes (to 7 November 1938), Minister for Repatriation. Minister for Health (from 7 November 1938) (UAP)

Hon Archie Cameron, MP: Minister without Portfolio (to 7 November 1938), Postmaster-General (from 7 November 1938) (CP)

Hon John McEwen, MP: Minister for the Interior (CP)

Hon Victor Thompson, MP: Minister without portfolio (CP)

Senator Hon Allan MacDonald: Minister without portfolio (UAP)

Hon John Perkins, MP: Minister without portfolio (to 7 November 1938), Minister in charge of Territories (7 November 1938 to 8 November 1938), Minister for Trade and Customs (from 8 November 1938) (UAP)

Senator Hon George McLeay: Vice-President of the Executive Council (from 7 November 1938) (UAP)

Hon Geoffrey Street, MP: Minister for Defence (from 7 November 1938) (UAP)

Hon Eric Harrison, MP: Minister without portfolio, administering external territories (from 8 November 1938) (UAP)

Harold Thorby

Harold Victor Campbell Thorby (2 October 1888 – 1 January 1973) was an Australian politician who was a member of the House of Representatives from 1931 to 1940, representing the Division of Calare for the Country Party. He was the party's deputy leader from 1937 to 1940, and served as a government minister under Joseph Lyons, Earle Page, and Robert Menzies.

Members of the Australian House of Representatives, 1934–1937

This is a list of the members of the Australian House of Representatives in the 14th Australian Parliament, which was elected at the 1934 election on 15 September 1934. The incumbent United Australia Party led by Prime Minister of Australia Joseph Lyons with coalition partner the Country Party led by Earle Page defeated the opposition Australian Labor Party led by James Scullin. Labor's share of the primary vote fell to an even lower number than in the 1931 election due to the Lang Labor split, but it was able to pick up an extra four seats on preferences and therefore improve on its position.

Members of the Australian House of Representatives, 1937–1940

This is a list of the members of the Australian House of Representatives in the 15th Australian Parliament, which was elected at the 1937 election on 23 October 1937. The incumbent United Australia Party led by Prime Minister of Australia Joseph Lyons with coalition partner the Country Party led by Earle Page defeated the opposition Australian Labor Party led by John Curtin. At the 1934 election nine seats in New South Wales were won by Lang Labor. Following the reunion of the two Labor parties in February 1936, these were held by their members as Labor seats at the 1937 election. With the party's win in Ballaarat and Gwydir (initially at a by-election on 8 March 1937), the Labor had a net gain of 11 seats compared with the previous election.

Minister for Defence (Australia)

The Minister for Defence in the Government of Australia is currently Christopher Pyne, who has held the position in the Morrison Government since 28 August 2018.

The minister administers their portfolio through the Australian Defence Organisation, which comprises the Department of Defence which includes the Defence Science and Technology Group and Defence Strategic Policy and Intelligence Group and the Australian Defence Force which includes the Australian Army, the Royal Australian Navy, and the Royal Australian Air Force.

Page Ministry

The Page Ministry was the twenty-fifth Australian Commonwealth ministry, and ran from 7 April 1939 to 26 April 1939.United Australia Party–Australian Country Party Coalition

Rt Hon Sir Earle Page, GCMG MP: Prime Minister, Minister for Commerce (CP)

Rt Hon Billy Hughes, KC MP: Minister for External Affairs, Attorney-General, Minister for Industry (UAP)

Hon Richard Casey, MP: Treasurer (UAP)

Hon Harold Thorby, MP: Minister for Works, Minister for Civil Aviation (CP)

Hon John Perkins, MP: Minister for Trade and Customs (UAP)

Hon Geoffrey Street, MP: Minister for Defence (UAP)

Hon John McEwen, MP: Minister for the Interior (CP)

Senator Hon George McLeay: Vice-President of the Executive Council (UAP)

Senator Hon Hattil Foll: Minister for Health, Minister for Repatriation (UAP)

Hon Archie Cameron, MP: Postmaster-General (CP)

Senator Hon Allan MacDonald: Minister without portfolio (UAP)

Hon Victor Thompson, MP: Minister without portfolio (CP)

Hon Eric Harrison, MP: Minister without portfolio, administering external territories (UAP)

Philip McBride

Sir Philip Albert Martin McBride KCMG (18 June 1892 – 14 July 1982) was an Australian politician. He was a United Australia Party member of the Australian House of Representatives for Grey from 1931 to 1937 and the Australian Senate from 1937 to 1944, and a Liberal Party of Australia member of the House of Representatives for Wakefield from 1946 to 1958. He served as a minister in both of Robert Menzies' governments, as Minister for the Army and Minister for Repatriation (1940), Minister for Supply and Development and Minister for Munitions (1940–1941), Minister for the Interior (1949–1950), and Minister for Defence (1950–1958).

Second Menzies Ministry

The Second Menzies Ministry was the twenty-seventh Australian Commonwealth ministry, and ran from 14 March 1940 to 28 October 1940.United Australia Party–Australian Country Party Coalition

Rt Hon Robert Menzies, KC MP: Prime Minister, Minister for Defence Co-ordination, Minister for Information. Minister for Munitions (from 11 June 1940) (UAP)

Hon Archie Cameron, MP: Minister for Commerce, Minister for the Navy (CP)

Rt Hon Billy Hughes, KC MP: Attorney-General, Minister for Industry (UAP)

Hon Geoffrey Street, MP: Minister for the Army, Minister for Repatriation (to 13 August 1940) (UAP)

Hon Sir Henry Gullett, KCMG MP: Vice-President of the Executive Council, Minister in charge of Scientific and Industrial Research (to 13 August 1940) (UAP)

Senator Hon George McLeay: Minister for Trade and Customs (UAP)

Hon James Fairbairn, MP: Minister for Civil Aviation, Minister for Air (to 13 August 1940) (UAP)

Hon Sir Frederick Stewart, MP: Minister for Social Services, Minister for Supply and Development (UAP)

Senator Hon Harry Foll: Minister for the Interior (UAP)

Senator Hon Herbert Collett: Minister without portfolio in charge of War Service Homes, Minister without portfolio assisting the Minister for Repatriation (to 14 August 1940). Minister in charge of War Service Homes, Vice-President of the Executive Council, Minister in charge of Scientific and Industrial Research (from 14 August 1940). (UAP)

Senator Hon Philip McBride: Minister without portfolio assisting the Minister for the Minister for Commerce (to 14 August 1940), Minister for the Army, Minister for Repatriation (from 14 August 1940) (UAP)

Hon Percy Spender, KC MP: Treasurer (UAP)

Hon John McEwen, MP: Minister for External Affairs (CP)

Hon Harold Thorby, MP: Minister for Health, Postmaster-General (CP)

Hon Arthur Fadden, MP: Minister without portfolio assisting the Minister for Supply and Development, Minister without portfolio assisting the Treasurer (CP) (to 14 August 1940). Minister for Air, Minister for Civil Aviation, Minister assisting the Treasurer (from 14 August 1940) (CP)

Hon Horace Nock, MP: Minister without portfolio assisting the Prime Minister, Minister without portfolio in charge of External Territories, Minister without portfolio assisting the Minister for the Interior (CP)

Tony Street

Anthony Austin Street, MP (born 8 February 1926) is a former Australian federal politician who served as Foreign Minister in the Fourth Fraser Ministry between 1980 and 1983, representing the Corangamite division in Victoria. His father Geoffrey Street held this seat before him, and other members of the Street family have held various other offices in Australian politics since the 19th Century.

War cabinet

A war cabinet is a committee formed by a government in a time of war. It is usually a subset of the full executive cabinet of ministers. It is also quite common for a war cabinet to have senior military officers and opposition politicians as members.

William Gibson (Australian politician)

William Gerrand Gibson (19 May 1869 – 22 May 1955) was an Australian politician.

Gibson was born in Gisborne, Victoria and helped his father on his farm before operating general stores at Romsey and Lancefield. In November 1896, he married Mary Helen Young Patterson and in 1910 bought a large farm near Lismore.

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