Generalleutnant

Generalleutnant, short GenLt, (English: lieutenant general) is the second highest general officer rank in the German Army (Heer) and the German Air Force (Luftwaffe).

Generalleutnant
HD H 63 Generalleutnant
LD B 63 Generalleutnant
Army and Air Force insignia
Country Germany
Service branchBundeswehr Logo Heer with lettering.svg German Army
Bundeswehr Logo Luftwaffe with lettering.svg German Air Force
RankThree-star
NATO rankOF-8
Non-NATO rankO-9
Formation1956
Next higher rankGeneral
Next lower rankGeneralmajor
Equivalent ranksVizeadmiral

History

Prior to 1945, Generalleutnant was the rank conventionally associated with the command of a division. It was thus the equivalent of the rank of major general in English-speaking armies.

Collar tabs for the Generals of the Heer

Gorget patch
(Heer)

Generalleutnant (Wehrmacht)

Shoulder strap
(Heer)

Generalleutnant-camo

Camouflage

Luftwaffe epaulette Generalleutnant

Shoulder strap
(Luftwaffe)

Wehrmacht Lw -Generalleutnant 1945collar

Gorget patch
(Luftwaffe)

Luftwaffe paraman Generalleutnant 3D

Flight suit
(Luftwaffe)

Rank

The rank is rated OF-8 in NATO, and is grade B7 in the pay rules of the Federal Ministry of Defence. It is equivalent to Vizeadmiral in the German Navy (Marine), or to Generaloberstabsarzt, and Admiraloberstabsarzt in the Zentraler Sanitätsdienst der Bundeswehr.

On the shoulder straps (Heer, Luftwaffe) there are three golden pips (stars) in golden oak leaves.

HA OS5 63 Generalleutnant
Generalleutnant
(field suit)
HA OS5 63 Generalleutnant a.D.
Generalleutnant
(retired)
LA OS5 63 Generalleutnant
Generalleutnant
(flecktarn)
LA OS5 63b Generaloberstabsarzt HM L
General-oberstabsarzt
(human medicine)
LA 3S3 63b Generaloberstabsarzt HMx L
General-oberstabsarzt
(desert suit)
HD S Kragenspiegel Gen R
Gorget patch
(right)
HD S Kragenspiegel Gen L
Gorget patch
(left)
Bundeswehr sequence of ranks ascending
junior rank:
Generalmajor
Bundeswehr Logo Heer with lettering.svg Bundeswehr Logo Luftwaffe with lettering

(German officer rank)
Generalleutnant

senior rank:
General (Germany)

See also

110th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

The 110th Infantry division was formed in April 1940 in Lüneburg, Germany under the 11. Armee and was commanded by Generalleutnant Ernst Seifert. Until June 1941 and the commencement of Operation Barbarossa on the 22nd day of that month, it was stationed in Poland. It fought on the Eastern Front as part of Army Group Centre, VIth Corps and had, by the end of the war, nine Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross holders, four of whom received their awards in November 1943. The division was destroyed by Soviet forces in July 1944. The division itself consisted of three infantry regiments and an artillery regiment.

122nd Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

The 122nd Infantry Division (German: 122. Infanterie-Division) was a German division in World War II. It was formed on 5 October 1940

13th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht)

The 13th Panzer Division (English: 13th Tank Division) was an armoured division in the German Army, the Wehrmacht, during World War II, established in 1940.

The division was originally formed as an infantry division in 1934. In 1937 it was motorized and named the 13th Motorized Infantry Division which participated in the campaigns against Poland (1939) and western Europe (1940). Following the Fall of France in June 1940, the division was reorganized as the 13th Panzer Division. It participated in Operation Barbarossa (the invasion of the USSR) in 1941 and the advance on the Caucasus in 1942. The division suffered heavy losses in the retreats of 1943 and 1944. It was partially refitted in Hungary, where it was encircled and destroyed by Allied forces in the winter of 1944-1945. The formation was reformed as Panzer Corps Feldherrnhalle in the spring of 1945 and surrendered in May 1945.

During the invasion of Poland, the troops of the division committed war crimes, including reprisal killings, using civilians as human shields and destroying a medical column.

21st Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

The 21st Infantry Division was a German military unit which fought during World War II.

243rd Static Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

The 243rd Static Infantry Division was an infantry division of the German Army raised in July 1943. It was stationed in the Cotentin Peninsula when the Allies invaded in June 1944.

Generalleutnant Karl-Wilhelm von Schlieben, commander of the 709th Infantry Division reported that the commander of the 922nd Grenadier Regiment, Oberstleutnant Franz Müller, who had been assigned to the 243rd Infantry Division on the west coast, had been transferred by Generalleutnant Heinz Hellmich with regimental troops of the 922nd Grenadier Regiment, the 3rd Battalion 922nd Grenadier Regiment, and one Battalion of the 920th Grenadier Regiment, and the engineer battalion of the 243rd Infantry Division to Montebourg by night march on June 6. Regiment Müller was to advance south with its left wing along Saint-Floxel-Fontenay-sur-Mer-Ravenoville road. Von Schlieben did not remember the purpose of the mission, but assumed it was to prevent a widening of the enemy bridgehead to the north and to support the left flank of the 1058th Grenadier Regiment which engaged in a counterattack at Ste-Mere-Eglise on June 7. An attack by Regiment Müller was prevented from making progress by heavy naval gunfire.

Oberstleutnant Günther Keil reported events slightly differently. He said Oberstleutnant Müller arrived on the evening of June 6 in the area north of Azeville-Saint-Marcouf with regimental troops of the 922nd Grenadier Regiment, the engineer battalion of the 243rd Infantry Division, and the 1st and 3rd Battalions of the 922nd Grenadier Regiment (not a battalion from the 920th Grenadier Regiment). He goes on to add that on the morning of June 7 Regiment Müller attacked, the 3rd Battalion 922nd Grenadier Regiment on the left wing operating against Saint-Marcouf. Saint-Marcouf was captured, but under the pressure of heavy fire from enemy ship based artillery had to give up the position. Making connection with the 3rd Battalion 739th Grenadier Regiment, Oberstleutnant Müller then entrenched with his front facing south. That evening, the 3rd Battalion 922nd Grenadier Regiment along with the 3rd Battalion 739th Grenadier Regiment under command of Oberstleutnant Müller were subordinated to Oberstleutnant Keil. Oberstleutnant Müller took over the southern front adjacent to Oberst Helmuth Rohrbach's taskforce with the boundary being the western edge of the park of Fontenay. This position was maintained until the evening of June 12, when the units withdrew under orders of General der Artillerie Erich Marcks.

Generalleutnant Hellmich also dispatched the 3rd Battalion of the 243rd Artillery Regiment (less the 10th Battery) from the west coast via Bricquebec to Valognes. The two batteries took up position during the fight of June 6 near Ecausseville (3.5 km south of Montebourg). They were assigned to Regimental Staff Seidel and supported the attack of the 1058th Grenadier Regiment on June 7. The 3rd Battalion of the 243rd Artillery Regiment remained with the defending forces around Montebourg after the failed attack of the 1058th Grenadier Regiment.

The division was destroyed in the Battle of Normandy, with its last elements lost in the fall of Cherbourg.

2nd Mountain Division (Wehrmacht)

The 2nd Mountain Division (German: 2. Gebirgs Division) was a Gebirgsjäger division of the German Army which served in World War II, mainly in the northern sector of the Eastern Front, near the Arctic. Formed in 1938, the division was disbanded at the end of the war in 1945.

32nd Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

The 32nd Infantry Division (German: 32. Infanterie-Division) of the German Army was mobilized on 1 August 1939 for the upcoming invasion of Poland. At that time, it consisted of the usual German infantry division elements: three infantry regiments of three battalions each, one three-battalion regiment of light artillery, one battalion of heavy artillery (from a separate artillery regiment, but attached to the particular division), a Panzerjäger (anti-tank) Battalion, a reconnaissance (Aufklärungs) Battalion, a Signals Battalion, a Pioneer (Engineer) Battalion, and divisional supply, medical, and administrative units.

347th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

The 347th Infantry Division (German: 347. Infanterie-Division) was an infantry division of the German Army during the Second World War, active from 1942 to 1945. Initially based in the Netherlands, it saw active service on the Western Front and was redesignated as a Volksgrenadier division in May 1945.

3rd Panzer Division (Wehrmacht)

The 3rd Panzer Division (English: 3rd Tank Division) was an armoured division in the German Army, the Wehrmacht, during World War II.

The division was one of the original three tank divisions established by Germany in 1935. The division participated in the Invasions of Poland, Belgium, France and the Soviet Union. From 1941 to 1945 it continuously fought on the Eastern Front.

72nd Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

The 72nd Infantry Division (German: 72. Infanterie-Division) was created on 19 September 1939 in Trier from Grenz-Division Trier, which was a border security unit. It was destroyed on the Eastern front 25 March 1944 and reformed June 1944.

Axis order of battle at the Battle of Stalingrad

The Axis order of battle at Stalingrad is a list of the significant land units that fought in the Battle of Stalingrad on the side of the Axis Powers between September 1942 and February 1943.

Apart from the twenty divisions of the German Wehrmacht, eighteen Romanian divisions and one Croatian regiment took part in the battle on the Axis side as well.

DEST

DEST, (an acronym of German: Deutsche Erd- und Steinwerke GmbH or "German Earth & Stone Works Company" Inc), was an SS owned company created to procure and manufacture building materials for state construction projects in Nazi Germany. DEST was a subsidiary company of Amtsgruppe W (Amt. W) of SS-Wirtschafts- und Verwaltungshauptamt (WVHA). Both Amt. W and the WVHA were headed by SS Obergruppenfuehrer Generalleutnant of the Waffen SS Oswald Pohl and SS Gruppenführer Generalleutnant of the Waffen SS Georg Lörner.

The headquarters for DEST was located in Sankt Georgen an der Gusen, a small town in Austria where Gusen II, a subcamp of Mauthausen, was built in 1944.

General (Germany)

General (German pronunciation: [ɡenəˈʁaːl]) is the highest rank of the German Army and German Air Force. As a four-star rank it is the equivalent to the rank of admiral in the German Navy.

The rank is rated OF-9 in NATO. It is grade B8 in the pay rules of the Federal Ministry of Defence.

Generalmajor

For the use of this Two-star rank in other countries, see Major general.

General Major, short GenMaj, (English: major general) is a general officer rank in many countries, and is identical to and translated as major general.

It is currently the third highest general officer rank in the German Army (Heer), German Air Force (Luftwaffe). This rank is also used in the Austrian Armed Forces, but is abbreviated as GenMjr.

Historically, German Army ranks for their Generals prior to 1945 were offset by one from western nomenclature. Thus, prior to 1945 the Generalmajor rank in the German Army was equivalent to the Brigadier General rank in the West, and so forth.

Gruppenführer

Gruppenführer ([ˈɡʀʊpn̩.fyːʀɐ], "group leader") was an early paramilitary rank of the Nazi Party (NSDAP), first created in 1925 as a senior rank of the SA. Since then, the term Gruppenführer is also used for leaders of groups/teams of the police, fire departments, military and several other organizations.

Jakob Sporrenberg

Jakob Sporrenberg (16 September 1902 – 6 December 1952) was a SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Polizei in Minsk, Belarus and Lublin, Poland. After the war, Sporrenberg stood trial in Poland and was convicted in 1950 of war crimes and sentenced to death. He was executed in December 1952.

Register of SS leaders in general's rank

This register of SS leaders in general's rank includes the members of the Allgemeine SS and Waffen-SS, in line with the appropriate SS seniority list (Dienstaltersliste der Waffen-SS) from July 1, 1944. It contains (incomplete) further SS Honour leaders (SS-Ehrenführer) and SS-Rank leaders for special duty (SS-Rangführer zur besonderen Verwendung), short for SS Honour – and rank leaders (SS-Ehren- und Rangführer).

Vizeadmiral

Vizeadmiral, short VAdm in lists VADM, (en: Vice admiral) is a senior naval flag officer rank in the German Navy. It is equivalent to Generalleutnant in the Heer and Luftwaffe or to Admiraloberstabsarzt and/or Generaloberstabsarzt in the Zentraler Sanitätsdienst der Bundeswehr.

In the German Navy Vizeadmiral is, as in many navies, a three-star rank with a NATO code of OF-8. However, in other German speaking naval forces, e.g. Kaiserliche Marine, Kriegsmarine, Volksmarine, and the Austro-Hungarian K.u.K. Kriegsmarine, Vizeadmiral was an OF-7 two-star flag officer rank.

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